Group F Pecha Kucha

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  • So what can all this mean for us, as teachers? Well, behaviourism puts the teacher at the heart of the classroom – we are leaders the learning process. Behaviourist teachers emphasise learning objectives, measureable outcomes and give regular feedback.
  • (Conversely the student can be seen as a passenger on their own learning journey, an empty vessel to be filled by the teacher’s expertise. However, students often welcome behaviourism’s clear structure and learning by doing - as well as working out how to game the system – and work only for rewards…
  • Other perspectives all share a critique of behaviourism as narrow and deterministic, suited only to simple repetitive tasks, which ignores the richness of students prior experiences and the diversity of ways in which each person can learn. Having said that, it is clear that all the learning theories have some common approaches.
  • The importance of the environment, practice and feedback is shared with cognitivism, for example, the learning of facts and information can be seen as a building blocks towards the construction of meaning , rather than as an alternative to it – remember Blooms taxonomy?
  • So, we’ve learned that students are not dogs and that education is about more than opening a metaphorical can of Winnalot. We’ve also seen that behavousim can and does have a role in our 21st century classrooms. It need not be a rival to alternative theories – it can complement them and help us to move beyond Surface learning to deeper integration
  • Supporting evidence is the fact that our tutors on this course embed behaviourist approaches in their teaching. How many techniques can you identify – and how effective do you think they are (please post your answers on Moodle please).
  • Group F Pecha Kucha

    1. 1. Group F Behaviourist Theory Of Learning Brigid Williams Reegan Puthussery Aoife Hunt Caron Jones 1/20
    2. 2. Overview Stimulus Response (Watson, 1913) “tabula rasa” (the blank slate) (Aristotle, 4th century BC) Group F: Behaviourist Theory of Learning 2/20
    3. 3. Overview Repetition, Reinforcement and Punishment (Skinner, 1938) http://www.forensicmag.com/articles/2013/09/using-positive-reinforcement-employee-motivation#.UnFp4_mcd8E http://www.buzzle.com/articles/negative-reinforcement.html http://www.wikihow.com/Understand-Positive-Reinforcement http://www.brighthub.com/office/human-resources/articles/121217.aspx Group F: Behaviourist Theory of Learning 3/20
    4. 4. Methodological Behaviourist Theory John Watson “Psychology as the Behaviorist Views it” 1913 http://www.biography.com/people/john-b-watson-37049 Group F: Behaviourist Theory of Learning 4/20
    5. 5. Methodological Behaviourist Theory In higher education? Passive learners Future scope http://carolhbates.com/4-examples-of-using-social-media-and-the-olympics-in-the-college-classroom-increase-student-engagement-by-adding-excitement-to-youlesson-plans/ http://www.pcworld.com/article/2020469/opponents-say-itu-treaty-threatens-internet-freedom.html Group F: Behaviourist Theory of Learning 5/20
    6. 6. Radical Behaviourist Theory B.F. Skinner 1904- 1990 Operant Conditioning www.youtube.com/watch?v=I_ctJqjlrHA http://psychology.about.com Group F: Behaviourist Theory of Learning 6/20
    7. 7. Radical Behaviourist Theory Meet Churchill http://psychology.about.com Group F: Behaviourist Theory of Learning 7/20
    8. 8. Psychological Behaviourist Theory Arthur W Statts 19243rd Generation Behaviourist Unification of behavioural science Personality theory Child development http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=33701010 Group F: Behaviourist Theory of Learning 8/20
    9. 9. Psychological Behaviourist Theory Personality Theory How you feel affects how you do http://www.redalyc.org/articulo. oa?id=33701010 Group F: Behaviourist Theory of Learning 9/20
    10. 10. Teleological Behaviourist Theory Emotions and Thoughts As behaviours 15231260-the-boy-emotions.jpg Self control and concept of free will Group F: Behaviourist Theory of Learning Howard Rachilin 11/20
    11. 11. Teleological Behaviourist Theory- Educational Context Feed Back Positive and Negative feedback Continuous feedback help & guide to modify the behavior Group F: Behaviourist Theory of Learning 10/20
    12. 12. Behaviourist Theory: Experimental Pavlov’s Classical Conditioning Ian Pavlov Conditione d Stimuli Conditione d response Group F: Behaviourist Theory of Learning Stimulus Generalization 12/20
    13. 13. Behaviourist Theory: Experimental Skinner’s Operant Conditioning Group F: Behaviourist Theory of Learning 13/20
    14. 14. Behaviourism : The role of the teacher • Teacher-led • Incentives, praise, good grades • Competency-based learning objectives • Content, methods, outcomes: aligned • Regular feedback Group F: Behaviourist Theory of Learning 14/20
    15. 15. Behaviourism : The role of the student • Passive recipient • Receives planned instruction • Clear expectations • Learning by doing • Can learn to "play the game” for rewards Group F: Behaviourist Theory of Learning 14/20
    16. 16. Behaviourist Theory in context Critique: • Narrow, deterministic • Ill-suited to decisionmaking, critical thinking • Ignores social, personal and experiential learning • People learn differently! Group F: Behaviourist Theory of Learning 16/20
    17. 17. Behaviourist Theory in context Shares with cognitivism: • Understanding of role of environment • Emphasis on practice and feedback Precursor of constructivism? • Learning of facts precedes construction of meaning/higher learning: Bloom’s taxonomy Group F: Behaviourist Theory of Learning 17/20
    18. 18. The future of Behaviourist Theory Learning Outcomes Feedback Group F: Behaviourist Theory of Learning GRADES 18/20
    19. 19. Conclusions Group F: Behaviourist Theory of Learning 19/20
    20. 20. Conclusions PG Cert HE Weekly round up email Online quiz Positive reinforcement when joining in on Moodle Constructively aligned learning outcomes and content REGULAR FEEDBACK Group F: Behaviourist Theory of Learning 20/20

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