Transforming India Through Quality Higher Education


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Transforming India Through Quality Higher Education

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Transforming India Through Quality Higher Education

  1. 1. Transforming IndiaThrough Quality Higher Education* --Anil Kakodkar * 34th Vikram Sarabhai Memorial Lecture Ahmedabad Management Association October 27, 2012
  2. 2. -- Our youth population / GER / bridging disparities through affirmative actions-- Create entrepreneurs ( job providers at higherlevels in the value chain) rather than just job seekers (Student centric, development oriented qualityeducation and skills training rooted in Indian societalvalues)-- Maximise globally competitive domestic valueaddition (products and services)-- Domestic Innovation and Technology. Effective engagement with emerging A3 ( any one, any time,any where ) connected society-- Policies and practices that generate wealthparticularly at the bottom of pyramid
  3. 3. Evolving modes of value creation Raw resources Towards knowledge driven Value added materials & development & economy. Key products to deal with depleting resources and Technology environmental stability Innovation Clearly quality higher education is the key
  4. 4. Educational Institutions / Learning Domains Skills Vocational Education &training Education &Research Hands on  Exposure to Progressivecapability built procedural structuredthrough knowledge and expansion ofstructured training knowledgetraining and envelopeapprenticeship Every student should have a choice of concurrent education & training in all learning domains including opportunities to do so across institutionsWe should be able to catalyse the process towards student centric education in a Meta University framework
  5. 5. Ideal Higher Education SystemShould encompass the following:• Learning & scholarship all the way up to current frontiers of knowledge• Research that pushes the frontiers of knowledge• Technology at the cutting edge• Innovations to address the problems and opportunities in the industry/society• Entrepreneurship that generates wealth in the society• Sensitivity towards society and environment rooted in Indian values On a scale commensurate with the needs of Indian youth population
  6. 6. World-class University Fle ore x ib to attract m tal ility M agnets t all levels, adj ent, a to nu a ork ne ust talent a s to w ed b rt to ility t ure g ide s, a fas cinatin n sp inn mbia ecific o o ova nc tio e fo o n r po rt t sup mers, ive Abi ass perfor nd lM h ig bility a of inn ity to h gov ovate mo ange s er n h r sys ance exc arche te m e res s 6 Engagement with industry, society, government, alumni and other stake holders
  7. 7. Higher education Institutions• Universities -- State, Central, deemed• Institutions specially set up IITs, NITs, IIITs, IISERs, NISER, IIMs etc.• Institutions engaged in research and development in a given areaAll these institutions should progressively become world class and serve Indian needs
  8. 8. Situation as at present• Low in global ranking• Inadequate mutual confidence between industry/society and university• Limited mobility of academics to industry/society and vice versa• Most students as they graduate are unemployable• Limited role in development process
  9. 9. Linkage between Govt. and UniversityBroadpolitical Apex advisory cum supervisory councilmandate Academic and Professional developmentfacilitation group with MAHED council respect for autonomy Functions:  Nurture excellence in Higher education  Oversee and promote education and development as an integrated activity  MAHED to play a central role in apptt. of VCs  All Univs to be answerable to MAHED  Facilitation for Universities to perform  MAHED to define govt. funding policy for Univs.
  10. 10. University –Multidisciplinary centre of learning and development• Should be a holistic learning environment that enriches students with new knowledge and skills• Nurture innovation & problem solving capability relevant to contemporary context• An University must have a large enough fully developed campus with multidisciplinary approach• Host education and globally competitive research activities that are alive to the dynamics in the neighborhood• Host research parks, incubators, projects of societal relevance on the campus• Locate a campus in or adjoining a SEZ
  11. 11. University –Multidisciplinary centre of learning and development --- contd.• Should contribute to capable human resource as well as guide emerging socio- economic transformation• Autonomous Governance that nurtures all- round excellence including in colleges• Liberal availability of financial resources• Should support high quality UG education in an ambiance of high quality research Need more campuses – eventually one per district – develop new campuses before dividing an university
  12. 12. Borderless interaction between Education, R&D, Industry and Society1) Flexible Networking opportunities2) Mobility of Students, Scientists and Entrepreneurs3) Life long learning4) Ability to selectively deploy resources on worthy ideas5) Choice of programmes based on problems that need to be solved rather than the problems that can be solved
  13. 13. Innovation Eco- system Theory Fundamental Experiments ResearchEducation Applied Technology Scale Commerci- Research Development up -alisation Teachers Researchers Entrepreneurs Skills Students Skilled / qualified workers for industry / societyTraditional Commercial-Knowledge Product/Process Development -isation Research Parks Incubation of Technology
  14. 14. Skill development• A skill development program (both soft as well as hard skills) for undergraduate students as an add on to existing curriculum in all disciplines is necessary• Skill development to be a compulsory non- credit program• Delivery of skills through - in house facilities in colleges, specially created facility in each district/taluka to be used in time sharing mode and out sourcing• Govt., industry and colleges to co-partner establishment and management of such facilities
  15. 15. Autonomy and Governance• VC to be the sole academic and administrative head supported by a Statuary Adv. Committee• Academics led peer based management• Mature peer processes rather than electioneering should prevail• Autonomous working with assured funding on the basis of predefined norms• All stakeholders represented in management• Society Partnership Council (SOUL) to replace SENATE• Three component curriculum i) Core component ii) inter-disciplinary component iii) vocational component• 360 degree evaluation and graded reward system
  16. 16. University Funding• Grant priority to HE sector. Create special financial and administrative instruments/ concessions to raise resources for universities. In today’s context public investments in higher education would be most rewarding• A campus would typically require around 200 crores capital investment and around 15 crores recurring expenditure in addition to salaries and R&D outlays• Confer status of Special Planning Authority to university campuses under Maharashtra Regional and Town Planning act duly overseen by MAHED. Done with care this would enrich learning environment• Hopefully non- government financial support would improve with credible autonomy in place• Establish professional finance management system
  17. 17. STRATEGIES TO ENHANCE QUALITY•A key to excellence is high quality faculty. Presence ofhigh caliber researchers from proximate institutions, notonly would enrich the programmes but also createattractions for better faculty and students.•Set up centers involving better institutions withcomplimentary interests/mandate•Make institutions more autonomous and independent•Establish collaborations with better institutions•Encourage mobility of faculty to other institutions forcollaborative activities•Internal quality system with external audit/review for allactivities and processes
  18. 18. Autonomous Examination Boards• To minimise distraction from core university activities, work load of conducting examinations particularly at UG level should be entrusted to an autonomous examination board of the university. Such Boards would conduct examinations in accordance with the stipulations of the university.• Uniform modular credit based academic structure and a well designed ICT support would facilitate movement towards a learner centric approach
  19. 19. ICT in Higher education• Distance learning• Education and evaluation• Working and learning together from geographically different locations• Open platforms for research and problem solving• Quick scale up of access• E-enabled governance, services and student support systems• Set up EDUNET along with comprehensive ICT infrastructure in all universitiesOpportunities available under NKN to be quickly exploited
  20. 20. Rural Development Livelihood in rural areas has become a major issue Results in a more rapid migration to urban centers and consequent strain on urban infrastructure and societal hygiene There are several opportunities for development and wealth generation in rural areas Knowledge and technology inputs can make a significant difference Attracting bright talent with right mind set and creation of a high level knowledge centre engaged with the neighborhood can be the game changer
  21. 21. Linking large rural domains to NKN • Setting up educational townships withwith broad band wireless connectivity modern amenities away from major citiesfor initiating knowledge driven would contribute to development in ruraldevelopment areas and equitable distribution of wealth across the State • Needs better connectivity Village 1 Guest House Integrated Fruit Nisargruna Boys & Girls CILLAGE + Processing Power Hostel Grapes+Banana +Pomgranate Generation +Linking large rural domains to NKN with broad band wireless Staff Quarters connectivity for initiating Centre forknowledge Village 2 + Entrepreneurship Rural Human & Sports Complex Promotion Tissue Resource Dev. Fac. . Culture Lab Land Bldg. Education Budget & RIA, SOCDK, L Skill . . Management Body LL Iterim Staff Training Field Service Training & Implem Team & NKN consultation Project Executers & . Linkage with NationalVillage 3 Village Users Research Laboratory Water Filter Technologies Development & Isotope Expert Guidence & Hydrology Entrepreneurship (Tech. Guidance & Village 5 Village 6 50 villages Expertise) Multipurpose Seed Knowledge Irradiator & Sarpanch Bank Centre Cold & SCHOOL Govt. Storage Gramsabha Schemes, Fin., I Village 4 nsurance Users
  22. 22. Rural education/development outreachLow cost tablets with broad band connectivity to compliment conventional teaching mode, make education more student centric and induce improvement in teaching / mentoring with existing teachersLow cost wireless broad band with around 20 – 25 KM range to be demonstrated Locally produced solar/wind/biomass powerRural University/ higher education campus with Akrutis (Advanced Knowledge based RUral Technology Initiative) in the neighborhood to be sustained promoters of community learning and development in the area
  23. 23. Education and Science promotion through commons movement All knowledge resources to be available to users free of cost Open education resources (OER) in local language Wiki process to enlarge OER with oversight Science activity centres / science based community development programmes
  24. 24. SVERI, Gopalpur pilot project connectivity• A pilot project is planned at SVERI, Gopalpur to study feasibility. Technology/Cost Analysis/Contents creation-Sharing/Effect on student/etc.1. NIC/BARC - NKN connectivity to DAE out reach centre at SVERI: High bandwidth 100 Mbps with Low latency and Internet access 2. M/S Nicheken: Wi-Fi broad band connectivity to 5 Schools (within approx.10-12 km distance) from NKN enabled point at SVERI 3. IIT/Bombay: Akash tablets, software and contents 4. MKCL/HBCSE/(SNDT?): e-course content in Marathi for schools 5. RGSTF : Financial support• Uninterrupted power provided from three sources: Normal AC supply, Rechargeable Battery and Solar
  25. 25. Rural school at Anavalilinked to NKN at SVERI Gopalpur
  26. 26. The objective of this workshop was to EmpowerTraditional Indian Artist through Advanced Technology to Earn Livelihood. Warli paintings,Kalamkari, Madhubani,Thewa art, Bhitti Chitraand Phad Chitra can be popularised through advanced technology route for upliftment & empowerment ofTraditional Artists from Rural & Tribal background.
  27. 27. Such an eco-system would facilitate following key aspects of human resource and societal development• Education and research that is relevant to needs of neighbourhood.• Innovation eco-system based of traditional as well as latest acquisitions in knowledge.• Transfer of Knowledge Applications.• Opportunities for Local Businesses.• Training and Human Resource Development.• Community Infrastructure.• Livelihood Opportunities.• Protection of Environment, Heritage and Culture.
  28. 28. DNA of rural developmentGroup Livelihood Skills Individua l support Technology Technology needs Financial Advanced Knowledge institutions Knowledge based rural technology institution initiative (AKRUTI) University campus / College Product /R&D Centre ideas Group Support ICT enabled Scale up and education outreach replication Public Funded Financial Rural innovation Human Resource inclusion and development Dev. Programme
  29. 29. Key Challenges• World class research at a level commensurate India’s size and needs.• Faculty growth – primarily through PhD programme• To become magnets to attract and retain talent• To impact on education, research and technology scene in the country as a whole 31
  30. 30. IITs are at the right level to aim higher--to transform India to be a techno-innovation power house• Excellence at global level --Each IIT can identify 3-4 areas of recognised strength and strive to be among the best in the world -- Preferential support to such areas on the basis of broad based peer assessment• Research and innovation culture --10,000 PhDs in engineering and technology every year --Research Parks at all IITs --Entrepreneurship development• National technological capability in all important areas --Large programs of national importance in multi group and multi institutional mode --Socio-economic ministries to establish labs in IITs --PSUs and others to set up additional labs at IITs• High quality graduate engineers in large enough numbers --IITs to engage with NITs, NIITs, IISERs and other institutions --100,000 (may be more) high quality graduates every year as feeder pool for PhD program as well as for other segments 32
  31. 31. Why Govt. should grant greater autonomy to IITs?• Almost a prerequisite to be world class• To explore new pathways to nurture innovation and entrepreneurship• To generate confidence in prospective donors• To be in a better position to attract and nurture excellence(This does not mean compromise on accountability in terms of objectives and deliverables) 33
  32. 32. Gambro Sony Ericsson Active Biotech Chemical Centre Ecology CentreUniversity Hospital Ideon Science Park Astra Zeneca LTH BMC School of MAX-lab Economics 500 m Ideon Science Park Hans Möller 2008-04-21
  33. 33. Innovation System in Lund c ed Industrifonden et ec Teknose d Lun d Lumit see idge & t Pre Br en Ideon Business a tion velopm n ov po l m In ersity De Tekno ce Park f ro niv Ideon Scien ation U N ECT nnov ess CON nI Growth sin els Bu ng bs Ideo d Jo A Lun iety r Soc to s uba Development o an n inc f tL tio B i o So o va on Inn Ide LU Start d T mo ation ver nts an LIF y r n ey ust up ific Gra Project d eC In r ab ntu ch eL ar Ve se io n r ntu Idea Re cat Edu VeVen Capital Advisors Environment Process Idea Generation
  34. 34. Some new initiatives that need to be scaled upHomi Bhabha National Institute Promote research on the interface of basic sciences and technologyNational Institute for Science Education and Research and IISERs Integrated M.Sc. Program in an ambiance of high level researchDAE – MU Centre of Basic Sciences Enriching existing Universities through participation of proximate institutions
  35. 35. Thank you