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The Early Republic Launching the New Government
Chapter 9, Section 1: Washington Takes Office
Main Idea <ul><li>As the nation’s first President, George Washington faced many economic and political challenges. </li></ul>
I. Washington’s First Steps <ul><li>Everything he did set a  precedent  for those who followed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stepp...
I. Washington’s First Steps <ul><li>Washington’s Cabinet: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made up by: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li...
I. Washington’s First Steps <ul><li>Federal Court System: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up by the Judiciary Act </li></ul></ul...
II. Hamilton’s Plan <ul><li>Proposed paying off  national debt   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Debt of Federal goovernment and sta...
II. Hamilton’s Plan <ul><li>Job of the Bank: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pay off gvn’t bills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make loa...
III.The Whiskey Rebellion (1794) <ul><li>Backcountry farmers refused to pay the tax </li></ul><ul><li>Washington showed th...
Chapter 9, Section 2: Creating a Foreign Policy
Main Idea <ul><li>As the French Revolution and wars raged in Europe, President Washington steered a neutral course in fore...
I. Foreign Policy <ul><li>Washington advocated a policy of  neutrality  in foreign affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Neutrality Pr...
I. Foreign Policy <ul><li>Jay’s Treaty: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain must pay for damages to U.S. ships </li></ul></ul><u...
Chapter 9, Section 3: Political Parties Emerge
Main Idea <ul><li>During the 1790s, two political parties were formed: the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans </li...
I. Federalists <ul><li>Led by: ___________ </li></ul><ul><li>Believed wealthy and well-educated should lead nation </li></...
I. Federalists (cont’d) <ul><li>Preferred loose interpretation of the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted close ties wit...
II. Democratic-Republicans <ul><li>Led by: _________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Believed people should have political power...
II. Democratic-Republicans (cont’d) <ul><li>Supported strict interpretation of Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Favored ties...
III. Election of 1796 <ul><li>John Adams (Federalist) won </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson (Democratic-Republican) finis...
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The Early Republic

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The Early Republic

  1. 1. The Early Republic Launching the New Government
  2. 2. Chapter 9, Section 1: Washington Takes Office
  3. 3. Main Idea <ul><li>As the nation’s first President, George Washington faced many economic and political challenges. </li></ul>
  4. 4. I. Washington’s First Steps <ul><li>Everything he did set a precedent for those who followed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stepped down after 2 terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First Cabinet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal Court System </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. I. Washington’s First Steps <ul><li>Washington’s Cabinet: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made up by: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heads of departments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two most influential leaders: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alexander Hamilton </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Job of the Cabinet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To give advice to Washington </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. I. Washington’s First Steps <ul><li>Federal Court System: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up by the Judiciary Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 chief justice and 5 associate justices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First Chief Justice of the U.S.: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>John Jay </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. II. Hamilton’s Plan <ul><li>Proposed paying off national debt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Debt of Federal goovernment and states </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1790 - Compromise put US capital in District of Columbia and paid off debt </li></ul><ul><li>1791- Established Bank of the United States and protective tariffs </li></ul>
  8. 8. II. Hamilton’s Plan <ul><li>Job of the Bank: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pay off gvn’t bills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make loans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Protective Tariffs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Purpose: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to protect local industry from foreign compitition </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. III.The Whiskey Rebellion (1794) <ul><li>Backcountry farmers refused to pay the tax </li></ul><ul><li>Washington showed the strength, and mercy of the new gvn’t by: Pardoning all people involved </li></ul>
  10. 10. Chapter 9, Section 2: Creating a Foreign Policy
  11. 11. Main Idea <ul><li>As the French Revolution and wars raged in Europe, President Washington steered a neutral course in foreign affairs. </li></ul>
  12. 12. I. Foreign Policy <ul><li>Washington advocated a policy of neutrality in foreign affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Neutrality Proclamation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not support either side </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. I. Foreign Policy <ul><li>Jay’s Treaty: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain must pay for damages to U.S. ships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain must give up forts in the west (U.S.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. must pay debts to British Merchants </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Chapter 9, Section 3: Political Parties Emerge
  15. 15. Main Idea <ul><li>During the 1790s, two political parties were formed: the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans </li></ul>
  16. 16. I. Federalists <ul><li>Led by: ___________ </li></ul><ul><li>Believed wealthy and well-educated should lead nation </li></ul><ul><li>Favored strong central government </li></ul><ul><li>Favored manufacturing, trade, cities </li></ul>
  17. 17. I. Federalists (cont’d) <ul><li>Preferred loose interpretation of the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted close ties with Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Supported national bank </li></ul><ul><li>Supported protective tariffs </li></ul>
  18. 18. II. Democratic-Republicans <ul><li>Led by: _________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Believed people should have political power </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to keep federal gvn’t small/have strong state gvn’t </li></ul><ul><li>Believed farming should be the backbone of the nation </li></ul>
  19. 19. II. Democratic-Republicans (cont’d) <ul><li>Supported strict interpretation of Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Favored ties with France </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed national bank </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed protective tariffs </li></ul>
  20. 20. III. Election of 1796 <ul><li>John Adams (Federalist) won </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson (Democratic-Republican) finished second </li></ul><ul><li>President and Vice President from different political parties </li></ul>

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