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# Math Report

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### Math Report

1. 1. SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, BUILDING AND DESIGN FOUNDATION IN NATURAL BUILT ENVIRONMENT MATH 0103 Exercise Statistics Group members: Chia Sue Yi 0315334 Tan Kai Sin 0315213 Wong Yun Shi 0315225 Tan Chuu Yee0315097 Eelyn Cheong Siew Ying0314618 Lecturer: Ms. Ann See Peng Submission date: 24 January 2014 1
2. 2. Table of content Cover page ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 Table of content ----------------------------------------------------------------- 2 Introduction ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 3 Objective ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4 Methodology -------------------------------------------------------------------- 5 Empty survey form ------------------------------------------------------------- 6 Responded survey forms ------------------------------------------------------- 7-207 Analysis -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 208-218 Conclusion ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 219 2
3. 3. Introduction What is exercise? According to the Oxford Dictionary, it is quoted as “activity requiring physical effort, carried out to sustain or improve health and fitness” Physical exercise is important for maintaining physical fitness and can contribute positively to maintaining a healthy weight; building and maintaining healthy bone density, muscle strength, and joint mobility; promoting physiological well-being; reducing surgical risks. While when people don't exercise, it can become very tired. Exercising can help to keep a good sense of concentration and be able to deal with stress better. If you don't exercise, body can become very worn out since aren't having exercise teaching how to control anxiety levels. So, for this assignment given by Ms. Ann, researchers had decided to do a survey on ‘Exercise’. The researchers would like to find out whether if male or female have more exercise. From the given answers and feedback from students based on the questionnaire, researchers can get an answer to see either male or female have more exercise. So through this assignment, the researchers hope to find out the answers through the questionnaire. 3
4. 4. Objective Objective for doing this survey was estimate the population of female and male based on the frequency and target for work out. In these globalization world, when talk about exercise and they would nearly refer to physical exercise. According to exercise, we knew that exercise consist of cardiovascular conditioning, strength and resistance training and litheness. In the other words, exercise also aims as maintain or enhance our physical fitness and general health. Nowadays, people exercise for many different reasons. Some of them reasons are included as beauty, healthy, release stress, hobby and so on. There were three board intensities of exercise and it also divide to light, moderate and vigorous. However, we trying to do the survey for analyse the total number of times and the reasons for doing exercise through female and male. 4
5. 5. Methodology Subway Roundabound Face To Face Classroom 5
6. 6. SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, BUILDING & DESIGN Foundation in Natural and Built Environments This survey is to fulfil the purpose of our Mathematics’ project. Participation in voluntary and the information gathered will be kept confidential. _________________________________________________________________________ Topic : Exercise 1. How old are you? A. Below 18 B. 18 - 23 C. 24 - 29 D. 30 and above C. 4 - 5 D. 6 - 7 2. What is your gender? A. Male B. Female 3. Do you love exercise? A. Yes B. No 4. How many times you do exercise per week? A. 0 - 1 B. 2 - 3 5. Which place you prefer to do exercise? A. Indoor B. Outdoor 6. How long do you exercise per times? ( in minutes ) A. 1 - 10 B. 11 - 20 C. 21 - 30 D. More than 30 7. What do you feel after exercise? A. Satisfy B. Tired 8. What is your reason to do exercises? A. Healthy B. Beauty 9. What do you do most often for exercise? A. Badminton C. Cycling B. Basketball D. Jogging C. Release stress D. Hobby E. Gym F. Other ( please specify ) : 10. Do you prefer to do exercise alone? A. Yes B. No 11. Mostly who will accompany you to do exercise? A. Family members B. Friends C. Alone 6
7. 7. 12. Would you recommend other people to do exercise? A. Yes B. No 13. You prefer to do exercise at what time? A. Morning B. Afternoon C. Evening D. Night 14. What is your opinion to those people who often do exercise? A. Boring B. Energetic 15. What is your opinion to those people who seldom do exercise? A. Lazy B. Quiet 16. Do you think exercise is necessary? A. Yes B. No 17. What is the reason you do not like to do exercise? A. Busy B. Lazy C. Boring 18. When is your last previous time to do exercise? A. 0 - 7 days C. 16 - 23 days E. More than 32 days B. 8 - 15 days D. 24 - 31 days 19. Do you think exercise is benefit to you? A. Yes B. No 20. Would you plan do exercise on the following weeks? A. Yes B. No 7
8. 8. Male # 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. A 12 100 83 26 42 8 69 46 11 71 9 73 22 11 63 91 66 73 95 84 B 75 0 17 40 58 5 31 13 12 29 70 17 14 89 37 9 28 4 5 16 C 9 22 12 16 9 21 50 6 8 - D 4 12 75 26 15 14 4 - E 36 11 - F 17 - Female # 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. A 17 100 54 51 53 19 55 40 11 35 19 75 18 13 69 78 43 62 90 64 B 59 0 46 31 47 20 45 29 6 65 58 25 11 87 31 22 48 7 10 36 C 15 11 34 16 9 21 50 6 11 - D 9 7 27 12 33 23 9 - E 26 11 - F 6 8
9. 9. Question 1 : How old are you 9; 9% M e al Female 4; 4% 9; 9% 12; 12% 15; 15% 17; 17% Bel ow18 18 - 23 24 - 29 30 and above 75; 75% Bel ow18 18 - 23 24 - 29 30 and above 59; 59% Base on the survey the mode group for male and female 's age group are same, which is 18 - 23 years old. Among the 200 participants, there are 75 male and 59 female are from age group of 18 - 23 years old, 12 male and 17 female are below 18, 9 male 15 female are from 24 - 29 years old and 4 male and 9 female are above 30. Question 2 : What is your gender Gender Male; 100; 50% Female; 100; 50% The total of participants are 200. Each gander are 100 participants, thus each gander occupy 50%. 9
10. 10. Question 3 : Do you love exercise 90 80 83 No. of peopl e 70 60 54 46 50 M e al Fem e al 40 30 17 20 10 0 Yes N o Yes or No Based on the chart above, it shows that most of male and female love exercise. However, more male than female love exercise more. The difference between the percentage of male and female who love exercise are 29 %. While the difference between the percentage of male and female who do not love exercise are also 29% Difference between the percentage of male and female who love exercise : (83/100 × 100%) - (54/100 × 100%) = 83% - 54% = 29% Difference between the percentage of male and female who do not love exercise : (46/100 × 100%) - (17/100 × 100%) = 46% - 17% = 29% Question 4 : How many times you do exercise per week Male : Times 0-1 2-3 4-5 6-7 Frequency , ƒ = Mean Midpoint , x 26 0.5 40 2.5 22 4.5 = 290/100 12 6.5 Ʃƒ = 100 = 2.90 times ƒx 13 100 99 78 Ʃƒx = 290 Female : Times 0-1 2-3 4-5 6-7 Frequency , ƒ 51 31 11 7 Ʃƒ = 100 Midpoint , x 0.5 2.5 4.5 6.5 ƒx 25.5 77.5 49.5 45.5 Ʃƒx = 198 Ʃƒx Ʃƒ Ʃƒx Ʃƒ Mean = = 198/100 = 1.98 times 10
11. 11. In average, male do more exercise than female, which is ( 2.90 - 1.98 ) = 0.92 times. Question 5 : Which place you prefer to do exercise 58 60 53 47 50 No. of people 42 40 30 20 10 0 Indoor Outdoor Male Female The chart shows that most of the female prefer exercise at indoor while most of the male prefer exercise at outdoor. Question 6 : How long do you exercise per times ( in minutes ) 11
12. 12. Male, 75 Time ( minutes ) more than 30 Female, 27 Male, 11 21 - 30 Female, 34 Male, 5 11 - 20 Female, 20 Male, 8 Female, 19 1 - 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 No. of people 60 70 80 Most of the male do exercise more than 30 minutes, while most of the female do exercise for 21 30 minutes. 12
13. 13. Question 7 : What do you feel after exercise 80 Male, 69 70 60 Female, 55 50 Female, 45 40 Male, 31 30 20 10 0 Satisfy Tired The majority of male and female feel satisfy after exercise. The difference between male and female is 14. ( 69 - 55 = 14) Question 8 : What is your reason to do exercise 50 No. of people 40 46 40 29 30 20 26 16 13 19 12 10 Reason Hobby Release Stress Beauty Healthy 0 Male Female The main reason of female and male exercise is because of healthy. The minority of male exercise because of beauty, while the minority of female do exercise because of hobby. 13
14. 14. Question 9 : What do you do most often for exercise 11 11 Badm nt on i Basket bal l 12 6 9 Cycl i ng 18 15 Joggi ng 33 G ym 36 26 O her ( swi m i ng, pi ng t m pong et c. ) 17 6 0 5 M e al Fem e al 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 According to the data, the majority of male often do gym while most of the female love jogging. Question 10 : Do you prefer to do exercise alone? 80 70 71 65 No. of peopl e 60 50 40 35 M e al Fem e al 29 30 20 10 0 Yes N o Yes or No Most of the male love to exercise alone. However most of the female prefer to do exercise with other people. 14
15. 15. Question 11 : Mostly who will accompany you to do exercise 80 Male Female 70 No. of people 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Family members Friends Alone The chart states that majority of male and female will have friends to accompany them to do exercise. Among these 3 category, they have family members to accompany them is the least. Question 12 : Would you recommend other people to do exercise 80 75 73 70 No. of peopl e 60 50 40 30 25 M e al Fem e al 17 20 10 0 Yes N o Yes or No Most of the participants state that they will recommend other people to do exercise. 15
16. 16. Question 13 : You prefer to do exercise at what time Male 14, 14% M ni ng or Af t er noon Eveni ng Ni ght Female 47, 47% M ni ng or Af t er noon Eveni ng N ght i 50, 50% 22, 22% 24, 24% 11, 11% 14, 14% 18, 18% The pie charts show that half male and almost half and female prefer to do exercise in the evening. Most of them dislike to do exercise at night. Question 14 : What is your opinion to those people who often do exercise 100 Male, 89 Female, 87 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 Male, 11 Female, 13 0 Boring Energetic Almost 90% male and female think that people who often do exercise are energetic 16
17. 17. Question 15: What is your opinion to those who seldom do exercise 80 70 60 Female, 69 Male, 61 50 Male, 37 40 Female, 31 30 20 10 0 Lazy Quiet Over 60 male and female think that people who seldom do exercise are lazy. Question 16 : Do you think exercise is necessary 100 90 80 Male, 91 Female, 78 70 60 50 40 30 Female, 22 20 Male, 9 10 0 Yes No 91 male think exercise is necessary however only 78 female have the same opinion. The difference between this is 13 people. 17
18. 18. Question 17 : What is the reason you do not like to do exercise 70 66 Male Female 60 No. of people 50 48 43 40 28 30 20 10 9 6 0 Busy Lazy Boring The main reason for male who do not like exercise is busy, while for female is lazy. Question 18 : When is your last previous time to do exercise Female, 62 Male, 73 0-7 Female, 7 Male, 4 Time ( days ) 8 - 15 Female, 11 Male, 8 16 - 23 Female, 9 Male, 4 24 - 31 Female, 11 Male, 11 more than 32 0 10 20 30 40 50 No. of people 60 70 80 The last previous time for most of the participants are 0 - 7 days before. 18
19. 19. Question 19 : Do you think exercise is benefit to you 100 Male, 95 90 Female, 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 Male, 5 Female, 10 0 Yes No The majority of participants agree that exercise is benefits to them. Question 20 : Would you plan to do exercise on the following weeks 90 84 80 No. of peopl e 70 64 60 50 36 40 M e al Fem e al 30 16 20 10 0 Yes N o Yes or No The majority of the participants are planning to do exercise on the following weeks , however the difference between the male and female who planning to do exercise is 20 people. 19
20. 20. Conclusion In conclusion, the result show that male was more likely on exercise than female. So, exercise is something that occurs every single day even though a small action like walk, run, jump and so on. It’s ensue around you and people also believe that in their mind about exercise can maintain their healthy, beauty and something else. However, based on the survey we conducted, it is proved that the male is always have the higher frequency on exercise more than female. On the other research, we found that more of the female like to exercise alone and female would like to call someone for accompany them. 20