Rebulic, meaning & use:
A Republic is a form of government in which power is held by the
people and representatives they elect and affairs of state are a
"public matter", rather than privately accommodated (such as
through inheritance or divine mandate).
In modern times the definition of a republic is also commonly
limited to a government which excludes a monarch. Currently,
135 of the world's 206 sovereign states use the word "republic"
as part of their official names.
The HISTORY of Indian Republic
26th January, 1950
India achieved independence from British rule on 15 August 1947 following the Indian
independence movement noted for largely peaceful nonviolent resistance and civil
disobedience led by the Indian National Congress.
On 28 August 1947, the Drafting Committee was appointed to draft a permanent constitution,
with Dr. B. R. Ambedkar as chairman. While India's Independence Day celebrates its
freedom from British Rule, the Republic Day celebrates the coming into force of its
A draft constitution was prepared by the committee and submitted to the Assembly on 4
November 1947.The Assembly met, in sessions open to public, for 166 days, spread over a
period of 2 years, 11 months and 18 days before adopting the Constitution. After many
deliberations and some modifications, the 308 members of the Assembly signed two handwritten copies of the document (one each in Hindi and English) on 24 January 1950. Two
days later, it came into effect throughout the nation.
Indian Republic Day
>In India, Republic Day honours the date on
which the Constitution of India came into
force on 26 January 1950 replacing the
Government of India Act (1935) as the
governing document of India.
>The Constitution was passed by the
Constituent Assembly of India on 26
November 1949 but was adopted on 26
January 1950 with a democratic government
system, completing the country's transition
toward becoming an independent republic.
>The main Republic Day celebration is held in
the national capital, New Delhi, at the
Rajpath before the President of India. On
this day, ceremonious parades take place at
the Rajpath, which are performed as a
tribute to India.
>26 January was selected for this purpose
because it was this day in 1930 when the
Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna
Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian
>It is one of three national holidays in India,
other two being Independence Day and
The Proceedings, On 26th January
To mark the importance of the occasion, every year a grand parade is held in the capital,
New Delhi, from the Raisina Hill near the Rashtrapati Bhavan (the President's residence),
along the Rajpath, past India Gate.
Prior to its commencement, the Prime Minister lays a floral wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti,
a memorial to unknown soldiers at the India Gate at one end of Rajpath, which is followed
by two minutes silence in the memory of unknown soldiers. It is a solemn reminder of the
sacrifice of the martyrs who died for the country in the freedom movement and the
succeeding wars for the defence of sovereignty of their country.
Thereafter he/she reaches the main dais at Rajpath to join other dignitaries, subsequently
the President arrives along with the chief guest of the occasion. They are escorted on
horseback by the President's Bodyguard.
Beating Retreat, a part of
Indian Republic Day preceding
The Beating Retreat ceremony officially denotes the end of Republic Day festivities. It is
conducted on the evening of 29 January, the third day after the Republic Day. It is
performed by the bands of the three wings of the military, the Indian Army, Indian Navy and
Indian Air Force. The venue is Raisina Hills and an adjacent square, Vijay Chowk, flanked
by the north and south block of the Rashtrapati Bhavan (President's Palace) towards the
end of Rajpath.
The Republic Day Parade
The Republic Day Parade is actually the real pride for an
Indian. This parade simply can’t be described by unless
you have a glimpse of that.
Chief Guests, another part of
To add more pride to the occasion & show our international
relations and participation, India since 1950 each year
invites an international leader as the Chief Guest of the
The REPUBLIC INDIA
It gave us a gift, The CONSITUTION
The Constitution Of India gives us our Fundamental Rights,
which is the essence of our freedom.
>Right to Freedom of Speech
>Right Against Exploitation
>Right to Education
>Right to Equality