T s2 gh3_richard price

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  • T s2 gh3_richard price

    1. 1. Development of policy guidelines forthe management of wetlands in China Richard PRICE Kiri-ganai Research, Australia
    2. 2. Area and Proportion of China’s Wetlands湿地总面积及比例(3848.56万公顷)(Total = 38.48m ha) Reservoirs & Pond Coastal 2.28 mil. ha 6% 5.94 mil. ha 库塘湿地 滨海湿地 15% 36 River 21% % 8.20 mil. ha 22% 河流湿地 Mashes 13.70 mil ha Lake 沼泽湿地 8.35 mil. ha 湖泊湿地
    3. 3. Examples of pressures: Qinhu Wetlands 1 km Industrial pollution Intensive aquaculture Intensive agriculture Urban encroachment
    4. 4. China’s long-term wetland goals(2030): 1) To raise the total number of wetland nature reserves to 713, including 80 Ramsar Sites2) Have morethan 90% ofnatural wetlands effectively conserved
    5. 5. The project objectives1.Develop 5 sets of guidelines for: • (1) management planning and (2) monitoring of Internationally Important Wetlands, • the (3) construction and (4) assessment of National Wetland Parks • (5) wetland restoration2.Strengthen institutional co-ordination mechanisms for wetland management in China3.Contribute to the develop related national policy
    6. 6. Project structureACEDP Wetlands Project Team Chinese Office of Wetland Conservation & Management Richard Price (Project Director) (State Forestry Administration) Doug Watkins (Technical leader) Policy & support Technical Chen Kelin Ramsar Guidelines (China Policy & Liaison) Lei Guangchun Tian Kun Warren Lee Long Don Blackmore (Policy) Wetland Parks Guidelines Yuan Jun Alison Russell-French Li Xiaowen (Policy, Gender & Participation) John Howes Restoration Guidelines Amanda Bigelow An Shuqing (Gender & Participation) Tony Sebastian Wetland Coordination Mechanisms Chen Jing Yuan Jun (China Liaison & Support) Zhang Xiaohong John Howes Judy Andrews (Australian Liaison & Support) Ecological Character Description Lei Guangchun Tian Kun Warren Lee Long
    7. 7. Achievements to date: Policy• Prepared and reviewed draft Guidelines – focussed wetland management (maintaining ecological character) – identified the fit within the broader policy framework• Reinvigorated the national coordination mechanism for wetlands – National Implementation of the Ramsar Convention Committee• Piloted wetland management coordination arrangements at provincial / municipal level
    8. 8. State CouncilNature Reserve Regulations Ramsar matters Policy: Ministry of Environment NIRCC Ramsar Protection (Supported by OWCM, SFA) Wetlands Various National Various National Government Agencies Government Agencies Guideline on Monitoring of Master Plan for Ramsar Sites each National Ecological Character Nature Reserve Description Guideline on Management Planning for Ramsar Sites
    9. 9. CONCEPTUALIZATION OF NATIONAL WETLAND DEVELOPMENT PHASE PARK PROPOSAL (by Provincial or Local authorities) Policy: CONCEPT / PROCESS OF DEVELOPMENT OF A MASTER PLAN SUBMISSION OF MASTER PLAN FOR SFA National Wetland Parks APPROVAL APPROVAL OF MASTER PLAN BY SFAOPERATIONAL PHASE PROVISIONAL NWP USE OF CONSTRUCTION OF NWP BASED ON MASTER CONSTRUCTION PLAN AND DESIGN DOCUMENT GUIDELINES OPERATION AND MANAGEMENT OF NWP (FOR A PERIOD OF UP TO 6 YEARS?) RE-APPLICATION USE OF ASSESSMENT OF NWP OPERATIONS FOROPERATIONAL PHASE ACCREDITED NWP ASSESSMENT ACCREDITATION BY SFA GUIDELINES 6–8 year re-accreditation cycle ACCREDITATION OF NWP BY SFA (for specific period)
    10. 10. Scenario 1 Scenario 2Site for restoration has been selected Objective of restoration has been set Assessment of the site Assessment of the locality Policy: Set objective Select site (s) Wetland Develop proposal Restoration Approval of proposal Feasibility study Social & Environmental Assessments Formulate Restoration Master Plan Objectives ↓ Targets/goals ↓ Methodologies ↓ Budgets ↓ Workplans Implement wetland restoration
    11. 11. Achievements to date: Partnerships
    12. 12. Achievements to date: Capacity Building
    13. 13. Observations• The OWCM in China plays a vital role in focusing effort on wetland policy and management• The need for the Guidelines as a means of moving towards China’s wetland policy aspirations has been reinforced• Capacity at the local level to help achieve the aspirations is limited• Fortunately, the science capacity is exceptional and filling some gaps in local expertise – but this is not sustainable• Local aspirations for wetlands can challenge the achievement of national plans
    14. 14. Recommendations• There is great value in adopting (and enhancing) the Ecological Character Description and ecosystem services approach as the underpinning framework for wetland policy and management in China• There is an urgent need to address the lack of capacity at the local site level in order to ensure successful compliance with the guidelines• The Central Government should build on the NIRCC framework to enhance the positive contribution that many agencies can make to sustainable wetland management

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