Child exploitation


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Child exploitation

  1. 1. CHILD EXPLOITATION Dr. C. SYLENDRA BABU, I.P.S, Addl. Director General of Police email:
  2. 2.           Abuse and Violence Child Sexual Abuse Street Children Children Living with AIDS Child in Armed Conflict Girl Child Child Marriage Children with Disabilities Children affected by Substance Abuse Birth Registration
  3. 3.          Missing Children Children in Conflict with Law Child Labour Child Trafficking Children without Parental care Child Health and Nutrition Early Childhood (Children below six) Children of Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribe Families Children in Poverty
  4. 4. Abuse and Violence  Physical  Emotional  Sexual  Neglect  Exploitation. Any of these that are potentially or actually harmful to a child's health, survival, dignity and development are abuse. This definition is derived from the W.H.O.
  5. 5. Child Sexual Abuse  Sexual abuse for eight months by their van driver in New Delhi in September 2010.  Three minor girls were raped and murdered in Mumbai in February 2011.  The incidents listed above are not random occurrences, but represent the shocking reality of our country, which is home to 19 per cent of the world's child population.
  6. 6. STREET CHILDREN  Railway stations  Temples and durgahs  Markets  Under bridges  Bus deports and stops, etc.  Children who live on the street with their families and often work on the street.  Age wise 40% of the street children are between 11-15 years while another 33% are between 6-10 years age group.
  7. 7. Living with HIV/AIDS  HIV/AIDS is also affecting their families and their right to a parental care and affection.  In 2008 Avert found that there are 2.1 million children in the world living with HIV/AIDS.  Approximately 430,000 children were infected with HIV in 2008.  Every hour, 31 children around the world die because of AIDS.
  8. 8. Children in Armed Conflict  Children are affected by war and armed conflicts in two manners They are vulnerable to the impact of war on their homes and families and are often recruited to be implements of the conflict in the form of child soldiers.
  9. 9.  "Diagnostic teams with ultrasound scanners which detect the sex of a child advertise with catchlines such as spend 600 rupees now and save 50,000 rupees later." -  Another figure as recorded by UNICEF, said out of 8,000 abortions that took place, 7,999 of them were girls.
  10. 10.  "Premature pregnancy and motherhood are an inevitable consequence of child marriage. Girls under 15 are five times more likely to die during pregnancy and childbirth than women in their twenties."   State of the World's Children 2007, UNICEF In 2006 the government of India passed the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006.
  11. 11. Children With Disabilities around 10% of the world's populations, 650 million people, live with disabilities.  UNICEF survey, 30% of street youth are disabled.  90% of children with disabilities worldwide do not attend school.  Children with disabilities are at a 1.7 times greater risk of being subjected to some form of violence. 
  12. 12. Causes of Disability in Children  Communicable disease  Infection in early childhood  Early motherhood  Nutritional deficiencies  Insufficient or inaccessible health care services  Inadequate sanitation  Inter-family marriages
  13. 13.  In India an NGO survey revealed that 63.6 % of patients coming in for treatment were introduced to drugs at a young age below 15 years.  The high use of intravenous drugs is accompanied by sharing of needles and hence a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS.
  14. 14.  There are many reasons why birth registration is not carried out effectively in India.  People do not view it as a right of the child  Not associated with the child's access to education, healthcare, adulthood employment, etc.  Lack of infrastructure or political motivation to improve the system  Lack of awareness about birth registration  Failure of state to implement legislation  Poorer families do not have the means to pay for registration  Gender bias limit the number of girls in the registration process
  15. 15.  Birth registration is recording of govt administrative processes. It will use to: Nationality Having a record of a child's birth is also  Child to get a passport essential in ensuring that child is  Open a bank account accounted for in the protection system.  Obtain credit  Vote and find employment.  Basic health and education services.
  16. 16.  Abduction  Kidnapping of children  Run-away by family and surrounding circumstances  Trafficked children  44000 children are reported missing every year. Of these, as many as 11,000 remain untraced.
  17. 17.  Most children in conflict with the law have committed petty crimes such as vagrancy, truancy, begging or alcohol use.  Some have committed more serious offenses.  Some children are coerced into crime by adults who use them as they know they cannot be tried as adults.
  18. 18. CHILD LABOUR
  19. 19. CHILD LABOUR   Child labour is not only a social problem but also an economic one Watching a young child work for fourteen hours a-day is what is termed as child labor.     Child labour has a predominant feature in Indian society carpet industry requires the fine little fingers to weave the finest and tiniest of knots to create the most expensive of carpets firecracker industry probably prefers kids to men because they are cost effective and more efficient Even household labor – children last longer and are more honest than adults; is a claim made by most homemakers
  20. 20. Child Labour Fact Sheet  73 million working children are less than 10 years old.  While buffaloes may cost up to 15,000 rupees , children are sold at prices between 500 and 2,000 rupees.  47 out of 100 children in India enrolled in class I reach class VIII, putting the dropout rate at 52.79%.  Approximately 16.64% of villages in the country do not have facilities for primary schooling. (UNICEF)  42 million children in the age-group 6-14 years do not attend school in India.
  21. 21. LAWS     National Policy on Child Labour was formulated in 1987. prohibition of children being employed in hazardous occupations and processes. Poverty being the main root cause the govt has decided to generate the employment supplementary nutrition and regular health check ups so as to prepare them to join regular mainstream schools
  22. 22. Child Trafficking  "any person under 18 who is recruited, transported, transferred, harboured or received for the purpose of exploitation, either within or outside a country".  12,000 - 50,000 women and children are trafficked annually for the sex trade.
  23. 23. Child Health & Nutrition     In India 84% of all health care expenditure is out of pocket. Every third child in India is malnourished. According to UNICEF India over two million children die every year from preventable diseases. IMR in India is 63 deaths for every 1000 live births. Of these 47% of the deaths occur within the first week after birth.
  24. 24. Early Childhood (Children below six)  "It has been suggested that the first question the Indian Prime Minister should ask his ministers is not "how is the economy growing?" but rather "how are the children growing?"." - Citizen's Initiative for the Rights of Children under Six
  25. 25. Children of Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribe Families     SCs and STs are discriminated against in various forms both historically and in contemporary society. The government of India in their periodic report fails to speak of violence against Dalits or tribal children. The only mention is in cases of rape of a girl child who is also a Dalit or tribal. Only 43% SC children completed primary schooling.
  26. 26. Children in Poverty  Lack of access to basic requirements such as:    Food Shelter Clothing Various other issues  Poor child health  Poor child nutrition  Child labour  Child marriage.
  27. 27. Laws and Acts  The issues surrounding a girl child have been discusses in national child policies and laws and addressed in a few programmes.  The National Policy for Children, 1974  The National Plan of Action for Children, 2005  The Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation & Prevention of Misuse) Act, 1994  The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act 1986  The Juvenile Justice Act of 2000  Indian Penal code  Balika Samriddhi Yojana  Kishori Shakti Yojana.
  28. 28. CHILD EXPLOITATION With Dr.C.SYLENDRA BABU, I.P.S Addl. Director General of Police email: sylendrababuips @ Website : Mobile: 9840098034