According to UNICEF violence against children can take
place in homes, schools, orphanages, residential care
facilities, on the streets, in the workplace, in prisons and
in places of detention.
Such abuse can affect the normal development of a child
impairing their mental, physical and social being. In
extreme cases it can be fatal to the child.
A 2007 survey by the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD)
report in child abuse showed 53% of children in India had been sexually
150 million girls and 73 million boys under 18 have been subjected to forced
sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual violence.
A Global School-Based Student Health Survey found that 20% and 65% of
school going children reported having been verbally and physically bullied in
the last 30 days.
UNICEF estimated 3 million girls and women in sub-Saharan Africa, Egypt and
Sudan are subjected to female genital mutilation every year.
W.H.O. estimates that 150 million girls and 73 million boys under 18 have been
subjected to forced sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual violence.
Children form 40% of the total population of commercial sex workers
80% of these children are found in the five metros – Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata,
Chennai and Bangalore
71% of them are illiterate.
Assault, including rape and sodomy
Touching or Fondling a child
Exhibitionism- Forcing a child to exhibit his/her private body
Photographing a child in nude
Sexual advances towards a child during travel
Sexual advances towards a child during marriage situations
Exposing a child to pornographic materials
Trafficking a child for prostitution or sex slavery.
STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases).
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)
Pregnancy and repeated abortions taking toll on the reproductive
and physical health.
Lack of proper and timely medical care that weakens them,
making them susceptible to several common ailments
drug abuse victim.
Low self esteem.
Forced into the world of crime.
The Protection of Children against Sexual Offences Act (POCSO)
came into effect on Children’s Day, November 14, 2012.
It has given certain protection privileges to the children.
It is gender neutral
It makes reporting abuse mandatory
It makes the recording of sexual abuse mandatory.
It lists all known types of sexual offences towards minors.
It provides for protection of minors during the judicial process.
Punishments ranging from 6 months to 7 years are given to the offenders
under this act.
Along with protection constant strict vigilance and timely care is a
mandate from the parents, guardians, teachers or any person of trust of
the child concerned. Also educating a child about behavioral patterns
and the necessary reactions to be given by them is necessary.
Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956 (ITPA).
The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act,
2000 (JJ Act 2000).
The Goa Children’s Act, 2003 (applicable only in the state of
The Indian Penal Code, 1860
Information Technology Act, 2000
The Indian Legal system is constantly amending the
provisions and creating more stringent laws to counter
such social vices.
Most of the children tend to hide such incidents out of fear and
threat of any probable harm to dear ones. They tend to keep
it a secret out of fear of getting scolded or drifted from their
loved ones. They should be taught not to do so and that they
speak up fearlessly.