Skyscraper history

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Skyscraper history

  1. 1. SKYSCRAPERS
  2. 2. SKYSCRAPER HISTORY
  3. 3. THE FIRST • • HOME INSURANCE BUILDING, CHICAGO 1890 1871: Great Fire of Chicago destroys downtown
  4. 4. SHIBAM AD1
  5. 5. • SAN GEMINIANO ITALY 1200 AD
  6. 6. Los Angeles
  7. 7. WAINWRIGHT BUILDING, CHICAGO 1890
  8. 8. RELIANCE BUILDING 1894
  9. 9. The Economics of Skyscrapers: New York City
  10. 10. NEW YORK• GRID PATTERN – 7M X 30M• NO DISPUTES• Downtown Manhattan bedrock is very close to the surface.• Bedrock is stable.• As a result, costs of digging and laying foundation are relatively low.
  11. 11. FLATIRONBUILDING 1903
  12. 12. 1890: World Building Joseph Pulitzers New YorkWorld (Newspaper row, 26 stories, first building inNYC to surpass 284’ spire of Trinity Church)1902: Flatiron Building1913: Woolworth Building1915: 42-story Equitable Building.1916: NYC Zoning Laws
  13. 13. PARK ROWBUILDING NEW YORK 1908 30 FLOORS
  14. 14. SINGERBUILDING 1908 40 FLOORS
  15. 15. Jewellers building Chicago
  16. 16. WOOLWORTHBUILDING 1913, 55 FLOORS
  17. 17.  1916-WORLD WAR ONE  1916 zoning created ‘wedding cake’ style.  1920’s (“The Roaring Twenties”) saw a massive speculative and building frenzy.  Result: Race to the heavens.  e.g. Chrysler vs. 40 Wall Street.  Empire State Building  Art Deco style.  Depression and WWII put ‘kybosh’ on skyscraper market.
  18. 18. CHRYSLERBUILDING 1930, 77 FLOORS
  19. 19. EMPIRE STATEBUILDING 1930, 90FLOORS
  20. 20. LEVER BUILDING SEAGRAM BUILDING
  21. 21. WORLD TRADE CENTRE 1970, 110 FLOORS
  22. 22. NEW YORK
  23. 23. NEW YORK – SOLOW BUILDING
  24. 24. NEW YORK AT & T BUILDING
  25. 25. CHICAGO
  26. 26. TRANSAMERICA TOWER SAN FRANCISCO
  27. 27. SHANGHAI
  28. 28. MOSCOW
  29. 29. MEXICOCITY
  30. 30. PARIS
  31. 31. THE GHERKIN LONDON
  32. 32. HONG KONG
  33. 33. KHUALA LUMPUR
  34. 34. Ryugyong Hotel, Pyongyang, North Korea
  35. 35. JIN MAOSHANGHAI
  36. 36. BURJ - KALIFA
  37. 37. TWISTING TORSO MALMOSWEDEN
  38. 38. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4muhc_QUGcI&feature=related
  39. 39. http://www.skyscraperpicture.com/i
  40. 40. Good Night

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