US History Ch 10.5


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US History Ch 10.5

  1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 10: Launching the New Nation Section 5: John Adams’ Presidency
  2. 2. The Election of 1796 <ul><li>Political parties —groups that help elect government officials and shape governmental policy </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Election of 1796 <ul><li>Federalist Party: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Desired to strengthen the federal government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worked to promote industry & trade </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Election of 1796 John Adams Charles Pinckney Federalist Candidates
  5. 5. The Election of 1796 <ul><li>Democratic-Republican Party: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Desired to limit power of federal government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worked to promote agriculture </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Election of 1796 Thomas Jefferson Aaron Burr Republican candidates
  7. 7. The Election of 1796 <ul><li>Each side attacked the other </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton tries to get Pinckney elected </li></ul>Alexander Hamilton
  8. 9. The Election of 1796 John Adams Federalist President Thomas Jefferson Democratic-Republican Vice President
  9. 10. President Adams & the XYZ Affair <ul><li>Desired to improve relations with France </li></ul><ul><li>French privateers attacking U.S. ships </li></ul><ul><li>Sends diplomats to France </li></ul>
  10. 11. President Adams & the XYZ Affair Elbridge Gerry John Marshall Charles Pinckney
  11. 12. President Adams & the XYZ Affair <ul><li>French foreign minister refuses to meet with diplomats </li></ul><ul><li>Visited by three French agents </li></ul>Charles-Maurice de Tallyrand-Perigord
  12. 13. President Adams & the XYZ Affair <ul><li>Demands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$250,000 bribe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$12 million loan </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. President Adams & the XYZ Affair <ul><li>Diplomat refuse offer </li></ul><ul><li>Adams notifies Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Identifies agents as X, Y, & Z </li></ul>
  14. 15. President Adams & the XYZ Affair <ul><li>XYZ Affair —nickname for a bribe offered by agents of French foreign minister Talley rand to U.S. diplomats </li></ul>
  15. 16. President Adams & the XYZ Affair <ul><li>Federalists call for war </li></ul><ul><li>Adams did not seek war, but does expand military </li></ul><ul><li>1800: treaty signed </li></ul>
  16. 17. Alien & Sedition Acts <ul><li>Republican criticize Democrats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>for supporting war with France </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for expanding the military </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Alien & Sedition Acts <ul><li>Alien & Sedition Acts —laws passed by a Federalist-dominated Congress aimed at protecting the government from treasonous ideas, actions, & people; used against members of the Democratic-Republican Party </li></ul>
  18. 19. Alien & Sedition Acts <ul><li>Kentucky & Virginia Resolutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Authored by Jefferson & Madison </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stated acts were unconstitutional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stated that states did not have to follow laws they believed were unconstitutional </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Election of 1800 John Adams & Charles Pinckney Thomas Jefferson & Aaron Burr vs.
  20. 21. Election of 1800 <ul><li>Attacks on Adams </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of permanent army </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tensions with France </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. Election of 1800 <ul><li>Attacks on Jefferson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pro-French revolutionary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-religious </li></ul></ul>
  22. 23. A Narrow Republican Victory John Adams 65 electoral votes Charles Pinckney 64 electoral votes Thomas Jefferson 73 electoral votes Aaron Burr 73 electoral votes Federalists Republicans
  23. 24. A Narrow Republican Victory <ul><li>Decision sent to House of Representatives </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton supported Jefferson he because he was “by far not so dangerous a man” as Burr </li></ul>
  24. 26. A Narrow Republican Victory <ul><li>House casts 36 ballots </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson emerges as winner </li></ul><ul><li>12 th Amendment added to Constitution to modify method of electing president </li></ul>