Special educationpp


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Special educationpp

  1. 1. Special Education Presenter- Tawana Childs and Bijal Shukla Students of differentiation class Instructor-Dr. Davenport
  2. 2. What is Special Education • Special education program was mandated in United States in 1975 known as Education for all Handicapped children Act (EHA) • It was renamed as IDEA .Under IDEA federal laws demands states to provide special education that is consistent with federal standards in order to receive federal funds. • FAPE entitles every student to a free and appropriate public education (FAPE) in the least restrictive environment • IEP -Individualized Education Program generally includes: goals, objectives, activities and any additional supports needed to ensure the child reaches his or her maximum potential
  3. 3. Programs offered: • Autism • LLD-Mild • LLD – Moderate • Preschool Disabled • Behavioral Disability • brain injury • Multiple disabilities • Child study services • Speech or languages services • Occupational or physical therapy • Extended school year program • Mental retardation • Visual impairment • Emotional disturbance • Orthopedic impairment • Specific learning disabilities • Traumatic brain injury • Multiple disabilities
  4. 4. INCLUSION • The practice of providing a child with disabilities with his or her education within the general education classroom, with the supports and accommodations needed by that student .
  5. 5. • In Texas programs offered in continuum of special education are held as same standard curriculum, strategies, accommodations and modifications. • Changes in tests or course presentations; location student responses; time requirements or other attributes that are necessary to ensure success for a student with disabilities to participate but do not fundamentally alter or lower the standard or expectation or invalidate the test. • Assist in the determination of appropriate positive behavior intervention and strategies for the child.
  6. 6. Legal Battles and cases • Brown v. Board of education was a court case in 1954 that was focused on the integration of students. This case served as a beginning to the dismantling of racial segregation in elementary and secondary schools. • Larry P v. Riles. This was a case dealing with Larry P. Larry was a black student in California. The Larry P. Case set a standard for the use of data indicating disproportionate placement of minority groups as prima facie evidence of discrimination. Diana v State Board of Education.
  7. 7. • Diana v State Board of Education. This was a case in which the use of tests to place students was once again being Diana, a Spanish-speaking student in Monterey County, California, had been placed in a class for mildly mentally retarded students because she had scored low on an IQ test given to her in English. The court ruled that Spanish-speaking children should be retested in their native language to avoid errors in placement.
  8. 8. • Another landmark case worth mentioning is Jordan Burriola v. Greater Toledo YMCA. This case alleges that Jordan Burriola was unlawfully terminated from the daycare program because of his disability-autism.” Autism is a developmental disability that significantly affects a students verbal and nonverbal communication, social interaction, and educational performance” • McCarthy and the counselors discussed modifications, or “supports,” that would work well for Jordan at Calvary, and could easily be implemented. Suggested modifications included a written schedule of daily activities, visuals to redirect Jordan, and use of a “break” card. The necessary modifications were never implemented by the YMCA. This case ordered that Jordan would be reinstated and all reasonable modifications be implemented into the YMCA program.
  9. 9. You can judge a society by the way it treats its children - African Proverb