BATTLES Civil War Volume I Ft. Sumter to Antietam Information from thehistoryplace.com, PBS, The American Nation textbook,...
Ft. Sumter <ul><li>After the Revolution, U.S. beefed up security along the coast by building forts, like Ft. Sumter, off t...
<ul><li>When SC seceded, SC believed that any previous government holdings should belong to SC. </li></ul>
S.C. tried to negotiate w/U.S., but getting nowhere w/ that, they surrounded the harbor and the fort w/ men and artillery....
<ul><li>Confederate Pres. Davis  got word that  U.S. Pres. Lincoln  was sending reinforcements to the fort, so he ordered ...
Beauregard  began about 4:30 A.M., April 12, 1861.  <ul><li>34 hours later,  Anderson  and his men surrendered the fort.  ...
Days later… <ul><li>Virginia seceded. </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln blockaded southern ports. </li></ul>
Weeks later… <ul><li>Ark., Tenn., and N. Carolina seceded, making 11 CSA(Confederate) states . </li></ul>
<ul><li>July 4, 1861, Lincoln called for 500,000 Union recruits. </li></ul>
July 21, 1861…about 25 miles from Washington, D.C. <ul><li>Stonewall Jackson  got his nickname helping  Johnston  defeat  ...
<ul><li>Lincoln replaced McDowell w/  McClellan , making him Commander of the Potomac, and later, all Union forces. </li><...
Feb. 1862 <ul><li>“ Unconditional Surrender”  Grant  won battles @  Fort Henry  and  Fort Donelson , leaving the TN River ...
March 1862-Hampton Rds.,VA <ul><li>The South rebuilt  USS Merrimack  as ironclad  CSS Virginia . She sank 2 ships,  then t...
March 8-9, 1862  Peninsular Campaign   <ul><li>McClellan   went from Washington down the Potomac toward   Richmond, VA   (...
<ul><li>April 6-7,1862  Grant  surprised @ Shiloh , TN  Casualties :  13,000 / 10,000  More than in all previous wars comb...
April 24, 1862 <ul><li>Union Navy’s officer  Farragut  took  New Orleans.  His famous quote later in the war: “Damn the to...
May 31, 1862 <ul><li>Battle of 7 Pines </li></ul><ul><li>CSA Gen. Johnston  attacked  McClelland  close to Richmond.  John...
June 1, 1862 <ul><li>Robert E. Lee became the General of the “Army of Northern Virginia.” </li></ul>
June 25- July 1, 1862 <ul><li>7 Days Battles   </li></ul><ul><li>CSA  General Lee  drove  McClellan  back toward Washingto...
August 29-30, 1862  2 nd  Battle of Bull Run
<ul><li>CSA had 20,000 fewer men,  Stonewall Jackson and James Longstreet  sent  Pope’s   Union   troops  back to Washingt...
<ul><li>Lincoln relieved Union General Pope of his command. </li></ul>
September 17,1862 Antietam, Maryland <ul><li>Lee with 50,000  pushed northward. </li></ul><ul><li>McClellan cut him off wi...
Antietam -The  bloodiest  battle <ul><li>Over 26,000 casualties.  Lee went back to VA. </li></ul>
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Civil War Battles

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Volume One of Major Civil War Battles

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Civil War Battles

  1. 1. BATTLES Civil War Volume I Ft. Sumter to Antietam Information from thehistoryplace.com, PBS, The American Nation textbook, and historychannel.com
  2. 2. Ft. Sumter <ul><li>After the Revolution, U.S. beefed up security along the coast by building forts, like Ft. Sumter, off the shore of Charleston, SC. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>When SC seceded, SC believed that any previous government holdings should belong to SC. </li></ul>
  4. 4. S.C. tried to negotiate w/U.S., but getting nowhere w/ that, they surrounded the harbor and the fort w/ men and artillery. <ul><li>U.S. Maj. Robert Anderson had only 88 men and enough rations for a couple of weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>Gen. Beauregard waited. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Confederate Pres. Davis got word that U.S. Pres. Lincoln was sending reinforcements to the fort, so he ordered Beauregard to attack the fort. </li></ul>Lincoln Davis
  6. 6. Beauregard began about 4:30 A.M., April 12, 1861. <ul><li>34 hours later, Anderson and his men surrendered the fort. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Days later… <ul><li>Virginia seceded. </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln blockaded southern ports. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Weeks later… <ul><li>Ark., Tenn., and N. Carolina seceded, making 11 CSA(Confederate) states . </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>July 4, 1861, Lincoln called for 500,000 Union recruits. </li></ul>
  10. 10. July 21, 1861…about 25 miles from Washington, D.C. <ul><li>Stonewall Jackson got his nickname helping Johnston defeat McDowell @ Bull Run . Lincoln saw the South as a tough opponent. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Lincoln replaced McDowell w/ McClellan , making him Commander of the Potomac, and later, all Union forces. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Feb. 1862 <ul><li>“ Unconditional Surrender” Grant won battles @ Fort Henry and Fort Donelson , leaving the TN River and Nashville in Union hands. </li></ul>
  13. 13. March 1862-Hampton Rds.,VA <ul><li>The South rebuilt USS Merrimack as ironclad CSS Virginia . She sank 2 ships, then tied w/ the ironclad Monitor . </li></ul>
  14. 14. March 8-9, 1862 Peninsular Campaign <ul><li>McClellan went from Washington down the Potomac toward Richmond, VA (CSA capital). </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>April 6-7,1862 Grant surprised @ Shiloh , TN Casualties : 13,000 / 10,000 More than in all previous wars combined! </li></ul>
  16. 16. April 24, 1862 <ul><li>Union Navy’s officer Farragut took New Orleans. His famous quote later in the war: “Damn the torpedoes! Full speed ahead!” </li></ul>
  17. 17. May 31, 1862 <ul><li>Battle of 7 Pines </li></ul><ul><li>CSA Gen. Johnston attacked McClelland close to Richmond. Johnston wounded. </li></ul>
  18. 18. June 1, 1862 <ul><li>Robert E. Lee became the General of the “Army of Northern Virginia.” </li></ul>
  19. 19. June 25- July 1, 1862 <ul><li>7 Days Battles </li></ul><ul><li>CSA General Lee drove McClellan back toward Washington </li></ul>
  20. 20. August 29-30, 1862 2 nd Battle of Bull Run
  21. 21. <ul><li>CSA had 20,000 fewer men, Stonewall Jackson and James Longstreet sent Pope’s Union troops back to Washington. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Lincoln relieved Union General Pope of his command. </li></ul>
  23. 23. September 17,1862 Antietam, Maryland <ul><li>Lee with 50,000 pushed northward. </li></ul><ul><li>McClellan cut him off with 90,000. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Antietam -The bloodiest battle <ul><li>Over 26,000 casualties. Lee went back to VA. </li></ul>

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