The earth and its peoples

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The earth and its peoples

  1. 1. The Earth and Its Peoples: A Global History, 4th Edition I. The Emergence of Human Communities, to 500 B.C.E. 1. Nature, Humanity, and History, to 3500 B.C.E. African Genesis History and Culture in the Ice Age The Agricultural Revolutions Life in Neolithic Communities Diversity and Dominance: Cave Art Environment and Technology: The Iceman 2. The First River-Valley Civilizations, 3500-1500 B.C.E. Mesopotamia Egypt The Indus Valley Civilization Comparative Perspectives Diversity and Dominance: Violence and Order in the Babylonian New Year's Festival Environment and Technology: Environmental Stress in the Indus Valley 3. New Civilizations in the Eastern and Western Hemispheres, 2200-250 B.C.E. Early China, 2000-221 B.C.E. Nubia, 3100 B.C.E.-350 C.E. Celtic Europe, 1000-50 B.C.E. First Civilizations of the Americas: The Olmec and Chavín, 1200-250 B.C.E. Comparative Perspectives Environment and Technology: Divination in Ancient Societies Diversity and Dominance: Human Nature and Good Government in the Analects of Confucius and the Legalist Writings of Han Fei 4. The Mediterranean and Middle East, 2000-500 B.C.E. The Cosmopolitan Middle East, 1700-1100 B.C.E. The Aegean World, 2000-1100 B.C.E. The Assyrian Empire, 911-612 B.C.E. Israel, 2000-500 B.C.E. Phoenicia and the Mediterranean, 1200-500 B.C.E. Failure and Transformation, 750-550 B.C.E. Diversity and Dominance: Protests Against the Ruling Class in Israel and Babylonia Environment and Technology: Ancient Textiles and Dyes Issues in World History: Animal Domestication
  2. 2. II. The Formation of New Cultural Communities, 1000 B.C.E.-400 C.E. 5. Greece and Iran, 1000-30 B.C.E. Ancient Iran, 1000-500 B.C.E. The Rise of the Greeks, 1000-500 B.C.E. The Struggle of Persia and Greece, 546-323 B.C.E. The Hellenistic Synthesis, 323-30 B.C.E. Comparative Perspectives Diversity and Dominance: Persian and Greek Perceptions of Kingship Material Culture: Wine and Beer in the Ancient World Environment and Technology: Ancient Astronomy 6. An Age of Empires: Rome and Han China, 753 B.C.E.-330 C.E. Rome's Creation of a Mediterranean Empire, 753 B.C.E.-330 C.E. The Origins of Imperial China, 221 B.C.E.-220 C.E Comparative Perspectives Diversity and Dominance: The Treatment of Slaves in Rome and China Environment and Technology: Water Engineering in Rome and China 7. India and Southeast Asia, 1500 B.C.E.-1025 C.E. Foundations of Indian Civilization, 1500 B.C.E.-300 C.E. Imperial Expansion and Collapse, 324 B.C.E.-650 C.E. Southeast Asia, 50-1025 C.E. Comparative Perspectives Environment and Technology: Indian Mathematics Diversity and Dominance: Relations Between Women and Men in the Kama Sutra and the Arthashastra Issues in World History: Oral Societies and the Consequences of Literacy III. Growth and Interaction of Cultural Communities, 300 B.C.E. -1200 C.E. 8. Networks of Communication and Exchange, 300 B.C.E.-1100 C.E. The Silk Road The Indian Ocean Maritime System Routes Across the Sahara Sub-Saharan Africa The Spread of Ideas Diversity and Dominance: Travel Accounts of Africa and India Environment and Technology: Camel Saddles 9. The Sasanid Empire and the Rise of Islam, 200-1200 The Sasanid Empire, 224-651 The Origins of Islam The Rise and Fall of the Caliphate, 632-1258 Islamic Civilization Comparative Perspectives Diversity and Dominance: Secretaries, Turks, and Beggars
  3. 3. Environment and Technology: Chemistry Material Culture: Head Coverings 10. Christian Societies Emerge in Europe, 300-1200 The Byzantine Empire, 300-1200 Early Medieval Europe, 300-1000 The Western Church Kievan Russia, 900-1200 Western Europe Revives, 1000-1200 The Crusades, 1095-1204 Comparative Perspectives Environment and Technology: Iron Production Diversity and Dominance: The Struggle for Christian Morality 11. Inner and East Asia, 400-1200 The Sui and Tang Empires, 581-755 Rivals for Power in Inner Asia and China, 600-907 The Emergence of East Asia, to 1200 New Kingdoms in East Asia Diversity and Dominance: Law and Society in China and Japan Environment and Technology: Writing in East Asia, 400-1200 12. Peoples and Civilizations of the Americas, 200-1500 Classic-Era Culture and Society in Mesoamerica, 200-900 The Post-Classic Period in Mesoamerica, 900-1500 Northern Peoples Andean Civilizations, 200-1500 Comparative Perspectives Diversity and Dominance: Burials as Historical Texts Environment and Technology: Inca Roads Issues in World History: Religious Conversion IV. Interregional Patterns of Culture and Contact, 1200-1550 13. Mongol Eurasia and Its Aftermath, 1200-1500 The Rise of the Mongols, 1200-1260 The Mongols and Islam, 1260-1500 Regional Responses in Western Eurasia Mongol Domination in China, 1271-1368 The Early Ming Empire, 1368-1500 Centralization and Militarism in East Asia, 1200-1500 Diversity and Dominance: Observations of Mongol Life Environment and Technology: From Gunpowder to Guns 14. Tropical Africa and Asia, 1200-1500 Tropical Lands and Peoples
  4. 4. New Islamic Empires Indian Ocean Trade Social and Cultural Change Comparative Perspectives Diversity and Dominance: Personal Styles of Rule in India and Mali Environment and Technology: The Indian Ocean Dhow 15. The Latin West, 1200-1500 Rural Growth and Crisis Urban Revival Learning, Literature, and the Renaissance Political and Military Transformations Comparative Perspectives Diversity and Dominance: Persecution and Protection of Jews, 1272-1349 Environment and Technology: The Clock 16. The Maritime Revolution, to 1550 Global Maritime Expansion Before 1450 European Expansion, 1400-1550 Encounters with Europe, 1450-1550 Comparative Perspectives Environment and Technology: Vasco da Gama's Fleet Diversity and Dominance: Kongo's Christian King Issues in World History: Climate and Population, to 1500 V. The Globe Encompassed, 1500-1750 17. Transformations in Europe, 1500-1750 Culture and Ideas Social and Economic Life Political Innovations Comparative Perspectives Environment and Technology: Mapping the World Diversity and Dominance: Political Craft and Craftiness 18. The Diversity of American Colonial Societies, 1530-1770 The Columbian Exchange Spanish America and Brazil English and French Colonies in North America Colonial Expansion and Conflict Comparative Perspectives Environment and Technology: The Silver Refinery at Potosí, Bolvia, 1700 Diversity and Dominance: Race and Ethnicity in the Spanish Colonies: Negotiating Hierarchy 19. The Atlantic System and Africa, 1550-1800 Plantations in the West Indies
  5. 5. Plantation Life in the Eighteenth Century Creating the Atlantic Economy Africa, the Atlantic, and Islam Comparative Perspectives Environment and Technology: Amerindian Foods in Africa Diversity and Dominance: Slavery in West Africa and the Americas 20. Southwest Asia and the Indian Ocean, 1500-1750 The Ottoman Empire, to 1750 The Safavid Empire, 1502-1722 The Mughal Empire, 1526-1761 The Maritime Worlds of Islam, 1500-1750 Diversity and Dominance: Islamic Law and Ottoman Rule Environment and Technology: Tobacco and Waterpipes 21. Northern Eurasia, 1500-1800 Japanese Reunification The Later Ming and Early Quing Empires The Russian Empire Comparative Perspectives Environment and Technology: East Asian Porcelain Diversity and Dominance: Gendered Violence: The Yangzhou Massacre Issues in World History: The Little Ice Age VI. Revolutions Reshape the World, 1750-1870 22. Revolutionary Changes in the Atlantic World, 1750-1850 Prelude to Revolution: The Eighteenth-Century Crisis The American Revolution, 1775-1800 The French Revolution, 1789-1815 Revolution Spreads, Conservatives Respond, 1789-1850 Comparative Perspectives Environment and Technology: The Guillotine Diversity and Dominance: Robespierre and Wollstonecraft Defend and Explain the Terror 23. The Early Industrial Revolution, 1760-1851 Causes of the Industrial Revolution The Technological Revolution The Impact of the Early Industrial Revolution New Economic and Political Ideas The Limits of Industrialization Outside the West Diversity and Dominance: Adam Smith and the Division of Labor Environment and Technology: Gas Lighting 24. Nation Building and Economic Transformation in the Americas, 1800-1890 Independence in Latin America, 1800-1830
  6. 6. The Problem of Order, 1825-1890 The Challenge of Social and Economic Change Comparative Perspectives Diversity and Dominance: The Afro-Brazilian Experience, 1828 Environment and Technology: Constructing the Port of Buenos Aires, Argentina 25. Land Empires in the Age of Imperialism, 1800-1870 The Ottoman Empire The Russian Empire The Qing Empire Comparative Perspectives Environment and Technology: The Web of War Diversity and Dominance: Chinese Responses to Imperialism 26. Africa, India, and the New British Empire, 1750-1870 Changes and Exchanges in Africa India Under British Rule Britain's Eastern Empire Comparative Perspectives Diversity and Dominance: Ceremonials of Imperial Domination Environment and Technology: Whaling Issues in World History: State Power, the Census, and the Question of Identity VII. Global Diversity and Dominance, 1850-1945 27. The New Power Balance, 1850-1900 New Technologies and the World Economy Social Changes Socialism and Labor Movements Nationalism and the Rise of Italy, Germany, and Japan The Great Powers of Europe, 1871-1900 China, Japan and the Western Powers Environment and Technology: Railroads and Immigration Material Culture: Cotton Clothing Diversity and Dominance: Marx and Engels on Global Trade and Bourgeoisie 28. The New Imperialism, 1869-1914 The New Imperialism: Motives and Methods The Scramble for Africa Imperialism in Asia and the Pacific Imperialism in Latin America The World Economy and the Global Environment Diversity and Dominance: Two Africans Recall the Arrival of the Europeans Environment and Technology: Imperialism and Tropical Ecology
  7. 7. 29. The Crisis of the Imperial Order, 1900-1929 Origins of the Crisis in Europe and the Middle East The "Great War" and the Russian Revolutions, 1914-1918 Peace and Dislocation in Europe, 1919-1929 China and Japan: Contrasting Destinies The New Middle East Society, Culture, and Technology in the Industrialized World Comparative Perspectives Diversity and Dominance: The Middle East After World War I Environment and Technology: The Birth of Civil Aviation 30. The Collapse of the Old Order, 1929-1949 The Stalin Revolution The Depression The Rise of Fascism East Asia, 1931-1945 The Second World War The Character of Warfare Diversity and Dominance: Women, Family Values, and the Russian Revolution Environment and Technology: The Enigma Machine 31. Striving for Independence: India, Africa, and Latin America, 1900-1949 The Indian Independence Movement, 1905-1947 Sub-Saharan Africa, 1900-1945 Mexico, Argentina, and Brazil, 1900-1949 Comparative Perspectives Environment and Technology: Gandhi and Technology Diversity and Dominance: A Vietnamese Nationalist Denounces French Colonialism Issues in World History: Families and Politics VIII. Perils and Promises of a Global Community, 1945 to the Present 32. The Cold War and Decolonization, 1945-1975 The Cold War Decolonization and Nation Building Beyond a Bipolar World Comparative Perspectives Environment and Technology: The Green Revolution Diversity and Dominance: Race and the Struggle for Justice in South Africa 33. The End of the Cold War and the Challenge of Economic Development and Immigration, 1975-2000 Postcolonial Crises and Asian Economic Expansion The End of the Bipolar World The Challenge of Population Growth Unequal Development and the Movement of Peoples
  8. 8. Technological and Environmental Change Comparative Perspectives Diversity and Dominance: The Struggle for Women's Rights in an Era of Global Political and Economic Change Environment and Technology: The Personal Computer Material Culture: Fast Food 34. Globalization in the New Millennium Global Economic and Political Currents Trends and Visions Global Culture Environment and Technology: Global Warming Diversity and Dominance: World Literature in English

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