Demographic andEnvironmental Changes Nomadic Migrations Vikings Turks Aztecs Mongols ArabsPredict the impact of these movements.
Demographic andEnvironmental Changes Migration of Agricultural Peoples Bantu migrations Europeans to Eastern and Central Europe Consequences of Disease For ex. Black Plague 1348 Growth and Role of Cities UrbanizationHow much of this demonstrates continuity?
China: Internal and ExternalExpansion Tang Dynasty Technological innovations: compass, paper, gunpowder etc. Influence on Japan Footbinding, Neo-Confucianism Song Dynasty All the makings of an industrial revolution Early Ming Zheng He voyages, eunochs and nomadic threats
Islamic World: Dar al-Islam Expanding cultural, economic and political influence Al-Andalus/ Islamic Spain North and West Africa Indian Ocean: East Africa, India, SE Asia Technological accomplishments: astrolabe, algebra, philosophy, cartography…
Islamic World: SampleComparisons Compare Islam to Christianity Compare Islamic contacts with Europe and with Africa Crusades- points of view compared Compare gender changes Compare support/ patronage of arts and sciences
Europe Break in eastern and Western Christendom: political significance? Religious schisms compared: Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholicism Mahayana and Theravada Buddhism Sunni/ Shiite in Islam
Europe Restructuring of institutions Role of religion: Papacy, Crusades, architecture and education Development of feudalism Comparison of feudalism in Europe and Japan Increasing importance of monarchy over church
Amer-Indian World Migrations over the Bering Strait at least 10,000 years ago. Northern America: Cahokia Southwest: Hohokam Meso-America; Olmecs, Maya, Toltec (Aztec) South America: Nazca, Moche, (Inca)
Sub-Saharan Africa West African kingdoms: Ghana, Mali, Songhay East African city states: Axum, Kilwa, Mombasa Southern Africa: Great Zimbabwe Contacts with Islamic World, Indian Ocean world, and within Africa Role of Trade, Education and Religion
Questions we will focus on: Was there a world economic network in this time period? How did gender roles change? How can material culture and urban history help us to understand early societies?
Conclusions Examples of continuity? Examples of change?Think about new and old players.Similar patterns and trends: demographic, social and cultural, technological.New avenues of intersection.