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E learning and IT Entrepreneurship BY: Samuel Dodoo, Education Chair,ISOC Ghana

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Presentation at the 2016 Ghana IGF

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E learning and IT Entrepreneurship BY: Samuel Dodoo, Education Chair,ISOC Ghana

  1. 1. E-Learning & IT Entrepreneurship By: Samuel Nii Dodoo Education Chair, ISOC-Ghana August 15, 2016 Kofi Annan ICT Centre for Excellence 2016
  2. 2. OUTLINE  Introduction  Prospects  Challenges  IT Entrepreneurship  Conclusion
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION
  4. 4.  There is evidence that the ever increasing African population is willing to engage with new technology- based tools to improve their education and knowledge.  In the situation where physical educational infrastructure cannot be expanded at the rate at which the population is increasing, the globally known technology adopted is E-LEARNING.
  5. 5. E-learning: is often regarded as a ‘new’ form of learning that uses the affordances of the Internet to deliver customized, interactive, learning materials and programs to diverse local and distant communities of practice.
  6. 6. Global E-Learning Revenues  2011 - $35.6 billion  2016 - $51.5 billion. Africa E-Learning Revenues  2013 - $332.9M  2016 - $512.7M
  7. 7. The Value Chain  Content Specialists  Instructional Designers  Multimedia Technology Experts  Programmers/IT Specialists  Instructional support personnel  Managers & Administrators
  8. 8.  Studies have shown that the adoption rates of e-learning are not the same for every country.  The cause of this could be traced to the prospects and challenges this technology encounters during the diffusion process. PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES
  9. 9. PROSPECTS  Individual  Institutional  National
  10. 10. Prospects (Individual)  Flexibility  Accessibility  Quality  Cost effective
  11. 11. Prospects (Institutional)  Increased Enrolment  Cost effectiveness  Optimization of Resources  Competitive Advantage  International dimension to the educational experience
  12. 12. Prospects (National)  Opportunities for updating skills of the workforce  Enhancing the capacity of the educational system  Emergency training for key target groups  Job creation  Increased national revenues
  13. 13. Challenges  Organizational – Financing, Structure, Culture  Technological - Compatibility, Complexity  Environmental – Political, legal, Social  User Adoption – Culture, Perceptions
  14. 14. IT Entrepreneurship • Should Technology Drive Innovation?
  15. 15. IT Entrepreneurship … cont’d • According to ‘Design Thinking’ MOOC by Iversity.org, Human needs and experience should drive innovation – not technology. • i.e. using the designer’s sensibility and methods to match people’s needs with what is technologically feasible.
  16. 16.  Infrastructure - Technology, Network, Bandwidth  Content - (Free, Open or IP); Quality; Format  Course Delivery System  Human Resource – Instructors, Support Personnel, Administrators, Managers  Learners E-Learning Ecosystem Human Needs
  17. 17. Conclusion
  18. 18. Brick & Mortar/1-jacket-fits all Open Schooling Teachers function as Repository of Knowledge Train teachers to function as Leaders in Education Teacher-Centered Pedagogy Student/Learner-centered approach Technology as a subject matter in Education Education in synergy with Technology Technology override human needs Human needs driven innovation OLD PARADIGM NEW PARADIGM PARADIGM SHIFT

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