Political science sharp


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Political science sharp

  1. 2. <ul><li>What do you know about Politics? </li></ul><ul><li>Why are you interested?/disinterested/uninterested? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you think without caring, you are not involved? </li></ul>
  2. 4. What is Political Science? <ul><li>Etymology </li></ul><ul><li>“ Polis” - city; sovereign state </li></ul><ul><li>“ scire”- to know; study </li></ul><ul><li>As a Science- object: understanding of the state, its principles and ideals </li></ul><ul><li>Body Politic- involvement of people into the political community </li></ul><ul><li>Relations – of men and groups, mean and groups to the state, and state to other states </li></ul>
  3. 5. What is its scope? <ul><li>Political Theory- entire body of doctrines relating to origin, form, behavior, and purposes of a state </li></ul><ul><li>Public Law- covers constitutional law, administrative law, and international law </li></ul><ul><li>Public Administration- methods and techniques used in actual management of state affairs by the 3 branches of government </li></ul>
  4. 6. Functions and Importance… <ul><li>Discover principles for public affairs; </li></ul><ul><li>study the operations of government ( for criticisms ) </li></ul><ul><li>Findings and conclusions for practical use </li></ul><ul><li>Study deals with the concerns of public officials and citizens </li></ul>
  5. 7. Goals in the Study of Political Science <ul><li>Education for citizenship </li></ul><ul><li>Essential parts of liberal education </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge and understanding of government </li></ul>
  6. 8. Concepts of State and Government
  7. 9. What is a State? <ul><li>People </li></ul><ul><li>Territory </li></ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>Sovereignty </li></ul><ul><li>- internal and external </li></ul>
  8. 10. Origin of States <ul><li>Divine right theory – state is a divine creation and the ruler is ordained by God to govern the people </li></ul><ul><li>Necessity or force theory- state must have been created through force, by some warriors who imposed their will upon the weak </li></ul><ul><li>Paternalistic theory- state originated from the enlargement of the family…. </li></ul><ul><li>Social contract theory- state must have been formed by deliberate and voluntary compact among the people to form a society and organize government for their common good </li></ul>
  9. 11. State vs. Nation <ul><li>State is a political concept, Nation is an ethnic concept </li></ul><ul><li>State is free from external control, a Nation may not </li></ul><ul><li>A single State may consist of one or more Nations, and vice-versa </li></ul>
  10. 12. State vs. Government <ul><li>State is the Principal, Gov. an agent </li></ul><ul><li>Government may change; state remains </li></ul><ul><li>State cannot exist without a government but government can exist without a state </li></ul>
  11. 13. Do we need a Government? <ul><li>Advancement of Public </li></ul>
  12. 14. Forms of Government <ul><li>As to Number of persons exercising sovereign powers: </li></ul><ul><li>Monarchy- absolute and limited </li></ul><ul><li>Aristocracy </li></ul><ul><li>Democracy- direct and indirect </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>As to extent of powers exercised by central government: </li></ul><ul><li>Unitary </li></ul><ul><li>Federal </li></ul>
  14. 16. <ul><li>As to the relationship of executive and legislative: </li></ul><ul><li>Parliamentary </li></ul><ul><li>Presidential </li></ul>
  15. 17. What therefore is the form of government of the Philippines?
  16. 18. If you could change the form of government of the Philippines, would you?
  17. 19. We temporarily stop here!