Civil War (to Gettysburg)


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Civil War (to Gettysburg)

  1. 1. The U.S. Civil War1861 - 1865<br />
  2. 2. The Two Sides<br />
  3. 3. First Battle of Bull RunJuly 21, 1861<br />35,000 Union soldiers - Gen. Irvin McDowell<br />30,000 Rebel soldiers – P.G.T. Beauregard<br />After early Union success, Confederates rally.<br />Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson<br />Union soldiers (and civilians) retreat to D.C.<br />Casualties: 2,896 US – 1,982 CS<br />Major Lesson: This will not be a short war.<br />
  4. 4. After First Bull Run<br />Gen. George B. McClellan takes command of the Army of the Potomac<br />Trouble with Great Britain<br />“One war at a time.”<br />
  5. 5. Success in the West<br />In an attempt to cut the Confederacy in half, Ulysses S. Grant wins battles at Fort Henry and Fort Donaldson<br />“unconditional surrender”<br />Grant then moves on Corinth, <br />Mississippi. <br />
  6. 6. Battle of Shiloh<br />Grant’s Army of the Tennessee stops 20 miles short of Corinth.<br />They setup camp near a church named Shiloh.<br />April 6, 1862 – Confederates attack<br />After 2 days, the Union claims victory. It is a costly victory.<br />13,000 US – 10,000 CS<br />
  7. 7. Battle of Shiloh<br />
  8. 8. Ironclads<br />March 9, 1862<br />Naval warfare changes forever<br />
  9. 9. Union Troubles Continue in the East<br />Gen. McClellan’s Peninsular Campaign is aimed at taking the Richmond, VA.<br />Overly cautious, McClellan is slow to act.<br />Now under the command of Robert E. Lee, the Army of Northern Virginia defeats McClellan in the Seven Days’ Battles.<br />McClellan again retreats toward Washington<br />
  10. 10. Faces of the Seven days’ Battles<br />Robert E. Lee<br />Edwin Jennison<br />
  11. 11. Lee Invades the North<br />On the heels of victory during the Seven Days, Lee moves to invade the North through Maryland.<br />Good fortune befalls McClellan, wrapped around three cigars.<br />Union forces move to meet the Confederates, but McClellan hesitates again.<br />Lee prepares for battle near Sharpsburg, MD.<br />
  12. 12. Battle of Antietam<br />September 17, 1862<br />The Bloodiest Day in American History<br />Despite having time to dig-in, the Confederates are overwhelmed numerically<br />By nightfall, 26,000 men are dead, wounded, or missing<br />Lee escapes, McClellan hesitates, Lincoln has had enough!<br />
  13. 13. Battle of Antietam<br />
  14. 14. Battle of Antietam<br />
  15. 15. Battle of Antietam<br />
  16. 16. Battle of Antietam<br />
  17. 17. Battle of Antietam<br />
  18. 18. Burnside Takes Command<br />
  19. 19. Fighting for a New Cause<br />After victory at Antietam, Lincoln sees an opportunity to issue his Emancipation Proclamation<br />Sept. 22, 1862 – Preliminary proclamation<br />January 1, 1863 – Final proclamation<br />All slaves in territories held by the Confederates are now free. What does this mean?<br />
  20. 20. Burnside at Fredericksburg<br />In a rare winter move, Burnside aims at taking Richmond.<br />His first target is Fredericksburg along the Rappahannock River.<br />Misfortune and delay again cost the Union and lead to defeat.<br />12,653 US – 5,309 CS<br />Burnside is replaced – Hooker takes command<br />
  21. 21. Chancellorsville<br />With a much smaller force, Lee defeats Hooker’s Union forces. But it is a costly victory.<br />17,000 out of 130,000 US<br />13,000 out of 60,000 CS<br />Lee needs a decisive victory.<br />He will again look to invade the North.<br />