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Malcolm x


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Malcolm x

  1. 1. By Candice Kerestan<br />Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam<br />
  2. 2. Who Was Malcolm X?<br />Born Malcolm Little (El-Hajj MalikEl-Shabazz) on May, 25 1925<br />Many Black Muslims such as Malcolm replaced their last name with “X” to signify lost African names <br />Born in Omaha, NE, although spent the remainder of his childhood in Detroit, MI<br />Civil rights leader that promoted black supremacy<br />
  3. 3. Malcolm X’s Childhood<br />Malcolm’s father was a Baptist minister and a firm believer in black supremacy which allowed him to be a target of hate groups <br />Crimes were committed against both him and his family including the burning of the Little’s home and later the slaughter of his father<br />Malcolm and his eight siblings were then placed in foster care for the remainder of their youth<br />
  4. 4. Malcolm X’s Youth<br />After being told he would never make it as a lawyer because of his race by a school teacher, Malcolm’s hatred for Whites grew <br />Later moved to New York where he began committing crimes such as armed robbery that eventually lead him to serving jail time <br />
  5. 5. Malcolm X’s Involvement with the NoI<br />While imprisoned, Malcolm was exposed to the Nation of Islam, which gained many of its members through prison ministry <br />Malcolm's disdain for Whites corresponded with the Nation of Islam’s black supremacy ideology causing him to join this movement and convert to Islam <br />
  6. 6. What is the Nation of Islam?<br />Religious organization founded by Wallace D. Fard that follows traditional Muslim customs with several key differences<br />“Justice, Faith, Equality, Islam”<br />
  7. 7. Beliefs of the Nation of Islam<br />Believe sthat the prophet Muhammad lives through the founder of the Nation of Islam, Wallace Fard<br />Stresses the superiority of African Americans over other races<br />Like regular custom Muslim ways, Black Muslims are discouraged from smoking, drinking, and eating unhealthy <br />
  8. 8. Malcolm X and the NoI<br />After converting, Malcolm became of the organization’s top ministers, speaking to many African American’s and spreading the NOI’s ideology <br />Encouraged Black’s to do what ever needed to gain rights even if it meant using violence<br />Known for key phrase “by any means necessary” (in reference to gaining Black rights)<br />
  9. 9. Drifting away from the NOI<br />Malcolm made the pilgrimage to Mecca, the Islamic holy city in 1964<br />This trip changed his life, and his view on Islam began changing <br />Started accepting all races and lost certain aspects of black supremacy <br />Returned to America and withdrew membership from the Nation of Islam <br />
  10. 10. Death of Malcolm X<br />Upset with his choice, many Black Muslims were outraged <br />Later assassinated in 1965 by three Black Muslims at the Autobahn Ballroom in New York City <br />
  11. 11. Impact of Malcolm X and NoI<br />Despite Malcolm’s final differing views on the Nation of Islam, his ministry undoubtedly influenced many African American’s during a racially-significant time in American history<br />Recognized today as a former key civil rights activist; he even has a street named after him in New York City <br />
  12. 12. References <br />