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Child sexual abuse


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A rupture to nnocence.

Published in: Law
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Child sexual abuse

  1. 1.  According to UNICEF violence against children can take place in homes, schools, orphanages, residential care facilities, on the streets, in the workplace, in prisons and in places of detention.  Such abuse can affect the normal development of a child impairing their mental, physical and social being. In extreme cases it can be fatal to the child.
  2. 2.  A 2007 survey by the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD) report in child abuse showed 53% of children in India had been sexually abused.  150 million girls and 73 million boys under 18 have been subjected to forced sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual violence.  A Global School-Based Student Health Survey found that 20% and 65% of school going children reported having been verbally and physically bullied in the last 30 days.  UNICEF estimated 3 million girls and women in sub-Saharan Africa, Egypt and Sudan are subjected to female genital mutilation every year.  W.H.O. estimates that 150 million girls and 73 million boys under 18 have been subjected to forced sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual violence.  Children form 40% of the total population of commercial sex workers  80% of these children are found in the five metros – Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai and Bangalore  71% of them are illiterate.
  3. 3.  Assault, including rape and sodomy  Touching or Fondling a child  Exhibitionism- Forcing a child to exhibit his/her private body parts  Photographing a child in nude  Forcible kissing  Sexual advances towards a child during travel  Sexual advances towards a child during marriage situations  Exposing a child to pornographic materials  Trafficking a child for prostitution or sex slavery.
  4. 4.  STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases).  TB (Tuberculosis).  HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)  Pregnancy and repeated abortions taking toll on the reproductive and physical health.  Lack of proper and timely medical care that weakens them, making them susceptible to several common ailments  Respiratory problems.  drug abuse victim.  Low self esteem.  Severe Depression.  Self hate  Guilt  Helplessness .  Forced into the world of crime.
  5. 5. The Protection of Children against Sexual Offences Act (POCSO) came into effect on Children’s Day, November 14, 2012. It has given certain protection privileges to the children.  It is gender neutral  It makes reporting abuse mandatory  It makes the recording of sexual abuse mandatory.  It lists all known types of sexual offences towards minors.  It provides for protection of minors during the judicial process.  Punishments ranging from 6 months to 7 years are given to the offenders under this act. Along with protection constant strict vigilance and timely care is a mandate from the parents, guardians, teachers or any person of trust of the child concerned. Also educating a child about behavioral patterns and the necessary reactions to be given by them is necessary.
  6. 6. Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956 (ITPA). The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 (JJ Act 2000). The Goa Children’s Act, 2003 (applicable only in the state of Goa). The Indian Penal Code, 1860 Procedural laws Information Technology Act, 2000 The Indian Legal system is constantly amending the provisions and creating more stringent laws to counter such social vices.
  7. 7. Most of the children tend to hide such incidents out of fear and threat of any probable harm to dear ones. They tend to keep it a secret out of fear of getting scolded or drifted from their loved ones. They should be taught not to do so and that they speak up fearlessly.