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New england colonies

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New england colonies

  1. 1. NEW ENGLAND COLONIES
  2. 2. Plymouth Colony • Puritans in England wanted to purify the Church of England. • They wanted to escape religious persecution (punishment).
  3. 3. Plymouth Colony • The ship Mayflower brought separatists who were also called Pilgrims • Landed far north of Virginia • Mayflower Compact- Signed by male passengers. Formed a government based on Self Government. • There would be majority rule and one vote each.
  4. 4. Plymouth Colony • Life in Plymouth was very hard. • Over ½ died in two months. • Colony helped by the Indians. • Led to the first Thanksgiving in October of 1621.
  5. 5. Massachusetts Bay Colony • Founded by John Winthrop. • Would not tolerate dissenters (people who went against them).
  6. 6. Rhode Island • Founded by Roger Williams. • He called for religious toleration in Massachusetts and was banished (kicked out) from the colony. • Anne Hutchinson was sent to Rhode Island because she practiced her own beliefs.
  7. 7. Connecticut • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut- First written constitution in the colonies. • Made the colonies more democratic.
  8. 8. New England Economy • Because of its cold climate, poor and rocky soil, New England relied on trade, industry, ship building, and fishing.
  9. 9. Self Government in New England • Town hall meetings gave citizens an opportunity to participate in the decision making process. • Anyone could speak but only men could vote. • By 1750, each colony had its own assembly which passed laws. • These assemblies were the start of the representative form of government found in the United States.
  10. 10. Self Government in New England • Town hall meetings gave citizens an opportunity to participate in the decision making process. • Anyone could speak but only men could vote. • By 1750, each colony had its own assembly which passed laws. • These assemblies were the start of the representative form of government found in the United States.

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