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The Context Of The Postcolonial Theory
Overview
This project examines Arab novels of the previous decade (2002–2012) in the context of the
postcolonial theory. The research aims to highlight the political changes that occur in these novels
and the point of view and narration techniques. Moreover, it will address the following key issues in
postcolonial theory; politics, religious radicalization (jihad), nationalism, attitude to the West,
globalization. Aftermath, the attack of 11 September the world has known Islamophobia, which
made the Arab world under the telescope. The leaders of the Arab world had made the dourness
appellation of their regimes to stop the Islamist and the oppositions to take the lead. Meanwhile, the
Arab writers ponder to social–culture and religious conflict social injustice and socio–economic
level that the Arab countries had reached. Thus, they reminisce the revolution of 1952, nationalism,
their beloved leaders and the old days when the politics were choosing its representatives. The Arab
writers fictionalized the true lives of people who were living in poverty. The past decade, 2002–
2012, has seen considerable development of literary works.Moreover, it has encompassed many
writings that are no longer envision the allegiance to the current regime at that time which was
characterized by chastisement. Additionally, they relinquish to the form and the literary techniques
that previous novels were used to follow. These novels encounter the disenfranchisement and
disappointment to Arab
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Critical Essay on Terrorist by John Updike (2006)
Terrorist is a novel by John Updike written in 2006. Ahmad Ashmawy Mulloy, the main character in
the story, was instructed in the Muslim faith ever since he was a child of eleven by the Iman Shaikh
Rashid, originally from Yemen. The words and teachings of the Qur'an and his devotion to Allah
become the centre of Ahmad's young life which incidentally, lacks all parental guidance. After he
graduates from secondary school he gets a job as a truck driver for Excellency Furnishing Stores
where he meets Charlie Chehab and his father, from Lebanon and devoted Muslims too. From then
on, the young man is manipulated by his elders to perpetrate a terrorist attack against the Lincoln
tunnel, below the Hudson River that unites New Jersey with ... Show more content on
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themselves but also at countries that belong to the so–called Western world.
Although Chomsky admits that terrorism is "...a scourge, a kind of cancer scattered by barbarians,
by degenerate enemies of civilization itself." (Chomsky 21) he also asserts that it is his own country
the one that promotes terrorism and is leader in terrorist actions in the world. (cf. Chomsky 27)
Besides, Americans see temselves in such a way that they find it hard to believe they can be
anything different from magnificent and altruistic world citizens who pursue everybody else's
happiness and freedom. In Culture and Imperialism (1993), Edward Said, the Palestinian–American
academic and writer, states: "America describes itself with words such as: altruism, specialness and
opportunity to the extent that the word 'Imperialism' has been used only rarely and recently in
accounts of U.S. culture, politics and history." (8)
He also maintains that in his country, there seems to be "...an uncritical alignment between
intellectuals and institutions of power which reproduces the pattern of an earlier imperialist history."
This
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Political Cataclysms in the Arab World during 2011
The political cataclysms in the Arab world during 2011 have once and for all transformed the
Middle East. Arab societies and polities do indeed have tight interconnections and share at least
some important Characteristics. The longstanding structural problems and turbulence in Arab world
is due to the lack of strong leadership and irresponsible, incompetent and irrational leaders.
Furthermore, people took on the streets and protest due to the vast increases in the level of Poverty,
persistently high unemployment, rampant corruption, internal regional inequalities, and deterioration
of economic conditions. Also, widespread and extensive political grievances constituted a common
causal thread behind all the uprisings. The Arab spring led ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net
...
Thus, he removed President Morsi from office and suspended the Egyptian constitution through use
of forces and violence. This happened after the protests took place against president Morsi after one
year of his term. Anti–Morsi protestors took to the streets and demanded for resignation of him not
just that but also a warning from the army to respond to the demands of the protestors or else they
would impose its own roadmap. Reasons for demanding Morsi's resignation include accusations that
he was increasingly authoritarian and pushing through an Islamist agenda without regard to secular
opponents or the rule of law. Moreover, after a violent and controversial military coup Al–Sisi
declared Chief justice of the supreme constitutional court of Egypt Adly Mansour as the interim
president of Egypt which then he resigned from his post seeing that military is killing hundreds and
thousands of people for their interest to stay in power. In addition, President Mohamed Morsi was
put under house arrest and several Muslim brotherhood leaders were arrested and killed by the
brutal army. As a result, it caused clashes between supporters and opponents of the move throughout
Egypt and
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The World Of The Arab Caliphate
In the area of present Arab countries in Asia since ancient times have crossed caravan routes that
linked the Mediterranean ports, Turkey and Southeast Europe to the Persian Gulf and East Asia. In
these areas there were strong state Sumerians, Babylonians and Assyrians ruled by the legendary
Queen of Sheba OED and won Persian kings Cyrus and Darya and rapidly penetrate the
Macedonian conqueror Alexander the Great. In this area has developed science and art flourished,
particularly architecture and sculpture, to whose beauty, monumentality and often inexplicable
technique glad to admire the world all the time.
Finally, the space in recent history has become a battlefield where collide economic, political and
military interests of the great ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
As a probable cradle of the Semitic family, the colony took care Arabian peninsula those peoples
who later migrated and became historically Babylonians, Assyrians, Phoenicians. During the Middle
Ages in the Arabian Peninsula was influenced people who mastered most part, then cultural world.
This is where it originated Islamic faith. Arabs belong to the world conqueror, in the course of a
century after their appearance, they became masters of the empire that stretched from the Atlantic
coast to the borders of China.
Arabs are Semitic people who inhabited mostly in the Middle East and in North Africa. Are
inhabited by wide expanses, and believes it has a total of over 250 million. About 4 million Arabs
are in Europe and around 2 million in the United States. Social Arabs share the ever–populated
(rural 'fellahin ' = peasants and urban 'Hadar ' urban Arabs) and nomadic, we know them as
Bedouins (Bedouin).
Bedouins
Any nation as Arabs nature and the climate is not so much determined the way of life and their
character traits.
Bedouins from Morocco to Yemen live the same life, have the same habits and customs as well as
2000 years ago. Their name comes from the Arabic word "Badawi" – inhabitant of the desert.
Bedouins are mostly Sunni Muslims, although among the groups persisted pre–Islamic beliefs and
rituals associated with evil spirits, witches and witchcraft. Dealing with growing Bactrian camels
and are in constant motion with
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How The Use Of Wine And Imperialism Paved The Way For The...
1) The Fertile Crescent got its name from being a crescent shaped region in the Middle East that was
extremely fertile after the end of the last ice age around 10,000 BCE. 2) Domestication is harnessing
something in order to produce something else for human consumption whether it is a food or other
product. The intentional production of beer was an example of plant domestication because people
intentionally malted the grain to create beer for consumption. 3) The storing of grains had a major
impact on hunter–gatherer societies because it meant they no longer had to rely on what they got in
one day and instead could live in one place and harvest enough grain in a short period of time to live
for a year without harvesting anymore grain. Once they had the ability to store grains they finally
started to settle in one place rather than move around. 4) The Sumerians and Egyptians used beer as
a social drink because it could truly be shared by two people at once with the use of a straw unlike
food. These cultures also used beer as a gift to the gods in many religious ceremonies. 5) Farming
paved the way for the emergence of civilization because as people were able to settle in one place
they were then able to specialize in crafts and other jobs than just farming because one farmer could
produce enough food for many people. This specialization grew into new fields and new jobs which
eventually lead to modern civilization. 6) At first the consumption of wine in ancient Greece
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The Portrayal Of Women During The Arab World
The portrayal of women in the media is a global phenomenon that many nations, countries and
cultures struggle to find equality in the portrayal of gender throughout media systems. The Middle
East and the Arab World is no exception to this phenomenon, recognizing and contributing to the
negatively portrayed images of Arab women represented in the global mass media. For my research
paper, I chose to focus on how women in the Arab World are breaking boundaries of these negative
stereotypical images, while using social media as an outlet for online activism and empowerment.
By conducting research on how women are portrayed as "subservient" to men in the Arab World, I
started to form my research question in how women are interpreting these portrayed images, how
they are reacting to these misrepresentations of themselves in the media, and what exactly they are
doing about changing the image of themselves and the evident inequalities between men in civil
society. I continued furthering my research with the introduction of social media to the Arab world
and the combating of stereotypes of Arab women in the media. Collectively, based on all of my
research and knowledge of global mass media, the portrayal of Arab women in mass media, and the
exponentially rising usage of social media in implementing social change, Arab women have gained
a voice in standing up for rights in civil societies throughout the Arab World. My research led me to
formulate the following research question: How
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Melodramatic Film: Captain Abu Raed
Set in the streets of Jordan 'Captain Abu Raed' is a melodramatic film about a humble airport janitor
who lived an isolated and lonely life after the death of his beloved wife. One day, Abu Raed finds a
captain's hat in the trash. He returns to his underprivileged neighborhood wearing it, oblivious to
how this hat will trigger an effective change in his life. The events of the movie start to unfold when
a boy from his neighborhood spotted him and mistook him for a real captain. The next morning, the
neighborhood children gathered in front of Abu Raed's house bombarding him with questions about
his adventures as a pilot. Using his books and airport encounters as inspiration, Abu Raed played the
role of a pilot and began fabricating tales as a gateway to inspire the children. Most of who, lead
rather oppressive lives. Director Amin Matalqa used the lives of the children to represent and tackle
uncomfortable issues such as domestic violence, child abuse and the lack of opportunity for those
from lower social classes in the nation. Captain Abu Raed is a raw and honest movie that explores
compassion with beauty and sincerity. It is filled with deep emotions that cannot be portrayed by ...
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Matalqa relied solely on his actors and screenplay to exhibit a complex film with profound messages
and themes. Such choices reflect the story's natural flow and conveyed the true essence of a humble
living. Personally, I would recommend this movie wholeheartedly to anyone who is interested in
watching that tells a true tale. This movie proves to be different than the typical Hollywood movie.
Captain Abu Raed is an inspirational movie full of direct and subliminal messages that changed my
perception on various issues concerning the Arab world and opened up my eyes to a whole other
angle and perception of
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The Arab Region
The Arab region has a conspicuous dilemma regarding countries' inability to develop into
democratic nations. One would expect that because of historical events and transformations in
government policies that at least a few of the Arab nations would emerge as democracies. And yet,
none have been able to do so. There are several factors that may cause this democracy deficit in the
region, but one must realize that every country has its own specific and unique case. Arab countries
of the Middle East and North Africa have undergone several changes in politics but none that have
caused them to transition into democratic states. The Arab world has become a region where
corruption and authoritarianism has become the bulking features of politics. Analysts, historians,
and political researchers have strived to find a single solution or answer to the puzzle regarding Arab
exceptionalism. Arab exceptionalism refers to the current unreachable transition to democratic rule
in Arab nations. Every Arab country has a specific reason for its democracy deficit but because all
Arab countries have very similar cultural and religious practices and beliefs, analysts tend to seek
one feature they all have in common that may be the cause of this lack of democracy. Algeria is one
of the Arab countries that to this very day have not yet been able to become democratic. Like many
of the other Arab nations in the world, it is still identified as a state that has a corrupt government
that has proven to
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Arab Military Performance During The World War II
Within the modern military era, Arabic–speaking armies have traditionally shown themselves to
generally ineffective. From the 1960s, where Egyptian regular forces performed poorly against
Yemeni irregulars, to the '70s, where the Syrians only managed to impose their will upon Lebanon
through the utilisation of their overwhelming weight of weaponry and numbers. The Iraqis army
demonstrated their own ineptitude in the 1980s, firstly with their wars with Iran, where their
opponents were in possession of an army ripped apart by internal revolutionary turmoil showed
ineptness against an Iranian military ripped apart by revolutionary turmoil in the 1980s, and
secondly in their failure to win a three–decades–long war against the Kurds. Even with the
intervention of Western powers, Arab military performance has remained poor, especially on both
sides of the 1990 Kuwait war, where they performance was at best mediocre.4 Despite all these
examples however, the primary military area in which Arabic armies have performed poorly is in
their wars with Israel, where despite three Arabic attempts to conquer Israel with conventional
warfare in 1948, 1967 and 1973, Israel has always emerged victorious. And the Arabs have done
poorly in nearly all the military confrontations with Israel. In an article for the Middle East
Quarterly in 1999 titled "Why Arabs Lose Wars", Norvell De Atkine, a U.S. Army retired colonel
with eight years residence in Lebanon, Jordan, and Egypt, and a graduate
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Does Arab Feminism Exist? The New World?
Does Arab feminism exist in the new world? For centuries women have been fighting the battle for
equal rights and creating an identity for themselves. Feminism is a broad topic to discuss in just one
paper considering the vast amount of information that can be spoken about the topic. The women in
the new world for some countries have it better off than others, such as the United States. The U.S.
was able to grant the equal rights amendment to women back in 1972. What shocks the minds of the
21st century is that there are still countries like those in the Middle East and parts of Africa who are
unaware of equal rights for women. Women in the Middle East haven't had the slightest imagination
of what freedom and equal rights are defined as. To think this in the modern generation is
completely ridiculous and unfortunately true. Arab feminism does not exist in our new world due to
the domineering power of tradition, religion, and society in the Middle East. It's only when Arab
women migrate to places like the U.S. and Canada do they find hope in building a foundation for
themselves without burden (Shabaan, 2013). The antiquity of women in the Middle East is
intriguing to those who have interest in hardships and containment. "Iraq's second–worst ranking
reflects a dramatic deterioration in conditions for women since the 2003 U.S.–led invasion. Mass
displacement has made women vulnerable to trafficking and sexual violence. The Iraqi penal code
allows men who kill
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Jordanian Evolution: Analyzing the Future of Jordan
Politics in the Middle East
Jordanian Evolution: Analyzing the Future of Jordan The Oxford Dictionary describes evolution as
"the gradual development of something, especially from a simple to a more complex form." The
Arab Spring has caused a multitude of uprisings throughout the Arab world. In the beginning, the
Arab Spring was "uncomplicated and inspiring" as the uprisings "reaffirmed...[Western]...beliefs"
but soon became "muddied" (citation). The uprisings did not avoid the country of Jordan. The first
uprising in Jordan was in January 2011 when thousands of protestors "demand[ed] the country's
prime minister step down, ...the government curb rising prices, inflation and unemployment"
(citation). This instance of uprising is the moment in which Jordan joined the Arab Spring. Due to
this, Jordan is now on the track with multiple other states in the Arab world for reform to the local
and regional regimes. According to Michael Wahid Hanna in "The Seven Pillars of the Arab Future",
the states of the Arab world, including Jordan, must make progress toward "development of seven
core areas" of which include "economic growth and equality; education policy; security–sector
reform; decentralization;...and more pluralistic policies" (citation). Jordan must adapt to these stakes
and evolve into the Arab future. To understand Jordan's future in the Arab world, Jordan's
geographic position and culture, past, and government must first be discussed. Jordan is located
between the borders
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The Uprising Of The Arab World
On December 18, 2010, a revolution in Tunisia initiated a rise in rebellion across the Arab world.
Egypt, Lybia, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Jordan, and Syria arose in revolutionary
demonstrations, riots, protests (violent and non–violent), and in some civil wars. Syria had the most
ruinous ramification. In fear of his regime being overthrown the president of Syria Bashar al–Assad
initiated fire in a nonviolent protest in attempts to restore order. His retaliation only inculcated more
anger in Syrian citizens and created one of the most serious unrest in Syria, which eventually started
a proxy war between higher powers –the United States and Russia–involvement. The warfighting
actors within Syria include; Syrian rebels, Kurds, Bashar al–Assad's government, and now ISIS. The
brutal violence has resulted from noncombatant civilians necessity to flee the country in hopes of
restoring peace in their life. Over half, the state 's population is reaching out to the world for asylum.
Moreover, this war has risen international disputes in the level of involvement to take in Syria. The
humanitarian assistance with the refugees takes precedence, and whether to take in or not to take
Syrian refugees.
The Syrian war is turning out to be one of the most murderous wars of all time. Since the beginning
of the war, there is an estimated 400,00 deaths caused by violence and 70,000 results as an indirect
result. The insecurity this war is causing has led to the unbearable economic
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Cultural Identity Among Sudanese Youth
Who are we? A study on cultural identity among Sudanese youth. Background "Who am I" or "who
are we?" are both questions that require in–depth knowledge of identity. A complex sociological and
psychological phenomenon, identity has been classified into many types. Self–identity is defined as
an individual's awareness and expression of their distinctive characteristics. Weinreich (1986)
highlighted that it is influenced by both the individual's past experiences and future aspirations and
contributes to the formation of one's self–esteem, and individuality. It also indicates the individual's
capacity for self–reflection (Leary & Tangney 2003). Cultural identity is the shared identity by all
members of a social group and describes the expression of that group's affiliations (Weinreich &
Saunderson 2003). It helps them gain a sence of belonging and creates strong bonds of association.
This sence of cultural identity can be through similarities in nationality, locality, ethnicity, social
class, religion, generation or any form of distinct social group characteristics. However, there may
be differences between members with these shared cultures. Ancestry, skin tone, spoken language,
and political attitudes can all distinguish between individuals within social groups (Holliday, 2010).
This can lead to discrimination, tribalism and racism as society members evaluate those who are 'in'
the group from those who are 'out' of the group (Cote & Levine 2002). Sudan has a population
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The Egyptian Revolution And The Arab World
Being tasked with creating a project that addressed any topic related to the Arab world can be a
daunting assignment. Nevertheless, my group was able to create a unique project that highlighted a
monumental string of events that shaped the Arab world as we see it today. The topic decided upon
was the Arab Spring in Egypt, specifically looking at how Facebook existed in its timeframe as a
mechanism for collaboration and action toward a revolution and regime change. Together, we set to
understand the Egyptian revolution beginning in 2010 in tangible terms that could be communicated
to the average student, which we thought, was best done through a simplified simulation of how
Facebook was used as a major tool and function. In order to ... Show more content on
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In reality, it was a mechanism that brought people of like–minded thoughts together (Emon, et. al.).
My research attempted to emphasize the actual role of social media and provide insight to Facebook
as a tool instead of a stakeholder.
The match that was able to ignite and unite the people of Egypt to act on their dislike of the regime
and its corruption came with two men: Khaled Said and Wael Ghonim. On June 6, 2010, in
Alexandria, two police officers approached Khaled Said and arrested him on the premise that the
possessed a video material that implicates members of the police in a drug deal (Wedeman).
Multiple witnesses from that day testified that the situation escalated and resulted in Saeed being
dragged across the street by the police officers and beaten to death while doctors tried to intervene
and revive him. Ali Kassem, Said uncle stated in conjunction with his nephew 's death, "Every
family in Egypt has seen something like this happen to a member. I will feel like I have attained
justice only if the regime falls and a new government is formed," (Londono, 2). The official autopsy
and police report after the event stated that Saeed suffocated in an attempt to swallow drugs, and the
original arrest was for theft and weapons possession (Wedeman).
This photograph of Said 's face from the morgue was eventually viewed by Wael Ghonim who
focused his anger into a Facebook page titled, "We Are All
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Persuasive Essay On Sexual Harassment
Any woman, in any country, will most likely be able to relate to this situation:
Walking down the street, alone, past a group of guys hanging out with nowhere to go. Her guard
goes up, and preparation takes place. Many things could happen when she passes them.
It may be the words "hey, beautiful" or "hey, sexy," or being instructed to smile. It may be more
intentional: standing in the way or blocking the path in hope of some interaction. It may get more
aggressive, with hands reaching to inappropriate places.
The spectrum is far and wide, with one end harboring the potential for things to become more
violent with physical abuse or rape.
"Rape is an extreme consequence of sexual harassment," said Rachel Jewkes, director of the What
Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Girls global program. But there are a "myriad of
behaviors," she said.
close dialog
The fact is that sexual harassment is part and parcel of daily life, particularly in public places,
Jewkes believes. "It's used to curtail a woman's freedom."
In the streets of London, Mumbai, Washington or Lagos, the recent outpouring of stories from
women using #MeToo and its many iterations has showed the uniformity of the problem ––
irrespective of country and culture.
In 2017, the world has made one thing clear: Sexual harassment is everywhere.
When quantifying the problem on a global level, minimal levels of reporting and data limit what
experts can provide to help prove –– and solve –– the problem. Based on what is available, here's
how the numbers look globally.
Asia
"There is massive male sexual entitlement ... especially in south Asia," said Jewkes, who is now
based in South Africa but researched male violence in Asia and the Pacific.
"Public spaces are run by men. They perceive an ownership of all public places," she said, adding
that social norms enable men to feel this way and, in turn, harass women.
When the streets are unsafe, it provides an excuse to keep women and young girls at home or take
them out of school, Jewkes added.
The gang rape of a young female student on a bus in New Delhi, India, in 2012 brought attention to
the issue across that country. Research by international charity ActionAid in 2016 found that 44% of
women surveyed in
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The Arab Spring: How Revolutions Changed The World
When people hear the word 'revolution' not many pleasant things will come to mind, depending on
your background that is. Some historically appalling revolutions like the Arab Spring and the
Russian Revolutions during 1917 has either caused years of grueling damage for many years to
come, numeral deaths across the world, panic, heightened security or worldwide fear. Although
people may state that revolutions have made the world a better place, whether it is to live, produce
businesses, or just overall a lot kinder, a few revolutions have changed the world for the worse.
Even though many people agree revolutions have changed the world in a very positive way and with
positive outcomes, one revolution like the Arab Spring has changed the ... Show more content on
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Many robberies took place, people acted like rabid animals trying to scrounge up what they could to
be fed or to feel their families. Most trying their hardest to pay any fees not including medical fees if
they were to get injured or hospitalized. The Russian revolutions caused a great deal of pain for
thousands of people throughout its time. It caused a horrible union to be formed, ruining the
economy and any social values they had constructed. Some changes consisted of over housing,
sanitary issues in the workplace from over employing the workspaces, which then lead to a salary no
one could afford to survive off of, to physical and harsh discipline. During the war, material goods
demand had increased greatly, causing strikes and violent protests. Eventually, the food was running
out, anyone working to help transport materials to soldiers left in search of food. Soldiers soon
began to turn to a different side because they lacked equipment and protection from their own side.
People were later being killed if they were loyal to Tsar. The Russian revolutions were far from
making the world a better
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Arab Minority Relations During World War II
Israel has become a complex issue for discussion from the moment of its' establishment after World
War II. It is discussed on different levels, starting from conversations over lunch and ending with
discussion among heads of states. The right of Jewish population for this land, as well as the
militaristic politics of Israel is constantly on the global agenda. At the same time, many people tend
to ignore the state of other side in this conflict – the Arab population that remained on the Israeli
territory after the formation of a new state. This paper studies the place of Arab minorities in Israel,
with a special focus on the rights and position of Arab population during the first stages of the
establishment of Israeli state.
The Jewish majority and the Arab minority in Israel are the two groups that have not yet realized
their new position in society. For the Arab minority in Israel, which is connected to the Palestinians
in the territories and the Arab and Muslim world, it is difficult to realize itself a minority. The Jews,
who throughout history have been a minority in their countries of residence and only became a
majority in Israel, it is too hard to learn a new sense of being the majority. Plenty of existing
problems particularly religious, national and territorial lead to a conflict between the two groups.
System of relations between the Jewish majority and the Arab minority in the State of Israel is
complicated and contains a number of unresolved issues. The axis has
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The World And Caution Of The Arab World
As the Ottoman Empire's fall drew closer, the concept of Arab representation and its manifestation
as both a valid state and successor rose as a strong candidate towards a new rule. However, the Arab
world is faced with two distinctive parties that wish to establish their own set of rules of national
identity. The first party belongs to the Pan–Arab movement that wishes to unite all the Arab people
from the farthest east to its west of the Arabic speaking world. Meanwhile, the second party involves
advocates of separate national identities that are distinguishable between each nation instead of one
solid nationalist vision. Both parties contain an argument as to what is the most beneficial towards
the Middle Eastern and North African region. With Pan–Arab leaders, such as the Arab Socialist
Ba'ath Party's Michel Aflaq and Salah al–Din al–Bitar, advocating a strong anti–imperialist
sentiment in the face of European involvement in the Arab world and caution of the Ottomans'
gruesome history repeating. Additionally, Pan–Arab nationalism and socialism was advocated by
prominent leader Gamal Abdel Nasser. On the other hand, prominent state nationalists that wanted
their own independent countries to rise came forward with leaders such as Lebanese intellectuals
like George Samné and Antoun Saadeh, who recognized the sovereignty of their own Syrian
statehood and defied the concept of a more group inclusive ideal.
To begin with the Pan–Arab parties' movements and their push towards
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Egypt And The Arab World
Egypt: the 3rd largest economy in both Africa and the Arab World.
Egypt's economy is very diverse and depends a great deal on agriculture, tourism, petroleum, and
revenue collection from Egyptians working abroad. Egypt is separated by the highly fertile Nile
Valley. This is where most of Egypt's economic activity takes place. Furthermore, the Nile Valley is
where 80 of the 86 million people live. This is because the rest of Egypt is mostly desert; this makes
habitation difficult. The Egyptian economy measured by GDP (Gross Domestic Product) was 286
billion dollars in 2014 and is the 3rd largest economy in Africa, behind Nigeria ($569B) and South
Africa ($349B). The key areas that make up the GDP are: Agriculture (14%), Industries ... Show
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Egypt and the United States have signed a trade and investment framework agreement, a step toward
creating freer trade and increasing investment flows" (Egypt). Therefore, Egypt and the United
States help each other economically.
The GDP growth rates have slowed during 2012 and 2013 to approximately 2.2% which in
combination of rising unemployment reported at 13.3% in 2013 up from 9% in 2010, population
growth, and rising government debt during 2013 to 2014 to approximately $47B, all led to a spirited
removal of then elected President Morsi. This allowed for the election of Army Chief and current
President Sisi. The local currency in Egypt is the Egyptian Pound, which has weakened in the past 2
years vs. the US$ by about 13%.
There are many reasons for the dismal economic performance from 2011 to 2014; a key component
was the revolution that broke confidence both Nationally and Internationally is due to political
instability, national security, and uncertain economic policy environment. This uncertainty led to
foreign investments within Egypt being pulled and new investment stopped.
During the economic downturn, nearly half of the government spending was focused on fuel
subsidies (25%) and payments to service the debt 25%. Regime leaders in the
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How Did World War 1 Affect The Arab World
How did the World War I affect the Arab world economically?
World war I summary
The war battled between July 28, 1914, and November 11, 1918, was referred to at the time as the
Incomparable War, the War to End War, and (in the United States) the European War. Just when the
world went to war again in the 1930s and '40s did the prior clash get to be known as the First World
War? Its setback sums were uncommon, taking off into the millions. World War I is known for the
broad arrangement of trenches from which men of both sides battled. Deadly new advances were
unleashed, and surprisingly a noteworthy war was battled ashore and on ocean as well as beneath
the ocean and in the skies too. The two sides were known as the Associates or Understanding–
comprising ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
England assaulted Gallipoli, a region south of Istanbul, in Walk 1915 with the aim of redirecting
Stool Turks from supporting Germany. The English Armed force confronted overcome and saw
misfortunes of tremendous nature and it was as of now that England got a motivation of taking the
inconceivable Middle Easterner domain under Hassock guideline under its own standard after the
war. For their ever–astute thoughts, English government chose to look for a specialists that will
work for separating Middle Easterners from Turks. These endeavors brought out Hussein as a main
contact for English. This prompted Hussein–McMahon Correspondence, which despite the fact that
guaranteed Middle Easterner freedom, did not tie either party in a legitimate promotion. Sharif
Hussein dispatched "Middle Easterner rebellion" on June 5, 1916 and began to be known as "Ruler
of the Bedouins". Last of the Hashemite Sharifians, Ruler of the Bedouins and Emir of Mecca,
Sharif Hussein canister Ali reined over Mecca, the Hijaz and Medina, similar to his predecessors
who appreciated a sovereign principle from 1201 to 1925. Hussein took up the Middle Easterner
Rebellion as he tried to build up an autonomous
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Fahrenheit 451 Unit 3 Creative Writing
If the birds were chirping, no one would have known as the rumble of engines stuck in the heavy
London traffic never seemed to cease. If there weren't buildings blocking the view of the far off
horizon, one standing at the apartment window would see the pinks and oranges that painted the sky
with the rising sun. Instead, there was no more than a faint pink glow peeking out above the
buildings, fading as it met a blanket of dull grey cloud.
6:30. That's what the clock above the oven said, however, it hadn't been checked in a while so who
knew if it was right. For most, the day was just beginning, it for her, it was ending. She needed it to.
Her body seemed to weigh ten times what it normally did and as she dragged her feet towards her
bedroom ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
We touched down in Aden this morning and I have found it so far to be a bustling coastal city which
has more similarities to home then I thought it would be. The things I've seen through the media
paint the middle east as a worn torn area full of only crumbling buildings and dry farmland. Flying
above this city I honestly thought I could be somewhere along the Californian coast or somewhere
like that. I'm sure that there are areas like (that which I will see when I am out in the field), and that
they make up a majority of the country but it reminded me of how much of what we see and hear
about the Arab world is negative and we are rarely subject to the beauty and the other positives
contained in this part of the world. I start at the hospital tomorrow and am out in the field next week
so I am sure I will have more to say about this so far beautiful country
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
America History Teach Us About The Dangers Of Racism
What does this episode in US history teach us about the dangers of racism?
I think this period in history aptly depicts racism as a very sad, narrow–minded, damaging, and ugly
mentality. Anyone who has ever been a target of anything–gossip, slander, teasing–or felt isolated,
ostracized, friendless, misunderstood or misjudged should have a heart for and the ability to
empathize with other people. Sadly, while this episode in history (and many others) clearly
demonstrates the dangers and horrors of racism, there are still many who choose to embrace the
warped mentality from which it springs. History has shown us this repeatedly. Personally, I cannot
comprehend such a perspective, as it has no basis in any kind of rational, reasonable, logical
principle or ideal. But then, I was always the scrawny kid that stood up for the underdog and fought
off bullies, even if they were twice my size and I ended up being the one that took a beating. To me,
racism represents a corrupted mentality; a level of arrogance, entitlement, and repackaged, relabeled
bullying that is heartbreaking and deplorable. And it is not just Caucasians who have throughout
history fallen prey to the ugly tentacles of racism. Beneath the surface, almost every nation, even
otherwise very hospitable Asian nations, have some racist views of another nation or nations which
they perceive as worse than them. Hopefully, humanity will eventually learn from history, and we
can once and for all end the vicious cycle of
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Jew in the Arab World
The Arabic geographic being best environment for variety of religion, culture and trade throughout
the ages. As a result of that many of an ethnic group from outside Middle East decides to move on to
that rich area which later many minorities have spread to the Islamic Empire land therefore The
Arabic regions were famous with the diversity of minority which creates a lot of conflict with
Middle East region especially in Jews and Arab sides.
The United Nation Resolution 181 (1947), this resolution impacts the stability in the Middle East
region which leads to many conflicts between Arab and Jewish minority. Therefore, partition was in
Arab perspective is planned for the divided Arab world to cause instability among Arabs and
minority ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
As a result of that Jews was advanced in many of sciences for example mathematics, philosophy and
astronomy.
In Palestine case Arab were very sensitive regarding this topic because of Jewish has occupied
sacred land to the Arabs Muslims. Where a Jew also holds a very religious value to Palestine The
divide of Palestine between therefore Arabs and Jews arose many conflicts between two parties that
leads them to enter the long war for each of them to gain the holy land.
Jews claim that the land of Israel belongs to them because of many reasons. The first reason is that
in their beliefs God gives them this land to live in this area and develop it. The second reason is that
international society granted them the power of sovereignty in Palestine and they gain their territory
by defensive wars.
Arab believes that Palestine is an important part of Middle East nation and Arabs nationalism which
indicate that Israel has not rights to occupied Palestine. In addition, the Arab world became anger of
Jewish therefore many of them lose their shops and homes which lead to hundred of them were
murdered or imprisoned. The Jews who lived of the Arab World during 1947 was their condition
unbearable which forced them to emigrate leaving all their property behind.
There's no doubt that Jew dislike the condition when there lived on the Arab world as minority
therefore when Israel state declared as
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Arab Culture, Traditions, Traditions And Culture Of The...
Shakespeare plays carry a lot of references to how things were in his time. The characters, the plot,
the settings, the play as a whole played a great role in showcasing the society of that day it's culture
and traditions. Those traditions and culture are weird or odd to people in some regions nowadays.
However, some other cultures feel quite close to the traditions and customs in other regions. The
Arab world is famous for holding on to it's traditions and customs. The Arab culture affects all the
individuals living in it, even the non–Arabs. Even individuals from different religions or family
backgrounds living in one community in the Arab World can also share the same traditions and
cultures. This paper will talk about the traditions, customs and culture of the Arab World –mainly
the Gulf Arab, Kuwait–and how it is related to the themes and events of some of Shakespeare's
plays The plays that will be discussed are two tragedies and one comedy. First will be Macbeth, and
the second one will be Coriolanus and the last one is The Winter's Tale. Each Play had a set of
different themes. The two tragedies might have some things in common though because in tragedies
there usually is the protagonist who does something wrong or commit a mistakes and that mistake
turns leads to more mistakes and it always ends with the death of the protagonist, just like in the two
plays, Macbeth and Coriolanus. Nevertheless, in the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
At least that is what they thought in the beginning. Florizel was the prince of Bohemia and Perdita
was considered the daughter of a shepard because he raised her. Polixenes –the king of Bohemia–
was angry when he found out what his son was planing to do. He ordered his son not to marry
Perdita. However, later on, they escape to Sicilia and they find out that Perdita is the only daughter
of Leontes, the king of Sicilia. Which means that Perdita is of loyal blood and they can get
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Yemen: Culture and Value Differences
Yemen: Culture and Value Differences Through interaction with others on a daily basis, we acquire
the meanings, values, norms, and styles of communicating" (Ting–Toomey). Culture can be defined
as the cumulative deposit of knowledge, experience, beliefs, values, attitudes, meanings, hierarchies,
religion, notions of time, roles, spatial relations, concepts of the universe, and material objects and
possessions acquired by a group of people in the course of generations through individual and group
striving. Studying Yemen, not only have I learned the physical and cultural adjustments such as
climate, language, and material things, but I have learned about the cultural differences such as,
religion, worldview, values, notions of time, and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
When the Semitic people invaded Yemen, they brought farming and building skills to the herders
who lived there. In 1400 B.C., caravans carrying pearls, and spices passed through Yemen, creating
an important trade route. During the 900's BC, cities, castles, temples, and dams were being built
and the Queen of Sheba ruled Yemen. In A.D. 300's, local leaders fought among themselves, and
Ethiopia then invaded Yemen. For the next 1300 years the Yemeni tribes and religious groups began
fighting against invading Egyptians and Turks. In the 600's, the Prophet Muhammad's son–in–law,
Ali, introduced Islam to the people and in 1517Turkey took over Yemen, having various degrees of
control for more than 400 years. When the Treaty of Lausanne was formed, Turkish rule ended in
1924. When the Turkish rule ended, Yemen became controlled by the British. Turkey still ruled
Northwestern Yemen and when it became free it was named Yemen (Sanaa) and the British control
was named Yemen (Aden). Treaties were signed by the United Kingdom with the tribal leaders,
promising protection and aide in return for loyalty. By 1959, six tribal states formed the federation
off the Arab Emirates of the South, to grant independence. The British controlled the federation's
foreign policy and provided military protection and economic aid. In 1965, Aden and all but four
tribal states joined the federation, but
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The Tumultuous Transformations Of The Arab World
The tumultuous transformations of the Arab World
Rami G. Khouri discusses his opinion on the lingering issues of the Middle East in a talk held on
October 27th, at 7:00pm in the Koffler building. The room resembled more of an auditorium packed
with millennials, senior citizens and age groups in between, all with their full attention on the
speaker. Throughout his talk, Khouri explained how the last century has been exceptionally
problematic for the Arabians due to zero political development, the Arab Israeli conflict, and the
Arabian revolution. Khouri's main argument is that there is an entirely new situation at hand due to
Turkey, Iran, Israel, and Saudi Arabia currently driving the actual developments of the Middle East
and the Superpowers unhelpful ways.
Rami G. Khouri takes a personal approach on the topic of issues in the Middle East since he was
born into a Christian, Arab–Palestinian family and has reported on the Middle East since 1971.
George Khouri, his father, is a Nazarene journalist in Palestine and covered the United Nations
debates about the future of Palestine in 1947. Khouri decided to follow in his father's footprints and
became a journalist and editor with joint Palestinian–Jordanian and United States citizenship.
During the speech I attended, he states that "we end up with a situation in which it becomes easy for
Arabs to blame Israel and the Western powers for the problems of our region." He believes that "the
truth is in between, with Arab, Israeli
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History And History Of The Arab Films
Do you think history is important? Why is it significant? And, does knowing the history of
everything in the life matter? Actually, these questions and many other questions have been asked
over many years all over the world and they have many different answers. Knowing the history of
many different things in the life is very important because of one sufficient and helpful reason;
knowing the history helps in understanding the present and in building the future. There are a lot of
subjects and things that people should know their history, such as the history of a country, the
history of a family, the history of arts, and the history of technology. Also, one of the most important
things that people should know its history is movies and the ... Show more content on
Helpwriting.net ...
And with this growth came a wider variety of films. But, perhaps inevitably, it was not until the
political upheaval in the years following WWII and the onset of the Palestinian Israeli conflict that
Arab cinema took up more hard–hitting themes." (Seymour 70). Therefore, the European
colonization of the Arab nations touched the industry of Arab films positively.
Nevertheless, the industry of films in the Arab nations was not able to fund programs and movies in
spite of the needs to new programs and films. According to Viola Shafik in the "Arab Cinema" book,
the Arab channels have been in need for new programs but there is no funds that can support them. "
Two dozen Arab channels, including those of the Egyptian ERTU (Egyptian Radio and TV Union),
are run in the Arab world and Europe and in the last few years have multiplied the need for new
Arab programs. The film industry, however, is unable to profit from this development." (Shafik 43).
Foreigners or European minorities who had immigrated to Arab countries owned the movies theaters
that were originally introduced in Arab nations. The same applied to film production, which was
originally dominated by investors who were non–natives or foreigners. In evaluating the
development of the Cinema industry in Arab nations, Egypt would provide an ideal country
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Constructivism and the USA-Israel Relation
Constructivists explain USA–Israel relation by referring to 'enduring identification' between these
two states. Israel is the only democracy in ME and thus becomes fellow democracy for USA in ME.
Following 9/11 attack and securitization of Islamic terrorism by USA, has further strengthen the
connection with Israel as oppose to mistrust for Arab world. Besides, a fraction of USA citizens,
essentially fundamental Christians believes in Christian Zionism. According to them creation of
Israel relates to Biblical prophecy. Thus they feel that Israel as a Jew state must be protected at any
cost. However, if Israel acquires US support for democracy, there are many other countries in the
world that practice democracy but none of them enjoy USA's support like Israel. Besides, Israel's
democratic practice contradicts with core American liberal values. When liberal values suggest for
equal rights, Israel has very differential attitude to Palestinians. Though, constructivists find link
between these two countries fighting war on terror together, but many argue that USA has terrorist
attack like 9/11 partly because of its relation with Israel. Besides, amongst US citizen percentage of
fundamental Christians who share Christian–Zionism is negligible. Thus explaining the relation
through political and religious connection may not be very logical. Realists also provide a set of
explanations about the relation. According to them, the relation is due to three major reasons. Firstly,
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The World Of The Arab Emirates
Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al–Maktoum, is
planning a new megaproject, The Mall of the World. This project will be located in Al Sufouh,
Dubai, which is one of the seven emirates that compose the United Arab Emirates. The United Arab
Emirates is located in the eastern end of the Arabian Peninsula. It also extends part of the Gulf of
Oman and the Persian Gulf on its southern coast. This positioned the country to have bordering
countries such as Saudi Arabia to the southwest, Qatar and Iran in the north, and Oman in the east.
This enhances the United Arab Emirates trading with neighboring countries which led to a positive
effect on the economy. Yet, the sandy and barren city strives to improve their economic standing
each and every day. With a population of 9.2 million, the country continues to grow and expand to
further their reputation as one of the richest country in the world. One of the most important part of
the United Arab Emirates history is their federation being formed in 1971. Specifically, this
federation had a huge effect on Dubai. In Dubai becoming part of the seven emirates, there was an
increased influence on the city 's development and growth. Even as the city saw an influx in
immigrants fleeing from the Lebanese civil war in December 1971, Dubai together with Abu Dhabi,
the capital, and 5 other emirates, formed the United Arab Emirates after the formal protector of
Britain left the Persian Gulf. The country 's
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Modern State Of Affairs : The Arab And Persian Worlds
MODERN STATE OF AFFAIRS
Due to the ever increasing pressures of the surrounding world, the Arab and Persian worlds were
disrupted through the processes of modernization. The reasons for these changes were not always
for the Westernization of the state but rather for the adoption of selected European innovations,
however, judicial practices and environmental interactions during this era of transformation were
thoroughly disrupted in what was a disorienting and tumultuous experience for the people of the
Middle East. The continuous changes caused by modernity brought about a cultural renaissance that
would see the people of the Middle East searching for a path free of future interference with a united
identity.
In the years immediately ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
In past times, the influence of the Shi 'a ulama was perceived to be more than those of civil positions
but as Reza Shah began implementing his reforms, the ulama 's role in the national judicial spotlight
was reduced. The Iranian judicial system underwent sweeping changes until finally in 1936, judges
were required in the newly created courts to hold degrees asserting they had undergone three years
of legal study. Many of these reforms were aimed at making Iran 's judicial system "congruent with
the laws of the most civilized countries in the world."
In a similar way, rural Egyptian society was taken by storm as villages faced the increasing signs of
"modernization" manifested through more modern–style schooling and medicine offshooting from
earlier reforms made by Mohamed Ali. When he was first brought to power, Mohammad Ali's first
preoccupation was the consolidation of his newly gained authority. His biggest headache would
seemingly be the eradication of the Mamluk ruling elite. Ali's reforms restructured the Mamluk land
tenure system, dominated the rural economy and increased Egypt 's cultivation area via various
irrigation works going on to establish the cotton, tobacco, and sugar cane industries within the
country. With the establishment of increasingly European–style institutions, it was Ali's goal to
create a channel between the schools and the military. By doing so, he created a system run by
individuals with a more
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The Impact Of Social Media Platforms In The Arab World
In the last 15 years, social media platforms becoming as original and actual perspectives around the
Arab world, and in particular, in Kuwait, it has been noticed that social media that enhance the
quality of life of people moving it to another aspect where people use certain platforms for such
need. They also impact business profitability and governmental interaction with society. The Arab
Knowledge Economy Report in (2015,2016), stated that about 226 million of Internet users in the
Arab world expected by 2018. Moreover, around the world, the expanding of Social Media
transpiring every day. In contrast, the internet users use social media platforms over different types
of devices, besides the social media affects all age group with much ... Show more content on
Helpwriting.net ...
The UAE Vice–President, Prime Minister and Ruler of Dubai, His Highness Sheikh Mohammed Bin
Rashid Al Maktoum, launched the Arab Social Media Influencers Summit, which is the leading
event of its kind in the Middle East specialised in social media channels and for influencers. A report
on the most preferred social media programs in the Arab countries mentioned the most common
social media platforms in Kuwait, like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, WhatsApp, Google Plus,
Snapchat, YouTube and LinkedIn. The report describes very well users' engagements in these
programs and each Arab country perfectly. The study also covers the active users of social media
aged 15+ years that currently use at least one platform on a normal basis as well as specialists in the
fields of media and communication. According to the report, 41% chose WhatsApp as the most
commonly used channel beyond the Arab World, as chatting is a significant popular activity amid
users in the Arab world, followed by reading posts added by other users. Perhaps Facebook takes the
place of WhatsApp in the top position for the most preferred channel in some countries such as
North Africa–Arabian countries, but in Kuwait, WhatsApp is the leading platform, according to that
report. Ali Al Moosawi, in (2015), mentioning that social networking is easy if used correctly and
that the outcomes depend
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Women At Point Zero Essay
People who are under poverty normally do not get their daily basic needs. They are not able to get
food for eating and hence they starve. They have an urge to get money and live a peaceful life, but
when they are not able to achieve what they want, they tend to steal. Some poor people earn money
by working for the upper class people. Here Firdaus the protagonist chose to be a prostitute. In
Women at Point Zero, the food what the mother has made was eaten by Firdaus's father himself
without giving her or her mother a little. This made Firdaus the protagonist to starve every day. In
spite of men being from a poor family, they had food every day and would never sleep without
supper. Women did not have value in the society ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
At first when she was sexually abused by men, she did not know that she could earn money through
sex until a rich man abused her sexually and left a ten pound note between her fingers. "As I picked
up my little bag and started to move towards the door, he stretched out his arm and slipped a ten
pound note between my fingers. It was as if he had lifted a veil from my eyes, and I was seeing for
the first time". (Woman at Point Zero 68) This was her second time she had received money with her
own effort. When Firdaus was a small girl, like other children she asked her father for a piaster, but
her father refused to give her until she cleaned the animals and took them to the field. So she had to
do those works and for her first time got a piaster from her father. "It was not my father's, not my
mother's, but mine; mine to do with it what I wanted, to buy what I wanted, to eat with it whatever I
desired, whether sweets, or carobs, or Molass sticks, or anything else I might choose". (Woman at
Point Zero 70) So she realized that she can earn a huge amount of money through
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Slave Trade in the Arab World
Slavery is a forbidden act of performance according to the Holy Quran; however, it was widely
spread and highly practiced in the Arab world. Slaves from many countries, especially from East
Africa were traded in to perform tasks for the Sultanates. These slaves ended up as sailors in Persia
or as soldiers serving in the army (BBC, n.d). One of the places slavery was common was in the
Trucial states before they were under the British. The Trucial states were a collection of several
sheikhdoms along the coast of the Persian Gulf. They were initially a part of the British protectorate
until 1971 when some of the countries came together and declared independence to become the
United Arab Emirates (National Archives, n.d) This paper will discuss about the slavery in the
Trucial States and whether it ended or not after the British took over.
The Trucial states comprised of Dubai, Umm Al Quwain, Sharjah, Ras al Khaimah, Fujairah, Ajman
and Abu Dhabi. These countries were a part of the Arab world before being taken under Britain's
protection (British Empire, n.d). The British and the Arab world had a few things in common which
included the issue of Slave trade. Slave trading was very common in the Arab world and a need for
all the Sultans. Therefore, slaves were brought in from many places, the most common being Africa
(BBC, n.d). Arabs also brought in slaves from the European part of the world from places such at
Italy, Portugal, Spain, England and more (Assyrian International,
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Public Opinion Survey Analysis
## This shows signs of being incomplete... look at the end ##### Public Opinion Survey analysis
A nonbiased scientific opinion poll is what is known to be the inquiry or the survey created to
determine the public's perspective concerning a specific subject or sequence of subjects. Qualified
interviewer ask people random questions. Answers are given, and explanations are made depending
on the consequences. It is significant in a random sample that each one in the population being
considered for the study has the same chance of contributing. or else, the outcome could be biased
and, consequently, not representative of the population. Representative samples are selected to
create generalizations about a certain population being studied. Polls tell us what part of the
population has a certain point of view. They do not clarify why respondents think as they do or how
to change their minds. This is social scientists and scholars' job . Polls are basically used as a
measurement that informs us of what a population feels and thinks about any given topic. This can
be beneficial in helping variety cultures comprehend one another since it allows the people to have a
chance to speak for themselves and share their perspectives instead of letting vocal media stars talk
on behalf of all. in this essay, two kinds of surveys are going to be provided the first one about
Nuclear Power and Public Opinion which has a strong support for its conclusion and the second one
survey is about who is
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The Debate For Democracy During The Middle East
In the debate for democracy in the middle east, many scholars suggest that Islamists are the main
obstacle to overcome. By the last decade, Islamist parties and candidates have engaged in elections
throughout in about eight Arab countries with almost modest results. Thus, Islamist may have a
heavy degree of support among most of the consitunets who agree with anti–regime sentiments. At
the same time, ruling elites also give overwhelming support to maintain security and other
privileges. There are regimes in which elites claim Islam as a basis for the regime while excluding
all other islamist groups from political participation. For Instance, The king in Saudi Arabi is the
leader, the imam of the Saudi–Wahabi community, and subordinate only to the shari'a. This is an
institutional challenge that these regions face, and need to comprehend in order to have a smooth
democratic transition. Some islamist groups still persist, with making domestic conflict within
society, like the Muslim Brotherhood. Another variable that may contribute to instutuinal challenges
to democratize, is the overarching existence of a credible threat. Given the essence surrounding the
Arab–Israel conflict within the regions, some researchers have suggested the force of the regions
authoritarianism to the threat posed by Israel and its Arab neighbors with large military forces.
Certain researchers who do agree with this explanation forget to account for the fact that for the
different robustness of Arab
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Gender Issues Within The Arab World
Executive Summary: In my research brief I focus on gender issues in the Arab world because the
situation is getting better but still the problem is there and women are suffering there. The
implementations I suggest might not be supported by the government , but with the help of national
organizations they should realize that your sex does not matter you still have equal rights. In
Phakistan, in every third hour a woman is raped and there is not any law to support her because the
court needs eyewitness which is impossible to have in such situation. In Afghanistan, women can
not have sexual life before getting married. These are real issues all in connection with women's
rights because in those countries, men use women and they cannot protect themselves.
Outline the problem: Women's situation is possible and necessary to change, because women are not
subordinate to a man by nature. But the Arab society does this to women and nothing has changed
over the last few decades so it seems if it would natural and self–evident to men to use women. The
growing number of women 's movements have shown the need for change. The change should be
focusing on the entrenched social convection, which departed from the times of Islam teachings.
It is also possible to form and regulate conditions that may be favorable to male–female relations
and Islamic cultures can meet. I emphasize that the Muslim feminism is not comparable to the
Western feminism, the problem is rooted there that society
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Role Of Being Conscience Of Their People And At Numerous...
Name:
Institution:
Course:
Date:
Politics and Love in Modern Arabic Literature
Writers serve the role of being conscience of their people and at numerous occasions speak for the
voiceless. Writers enlighten the trapped voices in each and every individual's mind, making them
aware of issues happening in their societies that deal with self identification. They remind us that
we, as individuals, have the choice to make something out of our lives. However, for some reason,
we have embraced uniqueness, difference and specialness to support our identities as individuals
with thoughts and feelings that are worth others' time, but failed in the way we live it out. In this
modern Arab world, many writers have blossomed with raging talent. majority of them yearned to
express their visions of their societies and of the human condition by using literary masks and
creating characters that depicted major issues that were faced throughout the Arab world. Some
notable writers are Naguib Mahfouz, AhlamMosteghanemi, NizarQabbani, Mahmoud Darwish,
GhassanKanafani and ZakariaTamir who were able to brilliantly express their visions. They were
able to make connections between their words and the actualities of human conditions; politics,
societies, authorities, power, resistances and movements these are all realities that were conveyed
through the spilled ink of these authors. The stories in Breaking knees are without a shadow of a
doubt entertaining they revolve around a society
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Women 's Influence On Women Essay
"Nothing can prevent or alter what is predestined and that when a women desires something, no one
can stop her." Individuals, scholars, and groups concerned with human rights and feminism, often
criticize Islam over the treatment of their women. Westerners, such as former first lady, Laura Bush,
began a social political crusade in the name of "saving Muslim women" from "deliberate human
cruelty." In literature, they were depicted as stubborn, unfaithful, fragile, whose actions were based
on the fear of the male figure. In everyday life, women are faced with gender based restrictions,
debasement, and seclusion from men. Some of these claims are undoubtedly accurate, however,
what most overlook is that these are perceptions, and renditions through western – foreign eyes.
While these intentions might be from a genuine source, the etic anthropological approach, which is
where and outsider studies and interprets a culture, is a biased approach. Emic, or as you guessed it,
the study from within one's culture, is also plagued with bias, as nothing is as it ever was. One must
look deeper and analyze the past in multiple dimensions. What does and did a culture believe...?
Suddenly, the lines of reality might just begin to blur. I will attempt to illustrate that, in piteous parts
of Islam, power and responsibility is divided ways which transcend the West's reality. Folktales from
the Middle East, such as the stories in One Thousand and One Nights, seem to reiterate
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Too Soon to Tell: An Examination of the ‘Arab Spring’ and...
Ever since 2010, the world's eyes have been zoomed in on the Middle East, as upheavals of corrupt
dictatorships have spread all the way from the streets of Tunisia to the entire Arab world. Israel, as
the only democracy in the area, has very delicate relationships with many of the countries involved.
With the Muslim Brotherhood coming into power in Egypt, the possibility of the decades long treaty
with Israel coming to a violent end is more threatening than ever. This leads us to consider the
danger of other ideologically like–minded groups continuing to surround Israel. On the surface, it
may seem as if the Arab Spring is very bad news for Israel, but perhaps the new leadership in the
Middle East could lead to more rational ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
In a country where one third of the population is under 15, the young people want change.
Surrounded by suspicion of chemical weapons, and daily violence directed at civilians, the UN
estimates over 100,000 dead and 2 million displaced as a result of the Arab Spring in Syria.6
Fortunately, when it come to Israel, there aren't any of these terrible statistics. Nevertheless, it is
undeniable that this Arab Spring will have a long term impact on Israel. Immediately after seeing
those statistics, many peace loving, left wing Israeli's are quick to see the intense negative impacts
that these uprisings will have on Israel in the future. Even if these uprisings are successful, and true
democracy is brought to the region, it will be a long time before these Arab countries would
recognize Israel. The way things are, many top officials are saying that things are going to get worse
before they get better, and that it will be decades until the positive effects of democracy reach the
general Arab population.7 The immediate threat of violence in the area surrounding Israel has yet to
have been a major issue, but nevertheless poses a fairly severe threat at any time but is
overshadowed by the longterm one. Most notably is Egypt, with power in the hands of the Muslim
Brotherhood. There has been a peace treaty in place between Israel and Egypt since March 26,
1979.8 For two countries
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...

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The Context Of The Postcolonial Theory

  • 1. The Context Of The Postcolonial Theory Overview This project examines Arab novels of the previous decade (2002–2012) in the context of the postcolonial theory. The research aims to highlight the political changes that occur in these novels and the point of view and narration techniques. Moreover, it will address the following key issues in postcolonial theory; politics, religious radicalization (jihad), nationalism, attitude to the West, globalization. Aftermath, the attack of 11 September the world has known Islamophobia, which made the Arab world under the telescope. The leaders of the Arab world had made the dourness appellation of their regimes to stop the Islamist and the oppositions to take the lead. Meanwhile, the Arab writers ponder to social–culture and religious conflict social injustice and socio–economic level that the Arab countries had reached. Thus, they reminisce the revolution of 1952, nationalism, their beloved leaders and the old days when the politics were choosing its representatives. The Arab writers fictionalized the true lives of people who were living in poverty. The past decade, 2002– 2012, has seen considerable development of literary works.Moreover, it has encompassed many writings that are no longer envision the allegiance to the current regime at that time which was characterized by chastisement. Additionally, they relinquish to the form and the literary techniques that previous novels were used to follow. These novels encounter the disenfranchisement and disappointment to Arab ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 2.
  • 3. Critical Essay on Terrorist by John Updike (2006) Terrorist is a novel by John Updike written in 2006. Ahmad Ashmawy Mulloy, the main character in the story, was instructed in the Muslim faith ever since he was a child of eleven by the Iman Shaikh Rashid, originally from Yemen. The words and teachings of the Qur'an and his devotion to Allah become the centre of Ahmad's young life which incidentally, lacks all parental guidance. After he graduates from secondary school he gets a job as a truck driver for Excellency Furnishing Stores where he meets Charlie Chehab and his father, from Lebanon and devoted Muslims too. From then on, the young man is manipulated by his elders to perpetrate a terrorist attack against the Lincoln tunnel, below the Hudson River that unites New Jersey with ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... themselves but also at countries that belong to the so–called Western world. Although Chomsky admits that terrorism is "...a scourge, a kind of cancer scattered by barbarians, by degenerate enemies of civilization itself." (Chomsky 21) he also asserts that it is his own country the one that promotes terrorism and is leader in terrorist actions in the world. (cf. Chomsky 27) Besides, Americans see temselves in such a way that they find it hard to believe they can be anything different from magnificent and altruistic world citizens who pursue everybody else's happiness and freedom. In Culture and Imperialism (1993), Edward Said, the Palestinian–American academic and writer, states: "America describes itself with words such as: altruism, specialness and opportunity to the extent that the word 'Imperialism' has been used only rarely and recently in accounts of U.S. culture, politics and history." (8) He also maintains that in his country, there seems to be "...an uncritical alignment between intellectuals and institutions of power which reproduces the pattern of an earlier imperialist history." This ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 4.
  • 5. Political Cataclysms in the Arab World during 2011 The political cataclysms in the Arab world during 2011 have once and for all transformed the Middle East. Arab societies and polities do indeed have tight interconnections and share at least some important Characteristics. The longstanding structural problems and turbulence in Arab world is due to the lack of strong leadership and irresponsible, incompetent and irrational leaders. Furthermore, people took on the streets and protest due to the vast increases in the level of Poverty, persistently high unemployment, rampant corruption, internal regional inequalities, and deterioration of economic conditions. Also, widespread and extensive political grievances constituted a common causal thread behind all the uprisings. The Arab spring led ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Thus, he removed President Morsi from office and suspended the Egyptian constitution through use of forces and violence. This happened after the protests took place against president Morsi after one year of his term. Anti–Morsi protestors took to the streets and demanded for resignation of him not just that but also a warning from the army to respond to the demands of the protestors or else they would impose its own roadmap. Reasons for demanding Morsi's resignation include accusations that he was increasingly authoritarian and pushing through an Islamist agenda without regard to secular opponents or the rule of law. Moreover, after a violent and controversial military coup Al–Sisi declared Chief justice of the supreme constitutional court of Egypt Adly Mansour as the interim president of Egypt which then he resigned from his post seeing that military is killing hundreds and thousands of people for their interest to stay in power. In addition, President Mohamed Morsi was put under house arrest and several Muslim brotherhood leaders were arrested and killed by the brutal army. As a result, it caused clashes between supporters and opponents of the move throughout Egypt and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 6.
  • 7. The World Of The Arab Caliphate In the area of present Arab countries in Asia since ancient times have crossed caravan routes that linked the Mediterranean ports, Turkey and Southeast Europe to the Persian Gulf and East Asia. In these areas there were strong state Sumerians, Babylonians and Assyrians ruled by the legendary Queen of Sheba OED and won Persian kings Cyrus and Darya and rapidly penetrate the Macedonian conqueror Alexander the Great. In this area has developed science and art flourished, particularly architecture and sculpture, to whose beauty, monumentality and often inexplicable technique glad to admire the world all the time. Finally, the space in recent history has become a battlefield where collide economic, political and military interests of the great ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... As a probable cradle of the Semitic family, the colony took care Arabian peninsula those peoples who later migrated and became historically Babylonians, Assyrians, Phoenicians. During the Middle Ages in the Arabian Peninsula was influenced people who mastered most part, then cultural world. This is where it originated Islamic faith. Arabs belong to the world conqueror, in the course of a century after their appearance, they became masters of the empire that stretched from the Atlantic coast to the borders of China. Arabs are Semitic people who inhabited mostly in the Middle East and in North Africa. Are inhabited by wide expanses, and believes it has a total of over 250 million. About 4 million Arabs are in Europe and around 2 million in the United States. Social Arabs share the ever–populated (rural 'fellahin ' = peasants and urban 'Hadar ' urban Arabs) and nomadic, we know them as Bedouins (Bedouin). Bedouins Any nation as Arabs nature and the climate is not so much determined the way of life and their character traits. Bedouins from Morocco to Yemen live the same life, have the same habits and customs as well as 2000 years ago. Their name comes from the Arabic word "Badawi" – inhabitant of the desert. Bedouins are mostly Sunni Muslims, although among the groups persisted pre–Islamic beliefs and rituals associated with evil spirits, witches and witchcraft. Dealing with growing Bactrian camels and are in constant motion with ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 8.
  • 9. How The Use Of Wine And Imperialism Paved The Way For The... 1) The Fertile Crescent got its name from being a crescent shaped region in the Middle East that was extremely fertile after the end of the last ice age around 10,000 BCE. 2) Domestication is harnessing something in order to produce something else for human consumption whether it is a food or other product. The intentional production of beer was an example of plant domestication because people intentionally malted the grain to create beer for consumption. 3) The storing of grains had a major impact on hunter–gatherer societies because it meant they no longer had to rely on what they got in one day and instead could live in one place and harvest enough grain in a short period of time to live for a year without harvesting anymore grain. Once they had the ability to store grains they finally started to settle in one place rather than move around. 4) The Sumerians and Egyptians used beer as a social drink because it could truly be shared by two people at once with the use of a straw unlike food. These cultures also used beer as a gift to the gods in many religious ceremonies. 5) Farming paved the way for the emergence of civilization because as people were able to settle in one place they were then able to specialize in crafts and other jobs than just farming because one farmer could produce enough food for many people. This specialization grew into new fields and new jobs which eventually lead to modern civilization. 6) At first the consumption of wine in ancient Greece ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 10.
  • 11. The Portrayal Of Women During The Arab World The portrayal of women in the media is a global phenomenon that many nations, countries and cultures struggle to find equality in the portrayal of gender throughout media systems. The Middle East and the Arab World is no exception to this phenomenon, recognizing and contributing to the negatively portrayed images of Arab women represented in the global mass media. For my research paper, I chose to focus on how women in the Arab World are breaking boundaries of these negative stereotypical images, while using social media as an outlet for online activism and empowerment. By conducting research on how women are portrayed as "subservient" to men in the Arab World, I started to form my research question in how women are interpreting these portrayed images, how they are reacting to these misrepresentations of themselves in the media, and what exactly they are doing about changing the image of themselves and the evident inequalities between men in civil society. I continued furthering my research with the introduction of social media to the Arab world and the combating of stereotypes of Arab women in the media. Collectively, based on all of my research and knowledge of global mass media, the portrayal of Arab women in mass media, and the exponentially rising usage of social media in implementing social change, Arab women have gained a voice in standing up for rights in civil societies throughout the Arab World. My research led me to formulate the following research question: How ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 12.
  • 13. Melodramatic Film: Captain Abu Raed Set in the streets of Jordan 'Captain Abu Raed' is a melodramatic film about a humble airport janitor who lived an isolated and lonely life after the death of his beloved wife. One day, Abu Raed finds a captain's hat in the trash. He returns to his underprivileged neighborhood wearing it, oblivious to how this hat will trigger an effective change in his life. The events of the movie start to unfold when a boy from his neighborhood spotted him and mistook him for a real captain. The next morning, the neighborhood children gathered in front of Abu Raed's house bombarding him with questions about his adventures as a pilot. Using his books and airport encounters as inspiration, Abu Raed played the role of a pilot and began fabricating tales as a gateway to inspire the children. Most of who, lead rather oppressive lives. Director Amin Matalqa used the lives of the children to represent and tackle uncomfortable issues such as domestic violence, child abuse and the lack of opportunity for those from lower social classes in the nation. Captain Abu Raed is a raw and honest movie that explores compassion with beauty and sincerity. It is filled with deep emotions that cannot be portrayed by ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Matalqa relied solely on his actors and screenplay to exhibit a complex film with profound messages and themes. Such choices reflect the story's natural flow and conveyed the true essence of a humble living. Personally, I would recommend this movie wholeheartedly to anyone who is interested in watching that tells a true tale. This movie proves to be different than the typical Hollywood movie. Captain Abu Raed is an inspirational movie full of direct and subliminal messages that changed my perception on various issues concerning the Arab world and opened up my eyes to a whole other angle and perception of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 14.
  • 15. The Arab Region The Arab region has a conspicuous dilemma regarding countries' inability to develop into democratic nations. One would expect that because of historical events and transformations in government policies that at least a few of the Arab nations would emerge as democracies. And yet, none have been able to do so. There are several factors that may cause this democracy deficit in the region, but one must realize that every country has its own specific and unique case. Arab countries of the Middle East and North Africa have undergone several changes in politics but none that have caused them to transition into democratic states. The Arab world has become a region where corruption and authoritarianism has become the bulking features of politics. Analysts, historians, and political researchers have strived to find a single solution or answer to the puzzle regarding Arab exceptionalism. Arab exceptionalism refers to the current unreachable transition to democratic rule in Arab nations. Every Arab country has a specific reason for its democracy deficit but because all Arab countries have very similar cultural and religious practices and beliefs, analysts tend to seek one feature they all have in common that may be the cause of this lack of democracy. Algeria is one of the Arab countries that to this very day have not yet been able to become democratic. Like many of the other Arab nations in the world, it is still identified as a state that has a corrupt government that has proven to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 16.
  • 17. Arab Military Performance During The World War II Within the modern military era, Arabic–speaking armies have traditionally shown themselves to generally ineffective. From the 1960s, where Egyptian regular forces performed poorly against Yemeni irregulars, to the '70s, where the Syrians only managed to impose their will upon Lebanon through the utilisation of their overwhelming weight of weaponry and numbers. The Iraqis army demonstrated their own ineptitude in the 1980s, firstly with their wars with Iran, where their opponents were in possession of an army ripped apart by internal revolutionary turmoil showed ineptness against an Iranian military ripped apart by revolutionary turmoil in the 1980s, and secondly in their failure to win a three–decades–long war against the Kurds. Even with the intervention of Western powers, Arab military performance has remained poor, especially on both sides of the 1990 Kuwait war, where they performance was at best mediocre.4 Despite all these examples however, the primary military area in which Arabic armies have performed poorly is in their wars with Israel, where despite three Arabic attempts to conquer Israel with conventional warfare in 1948, 1967 and 1973, Israel has always emerged victorious. And the Arabs have done poorly in nearly all the military confrontations with Israel. In an article for the Middle East Quarterly in 1999 titled "Why Arabs Lose Wars", Norvell De Atkine, a U.S. Army retired colonel with eight years residence in Lebanon, Jordan, and Egypt, and a graduate ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 18.
  • 19. Does Arab Feminism Exist? The New World? Does Arab feminism exist in the new world? For centuries women have been fighting the battle for equal rights and creating an identity for themselves. Feminism is a broad topic to discuss in just one paper considering the vast amount of information that can be spoken about the topic. The women in the new world for some countries have it better off than others, such as the United States. The U.S. was able to grant the equal rights amendment to women back in 1972. What shocks the minds of the 21st century is that there are still countries like those in the Middle East and parts of Africa who are unaware of equal rights for women. Women in the Middle East haven't had the slightest imagination of what freedom and equal rights are defined as. To think this in the modern generation is completely ridiculous and unfortunately true. Arab feminism does not exist in our new world due to the domineering power of tradition, religion, and society in the Middle East. It's only when Arab women migrate to places like the U.S. and Canada do they find hope in building a foundation for themselves without burden (Shabaan, 2013). The antiquity of women in the Middle East is intriguing to those who have interest in hardships and containment. "Iraq's second–worst ranking reflects a dramatic deterioration in conditions for women since the 2003 U.S.–led invasion. Mass displacement has made women vulnerable to trafficking and sexual violence. The Iraqi penal code allows men who kill ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 20.
  • 21. Jordanian Evolution: Analyzing the Future of Jordan Politics in the Middle East Jordanian Evolution: Analyzing the Future of Jordan The Oxford Dictionary describes evolution as "the gradual development of something, especially from a simple to a more complex form." The Arab Spring has caused a multitude of uprisings throughout the Arab world. In the beginning, the Arab Spring was "uncomplicated and inspiring" as the uprisings "reaffirmed...[Western]...beliefs" but soon became "muddied" (citation). The uprisings did not avoid the country of Jordan. The first uprising in Jordan was in January 2011 when thousands of protestors "demand[ed] the country's prime minister step down, ...the government curb rising prices, inflation and unemployment" (citation). This instance of uprising is the moment in which Jordan joined the Arab Spring. Due to this, Jordan is now on the track with multiple other states in the Arab world for reform to the local and regional regimes. According to Michael Wahid Hanna in "The Seven Pillars of the Arab Future", the states of the Arab world, including Jordan, must make progress toward "development of seven core areas" of which include "economic growth and equality; education policy; security–sector reform; decentralization;...and more pluralistic policies" (citation). Jordan must adapt to these stakes and evolve into the Arab future. To understand Jordan's future in the Arab world, Jordan's geographic position and culture, past, and government must first be discussed. Jordan is located between the borders ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 22.
  • 23. The Uprising Of The Arab World On December 18, 2010, a revolution in Tunisia initiated a rise in rebellion across the Arab world. Egypt, Lybia, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Jordan, and Syria arose in revolutionary demonstrations, riots, protests (violent and non–violent), and in some civil wars. Syria had the most ruinous ramification. In fear of his regime being overthrown the president of Syria Bashar al–Assad initiated fire in a nonviolent protest in attempts to restore order. His retaliation only inculcated more anger in Syrian citizens and created one of the most serious unrest in Syria, which eventually started a proxy war between higher powers –the United States and Russia–involvement. The warfighting actors within Syria include; Syrian rebels, Kurds, Bashar al–Assad's government, and now ISIS. The brutal violence has resulted from noncombatant civilians necessity to flee the country in hopes of restoring peace in their life. Over half, the state 's population is reaching out to the world for asylum. Moreover, this war has risen international disputes in the level of involvement to take in Syria. The humanitarian assistance with the refugees takes precedence, and whether to take in or not to take Syrian refugees. The Syrian war is turning out to be one of the most murderous wars of all time. Since the beginning of the war, there is an estimated 400,00 deaths caused by violence and 70,000 results as an indirect result. The insecurity this war is causing has led to the unbearable economic ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 24.
  • 25. Cultural Identity Among Sudanese Youth Who are we? A study on cultural identity among Sudanese youth. Background "Who am I" or "who are we?" are both questions that require in–depth knowledge of identity. A complex sociological and psychological phenomenon, identity has been classified into many types. Self–identity is defined as an individual's awareness and expression of their distinctive characteristics. Weinreich (1986) highlighted that it is influenced by both the individual's past experiences and future aspirations and contributes to the formation of one's self–esteem, and individuality. It also indicates the individual's capacity for self–reflection (Leary & Tangney 2003). Cultural identity is the shared identity by all members of a social group and describes the expression of that group's affiliations (Weinreich & Saunderson 2003). It helps them gain a sence of belonging and creates strong bonds of association. This sence of cultural identity can be through similarities in nationality, locality, ethnicity, social class, religion, generation or any form of distinct social group characteristics. However, there may be differences between members with these shared cultures. Ancestry, skin tone, spoken language, and political attitudes can all distinguish between individuals within social groups (Holliday, 2010). This can lead to discrimination, tribalism and racism as society members evaluate those who are 'in' the group from those who are 'out' of the group (Cote & Levine 2002). Sudan has a population ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 26.
  • 27. The Egyptian Revolution And The Arab World Being tasked with creating a project that addressed any topic related to the Arab world can be a daunting assignment. Nevertheless, my group was able to create a unique project that highlighted a monumental string of events that shaped the Arab world as we see it today. The topic decided upon was the Arab Spring in Egypt, specifically looking at how Facebook existed in its timeframe as a mechanism for collaboration and action toward a revolution and regime change. Together, we set to understand the Egyptian revolution beginning in 2010 in tangible terms that could be communicated to the average student, which we thought, was best done through a simplified simulation of how Facebook was used as a major tool and function. In order to ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In reality, it was a mechanism that brought people of like–minded thoughts together (Emon, et. al.). My research attempted to emphasize the actual role of social media and provide insight to Facebook as a tool instead of a stakeholder. The match that was able to ignite and unite the people of Egypt to act on their dislike of the regime and its corruption came with two men: Khaled Said and Wael Ghonim. On June 6, 2010, in Alexandria, two police officers approached Khaled Said and arrested him on the premise that the possessed a video material that implicates members of the police in a drug deal (Wedeman). Multiple witnesses from that day testified that the situation escalated and resulted in Saeed being dragged across the street by the police officers and beaten to death while doctors tried to intervene and revive him. Ali Kassem, Said uncle stated in conjunction with his nephew 's death, "Every family in Egypt has seen something like this happen to a member. I will feel like I have attained justice only if the regime falls and a new government is formed," (Londono, 2). The official autopsy and police report after the event stated that Saeed suffocated in an attempt to swallow drugs, and the original arrest was for theft and weapons possession (Wedeman). This photograph of Said 's face from the morgue was eventually viewed by Wael Ghonim who focused his anger into a Facebook page titled, "We Are All ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 28.
  • 29. Persuasive Essay On Sexual Harassment Any woman, in any country, will most likely be able to relate to this situation: Walking down the street, alone, past a group of guys hanging out with nowhere to go. Her guard goes up, and preparation takes place. Many things could happen when she passes them. It may be the words "hey, beautiful" or "hey, sexy," or being instructed to smile. It may be more intentional: standing in the way or blocking the path in hope of some interaction. It may get more aggressive, with hands reaching to inappropriate places. The spectrum is far and wide, with one end harboring the potential for things to become more violent with physical abuse or rape. "Rape is an extreme consequence of sexual harassment," said Rachel Jewkes, director of the What Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Girls global program. But there are a "myriad of behaviors," she said. close dialog The fact is that sexual harassment is part and parcel of daily life, particularly in public places, Jewkes believes. "It's used to curtail a woman's freedom." In the streets of London, Mumbai, Washington or Lagos, the recent outpouring of stories from women using #MeToo and its many iterations has showed the uniformity of the problem –– irrespective of country and culture. In 2017, the world has made one thing clear: Sexual harassment is everywhere. When quantifying the problem on a global level, minimal levels of reporting and data limit what experts can provide to help prove –– and solve –– the problem. Based on what is available, here's how the numbers look globally. Asia "There is massive male sexual entitlement ... especially in south Asia," said Jewkes, who is now based in South Africa but researched male violence in Asia and the Pacific. "Public spaces are run by men. They perceive an ownership of all public places," she said, adding that social norms enable men to feel this way and, in turn, harass women. When the streets are unsafe, it provides an excuse to keep women and young girls at home or take them out of school, Jewkes added. The gang rape of a young female student on a bus in New Delhi, India, in 2012 brought attention to the issue across that country. Research by international charity ActionAid in 2016 found that 44% of women surveyed in ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 30.
  • 31. The Arab Spring: How Revolutions Changed The World When people hear the word 'revolution' not many pleasant things will come to mind, depending on your background that is. Some historically appalling revolutions like the Arab Spring and the Russian Revolutions during 1917 has either caused years of grueling damage for many years to come, numeral deaths across the world, panic, heightened security or worldwide fear. Although people may state that revolutions have made the world a better place, whether it is to live, produce businesses, or just overall a lot kinder, a few revolutions have changed the world for the worse. Even though many people agree revolutions have changed the world in a very positive way and with positive outcomes, one revolution like the Arab Spring has changed the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Many robberies took place, people acted like rabid animals trying to scrounge up what they could to be fed or to feel their families. Most trying their hardest to pay any fees not including medical fees if they were to get injured or hospitalized. The Russian revolutions caused a great deal of pain for thousands of people throughout its time. It caused a horrible union to be formed, ruining the economy and any social values they had constructed. Some changes consisted of over housing, sanitary issues in the workplace from over employing the workspaces, which then lead to a salary no one could afford to survive off of, to physical and harsh discipline. During the war, material goods demand had increased greatly, causing strikes and violent protests. Eventually, the food was running out, anyone working to help transport materials to soldiers left in search of food. Soldiers soon began to turn to a different side because they lacked equipment and protection from their own side. People were later being killed if they were loyal to Tsar. The Russian revolutions were far from making the world a better ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 32.
  • 33. Arab Minority Relations During World War II Israel has become a complex issue for discussion from the moment of its' establishment after World War II. It is discussed on different levels, starting from conversations over lunch and ending with discussion among heads of states. The right of Jewish population for this land, as well as the militaristic politics of Israel is constantly on the global agenda. At the same time, many people tend to ignore the state of other side in this conflict – the Arab population that remained on the Israeli territory after the formation of a new state. This paper studies the place of Arab minorities in Israel, with a special focus on the rights and position of Arab population during the first stages of the establishment of Israeli state. The Jewish majority and the Arab minority in Israel are the two groups that have not yet realized their new position in society. For the Arab minority in Israel, which is connected to the Palestinians in the territories and the Arab and Muslim world, it is difficult to realize itself a minority. The Jews, who throughout history have been a minority in their countries of residence and only became a majority in Israel, it is too hard to learn a new sense of being the majority. Plenty of existing problems particularly religious, national and territorial lead to a conflict between the two groups. System of relations between the Jewish majority and the Arab minority in the State of Israel is complicated and contains a number of unresolved issues. The axis has ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 34.
  • 35. The World And Caution Of The Arab World As the Ottoman Empire's fall drew closer, the concept of Arab representation and its manifestation as both a valid state and successor rose as a strong candidate towards a new rule. However, the Arab world is faced with two distinctive parties that wish to establish their own set of rules of national identity. The first party belongs to the Pan–Arab movement that wishes to unite all the Arab people from the farthest east to its west of the Arabic speaking world. Meanwhile, the second party involves advocates of separate national identities that are distinguishable between each nation instead of one solid nationalist vision. Both parties contain an argument as to what is the most beneficial towards the Middle Eastern and North African region. With Pan–Arab leaders, such as the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party's Michel Aflaq and Salah al–Din al–Bitar, advocating a strong anti–imperialist sentiment in the face of European involvement in the Arab world and caution of the Ottomans' gruesome history repeating. Additionally, Pan–Arab nationalism and socialism was advocated by prominent leader Gamal Abdel Nasser. On the other hand, prominent state nationalists that wanted their own independent countries to rise came forward with leaders such as Lebanese intellectuals like George Samné and Antoun Saadeh, who recognized the sovereignty of their own Syrian statehood and defied the concept of a more group inclusive ideal. To begin with the Pan–Arab parties' movements and their push towards ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 36.
  • 37. Egypt And The Arab World Egypt: the 3rd largest economy in both Africa and the Arab World. Egypt's economy is very diverse and depends a great deal on agriculture, tourism, petroleum, and revenue collection from Egyptians working abroad. Egypt is separated by the highly fertile Nile Valley. This is where most of Egypt's economic activity takes place. Furthermore, the Nile Valley is where 80 of the 86 million people live. This is because the rest of Egypt is mostly desert; this makes habitation difficult. The Egyptian economy measured by GDP (Gross Domestic Product) was 286 billion dollars in 2014 and is the 3rd largest economy in Africa, behind Nigeria ($569B) and South Africa ($349B). The key areas that make up the GDP are: Agriculture (14%), Industries ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Egypt and the United States have signed a trade and investment framework agreement, a step toward creating freer trade and increasing investment flows" (Egypt). Therefore, Egypt and the United States help each other economically. The GDP growth rates have slowed during 2012 and 2013 to approximately 2.2% which in combination of rising unemployment reported at 13.3% in 2013 up from 9% in 2010, population growth, and rising government debt during 2013 to 2014 to approximately $47B, all led to a spirited removal of then elected President Morsi. This allowed for the election of Army Chief and current President Sisi. The local currency in Egypt is the Egyptian Pound, which has weakened in the past 2 years vs. the US$ by about 13%. There are many reasons for the dismal economic performance from 2011 to 2014; a key component was the revolution that broke confidence both Nationally and Internationally is due to political instability, national security, and uncertain economic policy environment. This uncertainty led to foreign investments within Egypt being pulled and new investment stopped. During the economic downturn, nearly half of the government spending was focused on fuel subsidies (25%) and payments to service the debt 25%. Regime leaders in the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 38.
  • 39. How Did World War 1 Affect The Arab World How did the World War I affect the Arab world economically? World war I summary The war battled between July 28, 1914, and November 11, 1918, was referred to at the time as the Incomparable War, the War to End War, and (in the United States) the European War. Just when the world went to war again in the 1930s and '40s did the prior clash get to be known as the First World War? Its setback sums were uncommon, taking off into the millions. World War I is known for the broad arrangement of trenches from which men of both sides battled. Deadly new advances were unleashed, and surprisingly a noteworthy war was battled ashore and on ocean as well as beneath the ocean and in the skies too. The two sides were known as the Associates or Understanding– comprising ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... England assaulted Gallipoli, a region south of Istanbul, in Walk 1915 with the aim of redirecting Stool Turks from supporting Germany. The English Armed force confronted overcome and saw misfortunes of tremendous nature and it was as of now that England got a motivation of taking the inconceivable Middle Easterner domain under Hassock guideline under its own standard after the war. For their ever–astute thoughts, English government chose to look for a specialists that will work for separating Middle Easterners from Turks. These endeavors brought out Hussein as a main contact for English. This prompted Hussein–McMahon Correspondence, which despite the fact that guaranteed Middle Easterner freedom, did not tie either party in a legitimate promotion. Sharif Hussein dispatched "Middle Easterner rebellion" on June 5, 1916 and began to be known as "Ruler of the Bedouins". Last of the Hashemite Sharifians, Ruler of the Bedouins and Emir of Mecca, Sharif Hussein canister Ali reined over Mecca, the Hijaz and Medina, similar to his predecessors who appreciated a sovereign principle from 1201 to 1925. Hussein took up the Middle Easterner Rebellion as he tried to build up an autonomous ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 40.
  • 41. Fahrenheit 451 Unit 3 Creative Writing If the birds were chirping, no one would have known as the rumble of engines stuck in the heavy London traffic never seemed to cease. If there weren't buildings blocking the view of the far off horizon, one standing at the apartment window would see the pinks and oranges that painted the sky with the rising sun. Instead, there was no more than a faint pink glow peeking out above the buildings, fading as it met a blanket of dull grey cloud. 6:30. That's what the clock above the oven said, however, it hadn't been checked in a while so who knew if it was right. For most, the day was just beginning, it for her, it was ending. She needed it to. Her body seemed to weigh ten times what it normally did and as she dragged her feet towards her bedroom ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... We touched down in Aden this morning and I have found it so far to be a bustling coastal city which has more similarities to home then I thought it would be. The things I've seen through the media paint the middle east as a worn torn area full of only crumbling buildings and dry farmland. Flying above this city I honestly thought I could be somewhere along the Californian coast or somewhere like that. I'm sure that there are areas like (that which I will see when I am out in the field), and that they make up a majority of the country but it reminded me of how much of what we see and hear about the Arab world is negative and we are rarely subject to the beauty and the other positives contained in this part of the world. I start at the hospital tomorrow and am out in the field next week so I am sure I will have more to say about this so far beautiful country ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 42.
  • 43. America History Teach Us About The Dangers Of Racism What does this episode in US history teach us about the dangers of racism? I think this period in history aptly depicts racism as a very sad, narrow–minded, damaging, and ugly mentality. Anyone who has ever been a target of anything–gossip, slander, teasing–or felt isolated, ostracized, friendless, misunderstood or misjudged should have a heart for and the ability to empathize with other people. Sadly, while this episode in history (and many others) clearly demonstrates the dangers and horrors of racism, there are still many who choose to embrace the warped mentality from which it springs. History has shown us this repeatedly. Personally, I cannot comprehend such a perspective, as it has no basis in any kind of rational, reasonable, logical principle or ideal. But then, I was always the scrawny kid that stood up for the underdog and fought off bullies, even if they were twice my size and I ended up being the one that took a beating. To me, racism represents a corrupted mentality; a level of arrogance, entitlement, and repackaged, relabeled bullying that is heartbreaking and deplorable. And it is not just Caucasians who have throughout history fallen prey to the ugly tentacles of racism. Beneath the surface, almost every nation, even otherwise very hospitable Asian nations, have some racist views of another nation or nations which they perceive as worse than them. Hopefully, humanity will eventually learn from history, and we can once and for all end the vicious cycle of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 44.
  • 45. Jew in the Arab World The Arabic geographic being best environment for variety of religion, culture and trade throughout the ages. As a result of that many of an ethnic group from outside Middle East decides to move on to that rich area which later many minorities have spread to the Islamic Empire land therefore The Arabic regions were famous with the diversity of minority which creates a lot of conflict with Middle East region especially in Jews and Arab sides. The United Nation Resolution 181 (1947), this resolution impacts the stability in the Middle East region which leads to many conflicts between Arab and Jewish minority. Therefore, partition was in Arab perspective is planned for the divided Arab world to cause instability among Arabs and minority ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... As a result of that Jews was advanced in many of sciences for example mathematics, philosophy and astronomy. In Palestine case Arab were very sensitive regarding this topic because of Jewish has occupied sacred land to the Arabs Muslims. Where a Jew also holds a very religious value to Palestine The divide of Palestine between therefore Arabs and Jews arose many conflicts between two parties that leads them to enter the long war for each of them to gain the holy land. Jews claim that the land of Israel belongs to them because of many reasons. The first reason is that in their beliefs God gives them this land to live in this area and develop it. The second reason is that international society granted them the power of sovereignty in Palestine and they gain their territory by defensive wars. Arab believes that Palestine is an important part of Middle East nation and Arabs nationalism which indicate that Israel has not rights to occupied Palestine. In addition, the Arab world became anger of Jewish therefore many of them lose their shops and homes which lead to hundred of them were murdered or imprisoned. The Jews who lived of the Arab World during 1947 was their condition unbearable which forced them to emigrate leaving all their property behind. There's no doubt that Jew dislike the condition when there lived on the Arab world as minority therefore when Israel state declared as ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 46.
  • 47. Arab Culture, Traditions, Traditions And Culture Of The... Shakespeare plays carry a lot of references to how things were in his time. The characters, the plot, the settings, the play as a whole played a great role in showcasing the society of that day it's culture and traditions. Those traditions and culture are weird or odd to people in some regions nowadays. However, some other cultures feel quite close to the traditions and customs in other regions. The Arab world is famous for holding on to it's traditions and customs. The Arab culture affects all the individuals living in it, even the non–Arabs. Even individuals from different religions or family backgrounds living in one community in the Arab World can also share the same traditions and cultures. This paper will talk about the traditions, customs and culture of the Arab World –mainly the Gulf Arab, Kuwait–and how it is related to the themes and events of some of Shakespeare's plays The plays that will be discussed are two tragedies and one comedy. First will be Macbeth, and the second one will be Coriolanus and the last one is The Winter's Tale. Each Play had a set of different themes. The two tragedies might have some things in common though because in tragedies there usually is the protagonist who does something wrong or commit a mistakes and that mistake turns leads to more mistakes and it always ends with the death of the protagonist, just like in the two plays, Macbeth and Coriolanus. Nevertheless, in the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... At least that is what they thought in the beginning. Florizel was the prince of Bohemia and Perdita was considered the daughter of a shepard because he raised her. Polixenes –the king of Bohemia– was angry when he found out what his son was planing to do. He ordered his son not to marry Perdita. However, later on, they escape to Sicilia and they find out that Perdita is the only daughter of Leontes, the king of Sicilia. Which means that Perdita is of loyal blood and they can get ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 48.
  • 49. Yemen: Culture and Value Differences Yemen: Culture and Value Differences Through interaction with others on a daily basis, we acquire the meanings, values, norms, and styles of communicating" (Ting–Toomey). Culture can be defined as the cumulative deposit of knowledge, experience, beliefs, values, attitudes, meanings, hierarchies, religion, notions of time, roles, spatial relations, concepts of the universe, and material objects and possessions acquired by a group of people in the course of generations through individual and group striving. Studying Yemen, not only have I learned the physical and cultural adjustments such as climate, language, and material things, but I have learned about the cultural differences such as, religion, worldview, values, notions of time, and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... When the Semitic people invaded Yemen, they brought farming and building skills to the herders who lived there. In 1400 B.C., caravans carrying pearls, and spices passed through Yemen, creating an important trade route. During the 900's BC, cities, castles, temples, and dams were being built and the Queen of Sheba ruled Yemen. In A.D. 300's, local leaders fought among themselves, and Ethiopia then invaded Yemen. For the next 1300 years the Yemeni tribes and religious groups began fighting against invading Egyptians and Turks. In the 600's, the Prophet Muhammad's son–in–law, Ali, introduced Islam to the people and in 1517Turkey took over Yemen, having various degrees of control for more than 400 years. When the Treaty of Lausanne was formed, Turkish rule ended in 1924. When the Turkish rule ended, Yemen became controlled by the British. Turkey still ruled Northwestern Yemen and when it became free it was named Yemen (Sanaa) and the British control was named Yemen (Aden). Treaties were signed by the United Kingdom with the tribal leaders, promising protection and aide in return for loyalty. By 1959, six tribal states formed the federation off the Arab Emirates of the South, to grant independence. The British controlled the federation's foreign policy and provided military protection and economic aid. In 1965, Aden and all but four tribal states joined the federation, but ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 50.
  • 51. The Tumultuous Transformations Of The Arab World The tumultuous transformations of the Arab World Rami G. Khouri discusses his opinion on the lingering issues of the Middle East in a talk held on October 27th, at 7:00pm in the Koffler building. The room resembled more of an auditorium packed with millennials, senior citizens and age groups in between, all with their full attention on the speaker. Throughout his talk, Khouri explained how the last century has been exceptionally problematic for the Arabians due to zero political development, the Arab Israeli conflict, and the Arabian revolution. Khouri's main argument is that there is an entirely new situation at hand due to Turkey, Iran, Israel, and Saudi Arabia currently driving the actual developments of the Middle East and the Superpowers unhelpful ways. Rami G. Khouri takes a personal approach on the topic of issues in the Middle East since he was born into a Christian, Arab–Palestinian family and has reported on the Middle East since 1971. George Khouri, his father, is a Nazarene journalist in Palestine and covered the United Nations debates about the future of Palestine in 1947. Khouri decided to follow in his father's footprints and became a journalist and editor with joint Palestinian–Jordanian and United States citizenship. During the speech I attended, he states that "we end up with a situation in which it becomes easy for Arabs to blame Israel and the Western powers for the problems of our region." He believes that "the truth is in between, with Arab, Israeli ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 52.
  • 53. History And History Of The Arab Films Do you think history is important? Why is it significant? And, does knowing the history of everything in the life matter? Actually, these questions and many other questions have been asked over many years all over the world and they have many different answers. Knowing the history of many different things in the life is very important because of one sufficient and helpful reason; knowing the history helps in understanding the present and in building the future. There are a lot of subjects and things that people should know their history, such as the history of a country, the history of a family, the history of arts, and the history of technology. Also, one of the most important things that people should know its history is movies and the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... And with this growth came a wider variety of films. But, perhaps inevitably, it was not until the political upheaval in the years following WWII and the onset of the Palestinian Israeli conflict that Arab cinema took up more hard–hitting themes." (Seymour 70). Therefore, the European colonization of the Arab nations touched the industry of Arab films positively. Nevertheless, the industry of films in the Arab nations was not able to fund programs and movies in spite of the needs to new programs and films. According to Viola Shafik in the "Arab Cinema" book, the Arab channels have been in need for new programs but there is no funds that can support them. " Two dozen Arab channels, including those of the Egyptian ERTU (Egyptian Radio and TV Union), are run in the Arab world and Europe and in the last few years have multiplied the need for new Arab programs. The film industry, however, is unable to profit from this development." (Shafik 43). Foreigners or European minorities who had immigrated to Arab countries owned the movies theaters that were originally introduced in Arab nations. The same applied to film production, which was originally dominated by investors who were non–natives or foreigners. In evaluating the development of the Cinema industry in Arab nations, Egypt would provide an ideal country ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 54.
  • 55. Constructivism and the USA-Israel Relation Constructivists explain USA–Israel relation by referring to 'enduring identification' between these two states. Israel is the only democracy in ME and thus becomes fellow democracy for USA in ME. Following 9/11 attack and securitization of Islamic terrorism by USA, has further strengthen the connection with Israel as oppose to mistrust for Arab world. Besides, a fraction of USA citizens, essentially fundamental Christians believes in Christian Zionism. According to them creation of Israel relates to Biblical prophecy. Thus they feel that Israel as a Jew state must be protected at any cost. However, if Israel acquires US support for democracy, there are many other countries in the world that practice democracy but none of them enjoy USA's support like Israel. Besides, Israel's democratic practice contradicts with core American liberal values. When liberal values suggest for equal rights, Israel has very differential attitude to Palestinians. Though, constructivists find link between these two countries fighting war on terror together, but many argue that USA has terrorist attack like 9/11 partly because of its relation with Israel. Besides, amongst US citizen percentage of fundamental Christians who share Christian–Zionism is negligible. Thus explaining the relation through political and religious connection may not be very logical. Realists also provide a set of explanations about the relation. According to them, the relation is due to three major reasons. Firstly, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 56.
  • 57. The World Of The Arab Emirates Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al–Maktoum, is planning a new megaproject, The Mall of the World. This project will be located in Al Sufouh, Dubai, which is one of the seven emirates that compose the United Arab Emirates. The United Arab Emirates is located in the eastern end of the Arabian Peninsula. It also extends part of the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf on its southern coast. This positioned the country to have bordering countries such as Saudi Arabia to the southwest, Qatar and Iran in the north, and Oman in the east. This enhances the United Arab Emirates trading with neighboring countries which led to a positive effect on the economy. Yet, the sandy and barren city strives to improve their economic standing each and every day. With a population of 9.2 million, the country continues to grow and expand to further their reputation as one of the richest country in the world. One of the most important part of the United Arab Emirates history is their federation being formed in 1971. Specifically, this federation had a huge effect on Dubai. In Dubai becoming part of the seven emirates, there was an increased influence on the city 's development and growth. Even as the city saw an influx in immigrants fleeing from the Lebanese civil war in December 1971, Dubai together with Abu Dhabi, the capital, and 5 other emirates, formed the United Arab Emirates after the formal protector of Britain left the Persian Gulf. The country 's ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 58.
  • 59. Modern State Of Affairs : The Arab And Persian Worlds MODERN STATE OF AFFAIRS Due to the ever increasing pressures of the surrounding world, the Arab and Persian worlds were disrupted through the processes of modernization. The reasons for these changes were not always for the Westernization of the state but rather for the adoption of selected European innovations, however, judicial practices and environmental interactions during this era of transformation were thoroughly disrupted in what was a disorienting and tumultuous experience for the people of the Middle East. The continuous changes caused by modernity brought about a cultural renaissance that would see the people of the Middle East searching for a path free of future interference with a united identity. In the years immediately ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In past times, the influence of the Shi 'a ulama was perceived to be more than those of civil positions but as Reza Shah began implementing his reforms, the ulama 's role in the national judicial spotlight was reduced. The Iranian judicial system underwent sweeping changes until finally in 1936, judges were required in the newly created courts to hold degrees asserting they had undergone three years of legal study. Many of these reforms were aimed at making Iran 's judicial system "congruent with the laws of the most civilized countries in the world." In a similar way, rural Egyptian society was taken by storm as villages faced the increasing signs of "modernization" manifested through more modern–style schooling and medicine offshooting from earlier reforms made by Mohamed Ali. When he was first brought to power, Mohammad Ali's first preoccupation was the consolidation of his newly gained authority. His biggest headache would seemingly be the eradication of the Mamluk ruling elite. Ali's reforms restructured the Mamluk land tenure system, dominated the rural economy and increased Egypt 's cultivation area via various irrigation works going on to establish the cotton, tobacco, and sugar cane industries within the country. With the establishment of increasingly European–style institutions, it was Ali's goal to create a channel between the schools and the military. By doing so, he created a system run by individuals with a more ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 60.
  • 61. The Impact Of Social Media Platforms In The Arab World In the last 15 years, social media platforms becoming as original and actual perspectives around the Arab world, and in particular, in Kuwait, it has been noticed that social media that enhance the quality of life of people moving it to another aspect where people use certain platforms for such need. They also impact business profitability and governmental interaction with society. The Arab Knowledge Economy Report in (2015,2016), stated that about 226 million of Internet users in the Arab world expected by 2018. Moreover, around the world, the expanding of Social Media transpiring every day. In contrast, the internet users use social media platforms over different types of devices, besides the social media affects all age group with much ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The UAE Vice–President, Prime Minister and Ruler of Dubai, His Highness Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, launched the Arab Social Media Influencers Summit, which is the leading event of its kind in the Middle East specialised in social media channels and for influencers. A report on the most preferred social media programs in the Arab countries mentioned the most common social media platforms in Kuwait, like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, WhatsApp, Google Plus, Snapchat, YouTube and LinkedIn. The report describes very well users' engagements in these programs and each Arab country perfectly. The study also covers the active users of social media aged 15+ years that currently use at least one platform on a normal basis as well as specialists in the fields of media and communication. According to the report, 41% chose WhatsApp as the most commonly used channel beyond the Arab World, as chatting is a significant popular activity amid users in the Arab world, followed by reading posts added by other users. Perhaps Facebook takes the place of WhatsApp in the top position for the most preferred channel in some countries such as North Africa–Arabian countries, but in Kuwait, WhatsApp is the leading platform, according to that report. Ali Al Moosawi, in (2015), mentioning that social networking is easy if used correctly and that the outcomes depend ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 63. Women At Point Zero Essay People who are under poverty normally do not get their daily basic needs. They are not able to get food for eating and hence they starve. They have an urge to get money and live a peaceful life, but when they are not able to achieve what they want, they tend to steal. Some poor people earn money by working for the upper class people. Here Firdaus the protagonist chose to be a prostitute. In Women at Point Zero, the food what the mother has made was eaten by Firdaus's father himself without giving her or her mother a little. This made Firdaus the protagonist to starve every day. In spite of men being from a poor family, they had food every day and would never sleep without supper. Women did not have value in the society ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... At first when she was sexually abused by men, she did not know that she could earn money through sex until a rich man abused her sexually and left a ten pound note between her fingers. "As I picked up my little bag and started to move towards the door, he stretched out his arm and slipped a ten pound note between my fingers. It was as if he had lifted a veil from my eyes, and I was seeing for the first time". (Woman at Point Zero 68) This was her second time she had received money with her own effort. When Firdaus was a small girl, like other children she asked her father for a piaster, but her father refused to give her until she cleaned the animals and took them to the field. So she had to do those works and for her first time got a piaster from her father. "It was not my father's, not my mother's, but mine; mine to do with it what I wanted, to buy what I wanted, to eat with it whatever I desired, whether sweets, or carobs, or Molass sticks, or anything else I might choose". (Woman at Point Zero 70) So she realized that she can earn a huge amount of money through ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 65. Slave Trade in the Arab World Slavery is a forbidden act of performance according to the Holy Quran; however, it was widely spread and highly practiced in the Arab world. Slaves from many countries, especially from East Africa were traded in to perform tasks for the Sultanates. These slaves ended up as sailors in Persia or as soldiers serving in the army (BBC, n.d). One of the places slavery was common was in the Trucial states before they were under the British. The Trucial states were a collection of several sheikhdoms along the coast of the Persian Gulf. They were initially a part of the British protectorate until 1971 when some of the countries came together and declared independence to become the United Arab Emirates (National Archives, n.d) This paper will discuss about the slavery in the Trucial States and whether it ended or not after the British took over. The Trucial states comprised of Dubai, Umm Al Quwain, Sharjah, Ras al Khaimah, Fujairah, Ajman and Abu Dhabi. These countries were a part of the Arab world before being taken under Britain's protection (British Empire, n.d). The British and the Arab world had a few things in common which included the issue of Slave trade. Slave trading was very common in the Arab world and a need for all the Sultans. Therefore, slaves were brought in from many places, the most common being Africa (BBC, n.d). Arabs also brought in slaves from the European part of the world from places such at Italy, Portugal, Spain, England and more (Assyrian International, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 67. Public Opinion Survey Analysis ## This shows signs of being incomplete... look at the end ##### Public Opinion Survey analysis A nonbiased scientific opinion poll is what is known to be the inquiry or the survey created to determine the public's perspective concerning a specific subject or sequence of subjects. Qualified interviewer ask people random questions. Answers are given, and explanations are made depending on the consequences. It is significant in a random sample that each one in the population being considered for the study has the same chance of contributing. or else, the outcome could be biased and, consequently, not representative of the population. Representative samples are selected to create generalizations about a certain population being studied. Polls tell us what part of the population has a certain point of view. They do not clarify why respondents think as they do or how to change their minds. This is social scientists and scholars' job . Polls are basically used as a measurement that informs us of what a population feels and thinks about any given topic. This can be beneficial in helping variety cultures comprehend one another since it allows the people to have a chance to speak for themselves and share their perspectives instead of letting vocal media stars talk on behalf of all. in this essay, two kinds of surveys are going to be provided the first one about Nuclear Power and Public Opinion which has a strong support for its conclusion and the second one survey is about who is ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 68.
  • 69. The Debate For Democracy During The Middle East In the debate for democracy in the middle east, many scholars suggest that Islamists are the main obstacle to overcome. By the last decade, Islamist parties and candidates have engaged in elections throughout in about eight Arab countries with almost modest results. Thus, Islamist may have a heavy degree of support among most of the consitunets who agree with anti–regime sentiments. At the same time, ruling elites also give overwhelming support to maintain security and other privileges. There are regimes in which elites claim Islam as a basis for the regime while excluding all other islamist groups from political participation. For Instance, The king in Saudi Arabi is the leader, the imam of the Saudi–Wahabi community, and subordinate only to the shari'a. This is an institutional challenge that these regions face, and need to comprehend in order to have a smooth democratic transition. Some islamist groups still persist, with making domestic conflict within society, like the Muslim Brotherhood. Another variable that may contribute to instutuinal challenges to democratize, is the overarching existence of a credible threat. Given the essence surrounding the Arab–Israel conflict within the regions, some researchers have suggested the force of the regions authoritarianism to the threat posed by Israel and its Arab neighbors with large military forces. Certain researchers who do agree with this explanation forget to account for the fact that for the different robustness of Arab ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 70.
  • 71. Gender Issues Within The Arab World Executive Summary: In my research brief I focus on gender issues in the Arab world because the situation is getting better but still the problem is there and women are suffering there. The implementations I suggest might not be supported by the government , but with the help of national organizations they should realize that your sex does not matter you still have equal rights. In Phakistan, in every third hour a woman is raped and there is not any law to support her because the court needs eyewitness which is impossible to have in such situation. In Afghanistan, women can not have sexual life before getting married. These are real issues all in connection with women's rights because in those countries, men use women and they cannot protect themselves. Outline the problem: Women's situation is possible and necessary to change, because women are not subordinate to a man by nature. But the Arab society does this to women and nothing has changed over the last few decades so it seems if it would natural and self–evident to men to use women. The growing number of women 's movements have shown the need for change. The change should be focusing on the entrenched social convection, which departed from the times of Islam teachings. It is also possible to form and regulate conditions that may be favorable to male–female relations and Islamic cultures can meet. I emphasize that the Muslim feminism is not comparable to the Western feminism, the problem is rooted there that society ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 73. Role Of Being Conscience Of Their People And At Numerous... Name: Institution: Course: Date: Politics and Love in Modern Arabic Literature Writers serve the role of being conscience of their people and at numerous occasions speak for the voiceless. Writers enlighten the trapped voices in each and every individual's mind, making them aware of issues happening in their societies that deal with self identification. They remind us that we, as individuals, have the choice to make something out of our lives. However, for some reason, we have embraced uniqueness, difference and specialness to support our identities as individuals with thoughts and feelings that are worth others' time, but failed in the way we live it out. In this modern Arab world, many writers have blossomed with raging talent. majority of them yearned to express their visions of their societies and of the human condition by using literary masks and creating characters that depicted major issues that were faced throughout the Arab world. Some notable writers are Naguib Mahfouz, AhlamMosteghanemi, NizarQabbani, Mahmoud Darwish, GhassanKanafani and ZakariaTamir who were able to brilliantly express their visions. They were able to make connections between their words and the actualities of human conditions; politics, societies, authorities, power, resistances and movements these are all realities that were conveyed through the spilled ink of these authors. The stories in Breaking knees are without a shadow of a doubt entertaining they revolve around a society ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 74.
  • 75. Women 's Influence On Women Essay "Nothing can prevent or alter what is predestined and that when a women desires something, no one can stop her." Individuals, scholars, and groups concerned with human rights and feminism, often criticize Islam over the treatment of their women. Westerners, such as former first lady, Laura Bush, began a social political crusade in the name of "saving Muslim women" from "deliberate human cruelty." In literature, they were depicted as stubborn, unfaithful, fragile, whose actions were based on the fear of the male figure. In everyday life, women are faced with gender based restrictions, debasement, and seclusion from men. Some of these claims are undoubtedly accurate, however, what most overlook is that these are perceptions, and renditions through western – foreign eyes. While these intentions might be from a genuine source, the etic anthropological approach, which is where and outsider studies and interprets a culture, is a biased approach. Emic, or as you guessed it, the study from within one's culture, is also plagued with bias, as nothing is as it ever was. One must look deeper and analyze the past in multiple dimensions. What does and did a culture believe...? Suddenly, the lines of reality might just begin to blur. I will attempt to illustrate that, in piteous parts of Islam, power and responsibility is divided ways which transcend the West's reality. Folktales from the Middle East, such as the stories in One Thousand and One Nights, seem to reiterate ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 77. Too Soon to Tell: An Examination of the ‘Arab Spring’ and... Ever since 2010, the world's eyes have been zoomed in on the Middle East, as upheavals of corrupt dictatorships have spread all the way from the streets of Tunisia to the entire Arab world. Israel, as the only democracy in the area, has very delicate relationships with many of the countries involved. With the Muslim Brotherhood coming into power in Egypt, the possibility of the decades long treaty with Israel coming to a violent end is more threatening than ever. This leads us to consider the danger of other ideologically like–minded groups continuing to surround Israel. On the surface, it may seem as if the Arab Spring is very bad news for Israel, but perhaps the new leadership in the Middle East could lead to more rational ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In a country where one third of the population is under 15, the young people want change. Surrounded by suspicion of chemical weapons, and daily violence directed at civilians, the UN estimates over 100,000 dead and 2 million displaced as a result of the Arab Spring in Syria.6 Fortunately, when it come to Israel, there aren't any of these terrible statistics. Nevertheless, it is undeniable that this Arab Spring will have a long term impact on Israel. Immediately after seeing those statistics, many peace loving, left wing Israeli's are quick to see the intense negative impacts that these uprisings will have on Israel in the future. Even if these uprisings are successful, and true democracy is brought to the region, it will be a long time before these Arab countries would recognize Israel. The way things are, many top officials are saying that things are going to get worse before they get better, and that it will be decades until the positive effects of democracy reach the general Arab population.7 The immediate threat of violence in the area surrounding Israel has yet to have been a major issue, but nevertheless poses a fairly severe threat at any time but is overshadowed by the longterm one. Most notably is Egypt, with power in the hands of the Muslim Brotherhood. There has been a peace treaty in place between Israel and Egypt since March 26, 1979.8 For two countries ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...