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# Semester 1 Review (Groups B/C/D)

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This is a review of all the material that was covered during semester one of the 2010-2011 year. For all groups.

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### Semester 1 Review (Groups B/C/D)

1. 1. Semester 1 Review Groups B/C/D First Year Beginning Second Year Advanced
2. 2. Rules• ONE person may speak at a time• Hand must be raised in order to answer (sorry... that rule is no fun)• Opposing team can steal if question cannot be answered in a reasonable amount of time• Interruptions will result in a 100 point deduction• Winning team receives FAA “Crossing the Line” water bottles!!
3. 3. How many people can speak at a time? ONE!!
4. 4. Home - CategoriesBasics of Aircraft Signs, Traffic Flight Instruments Markings, Pattern Communication Miscellaneous and Diagrams 100 100 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 500 500 500 FINAL JEOPARDY
5. 5. HOME Basics of Flight: 100 • What is the name of the scientific principle that allows an airfoil to create lift, and who is it credited to?Bernoulli’s Principle, Daniel Bernoulli
6. 6. HOME Basics of Flight: 200 • What are the four forces of flight and in which directions do they act?Lift, up; Weight/Gravity, down;Thrust, forward; Drag, downward
7. 7. HOME Basics of Flight: 300 • Define the following terms: – Angle of Attack – Critical Angle of AttackAngle of Attack - angle between wingchord and relative windCritical Angle of Attack - AOA inwhich the wing cannot producesufficient lift and stalls if exceeded
8. 8. HOME Basics of Flight: 400 • Explain in general how the control surfaces of the airplane work when manipulated.When a control surface is lowered orraised, it either adds to or takesaway from the available surface areaof that airfoil to produce lift. Whenthe control surface is lowered,surface area is increased, thereforelift is increased and vice versa.
9. 9. HOME Basics of Flight: 500 • Explain how an airfoil produces lift.Air is separated at the leading edge of thewing. According to Bernoulli’s Principle, afluid’s pressure decreases as velocityincreases. Because the top half of the airfoilhas a greater distance than the bottom half,the air on top must travel faster than the airon the bottom in order to meet together atthe same point at the trailing edge of thewing. This creates low air pressure on thetop of the wing and high air pressure on thebottom, which keeps the plane airborne.
10. 10. HOME Aircraft Instruments: 100 • What instruments consist of the “standard six pack?”1. Airspeed Indicator2. Attitude Indicator3. Altimeter4. Turn Coordinator5. Heading Indicator6. Vertical Speed Indicator
11. 11. HOME Aircraft Instruments: 200 • Does the airspeed indicator indicate speed through the air or over the ground?Through the air (AIRspeed indicator)
12. 12. HOME Aircraft Instruments: 300 • What three pieces of information does the attitude indicator tell you at a glance?1. Degrees of pitch2. Degrees of bank3. Climb or descent
13. 13. HOME Aircraft Instruments: 400 • What outside element effects the changes for the altimeter and the vertical speed indicator and what measures this element?Air pressure measured by static port
14. 14. HOME Aircraft Instruments: 500 • Your attitude indicator has just failed. What other instruments can you use that will tell you the same information and why?1. Turn Coordinator - indicates bank2. VSI - indicates climb or descent, remember 4 second delay!
15. 15. HOME Signs, Markings, and Diagrams: 100 • What do the colors of the backgrounds of signs on the field mean (red, yellow, black)?1. red = caution2. yellow = direction3. black = location
16. 16. HOME Signs, Markings, and Diagrams: 200 • What are the two types of X’s, where are they found, and what do they mean?Raised and painted; runways andtaxiways; closed
17. 17. HOME Signs, Markings, and Diagrams: 300 • What is the purpose of hold short lines? What are the consequences for crossing them without authorization?Hold short lines are to keep planesout of potentially hazardous areassuch as runways without an ATCclearance. If crossed without aclearance, pilots can get aninfraction warning from the FAA andpossibly have their license revoked.
18. 18. HOME Signs, Markings, and Diagrams: 400 • What do the amount of lines that consist of the threshold indicate to pilots?By counting the amount of lines thatmake up the runway threshold, apilot can determine the width (left toright) of the runway. This isespecially useful in emergencylanding situations to ensure theplane will fit on the runway.
19. 19. HOME Signs, Markings, and Diagrams: 500 • Give at least four examples of pertinent information that can be found on an airport diagram.1. airport information2. runways (dimensions/elevations)3. taxiways4. ramps5. world coordinates6. magnetic variation7. currency dates
20. 20. HOME Traffic Pattern: 100 • What are the legs of the traffic pattern in order?Upwind, Crosswind, Downwind,Base, and Final
21. 21. HOME Traffic Pattern: 200 • How can the traffic pattern be related mathematically?The traffic pattern represents a bigrectangle. With each turn,depending on the direction, aheading can be assigned to each leggiven the heading on takeoff.
22. 22. HOME Traffic Pattern: 300 • Which directional pattern is standard and what would be the reason for not following this standard?standard: left-handWe would fly a right-hand trafficpattern in the case of parallelrunways because if both runwaysuse the left-hand pattern, thepatterns would overlap each other.
23. 23. HOME Traffic Pattern: 400 • According to standard, at which points in the traffic pattern do you enter and exit?Enter: mid-downwindExit: straight upwind
24. 24. HOME Traffic Pattern: 500 • Describe the six major checkpoints throughout the traffic pattern.1. upwind - begin crosswind turn approximately 700 ft. AGL2. downwind - level off at 1,000 ft. AGL and power back to approximately 2300 RPM3. downwind - abeam #s... power, pitch, flaps, 85 knots4. base - flaps 20, 75 knots5. final - flaps full, 65 knots6. final - idle power and flare over threshold
25. 25. HOME Communication: 100 • What are the 4 Ws?1. Who you’re addressing2. Who you are3. Where you are4. What you want
26. 26. HOME Communication: 200 • Who controls ramps and taxiways, and who controls runways and airspace?Ground: ramps/taxiwaysTower: runways/airspace
27. 27. HOME Communication: 300 • Transmit to Peachtree Ground given the following information: – Peachtree Tower – Cessna 78253 – Epps Ramp – VFR to the northPeachtree Tower, Cessna 78253 is onthe Epps ramp, VFR to the northwith information.
28. 28. HOME Communication: 400 • Read back the following ATC instructions: – Cessna 78253, Peachtree Tower. Cleared to land runway 2L, number 3 behind the Mooney, advise traffic in sight. Winds are 30 at 4. Caution: cranes are operating in the vicinity and balloons are being released from the ground approximately 03 miles to the south of the field.Peachtree Tower, Cessna 78253.Cleared to land runway 2L, number 3behind the Mooney and will advise.
29. 29. HOME Communication: 500 • Read back the following ATC instructions: – Cessna 78253, Peachtree Tower. Fly midfield at or above 2,000, enter left downwind runway 2L and I’ll call your base.Peachtree Tower, Cessna 78253. Flymidfield at or below 2,000, leftdownwind runway 2L.
30. 30. HOME Miscellaneous: 100• How should one perform the preflight inspection in order not to accidentally skip anything on the checklist?
31. 31. HOME Miscellaneous: 200 • Why can ice be harmful when it builds up on the airframe of the plane? You don’t want this toIce buildup on the plane, especially happen! By the way, thison the wings, can drastically change is an Airbus.the shape of the airfoil, thereforenot allowing it to produce lift thesame way which is potentiallydangerous.
32. 32. HOME Miscellaneous: 300 • Why does Vs increase as the weight of the plane increases?The more weight you put in theplane, the more lift you need tosupport that weight; therefore, thestall speed will increase as you addweight to the plane.
33. 33. HOME Miscellaneous: 400 • For how long should you hold the nose fuel sump?Approximately 4 seconds
34. 34. HOME Miscellaneous: 500 • How many counterbalances does the aileron have?3
35. 35. FINISH Final Jeopardy Place your wagers. Minimum = 100 • What does ATP stand for and what is the main use of this certification?Airline Transport Pilot - mostly usedfor airline captains because thecaptain is required to hold an ATP
36. 36. Game Over• Congratulations to the winning team!!!