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FAYOL’S PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT 
 DIVISION OF WORK 
 AUTHORITY AND RESPONSIBILITY 
 DISCIPLINE 
 UNITY OF COMMAND 
 UNITY OF DIRECTION 
 INDIVIDUAL INTEREST TO GENERAL INTEREST 
 REMUNERATION 
 CENTRALISATION AND DECENTRALISATION 
 SCALAR CHAIN 
 ORDER 
 EQUITY 
 STABILITY OF TENURE 
 INITIATIVE 
 ESPIRIT DE CORPS
DIVISION OF WORK 
This principle states that a 
complex work should be divided into small 
task , and each task should be assigned a 
particular employee.
AUTHORITY AND RESPONSIBILITY 
Authority is the right to give 
orders to the subordinates. 
Responsibility means 
obligation to perform the work in the manner 
desired and directed by authority.
DISCIPLINE 
Discipline means obedience , 
respect for authority and observation of 
established rules.
UNITY OF COMMAND 
The principle of unity of 
command states that each employee should 
receive orders from one superior only.
UNITY OF DIRECTION 
This principle states that the 
activities, which have a common objective 
must be grouped together and must be under 
one head.
INDIVIDUAL INTEREST TO GENERAL 
INTEREST 
Henry Fayol says that the 
business enterprise is superior to individuals.
REMUNERATION 
The remuneration for work 
done must be fair and reasonable.
CENTRALISATION AND 
DECENTRALISATION 
Centralisation refers to 
concentration of authority at one place or 
one level in the organisation. 
Decentralisation means 
dispersal of authority to the lower levels in 
the organisation.
SCALAR CHAIN 
Scalar chain refers to the line 
of authority or the chain of superiors starting 
from the highest and moving towards the 
lowest rank.
ORDER 
This principle is based on the 
general saying , ”Have a place for everything 
and keep everything in its place”. 
a)Material order 
b)Social order
EQUITY 
Equity implies being just and 
loyal to all concern. According to Fayol 
employees put in their best when they are 
treated in a fair manner doing justice in all 
aspects of their jobs.
STABILITY OF TENURE 
Fayol opinion that managers 
and workers should not be shifted from their 
positions frequently.
INITIATIVE 
Initiative implies the creativity 
in an individual. Fayol calls for creating 
opportunities within an organisation where 
employee’s initiative is developed.
ESPIRIT DE CORPS 
“UNITY IS STRENGTH” is a 
well accepted principle. The contribution of a 
team is far more significant than that of 
individuals.

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Fayol’s principles of management

  • 1. FAYOL’S PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT  DIVISION OF WORK  AUTHORITY AND RESPONSIBILITY  DISCIPLINE  UNITY OF COMMAND  UNITY OF DIRECTION  INDIVIDUAL INTEREST TO GENERAL INTEREST  REMUNERATION  CENTRALISATION AND DECENTRALISATION  SCALAR CHAIN  ORDER  EQUITY  STABILITY OF TENURE  INITIATIVE  ESPIRIT DE CORPS
  • 2. DIVISION OF WORK This principle states that a complex work should be divided into small task , and each task should be assigned a particular employee.
  • 3. AUTHORITY AND RESPONSIBILITY Authority is the right to give orders to the subordinates. Responsibility means obligation to perform the work in the manner desired and directed by authority.
  • 4. DISCIPLINE Discipline means obedience , respect for authority and observation of established rules.
  • 5. UNITY OF COMMAND The principle of unity of command states that each employee should receive orders from one superior only.
  • 6. UNITY OF DIRECTION This principle states that the activities, which have a common objective must be grouped together and must be under one head.
  • 7. INDIVIDUAL INTEREST TO GENERAL INTEREST Henry Fayol says that the business enterprise is superior to individuals.
  • 8. REMUNERATION The remuneration for work done must be fair and reasonable.
  • 9. CENTRALISATION AND DECENTRALISATION Centralisation refers to concentration of authority at one place or one level in the organisation. Decentralisation means dispersal of authority to the lower levels in the organisation.
  • 10. SCALAR CHAIN Scalar chain refers to the line of authority or the chain of superiors starting from the highest and moving towards the lowest rank.
  • 11. ORDER This principle is based on the general saying , ”Have a place for everything and keep everything in its place”. a)Material order b)Social order
  • 12. EQUITY Equity implies being just and loyal to all concern. According to Fayol employees put in their best when they are treated in a fair manner doing justice in all aspects of their jobs.
  • 13. STABILITY OF TENURE Fayol opinion that managers and workers should not be shifted from their positions frequently.
  • 14. INITIATIVE Initiative implies the creativity in an individual. Fayol calls for creating opportunities within an organisation where employee’s initiative is developed.
  • 15. ESPIRIT DE CORPS “UNITY IS STRENGTH” is a well accepted principle. The contribution of a team is far more significant than that of individuals.