The Social Learning Theory of
Aggression
Mrs Jan
Aggression
• Discuss
– What can cause children to behave aggressively?
Social Learning Theory (SLT)
• Social learning is learning through
observation, imitation and modelling or
another person ...
• Who do you look up to? Who is your role
model? Have you ever observed a behaviour
that you have then copied?
Social Learning Theory
• According the Bandura, there are 4 processes
involved with Social Learning
•
•
•
•

Attention (no...
•
•
•
•

Process
ATTENTION.
RETENTION
REPRODUCTION
MOTIVATION.

• Remember ARRM.

of Modelling
Example
• Jane dyes her hair pink because her favourite
celebrity has done so.
– First Jane paid attention to what the cel...
Social Learning Theory
• Using the four processes involved in social
learning as outlined by Bandura (1977),
complete the ...
Characteristics of the model
•An individual is more likely to imitate
someone who is judged to have status and
power, or b...
Factors involved in SLT

• The more similar the role model
is to the observer, the more likely
that the behaviour will be
...
Vicarious Learning
• Bandura stated that were are also influenced
by observing the consequences of another
person’s behavi...
Applying Social Learning
Theory to Aggression
• TASK
– Using the three aspects of SLT (ARRM, factors
involved in SLT and v...
Applying Social Learning Theory to
Aggression
• Children observe and learn from role models
– At home (family)
– At school...
Applying Social Learning Theory to
Aggression
• Explain how operant conditioning can maintain an
aggressive behaviour that...
Applying Social Learning Theory to
Aggression

• A later experiment (Bandura and Walters 1963)
showed children consequence...
IDA:  Cultural differences in aggression
explained

The Kuhn San:
Aggression is rare
WHY?
Aggression is not valued
Childr...
IDA 
• Ethical issues:
• Difficult to test experimentally as studies such
as the Bobo dolls would no longer be allowed
to...
Homework
• TASK (Exam Focus: Essay Structure pg. 5)
– Using the scaffolding above (as well as the “How
to answer exam ques...
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Social psychological theories of aggression - SLT A2

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Social psychological theories of aggression - SLT A2

  1. 1. The Social Learning Theory of Aggression Mrs Jan
  2. 2. Aggression • Discuss – What can cause children to behave aggressively?
  3. 3. Social Learning Theory (SLT) • Social learning is learning through observation, imitation and modelling or another person or role model. • Created by Albert Bandura – It is behaviourist, but does take into account thought processes – Therefore it is also cognitive
  4. 4. • Who do you look up to? Who is your role model? Have you ever observed a behaviour that you have then copied?
  5. 5. Social Learning Theory • According the Bandura, there are 4 processes involved with Social Learning • • • • Attention (notice) Retention (remember) Reproduction (copy) Motivation
  6. 6. • • • • Process ATTENTION. RETENTION REPRODUCTION MOTIVATION. • Remember ARRM. of Modelling
  7. 7. Example • Jane dyes her hair pink because her favourite celebrity has done so. – First Jane paid attention to what the celebrity had done – Jane then retained this information – Jane was capable of reproducing the behaviour of dying her hair – Jane was motivated to dye her hair pink and did so
  8. 8. Social Learning Theory • Using the four processes involved in social learning as outlined by Bandura (1977), complete the description, and explain why a young girl may imitate her mother putting on makeup.
  9. 9. Characteristics of the model •An individual is more likely to imitate someone who is judged to have status and power, or be of the same gender.
  10. 10. Factors involved in SLT • The more similar the role model is to the observer, the more likely that the behaviour will be imitated – Same gender – Same age or older • Also, if the role model is seen in a positive light • – High status of the little girl on the previous page, For the case which of – Likeablethese factors might have made her more likely to copy her mother’s behaviour?
  11. 11. Vicarious Learning • Bandura stated that were are also influenced by observing the consequences of another person’s behaviour. • TASK – Come up with an example for each of the following: • Vicarious reinforcement • Vicarious punishment • Vicarious extinction
  12. 12. Applying Social Learning Theory to Aggression • TASK – Using the three aspects of SLT (ARRM, factors involved in SLT and vicarious learning) explain how children might become aggressive. Think about which models children might learn this behaviour from.
  13. 13. Applying Social Learning Theory to Aggression • Children observe and learn from role models – At home (family) – At school (other children) – The media (TV, films, games) • They learn which behaviours are worth repeating • They have a mental representation of events they observe, and can anticipate reward and punishment.
  14. 14. Applying Social Learning Theory to Aggression • Explain how operant conditioning can maintain an aggressive behaviour that has been learned through social learning. Give an example to demonstrate your point. • Evidence for SLT of aggression Bandura’s experiments on children such as the Bobo doll experiment • Watch the video, and briefly describe what behaviour the children showed. Does this support or contradict the social learning theory of aggression?
  15. 15. Applying Social Learning Theory to Aggression • A later experiment (Bandura and Walters 1963) showed children consequences of the adult’s behaviour – The model was rewarded for their behaviour – The model was punished for their behaviour – The model received neither punishment or reward • TASK • Fill in the blanks with the following words “vicarious punishment”, “vicarious reinforcement”.
  16. 16. IDA:  Cultural differences in aggression explained The Kuhn San: Aggression is rare WHY? Aggression is not valued Children not punished THEREFORE: direct and vicarious reinforcement minimized. Children do not acquire aggressive behaviours
  17. 17. IDA  • Ethical issues: • Difficult to test experimentally as studies such as the Bobo dolls would no longer be allowed to take place because…….
  18. 18. Homework • TASK (Exam Focus: Essay Structure pg. 5) – Using the scaffolding above (as well as the “How to answer exam questions” hand-out), complete an answer to the following question. – 1b: Describe the social learning theory of aggression (8)

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