Synchronous (Real time) / Asynchronous (offline) Blended learning; Collaborative Learning; Gamification, Mobile Learning Corporate E-Learning Single Mode; Dual Mode; Virtual/Consortia
Although there are some content experts who also have instructional design skills and others who have knowledge of technology, very few are equally ) expert in all three areas. It is better if these responsibilities are carried by different specialists. The instructional designers should work with the content experts to help them decide on such matters as: a) The learning objectives of the course and each of its component parts, b) The exercises and activities the learners should undertake to achieve the objectives, c) The layout of text and graphics, d) The content of recorded audio or video segments, and e) The questions for interactive sessions by online chat sessions or in Wikis and blogs, or by audio or video conference.
3) Graphic designers, Web producers, and other media specialists should be brought in to turn the ideas of the content experts and instructional designers into high-quality course materials and programs. Decisions must be made about which part of the instruction can most effectively be delivered by each particular medium.
4) The normal procedure in a good systems approach to distance education is that once the courses have been designed and distributed through technology, students are allocated by the teaching organization to instructors, sometimes referred to as tutors, who interact with them to provide individualized instruction on the basis of the designed materials.
5) Managers are responsible for all the subsystems that lead to the design, delivery, and implementation of the program, beginning with the difficult process of assessing the needs of learners who are not usually easily accessible. Management also must participate in the political process, helping policy makers to understand the potential of distance education, obtaining funding, and bringing about the organizational culture change that is needed to accommodate unfamiliar ways of teaching. Administrators must ensure that money, personnel, and time are managed so numerous work tasks fit together and courses are produced on time. Suitable faculty and staff must be recruited and trained.
E learning and IT Entrepreneurship BY: Samuel Dodoo, Education Chair,ISOC Ghana
E-Learning & IT Entrepreneurship
By: Samuel Nii Dodoo
Education Chair, ISOC-Ghana
August 15, 2016
Kofi Annan ICT Centre for Excellence
There is evidence that the ever increasing African
population is willing to engage with new technology-
based tools to improve their education and
In the situation where physical educational
infrastructure cannot be expanded at the rate at
which the population is increasing, the globally
known technology adopted is E-LEARNING.
E-learning: is often regarded as a ‘new’
form of learning that uses the affordances
of the Internet to deliver customized,
interactive, learning materials and
programs to diverse local and distant
communities of practice.
The Value Chain
Multimedia Technology Experts
Instructional support personnel
Managers & Administrators
Studies have shown that the
adoption rates of e-learning are not the
same for every country.
The cause of this could be traced to
the prospects and challenges this
technology encounters during the
PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES
Optimization of Resources
International dimension to
the educational experience
Opportunities for updating skills of the workforce
Enhancing the capacity of the educational system
Emergency training for key target groups
Increased national revenues
• Should Technology Drive
IT Entrepreneurship … cont’d
• According to ‘Design Thinking’ MOOC by
Iversity.org, Human needs and experience
should drive innovation – not technology.
• i.e. using the designer’s sensibility and
methods to match people’s needs with what is
Infrastructure - Technology, Network,
Content - (Free, Open or IP); Quality;
Course Delivery System
Human Resource – Instructors, Support
Personnel, Administrators, Managers
Brick & Mortar/1-jacket-fits all Open Schooling
Teachers function as Repository of
Train teachers to function as Leaders
Teacher-Centered Pedagogy Student/Learner-centered approach
Technology as a subject matter in
Education in synergy with Technology
Technology override human needs Human needs driven innovation
OLD PARADIGM NEW PARADIGM