Bundle of Compromises - Civics & Economics


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Some of the major compromises that went into the US Constitution at the Constitutional Convention for Civics & Economics

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Bundle of Compromises - Civics & Economics

  1. 1. “A Bundle of Compromises” Compromises in the Constitution Chapter 3.2
  2. 2. Representation in Congress Large States: Virginia Plan • Bicameral legislature • Representation based on population Small States: New Jersey Plan • Unicameral legislature • All states have equal representation Compromise: Connecticut Plan – “The Great Compromise” • Bicameral legislature • The Upper House (Senate) would have equal representation • The Lower House (House of Representatives) representation based on population • All money bills must begin in the House of
  3. 3. Slavery and Representation Free States (Northern States): • Did not want to count slaves for the purpose of representation in Congress Slave States (Southern States): • Wanted to count slaves as people only for the purpose of representation in Congress Compromise: “Three-Fifths (3/5) Compromise” • Each slave would count as 3/5 of a person for the purpose of representation in the House of Representatives
  4. 4. Slave Trade & Commerce Free States (Northern States): • Wanted to abolish the slave trade • Wanted Congress to regulate foreign and interstate trade Slave States (Southern States): • Wanted to continue importing slaves • Argued that is benefitted the economies of both the south and north • Did not want higher taxes if Congress regulated trade • Did not want exports to be taxed Compromise: Slave Trade Compromise • Slave trade continues for 20 years when Congress will decide the issue again • Each imported slave is taxed $10 • Congress could regulate foreign & interstate trade, but could not tax exports
  5. 5. Choosing the President One side: • Some people did not believe the people were smart enough to choose the President. • President should be chosen by Congress Other side: • Some people believed that the President should be directly elected by the people Compromise: Electoral College • The people will indirectly choose the President by voting for an elector to vote for the President for them
  6. 6. Ratification of the Constitution Federalists: • Supported the Constitution • Voiced their opinions in the Federalist Papers Anti-Federalists (Democratic Republicans): • Opposed the Constitution. • Feared a strong central government would violate people’s rights. Compromise: The Bill of Rights • Bill of Rights was added as the first 10 Amendments to the Constitution to ensure the rights of the people will be protected
  7. 7. Living Document Loose Constructionists (Loose Interpretation): • Felt that the powers of the national government ought to have the flexibility to meet new and unexpected needs of the nation. Strict Constructionists (Strict Interpretation): • Feared that any government that has the ability to stretch the powers given to it has the ability to become corrupt and too powerful Compromise: The Elastic Clause • The Constitution contains a section that allows it to extend the powers of the national government to meet unforeseen needs and events (continued, next slide)
  8. 8. Living Document The Elastic Clause: • Article I, section 8, paragraph 18 • gives Congress the ability to S T R E T C H its powers to meet new needs without always amending the Constitution • gives government the ability to carry out its implied powers • Also called the “necessary and proper clause”