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The Presidency and The Evolving of America

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George Washington Partied With the Constitution

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The Presidency and The Evolving of America

  1. 1. The Presidency and The Evolving of America
  2. 2. Slide Colors:  Blue  Red  Green  Democratic  Republican  Whig
  3. 3. Before George Washington  1787-1789
  4. 4. Constitution Legislative Powers Vested In Congress- Congress Makes the Laws
  5. 5. Constitution Article One-The House House of Representatives: Must be 25 years old Number of them apportioned by the Census according to the latest count Every state has at least 1 Representative Vacancies Filled by Special Elections called by Governors
  6. 6. Constitution Article One 2 Senators Per State • Must be at least 30 years old • Vacancies can be filled by Gubernatorial Appointment
  7. 7. Constitution- The Presidency  Article II  A four year term  Must be a Natural Born Citizen  President gets paid by salary only  The “Emoluments Clause-no profiting off the office of the Presidency while President  Includes the Oath of Office
  8. 8. Constitution- The Judiciary  Article III  Judicial Power (The Supreme Courts and any Inferior Courts Established by Congr3ess  Covers cases in both law and equity  Covers Treaties and Ambassadors  Controversies Between Two States  Admiralty Cases
  9. 9. Constitution- Full Faith and Credit Clause  Article Six  Each state recognizes the legal acts of other states  Also every state recognizes the citizens rights from other states  No new states can be created out of other states without the consent of the legislatures involved  Congress admits new states
  10. 10. Constitution- Full Faith and Credit Clause  Article 4  Congress can make laws regarding territories  All states are to be a republican form of government  Also every state recognizes the citizens rights from other states  No new states can be created out of other states without the consent of the legislatures involved  Congress admits new states
  11. 11. Constitution  Article 5-Amending The Constitution  Congress can propose an Amendment with 2/3rds of both houses  2/3rd of States can propose a Constitutional Amendment, and Amendments from which can be ratified with 3/4ths of the state legislatures  No state can be deprived of Equal Suffrage without its consent
  12. 12. Constitution  Article 6  All Revolutionary Debts entered prior to ratification are considered valid  Constitution considered Supreme Law of the land, and Judges are bound by it.  No religious Test for Public Office
  13. 13. Constitution  After 9 of the Original Colonies voted for the Constitution, it became the Supreme Law of the Land.
  14. 14. 1787  1 (1787)  Delaware  (Dover)  Original Colony  1 Representative (2010)  Eastern Time Zone
  15. 15. 1787  2 )1787  Pennsylvania  (Harrisburg)  Original Colony  18 Representatives (2010)  Eastern Time Zone
  16. 16. 1787  3 New Jersey  (Trenton)  Original Colony  12 Representatives (2010)  Eastern Time Zone
  17. 17. 1788  4 Georgia  (Atlanta)  Original Colony  Confederate State  14 Representatives (2010)  Eastern Time Zone
  18. 18. 1788  5 Connecticut  (Hartford)  Original Colony  5 Representatives (2010)  Eastern Time Zone
  19. 19. 1788  6 Massachusetts  (Boston)  Original Colony  9 Representatives (2010)  Eastern Time Zone
  20. 20. 1788  7 Maryland  (Annapolis)  Original Colony  8 Representatives (2010)  Eastern Time Zone
  21. 21. 1788  8 South Carolina  (Columbia)  Original Colony  Confederate State  7 Representatives (2010)  Eastern Time Zone
  22. 22. 1788  9. New Hampshire  (Concord)  Original Colony  2 Representatives (2010)  Eastern Time Zone
  23. 23. 1788  10. Virginia  (Richmond)  Original Colony  Confederate State  11 Representatives (2010)  Eastern Time Zone
  24. 24. 1788  11. (1788)  New York  (Albany)  Original Colony  27 Representatives (2010)  Eastern Time Zone
  25. 25. George Washington 1789-1797
  26. 26. George Washington (No Party) • 1789-1797 • VP: John Adams • Military: General of the Colonial Army • First Lady: Martha Washington •
  27. 27. 1789-1797  12. (1789)  North Carolina  (Raleigh)  Original Colony  Confederate State  13 Representatives (2010)  Eastern Time Zone
  28. 28. 1789-1797  13. (1790)  Rhode Island  (Providence)  Original Colony  2 Representatives (2010)  Eastern Time Zone
  29. 29. 1789-1797  14. (1791)  Vermont  (Montpelier)  1 Representative (2010)  Eastern Time Zone
  30. 30. 1789-1797  15. (1796)  Kentucky  (Frankfort)  6 Representatives (2010)  Eastern Time Zone & Central Time Zone
  31. 31. 1789-1797  16. (1796)  Tennessee  (Nashville)  Confederate State (1861-1865)  9 Representatives (2010)  Central Time Zone
  32. 32. Tennessee
  33. 33. 1789-1797  First Amendment (1791) Freedom of the Press, of Religion, of Assembly Government cannot make laws that establish religion or prohibit the free expression thereof Right to petition government peacefully Bill of Rights
  34. 34. 1789-1797  Second Amendment (1791) Militia and the Right to Bear Arms- interpreted as the right of Bill of Rights
  35. 35. 1789-1797  Third Amendment (1791)  No Quartering of Troops In Private Homes Without Permission in Times of Peace Bill of Rights
  36. 36. 1789-1797  Fourth Amendment(1791)  Defense Against Unreasonable Searches and Seizures  Warrant of probable cause needed for a search  Evidence received illegally can be excluded. Bill of Rights
  37. 37. 1789-1797  Fifth Amendment (1791) No Person to be held without indictment for a capital crime No double jeopardy Cannot be forced to testify against oneself Cannot be deprived of liberty or money without due process Government cannot take property for use without compensation  Bill of Rights
  38. 38. 1789-1797  Sixth Amendment (1791) Right to a speedy and public trial in the place where the crime was committed and to be informed of the charge and to confront witnesses against one.  Bill of Rights
  39. 39. 1789-1797  Seventh Amendment(1791) Suits in Common Law-Right of Trial By Jury Courts cannot overturn a jury’s finding of fact  Bill of Rights
  40. 40. 1789-1797  Eighth Amendment(1791) No Excessive Bail  Bill of Rights
  41. 41. 1789-1797  Ninth Amendment(1791) Preservation of Unremunerated Rights  Bill of Rights
  42. 42. 1789-1797  Tenth Amendment(1791) Federal Government has only rights delegated to it by the Constitution  Bill of Rights
  43. 43. 1789-1797  Eleventh Amendment(1795) States Immune from Lawsuits from out of state citizens and foreigners not living in state
  44. 44. John Adams 1797-1801
  45. 45. 2. John Adams (Democratic Republican)  1797-1801  VP; Thomas Jefferson  MI: No Military  FL: Abigail Adams
  46. 46. Thomas Jefferson 1801-1809
  47. 47. 3. Thomas Jefferson(Democratic Republican)  1801-1809  VP; Aaron Burr (1801-1805)  George Clinton (1805-1809)  MI: No Military  FL: No First Lady
  48. 48. 1801-1809  12th Amendment: 1804  President and Vice President Run and Are Elected as a Ticket  Prior to this Amendment, President and Vice President were first and second place-  Both members of the ticket cannot be from the same state or they forfeit that states electoral votes  Specifies procedures for electing President and Vice President when no one has a majority of electoral votes.
  49. 49. 1801-1809  17.(1803)  Ohio  (Columbus)  16 Representatives  Eastern Time Zone
  50. 50. Ohio
  51. 51. James Madison 1809-1817
  52. 52. 4. James Madison(Democratic Republican)  1809-1817  VP: George Clinton (1809-1812)  MI: Committee of Public Safety- Orange City Militia  FL: Dolley Madison
  53. 53. 1809-1817  18)  (1812)  Louisiana  (Baton Rouge)  6 Representative  Central Time Zone  Confederate State
  54. 54. Louisiana
  55. 55. 1809-1817  19)  (1816)  Indiana  (Indianapolis)  9 Representatives  Eastern and Central Standard Time
  56. 56. Indiana
  57. 57. 1817-1825 20) (1817) Mississippi (Jackson)  4 Representatives  Central Standard Time  Confederate State
  58. 58. Mississippi
  59. 59. 1817-1825 21.(1818) Illinois (Springfield)  18 Representatives  Central Standard Time
  60. 60. Illinois
  61. 61. 1817-1825 22. (1819) Alabama (Montgomery)  Confederate State  7 Representatives  Central Standard Time
  62. 62. 1817-1825 23. (1820) Maine (Augusta)  2 Representatives  Eastern Time Zone
  63. 63. Maine
  64. 64. 1817-1825 24. (1821) Missouri (Jefferson City)  8 Representatives  Central Standard Time
  65. 65. Missouri
  66. 66. John Quincy Adams 1825-1829
  67. 67. 6. John Quincy Adams (Democratic Republican)  1825-1829  VP; John C Calhoun  MI: No Military  FL: Louisa Adams
  68. 68. Andrew Jackson 1829-1837
  69. 69. 7. Andrew Jackson  1829-1837  VP: John C. Calhoun (1829-1832)  (1832-1837)Martin Van Buren  MI: General, U.S. Army  FL: No First Lady
  70. 70. 1829-1837 25. (1836) Arkansas (Little Rock)  Confederate State  4 Representatives  Central Standard Time
  71. 71. Arkansas
  72. 72. Martin Van Buren  1837-1841
  73. 73. 8. Martin Van Buren  1837-1841  VP :Richard Mentor  MI: No Military  FL: No First Lady  * First President Born U.S. Citizen*
  74. 74. 1837-1841 26.(1837) Michigan (Lansing)  14 Representatives  Eastern and Central Standard Time
  75. 75. Michigan
  76. 76. William Henry Harrison  Whig  1841
  77. 77. 9. William Henry Harrison  1841  VP: John Tyler  Mil: Major General, War of 1812  FL: Anna Symmes Harrison
  78. 78. John Tyler 1841-1845
  79. 79. 10. John Tyler(Whig)  1841-1845  VP: No VP  Mil: Self-Organized Militia  FL: Letitia Christian (1842)  Julia Tyler (1843-1844)
  80. 80. James K Polk 1845-1849
  81. 81. 11. James K Polk  1845-1849  VP: George M Dallas  M: No Military  FL: Sarah Polk
  82. 82. 1845-1849 27. (1845) Florida (Tallahassee)  27 Representatives  Eastern and Central Standard Time
  83. 83. Florida
  84. 84. 1845-1849 28. (1845) Texas (Austin)  36 Representatives  Central and Mountain Standard Time  Confederate State
  85. 85. Texas
  86. 86. 1845-1849 29. (1846) Iowa (Des Moines)  4 Representatives  Central Standard Time
  87. 87. Iowa
  88. 88. 1845-1849 30 (1848) Wisconsin (Madison)  8 Representatives  Central Standard Time
  89. 89. Wisconsin
  90. 90. 12 Zachary Taylor (Whig) 1849-1850
  91. 91. 12 Zachary Taylor (Whig)  1849-1850  VP: Millard Fillmore  Mil: Major General  FL: Margaret Smith
  92. 92. Millard Fillmore Whig 1850-1853
  93. 93. 13 Millard Fillmore  1850-1853  VP: No VP  Mil: Guard and Militia  FL: Abagail Fillmore
  94. 94. 1850-1853 31. (1850) California (Sacramento)  53 Representatives  Pacific Standard Time
  95. 95. California
  96. 96. Franklin Pierce 1853-1857
  97. 97. 14. Franklin Pierce  1853-1857  VP; William R. King (1853)  MI: Brigadier General Mexican- American War  First Lady: Jane Pierce
  98. 98. James Buchanan 1857-1861
  99. 99. 15. James Buchanan  1857-1861  VP: John C. Breckenridge  MI: No Military  FL: No First Lady
  100. 100. 1857-1861 32 . (1858) Minnesota (St. Paul)  8 Representatives  Central Standard Time
  101. 101. 1857-1861 33. (1859) Oregon (Salem)  5 Representatives  Pacific Standard Time ex: Malheur County (Mountain)
  102. 102. Abraham Lincoln 1861-1865
  103. 103. 16. Abraham Lincoln  1861-1865  VP: Hannibal Hamlin (1861-1865)  Andrew Johnson (1865)  MI: Volunteer, Black Hawk War  FL: Mary Todd Lincoln
  104. 104. 1861-1865 34 (1861) Kansas (Topeka)  4 Representatives  Central and Mountain Standard Time
  105. 105. 1861-1865 35. (1863) West Virginia (Charleston)  3 Representatives  Eastern Standard Time  *Separated from Virginia due to the Civil War*
  106. 106. West Virginia
  107. 107. 1861-1865 36. (1864) Nevada (Carson City)  4 Representatives  Pacific Standard Time
  108. 108. Nevada
  109. 109. (Constitution)  13) (1865) Slavery will no longer exist within the United States except as a punishment for crime.  Only Ratified Amendment signed by a President (Abraham Lincoln)
  110. 110. Andrew Johnson 1865-1869
  111. 111. 17. Andrew Johnson  1865-1869  VP: No Vice President  MI: Brigadier General 1830’s  Eliza Johnson
  112. 112. 1865-1869 37. (1867) Nebraska (Lincoln)  3 Representatives  Central and Mountain Standard Time
  113. 113. Constitution  14)(1868) Natural Born Citizenship-Bill of Rights Extends to the States.  Natural Born Citizenship defined
  114. 114. Ulysses S. Grant 1869-1877
  115. 115. 18. Ulysses S. Grant  1869-1877  VP: Schuyler Colfax (1869-1873)  MI: General of the Armies, (Civil War)  FL: Julia Dent Grant
  116. 116. Constitution  15. (1870)  Universal Male Suffrage regardless of Race or previous condition of servitude-applies to states as well as the federal Government  Thomas Mundy Peterson (10/6/1824- 2/4/1904 of New Jersey First Af-Am male to vote under the 15th Amendment.
  117. 117. 1869-1877 38. (1876) Colorado (Denver)  7 Representatives  Mountain Standard Time
  118. 118. Rutherford B. Hayes 1877-1881
  119. 119. 19. Rutherford B. Hayes  1877-1881  VP: William Wheeler  MI: Major General, U.S. Civil War  FL: Lucy Hayes
  120. 120. James A. Garfield 1881
  121. 121. 20. James A. Garfield  1881  VP; William Wheeler  MI: Major General, Civil War  FL: Lucretia Garfield
  122. 122. Chester A. Arthur 1881-1885
  123. 123. 21. Chester A. Arthur  1881-1885  VP; No VP  MI: Quartermaster, NY State, Civil War  FL: No First Lady
  124. 124. Grover Cleveland 1885-1889
  125. 125. 22. Grover Cleveland  1885-1889  VP: Thomas Attendricks  MI: None: Hired Substitute  FL: Frances Cleveland (1886)
  126. 126. Benjamin Harrison 1889-1893
  127. 127. 23. Benjamin Harrison  VP; Levi P. Morton  MI: Colonel-Union Army  FL: Caroline Harrison (1892) 1889-1893
  128. 128. 1889-1893 39. (1889) North Dakota (Bismarck)  1 Representative  Central and Mountain Standard Time
  129. 129. 1889-1893 40. (1889) South Dakota (Pierre)  1 Representative  Central and Mountain Standard Time
  130. 130. 41. (1889) Montana (Helena)  1 Representative  Mountain Standard Time
  131. 131. 1889-1893 42. (1889) Washington (Olympia)  10 Representatives  Pacific Standard Time
  132. 132. 1889-1893 43. (1890) Idaho (Boise)  2 Representatives  Mountain and Pacific Standard Time
  133. 133. Idaho
  134. 134. 1889-1893 43. (1890) Wyoming (Cheyenne)  1 Representative  Mountain Standard Time
  135. 135. Grover Cleveland 1893-1897
  136. 136. 24. Grover Cleveland  1893-1897  VP: Adlai Stevenson I  MI: None: Hired Substitute  FL: Frances Cleveland (1886)
  137. 137. 1893-1897 45.(1896) Utah (Salt Lake City)  4 Representatives  Mountain Standard Time
  138. 138. William McKinley 1897-1901
  139. 139. 25. William McKinley  1897-1901  VP; Theodore Roosevelt (1901) Garrett Hobart (1897-1901)  MI: Union Army  FL: Ida McKinley
  140. 140. Theodore Roosevelt 1901-1909
  141. 141. 26. Theodore Roosevelt  1901-1909  VP: James Sherman  MI: Secretary of War  FL: Edith C Roosevelt 
  142. 142. 1901-1909 46 (1907) Oklahoma (Oklahoma City)  5 Representatives  Mountain Standard Time
  143. 143. William Howard Taft 1909-1913
  144. 144. 27. William Howard Taft  1909-1913  VP: James Sherman  MI: Secretary of War  FL: Helen Taft
  145. 145. 1909-1913 47 (1912) New Mexico (Santa Fe)  3 Representatives  Mountain Standard Time
  146. 146. 1909-1913 48.(1912) Arizona (Phoenix)  9 Representatives  Mountain Standard Time
  147. 147. Woodrow Wilson 1913-1921
  148. 148. 28. Woodrow Wilson  1913-1921  VP: Thomas R. Marshall  MI: No Military  FL: Ellen Wilson (1913-1914)  Edith B. Galt (1915-1924)
  149. 149. (Constitution)  16)(1913) Income Tax Becomes permanent-no more need for apportionment according to the census-before Fed Govt financed by tariffs and excise-but those were no longer enough for an industrial world.
  150. 150. (Constitution)  17)(1913) Direct Election of Senators- once Senators were chosen by State Legislatures
  151. 151. (Constitution)  18)(1919)The Prohibition Amendment  (Overturned by the 21st-Prohibited the sale, manufacture, export and import of alcohol)
  152. 152. (Constitution)  19) (1920) Women’s Suffrage-the right to vote shall not be denied by the Federal Government or the States by reason of sex.
  153. 153. Warren G. Harding 1921-1923
  154. 154. 29. Warren G. Harding  1921-1923  VP: Calvin Coolidge  MI: No Military Service  FL: Florence Harding
  155. 155. Calvin Coolidge 1923-1929
  156. 156. 30. Calvin Coolidge  1923-1929  VP: Charles Dawes  MI: No Military Service  FL: Grace Coolidge
  157. 157. Herbert Hoover 1929-1933
  158. 158. 31. Herbert Hoover  1929-1933  VP: Charles Curtis  MI: Tianjin City Uprising (1890)  FL: Lou Henry Hoover
  159. 159. Franklin Delano Roosevelt 1933-1945
  160. 160. 32. Franklin Delano Roosevelt  1933-1945  VP: John Garner Nance (1933-1941), Henry Wallace (1941-1945), Harry S. Truman (1945)  MI: Assistant Secretary of the Navy  FL: Eleanor Roosevelt
  161. 161. (Constitution)  20)(1933) Presidential Start of Term Moved from March 4th to January 20th at Noon  Congress must now start on January 3rd, and must now meet every year.  Provisions made for succession if President dies before inauguration
  162. 162. Constitution  21) (1933) Repeal of Prohibition (18th Amendment)  State level Prohibition could continue
  163. 163. Harry S. Truman 1945-1953
  164. 164. 33. Harry S. Truman  1945-1953  VP: Alben Barkley (1949-1953)  MI: Army World War I & Army Reserve  FL: Bess Truman
  165. 165. Constitution  22) Presidential Term Limits  No Person can be elected President more than twice and only once if they have served more than 2 years of someone else’s term. Restriction only applies to this position and no other Federal Post
  166. 166. Dwight D. Eisenhower 1953-1961
  167. 167. 34. Dwight D. Eisenhower  1953-1961  VP: Richard Nixon  MI: General of the Armies, World War 2  FL: Mamie Eisenhower
  168. 168. 1953-1961 49.(1959) Alaska  1 Representative  Alaska Standard Time (except  The Aleutians)
  169. 169. 1953-1961 50. (1959) Hawaii (Honolulu)  2 Representatives  Hawaii-Aleutian Standard Time
  170. 170. John F. Kennedy 1961-1963
  171. 171. 35. John F Kennedy  1961-1963  VP: Lyndon Baines Johnson  MI: Navy, World War II  FL: Jaqueline Kennedy
  172. 172. Constitution  23. (1961)  DC Gets Electoral Votes  Washington DC can now vote in Presidential Elections-but can have no more electoral votes than the least populous state.
  173. 173. Lyndon Baines Johnson 1963-1969
  174. 174. 36. Lyndon Baines Johnson  1963-1969  VP :Hubert H. Humphrey (1964-1969)  MI: Lt. Commander, Naval Reserve, Observer of Bomber Missions  FL: Lady Bird Johnson
  175. 175. Constitution  24) (1964)  End of Poll Tax-No denial of the right to vote due to not paying a poll tax
  176. 176. Constitution  25) (1967)  Codifies That The VP will succeed the President in case of death or disability
  177. 177. Richard Nixon 1969-1974
  178. 178. 37. Richard Nixon  1969-1974  VP: Spiro Agnew (1969-1973)  Gerald Ford (1973-1974)  MI: U.S. Navy Reserve (World War II)  FL: Patricia Nixon
  179. 179. Constitution  26. (1971) 18 year olds can vote
  180. 180. Gerald Ford 1974-1977
  181. 181. 38. Gerald Ford  1974-1977  VP: Nelson Rockefeller  MI: U.S. Navy Reserve (World War II)  FL: Betty Ford
  182. 182. Jimmy Carter 1977-1981
  183. 183. 39. Jimmy Carter  1977-1981  VP: Walter Mondale  MI: US. Navy Lieutenant  FL: Roslyn Carter
  184. 184. Ronald Reagan 1981-1989
  185. 185. 40. Ronald Reagan  1981-1989  VP: George H. W. Bush  MI: 1937-Army Enlisted Reserve (1942-Active Duty)  FL: Nancy Reagan
  186. 186. George H.W. Bush 1989-1993
  187. 187. 41. George H. W. Bush  1989-1993  1924-2018  VP: Daniel Quayle  MI: United States Navy, World War 2  FL: Barbara Bush
  188. 188. Constitution  27) (1992)Congress can’t give itself pay raises for the current session-pay raises take effect the next Session of Congress
  189. 189. Bill Clinton 1993-2001
  190. 190. 42. Bill Clinton  1993-2001  VP; Albert Gore  MI: No Military  FL: Hillary Clinton
  191. 191. George W. Bush 2001-2009
  192. 192. 43. George W. Bush  2001-2009  VP: Richard Cheney  MI: Fighter Interceptor Grp (1968- 1974)  FL: Laura Bush
  193. 193. Barack H. Obama 2009-2017
  194. 194. 44. Barack H. Obama  2009-2017  VP; Joseph Biden  MI: No Military  FL: Michelle Obama
  195. 195. Donald J. Trump 2017-
  196. 196. 45. Donald J Trump  2017-  VP: Michael Pence  MI: No Military  FL: Melania Trump
  197. 197. The End For Now… A Republic If You Can Keep It..  CarolDuhart’s Coffeehouse and Multi Blog

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