Capacity Building for Social-Ecological Resilience
Ramsar Convention: Capacity Building for Social-Ecological Resilience Paul Ouédraogo, Senior Regional Advisor for Africa Ramsar Convention Secretariat 4th International Disaster and RiskConference (IDRC) Davos 2012 (26-30 August 2012)The Convention on Wetlands is an intergovernmentaltreaty that provides the framework for national actionand international cooperation for the conservationand wise use of wetlands and their resources.
Outline1. Ramsar Convention on Wetlands2. Ramsar Capacity Building: Few tools3. Changes Wetlands in ecological character: available Ramsar tools4. Supporting implementation of Natural disaster prevention and mitigation plan: Ramsar Mangrove Programme5. Call for Partnership
Mission & Bodies Decision bodiesThe Conventions mission is "theconservation and wise use of allwetlands through local, regionaland national actions andinternational cooperation, as acontribution towards achievingsustainable developmentthroughout the world".The three pillars of theConvention1 – Wise Use2 – Ramsar Sites3 International AdvisoryCooperation bodiesRamsar CentersRegional Initiatives
Contracting Parties Ramsar Administrative National Focal Point Authority Ramsar National Committee Communication, Education SensibilisationSTRP Focal Point Gouvernement Communication, EducationRamsar Centers Awareness NGORegional Initiatives
High Altitude StreamHigh AltitudeCrater Lake Irrigation Scheme Man-made Lake (Reservoir) Middle Course of River Ox-bow Lake Lowland River Mangroves Mudflats Coral Reef Drop Off Limit for DefinitionType of Wetlands Included in the Ramsar Definition
CAPACITY BUILDINGSP 2009-2015: Institutional capacity andeffectivenessTo progress towards fulfillment of the Convention’smission by ensuring that it has the requiredmechanisms, resources, and capacity to do so.CEPA•promoting the conservation and wise use ofwetlands through communication, education,participation, and awareness (CEPA) and•work towards wider awareness of the Convention’sgoals, mechanisms, and key findings. (CPs, Secretariat,training centres, IOPs, Advisory Board on CapacityBuilding)Working with IOPs and othersMaximize the benefits of working with theConvention’s International Organization Partners.
Ecological ResilienceChanges in ecological character: available Ramsar tools DESIGNATION MANAGEMENT Actions Inventories Action Plan National Wetland Policies
Wetlands ecological character ECOLOGICAL COMPONENTS Res. X.15Main species present ECOLOGICAL PROCESSESWater regimeDissolved or suspended Notable species interactionsnutrients in water Carbon cyclingArea Notable aspects of migration ManagementECOSYSTEM SERVICES Plan Drinking water Flood control Biodiversity, Tourism Storm protection Groundwater replenishment Climate Change A & M
Evolution of ecological character MANAGEMENT ActionsMaintained Adverse changes Improved In what range? Human-caused/natural?
Tool 1: Article 3.2 «Each Contracting Party has agreed that it will arrange to be informed at the earliest possible time if the ecological character of any wetland in its territory and included in the List has changed, is changing or is likely to change as the result of technologicaldevelopments, pollution or other human interference, and to report any such change, without delay, to the Ramsar Secretariat ».
Tool 2: Montreux Record: placing/removing a site • Questionnaire filled in by AA At the request of the • Sent to the Secretariat Contracting Party! Placing • Questionnaire sent to STRP for advice At the request of the • Actions taken to prevent change/restore losses Contracting Party! Actions • Questionnaire filled in by AA • Reviewed by Secretariat and STRPRemoving
Tool 3: Ramsar Advisory Mission • Made by the Contracting Party (any) • Agreement of Terms of Reference Request • Fundraising • Organized by the Secretariat • Composed of relevent experts Mission • Field visit • Recommendations to the Contracting Party • Public Report
Other toolsThe Convention has also developedresolutions, principles and guidelines onmany issues: The Ecosystem Approach, National Report, WWD Access and Benefit Sharing Sustainable Use Incorporating biodiversity into EIA & SEA Impact assessment regarding on sacred sites Biodiversity and sustainable tourism Ways and means to remove or mitigate perverse incentives Progamme of Work on Protected Areas
Supporting implementation of Natural disaster prevention and mitigation plan: Ramsar Mangrove ProgrammeIntegrated Critical Mangroves Conservation and Sustainable Use Program Areas cover mangrove par mangrove according to region 7000000 6000000Superficie totale en Ha 5000000 4000000 3000000 2000000 1000000 0 Africa North and South Asia Oceania Centrale America America Regions
Mangrove Information System (MIS) Monitor the key indicators of the status andthe management of the socio-ecologicalresilience of selected critical mangroves, and Assemble and share information in bothwithin and outside Regions Mode of Implementation The programme is designed to complement and strengthen ongoing and planned climate change adaptation and risk management activities in these countries using quick and tailored support. The key elements of the strategy of the programme include: 1. Country-driven actions 2. Engagement/participation 3. Fast delivery; 4. Flexibility; 5. Sustainability 6. Replicability and 7. Monitoring and Evaluation
MIS Architecture and data flows Mangrove Information System Architecture and data flows Program Coordination National Managers data collectors MIS coordinator ArcGIS – ArcVIEW ArcGis Server 9.3 local observations Data collection and basemap Nationalmonitoring layers Ramsar Web site BD data are collected by DEM & remote sensing DB National Managers on “field observation sheets”.GIS / Cartography biodiversity maps Data collectors” bring their Expert sheets regularly to regional Coordinators Image Analyst ArcGIS – ArcInfo Spatial Analyst ArcGIS – ArcVIEW 9.3 7 . Image Analysis
Call for PartnershipIndividuals, non-governmental organizations, UNorganizations, governments, risk and disastermanagement, universities, research institutions, forumetc…. united by the common theme of supportingcountries to implement the environmental securitystrategies and plans. Climate resilience requires multiple level actions across multiple sectors and actors addressing possible sources of risks and vulnerability, even those external to the system