Key Societal Belief: If you are goingto live in America then you onlyneed to speak English.
"In the first place, we should insist that if theimmigrant who comes here in good faithbecomes an American and assimilates himselfto us, he shall be treated on an exact equalitywith everyone else, for it is an outrage todiscriminate against any such man because ofcreed, or birthplace, or origin. But this ispredicated upon the persons becoming inevery facet an American, and nothing but anAmerican...There can be no divided allegiancehere. Any man who says he is an American,but something else also, isnt an American atall. We have room for but one flag, theAmerican flag... We have room for but onelanguage here, and that is the Englishlanguage... and we have room for but one soleloyalty and that is a loyalty to the Americanpeople."Theodore Roosevelt 1917
Republicans push English-only bill in 2011@ http://thehill.com/blogs/floor-action/house/149049-republicans-push-english-only-bill-requiring-language-tests Bilingual Education Program not renewed in 2002 (Koppleman, p89) Over the past 20 years 30+ U.S. states have made English their official language
Have been and continue to be the main group “engaging in the oppression” of those who don‟t speak English Have always been critical of immigrants who maintain their native language Are concerned that “Spanish-speaking immigrants aren‟t learning English fast enough & are changing American culture from Anglo to Spanish” (Koppleman, p85)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cHVRDay8UEk&feature=player_detailpageThe people with power in our governmentcontinue to argue whether the United Statesshould be English-only. Some states morevehemently than others. Many of them seem to bemaking more of a statement about keepingimmigrants out.
I too have felt that, if youcome to live in America,you need to learn English.
I have made comments to my friends and family for years when “Mexicans” would speak “their” language instead of “ours” in public places. I have been guilty of stereo- typing and labeling Latinos.
I have been exposed to the children in schools who know little or no English and struggle to understand what we are doing or saying in class and felt sorry for them. I have been aggravated at their parents/guardians for not learning “our” language and speaking it at home.
I haven‟t understood why minorities, especiallyLatinos, don‟t make more of an effort to learnEnglish. In places like California there are largergroups of Latinos retaining their native language.I never really thought about why they were hereor what their circumstances might be. I was justbugged that I couldn‟t understand them.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kAajdPp-h_o
I have been kind to people who have spoken another language around me, even when it aggravated me.
I have been patient with and listened closely to students and parents when they have struggled to communicate with me. I have encouraged children, whether they were Latino, Chinese, African American, or another race, in finding the correct words to use.
I don‟t mind that immigrants continue to come into America. My husbands ancestors, as well as my own, were immigrants at one time. I do believe America is a land of opportunity for anyone.
Aside from the ways mentioned on theprevious three slides, I cannot honestly saythat I have countered this belief inAmerica. What I can say is that now I seereason to do so. And I have begun torealize that maybe learning to be bilingualshould begin with me.See clip of Obama @http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qiGhntWrLxs
Most schools in America are all abouthelping students to get rid of the “burden”of speaking another language. (Nieto &Bode, 2010, p.221) Linguistic Diversity is often looked upon as a temporary block in learning. (p. 221) Teachers and schools may view ELL‟s (English Language Learners) as “handicapped.” (p. 227) Children who don‟t speak English yet are often viewed as lacking language period. (p. 221)
It seems as though our schools are sometimesmore concerned about what language wespeak rather than what is being said. Find outmore about Ana Ligia Mateo (Nieto &Bode, 2010, p. 222) @http://news.change.org/stories/school-secretary-fired-for-translating-for-concerned-parents
Believes that minority Believes American students should schools should make conform to American accommodations for culture and language linguistic diversity (p. 90) (Koppleman, p. 87-88) Believes that minority Believes that unity students should keep occurs when linguistic their native culture as diversity is eliminated well as the dominant one
English-only critics were Bilingual education is a political successful in their efforts to issue because there is societal persuade America that bilingual power involved (Nieto & education programs weren‟t Bode, 2010, p. 230) working It is also a pedagogical issue “The Bilingual Education Act Research in the past decade has was terminated in 2001 by new shown that students in bilingual federal education policy, with education have typically done the passage of No Child Left better than those in students in Behind by the U.S. Congress. English-only programs on This law offers no support for standardized tests native language learning, but Advocates for bilingual rather emphasized programs claim that it is easier accountability in English for students if they are literate only, and mandates that all in their first language before students, including ELLs, are learning a second language tested yearly in English”
We need teachers now that are bilingual in our schools, butthey are not easy to find. If more children today learn to bebilingual, then more of them will grow up to be teachers inour schools tomorrow. America has been content to be amonolingual society while most of the world around us isbilingual. These days as we become more of a globaleconomy it would be advantageous for us to be fluent inmore than one language. Many of us have heard lately thatemployers are looking for bilingual employees. We aseducators need to be preparing our students for tomorrowin the real world. (Koppleman, p.90)
When I become a teacher I can speak up and tryto have bilingual programs put back in my localschools. I can share with others the positiveinformation I have learned about bilingualeducation programs as opposed to the ELLprograms. Instead of pushing minority studentsto hurry up and learn to speak English like us; weshould be adding other language classes in ourschools, beginning in elementary school. Allstudents should have a chance to begin learninganother language at a early age, when it‟s easiestfor them to pick up on it. At one elementaryschool in Clayton, NC they have a Chinese class!
I don‟t think many people consider that there are many benefits to being bilingual. “Bilingualism is reliably associated with increased attention control, working memory, metalinguistic awareness, and abstract reasoning, all of which, naturally, can contribute positively to academic success.” (Nieto & Bode, 2010, p. 226) With that being said, who wouldn‟t prefer their child to take a foreign language class in first grade, than for their child to be put on medication because they can‟t focus? Studies have also shown that people who are bilingual have sharper minds for longer in their old age. If we as schools have minority children abandon their native language, we are hurting them in more than one way. (p. 226-227)
After I finish college (again) I plan to startlearning Spanish. I did take 2 years in highschool, but I don‟t recall much of it. I know it willbenefit me and my future students. I willprobably invest in a Rosetta Stone program.http://www.rosettastone.com/SchoolsAs I am learning a new language I will “create alearning environment that supports and affirmsthe native languages” of all my students. (Nieto &Bode, p. 233)
I will seek to develop my skills in multicultural communication so that I can make more of a difference in the lives of all my students. I will offer help to students who don‟t ask for it. I will be a positive role model for my students. I will care for them and learn about them, their families, and culture. I will raise expectations for them and encourage them to do their best to meet them. (Nieto & Bode, 2010, p. 385-386)
I feel differently about linguistic diversity inAmerica now than when I began this course indiversity. I do still think that minority groupsshould do what they can to learn English;however, now I believe they should learn it forthe flexibility it will give them throughout theirlives, not to have them conform themselves toeveryone around them. After all…”we” as thedominant “white” groups did not come over toAmerica and learn the Native Indians language.Why should we expect people who come toAmerica now to be any different?
(2010, August 12). This is america. Speak english. [Facebook update]. Retrieved November 14, 2011 from Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/pages/This-is-AMERICA-Speak- ENGLISH/229129117747(2011). Rosetta stone. Retrieved November 27, 2011. http://www.rosettastone.com/SchoolsA. DiBranco. (2010, February 9). School Secretary Fired for Translating for Concerned Parents [web blog]. Retrieved from http://news.change.org/stories/school-secretary-fired-for-translating- for-concerned-parentsBilingual Education. (2011, November 22). Retrieved from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bilingual_educationBrownPrideus (Poster)(2008, July 10). Barack obama: on english only in america [video] Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qiGhntWrLxsKasperowicz, Pete. (2011, March 12). Republicans Push English-only Bill, Requires Language Tests [web blog]. Retrieved from http://thehill.com/blogs/floor-action/house/149049-republicans-push- english-only-bill-requiring-language-testsKoppleman, K. (2008). Understanding Human Differences: Multicultural Education for a Diverse America. Boston. 85-90.Lauryn L. (2009). If you hear someone speaking spanish in america, what is the first thing that you think. Retrieved November 14, 2011 from Yahoo! Answers: http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20091005115836AA4hBs mNieto, S. & Bode, P. (2010). Affirming Diversity: The Societal Context of Multicultural Education, 6th Edition. Boston: Pearson. 221-386.
Pach Brothers. (1904). File: president theodore roosevelt, 1904.jpg. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:President_Theod ore_Roosevelt,_1904.jpgTeddy Roosevelt on Immigration. (2011). Retrieved Novenber 13, 2011, from http://www.truthorfiction.com/rumors/r/roosevelt -immigration.htmWlwttv (Poster)(2010, May 27). Debate rages on over „english only‟ policies [video] Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cHVRDay8UE k1seckelman (Poster)(2008, May 13). Will spanish speakers ever learn english [video] Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kAajdPp-h_o