GOTHIC
Introduction   12th century: origin   13th century: developed   14th century until mid 15th century: international   S...
Architecture   Romanesque       “Roman-like”       Rounded arches       Barrel Vaults       Thick Walls
Architecture   Gothic       Pointed arches       Ribbed Vaults       Large windows           Often stained glass    ...
Gothic architectureArchitectural  elements   pointed arch       rib vault    flying    buttress          pillar Examples  ...
Gothic architectureArchitectural  elements   pointed arch       rib vault    flying    buttress          pillar Examples  ...
Gothic architectureArchitectural  elements   pointed arch       rib vault    flying    buttress          pillar Examples  ...
Introduction   Gothic Art is the expression of the new city    life   It is going to have two different areas:          ...
STONEWORK
BEAUVAIS CATHEDRAL, FRANCE
Cathedral               The cathedral has three levels: low,                gallery and clerestory               The wal...
Gothic architectureArchitectural  elements   pointed arch       rib vault    flying    buttress          pillar Examples  ...
FLYING BUTTRESS
REIMSCATHEDRALpointed arch
Gothic architectureArchitectural  elements   pointed arch       rib vault    flying    buttress          pillar Examples  ...
GROIN VAULT
Cathedral    Spires        Transept     Crossing                                              Ambulatory                  ...
Rib vaulting    Nave                       Transepts                                   Radiating Chapels                  ...
Gothic architecture                                               steeple                                 pinnaclesArchite...
St. Etienne, Bourges, late 12   c    “Flying” Buttresses
Lincoln Cathedral
GOTHIC TOWER, BRUSSELS
GARGOYLE
Modern gargoyle – Chrysler BuildingNew York
CONCENTRIC CASTLEBEAUMARIS
COBURG - LARGEST
ST. DENIS – THE FIRST GOTHIC
French Gothic•   The distinctive characteristic of French    cathedrals, and those in Germany and    Belgium that were str...
NOTRE DAME PARIS
CHATRES CATHEDRAL
CHARTRES –ROSEWINDOW
Chartres CathedralPlan for all Rose Windows
Gothic architectureArchitectural  elements   pointed arch       rib vault        flying      buttress          pillar Exam...
Gothic architectureArchitectural  elements   pointed arch       rib vault        flying      buttress          pillar Exam...
Gothic architectureArchitectural  elements   pointed arch       rib vault    flying    buttress          pillar Examples  ...
Gothic architectureArchitectural  elements   pointed arch       rib vault        flying      buttress          pillar Exam...
Gothic architectureArchitectural  elements   pointed arch       rib vault        flying      buttress          pillar Exam...
Interior of a Gothic Cathedral
COLOGNE CATHEDRRAL
SAINTE CHAPELLE
SAINTE CHAPELLE
BEAUVAIS CATHEDRAL
BEAUVAIS CATHEDRAL
Gothic sculptureBack to start   Gargoyles on the Cathedral of Notre Dame, Paris
Cathedral Gargoyles
St. Sernin 1010, St. Etienne1067, Chartres 1194(E. Romanesque) (L. Romanesque)
British Gothic  •   The distinctive characteristic of English      cathedrals is their extreme length and their      inter...
Italian Gothic• It uses polychrome decoration, both externally as  marble veneer on the brick facade and also  internally ...
Orvieto, 1310; Miniato al Monte1062; Pisa cathedral                       1063
German Gothic   • It is characterised by huge towers and     spires.   • The west front generally follows the     French f...
Spanish Gothic•   Spanish Gothic cathedrals are of spacial    complexity.•    They are comparatively short and wide, and  ...
DUOMO MILAN
Gothic “Filigree” Closeups
Fan Vault
GUNPOWDER PROOF?
BATTERING RAM
BOW
castles
VLAD’S CASTLE
HIMEJI CASTLE JAPAN
HLUBOKA - CHATEAU - CZECHREPUBLIC
CHINON
Neuwanstein castle
Civilian Architecture   Town halls were the residence of the city’s    government   There are two kind of models:      ...
Civilian Architecture   Palaces were the residences of the nobility   They lose their defensive character
New Class of Wealthy Merchants - French                          Guild Hall –Figure 18-28 House of Jacques Coeur, Bourges,...
Civilian Architecture   Its development is consequence of       trade renaissance       development of cities governmen...
Civilian Architecture                       Markets were the                        places for keeping                   ...
Urban cultureTown hall,Siena, Italy
Urban culture The Lonja, Valencia
The birth of universitiesUniversity of Cambridge
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Gothic y

  1. 1. GOTHIC
  2. 2. Introduction 12th century: origin 13th century: developed 14th century until mid 15th century: international Second half of the 15th century: flamboyant
  3. 3. Architecture Romanesque  “Roman-like”  Rounded arches  Barrel Vaults  Thick Walls
  4. 4. Architecture Gothic  Pointed arches  Ribbed Vaults  Large windows  Often stained glass  Flying Buttresses Examples  Chartres Cathedral  Notre Dame
  5. 5. Gothic architectureArchitectural elements pointed arch rib vault flying buttress pillar Examples Slideshow Pointed arch
  6. 6. Gothic architectureArchitectural elements pointed arch rib vault flying buttress pillar Examples Slideshow Pillar
  7. 7. Gothic architectureArchitectural elements pointed arch rib vault flying buttress pillar Examples Slideshow Flying buttress
  8. 8. Introduction Gothic Art is the expression of the new city life It is going to have two different areas: Civilian Religious
  9. 9. STONEWORK
  10. 10. BEAUVAIS CATHEDRAL, FRANCE
  11. 11. Cathedral  The cathedral has three levels: low, gallery and clerestory  The walls are open, allowing a lot of light into the church,  Windows can be open because there are new supports that are not glued to the wall.
  12. 12. Gothic architectureArchitectural elements pointed arch rib vault flying buttress pillar Examples Next slide Interior of Reims Cathedral, France 5 / 11
  13. 13. FLYING BUTTRESS
  14. 14. REIMSCATHEDRALpointed arch
  15. 15. Gothic architectureArchitectural elements pointed arch rib vault flying buttress pillar Examples Next slide Reims Cathedral, France
  16. 16. GROIN VAULT
  17. 17. Cathedral Spires Transept Crossing Ambulatory Clerestory Tribune Gargoiles Apse Radial chapelsRose window Nave Façade Lateral façade Flying butresses
  18. 18. Rib vaulting Nave Transepts Radiating Chapels Transvers vaulting Crossing ChoirAisles Ambulatory
  19. 19. Gothic architecture steeple pinnaclesArchitectural elements flying buttresses The rose window and pointed arch stained glass windows side door allow light to enter.. rib vault The central tympanum flying on the main facade buttress is highly decorated. pillar main facade Examples Next slide Chartres Cathedral, France
  20. 20. St. Etienne, Bourges, late 12 c “Flying” Buttresses
  21. 21. Lincoln Cathedral
  22. 22. GOTHIC TOWER, BRUSSELS
  23. 23. GARGOYLE
  24. 24. Modern gargoyle – Chrysler BuildingNew York
  25. 25. CONCENTRIC CASTLEBEAUMARIS
  26. 26. COBURG - LARGEST
  27. 27. ST. DENIS – THE FIRST GOTHIC
  28. 28. French Gothic• The distinctive characteristic of French cathedrals, and those in Germany and Belgium that were strongly influenced by them, is their height and their impression of verticality.• They are compact, with slight or no projection of the transepts and subsidiary chapels.• The west fronts have three portals surmounted by a rose window, and two large towers.• The east end is polygonal with ambulatory and sometimes a chevette of radiating chapels.• In the south of France, many of the major churches are without transepts and some are without aisles
  29. 29. NOTRE DAME PARIS
  30. 30. CHATRES CATHEDRAL
  31. 31. CHARTRES –ROSEWINDOW
  32. 32. Chartres CathedralPlan for all Rose Windows
  33. 33. Gothic architectureArchitectural elements pointed arch rib vault flying buttress pillar Examples Next slide Siena Cathedral, Italy
  34. 34. Gothic architectureArchitectural elements pointed arch rib vault flying buttress pillar Examples Next slide Interior of León Cathedral
  35. 35. Gothic architectureArchitectural elements pointed arch rib vault flying buttress pillar Examples Next slide Seville Cathedral
  36. 36. Gothic architectureArchitectural elements pointed arch rib vault flying buttress pillar Examples Next slide Toledo Cathedral
  37. 37. Gothic architectureArchitectural elements pointed arch rib vault flying buttress pillar Examples Next slide Burgos Cathedral
  38. 38. Interior of a Gothic Cathedral
  39. 39. COLOGNE CATHEDRRAL
  40. 40. SAINTE CHAPELLE
  41. 41. SAINTE CHAPELLE
  42. 42. BEAUVAIS CATHEDRAL
  43. 43. BEAUVAIS CATHEDRAL
  44. 44. Gothic sculptureBack to start Gargoyles on the Cathedral of Notre Dame, Paris
  45. 45. Cathedral Gargoyles
  46. 46. St. Sernin 1010, St. Etienne1067, Chartres 1194(E. Romanesque) (L. Romanesque)
  47. 47. British Gothic • The distinctive characteristic of English cathedrals is their extreme length and their internal emphasis upon the horizontal. • It is not unusual for every part of the building to have been built in a different century and in a different style, with no attempt at creating a stylistic unity. • English cathedrals sprawl across their sites, with double transepts projecting strongly and Lady Chapels tacked on at a later date. • In the west front the doors are not significant • The West window is very large and never a rose, which are reserved for the transept gables. • The west front may have two towers or none. • There is nearly always a tower at the crossing and it may be very large and surmounted by a spire. • The distinctive English east end is square.
  48. 48. Italian Gothic• It uses polychrome decoration, both externally as marble veneer on the brick facade and also internally where the arches are often made of alternating black and white segments.• The plan is usually regular and symmetrical and have few and widely spaced columns.• The proportions are generally mathematically simple, based on the square, the arches are almost always equilateral.• It may include mosaics in the lunettes over the doors.• The facades have projecting open porches and occular or wheel windows rather than roses, and do not usually have a tower.• The crossing is usually surmounted by a dome.• There is often a free-standing tower and baptistry.• The windows are not as large as in northern Europe and, although stained glass windows are used, the decoration is fresco or mosaic.
  49. 49. Orvieto, 1310; Miniato al Monte1062; Pisa cathedral 1063
  50. 50. German Gothic • It is characterised by huge towers and spires. • The west front generally follows the French formula, but the towers are taller, and if complete, are surmounted by enormous openwork spires. • The eastern end follows the French form. • The distinctive character of the interior of German Gothic cathedrals is their breadth and openness. • Cathedrals tend not to have strongly projecting transepts. • There are also many hallenkirke without clerestorey windows.
  51. 51. Spanish Gothic• Spanish Gothic cathedrals are of spacial complexity.• They are comparatively short and wide, and are often completely surrounded by chapels.• Spanish Cathedrals are stylistically diverse.• Influences on both decoration and form are Islamic architecture, and towards the end of the period, Renaissance details combined with the Gothic in a distinctive manner.• The West front resembles a French west front,• There are spires of German style.• Few pinnacles.• There are often towers and domes of a great variety of shapes and structural invention rising above the roof.
  52. 52. DUOMO MILAN
  53. 53. Gothic “Filigree” Closeups
  54. 54. Fan Vault
  55. 55. GUNPOWDER PROOF?
  56. 56. BATTERING RAM
  57. 57. BOW
  58. 58. castles
  59. 59. VLAD’S CASTLE
  60. 60. HIMEJI CASTLE JAPAN
  61. 61. HLUBOKA - CHATEAU - CZECHREPUBLIC
  62. 62. CHINON
  63. 63. Neuwanstein castle
  64. 64. Civilian Architecture Town halls were the residence of the city’s government There are two kind of models:  Northern (Netherlands) : very decorated, with ogee and lancet arches  Southern (Italian): closer, sometimes as a fortress Leuven Siena
  65. 65. Civilian Architecture Palaces were the residences of the nobility They lose their defensive character
  66. 66. New Class of Wealthy Merchants - French Guild Hall –Figure 18-28 House of Jacques Coeur, Bourges, France, 1443– Figure 18-27 Hall of the cloth guild, Bruges, Netherlands, begun 811451.
  67. 67. Civilian Architecture Its development is consequence of  trade renaissance  development of cities government Main buildings are  Palaces  Town halls  Markets
  68. 68. Civilian Architecture  Markets were the places for keeping the products and to sell them  They have big rooms with this purpose  The spaces are clear, with high and stylised columns
  69. 69. Urban cultureTown hall,Siena, Italy
  70. 70. Urban culture The Lonja, Valencia
  71. 71. The birth of universitiesUniversity of Cambridge

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