Transport Thursday 18 October 2012 Winter Proof Railroad System


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  • Is dit opvolgorde van belangrijkheid? Flexibiliteitkanjuistookbetrouwbaarheidgeven?
  • Transport Thursday 18 October 2012 Winter Proof Railroad System

    1. 1. Outline Introduction Design principles Catalogue Institutions Process Integration Conclusions Recommendations Questions/discussion
    2. 2. Background of the project SEPAM Design Project, 7 ECTS 4 project members, all SEPAM students Own project proposal April-June 2012
    3. 3. Introduction & delineation Rail winter problems: disruptions in the past couple of years Delineation:  Extreme winter conditions (5 days a year)  Main Rail Network (MRN)  Passenger Transport  Only tracks (no signaling etc) Problem perspective: ProRail, focus on MRN infrastructure, passenger transport
    4. 4. Problem definition Technical complexity:  timetable  switches and heating systems Institutional complexity:  separation of NS and ProRail  social acceptance,  political pressure (& incentives) Proces complexity:  many stakeholders  a lot of interdependencies
    5. 5. Design principles Reliable MRN under extreme winter condition Robust MRN Easy adjustable MRN Affordable MRN Manageable implications for involved parties Performance indicators
    6. 6. Catalogue (1) Systematic overview of action perspectives and their effects: Functioning Railroad Switches and TimeTable Configuration
    7. 7. Catalogue (2)
    8. 8. Institutions Institutional incentives: add winter clause in management- and transport concession and in the yearly management- and transportation plans 4 layers:  Plan of action  Process scheme  Protocols  Working arrangements
    9. 9. Process (1)Meteorologicalexpert group Proposition group Decision group Technical expert group Financial expert group
    10. 10. Process (2) Round 1: The catalogue as a way to deal with winter performance on the Main Rail Network Round 2: Long-term improvements to take to increase performance Round 3: Short-term improvements to take to increase performance Round 4: Extreme winter conditions, what are they?
    11. 11. Tensions Technical improvements vs. Investments Technical improvements vs. Concession Robustness vs. Flexibility Shared responsibilities (NS/ProRail) Social expectations vs. weather conditions Incentives vs. fines
    12. 12. TIP integration (1)
    13. 13. TIP integration (2) Delineation: Randstad-only, robustness (number of switches) Tensions with the current concession  Obligated number of trains per hour  Obligation to keep companies connected to the MRN  Interface with the HSLtables
    14. 14. Conclusions A lot is already said and done High level of complexity Current policy is inconsistent Long term vision is presented in June 2012 Catalogue provides a systematic overview of action perspectives Institutions have to be aligned and adopted to include winter performance indicators Cooperation is the key word to success
    15. 15. Recommendations (1)Further research on: the support of NS/ProRail employees on solving disruptions the incentive structure (performance indicators) the current fine system to encourage extensive solutions on the balance between reaching destination and level of service collaborative decision making process
    16. 16. Recommendations (2)To ProRail, NS and the ministry of I&E: define clear criteria for the introduction of the alternative timetable define the tradeoff between the number of times the alternative timetable is introduced and the level of accepting risk on disruptions improve working processes ask further advice from NMa on cooperation between ProRail and NS on this subject stick to your priorities
    17. 17. Questions and discussion
    18. 18. Railway Act Passenger Transport ActWinter clause Management concession Transport concession main rail infrastructure main rail network - art 2: quality, reliability and - art 6: to offer guaranteed passenger availability of the main rail rail transport, on time, with a certain infrastructure chance to have a seat, to deliver an - art 3: the main rail infrastructure has adequate service level, inform the to be in good condition and suitable passenger about the timetable for rolling stock execution and offer clean trains Winter clause Winter clause b g General administrative General administrative f a measure or regulation measure or regulation Specific for solving winter problems Specific for solving winter problems c h Management plan main rail Transportation plan main infrastructure rail network - relevant KPI’s: customer - relevant KPI’s: (customer satisfaction, delivered train paths, satisfaction about) punctuality, punctuality passenger transport, passenger punctuality, customer punctuality main rail network, top 5 satisfaction about information during least performing railway lines, arrival disruptions (in train and on station), punctuality freight transporters customer satisfaction about approachability of personnel, customer satisfaction about having a seat during the rush hour, transport capacity during rush hour Winter action plan Winter action plan d e i j Back to institutions Daily operation Daily operation
    19. 19. Plan of action Robust rail infrastructure and logistics plan Reliable assets Execute action plan Set up a newEvaluation previous Implement action during extreme action plan for Fast recovery winter and actions plan weather conditions upcoming winter in winter time Adequate adjustment management and customer communication Rail Rail Rail contractors contractors contractors Rail contractors Good customer care Back to institutions
    20. 20. Process scheme Determine how Other external Fewer trains should much trains should factors such as drive drive less disruptions Impact for the whole national National measures network Determine how Other external Trains have to drive trains should drive factors such as a different schedule a different schedule disruptionsWeather forecast No impact Determine how Other external Fewer trains should much trains should factors such as drive drive less disruptions Impact for only a Regional measures part of the network Determine how Other external Trains have to drive trains should drive factors such as a different schedule a different schedule disruptions Back to institutions
    21. 21. Protocols Make alternative Make sure all rolling stock plan rolling stock is on for the next day the right place Start protocol Make sure all Make alternative alternative personnel is Start alternative personnel plan fortimetable for the informed and on timetable next day the next day next day the right place Communicate internal and external about alternative timetable Make new capacity Give free right allocation plan for trainpaths the next day Start protocol alternative Start alternativetimetable for the timetable next day next day Communicate Enough available internal and personnel for fast external about recovery of alternative infrastructure timetable Back to institutions
    22. 22. Working arrangements The problem is Problem solved solved immediately Discuss theWhen a problem problem at the occurs issue-table Let an interface- The problem manager or Solve the problem cannot be solved at mediator solve the on a later moment the issue-table problem External External party party Back to institutions
    23. 23. Decision making groupGroup Organization (Represented by) RoleDecision TU Delft – Department of Multi-actor Systems Proces managermaking (prof. mr. dr. Hans de Bruijn)group ProRail (Marion Gout-van Sinderen) Decision maker NS (Bert Meerstadt) Decision maker Ministry of Infrastructure and the Decision maker Environment (Melanie Schultz van Haegen) Back to proces
    24. 24. Proposition groupGroup Organization (Represented by) RoleProposition TU Delft – Department of Multi-actor Systems Proces managergroup (prof. mr. dr. Ernst ten Heuvelhof) ProRail (Jan Los) Discussant in all rounds & secretary NS (Erik Sigger) Discussant in all rounds Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment Discussant in all rounds (Lidewijde Ongering) Rover ( Arriën Kruyt) Discussant in round 1, 4 High Speed Alliance, Veolia, Arriva, Discussant in round 1 Connexxion, Syntus Back to proces
    25. 25. Meteorological experts Group Organization (Represented by) RoleMeteorological University of Wageningen Chairman &experts (prof. dr. Bert Holtslag) meteorological expert KNMI Meteorological expert RIVM Meteorological expert CNE Meteorological expert Luchtverkeersleiding Nederland Meteorological expert NS (department of service & operations) Practiced expert ProRail (department of operations) Practiced expert Back to proces
    26. 26. Technological experts Group Organization (Represented by) RoleTechnological Delft Centre for Systems & Control Chairman &experts (prof. dr. ir. Bart de Schutter) technological expert TU Delft – Department of Structural Engineering Technological expert TNO – Department of Mobility Technological expert Rail contractors Technological expert (Strukton Rail, Asset Rail, Volker Rail, Bam Infra) Rolling stock providers Technological expert (e.g. Siemens, Alstom, Bombardier) Experienced operators (e.g. Austrian or Swiss) Practiced expert NS (Logistic, Material and Transport control) Practiced expert ProRail (department of Control) Practiced expert Back to proces
    27. 27. Financial experts Group Organization (Represented by) RoleFinancial Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment Chairman & financialexperts (Jan Lintsen) expert NS (department of commerce) Practiced financial expert ProRail (department of Finance Practiced financial expert Back to proces
    28. 28. Expansion options – Driving a circle in the Randstad End-of-line railroad switches end-of-line railroad why: Otherwise only shuttling is possible , with railroad switches at switches the end-of-line small circles can be driven Extra Effect on # railroad # railroad Traveltime transfers number of Line switches switches reduction notion (- is passengers (a single dubble (min.) reduction) day) Den Haag Centraal - a 2 4 … … … Gouda b Leiden - Utrecht 2 4 … … … only utrecht Utrecht - Amersfoort (beyond is c 1 2 … … … (en verder) outside the Randstad) back
    29. 29. Expansion options – Driving a circle in the Randstad Shunting yards why: To change Shunting yards material # railroad Line Shunting yard condition switches d driving a circle in the Randstad 1 Utrecht b e Amersfoort – beyond 1 Amersfoort c f Den Haag Centraal - Gouda 1 Den Haag a g Den Haag Centraal - Gouda 1 Utrecht b&d 3 lines around Alphen a/d Rijn (to Utrecht railroad switch h 3 b&d Leiden/Woerden/Gouda) Woerden, Gouda, Alphen) back
    30. 30. Expansion options – Driving a circle in the Randstad HSL HSL why: other concession, currently obligation of ProRail # railroad Traveltime reduction Extra transfers (- is Effect on number of Line switches (min.) reduction) passengers (a day) i Rotterdam - Schiphol 1 … … … j Schiphol - Amsterdam 4 … … … back
    31. 31. Expansion options – Driving a circle in the Randstad  Line expansions (1) Expansion options why: possibility to expand timetable, input for process # Traveltime Extra Effect on number of conditi Line railroad reduction transfers (- is Advantage Disadvantage passengers (a day;) on switches (min.) reduction) addition of Den 1 railroad switch for shuntingl Haag Centraal - 0 5 -1 15.000 connection lines yard, 2 end-of-line railroad Den Haag HS switch addition of Den 1 railroad switch for shuntingm Haag Centraal - 0 0 0 25.000 capacity yard, 2 end-of-line railroad d Leiden switch addition of 1 railroad switch for shunting extra station isn Hilversum- 0 … … … yard, decrease capacity for served Naarden Weesp quick AMS connection addition of Den line DH AMS centraal not included ino Haag Centraal - 0 … … … centraal-AMS circle AMS (via Haarlem) addition of Den line DH AMS zuid not included inp Haag Centraal - 3 … … … centraal-AMS circle AMS (via Haarlem) back
    32. 32. Expansion options – Driving a circle in the Randstad  Expansion options (2) why: possibility to expand timetable, Expansion options input for process # Traveltime Extra transfers Effect on number of condit Line railroad reduction Advantage Disadvantage (- is reduction) passengers (a day;) ion switches (min.) addition of Schiphol -q 0 … … … connection AMSzuid-Utrecht m utrecht connect the linesr 4 … … … flexibility around Leiden connect line Den Haag Centraal-Goudas 6 … … … flexibility + shunting yars connected with a circle in the Randstad addition of 2 for end-of-linet Hilversum-Naarden 0 … … … extra station is served railroad switches, 2 Weesp for shunting yards Circle in the active = no shuntingu Randstad pass 4 … … … robustness yard, side effects on Utrecht Centraal g, h, p back
    33. 33. Sample Design –Driving a circle in the Randstad Back to TIP Integration