Légal Authority Guidelines
Uniform Protocol-Standards
By: Mr. Richard Garrity
This PowerPoint presentation is proprietary
information and can not be reproduced or
copied in any fashion without the con...
When people employed in the security
industry or the corporate world for that
matter, FAIL, it is generally because of
two...
“ Failure is certain, when
training is lacking”.
10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 5
This PowerPoint presentation
will focus on five key aspects of
security ...
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Scope of Definition and Policy:
This policy defines the
general expectat...
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Private Security-
A vital and growing industry
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First and Last Impressions:
As a security officer, it’s important
to dre...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
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The primary difference between
a security officer and a police
officer ...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
A security officer is an “agent of...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
• A security officer (or formerly
...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
• They do this by maintaining a hi...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
• Security personnel are not polic...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
•This includes a nearly
unlimited ...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
• Since at least the Middle Ages i...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
• Many security firms and propriet...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
• If a private security officer or...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
What is “Color of Law?
Color of la...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
What is “Color of Law?
In other wo...
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Primary Duty?
A private security officer's primary duty is
the preventi...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
• One major economic justification...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
• This is because having security ...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
Historically, private security and...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
However, by the mid 1980’s,
that s...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
In 1976, the Private Security
Advi...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
1) Their inability to clarify role...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
The Hallcrest Report, published in...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
“In terms of spending
and employme...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
Although the role of the Security
...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
Fact point:
Recent research also f...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
Last, the increasing growth
of pri...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
1. Increasing workplace crime
and ...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
In addition, police typically held...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
For example, in the 1980's, only a...
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Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
Some examples of these partnership...
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Liaisons and partnerships:
Although liaisons and partnerships vary
from...
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Liaisons and partnerships:
2) Information Sharing
• Exchange of informa...
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Liaisons and partnerships:
3) Crime Prevention
• Joint participation in...
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Liaisons and partnerships:
4) Training
• Establishing training sessions...
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Liaisons and partnerships:
5) Legislation
• Joint supporting of laws
an...
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Liaisons and partnerships:
6) Operations
• Investigations
• Incident pl...
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Liaisons and partnerships:
7) Research
• Review and distribution of
rec...
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Liaisons and partnerships:
Despite their differences, law
enforcement a...
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Liaisons and partnerships:
More open attitudes and
acceptance by the lo...
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Liaisons and partnerships:
Portions of the material just
reviewed were ...
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Landmark Legal Precedents:
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Escobedo V. Illinois- 1964
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Escobedo V. Illinois- 1964
Escobedo v. Illinois, 378 U.S. 478
(1964), w...
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Miranda VS. Arizona- 1966
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Miranda VS. Arizona- 1966
Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436 (1966),
was ...
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Miranda VS. Arizona- 1966
self-incrimination prior to questioning
by po...
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Foot notes: Inculpatory evidence
Inculpatory evidence is evidence that
...
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Foot notes: Exculpatory evidence
Exculpatory evidence is the evidence
f...
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The Miranda Warning:
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Use of Force Procedure:
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STANDARD “USE OF FORCE”
POLICY & PROCEDURE
• When faced with a clear an...
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STANDARD “USE OF FORCE”
POLICY & PROCEDURE
• Use only that degree of fo...
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STANDARD “USE OF FORCE”
POLICY & PROCEDURE
• DO NOT use force to protec...
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STANDARD “USE OF FORCE”
POLICY & PROCEDURE
• Always notify the dispatch...
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Intrusion Procedure:
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Intrusion Procedure:
• If there is evidence that an
intrusion is in pro...
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Intrusion Procedure:
• Do not look for an intruder(s) by
yourself. Assi...
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Intrusion Procedure:
• If an intruder is confirmed on the
premises, ass...
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Building intrusions are dangerous
situations. Don’t be a HERO!!
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Legal Authority & Detaining
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Detaining or holding a
person against their will…
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The legal aspects:
 Private security personnel generally
do not have l...
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The legal aspects:
 Private security personnel who
have these licensed...
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Special Police/ Special Powers
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The legal aspects:
 Hospital security personnel,
generally, are the la...
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The legal specifics:
 Regular private security personnel
are legally b...
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The legal specifics:
4. Most importantly, corporate security
personnel ...
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The legal specifics:
6. Unarmed, unlicensed staff (special
powers) shal...
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Weapons Policy:
4. Private, unarmed corporate security
personnel are pr...
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Weapons Policy:
Some client sites may encourage or
grant their security...
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Examples of Pepper Spray:
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Weapons Policy:
Although regular unarmed
uniformed security officers ha...
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Legal liability & the consequences:
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Legal liability & the consequences
If you in the course of your duties ...
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Legal liability & the consequences
Making false arrests or
even briefly...
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When a private security
officer abuses his or her
authority and places ...
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Giving them alot of CASH!
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Legal Authority Recap:
1) A Security Officer is not a police
officer - ...
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Legal Authority Recap:
3) A Security Officer's role is to protect
the p...
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Legal Authority Recap:
6) A Security Officer should
be highly visible. ...
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Legal Authority Recap:
7) A Security Officer should follow
the post ord...
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Legal Authority Recap:
8) If an incident does
occur, observe carefully
...
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Legal Authority Recap:
9) You do have the power to
arrest (the same as ...
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Public Law Enforcement
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Private Security-Public Safety
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A Growing partnership~
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The Uniform:
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The Hard Look VS. The Soft Look:
There are 2 basic standard uniforms
ut...
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The Hard Look VS. The Soft Look:
The “soft look” is most recognized
as ...
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Physical Appearance:
How you look is how you’re
treated. If you come in...
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Physical Appearance:
As a security professional, if
you are wearing a d...
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Physical Appearance:
The officer who takes pride in his
uniform and app...
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Anatomy of a Uniform:
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Anatomy of a Uniform:
Shoes: Black leather shoes that can take
polish....
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Anatomy of a Uniform:
Socks- Black: If employees state that they
wear ...
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Anatomy of a Uniform:
Trousers: Proper fit, worn at the waist,
hemmed ...
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Anatomy of a Uniform:
Blazers: Proper fit and dry cleaned
periodically...
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Uniform Tie Regulations
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Policy – Corporate security officers
do not have a “summer uniform”.
T...
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Policy –
That argument is not valid
and dismissed. Just about
every bu...
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Uniform Lapel Pins:
Lapel Pins: Lapel pins can be an
integral part of ...
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Uniform Lapel Pins:
Other acceptable lapel pins are the
ASIS Foundatio...
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Acceptable Lapel Pins:
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Un-Acceptable Lapel Pins:
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Fallacy- Commando sweaters can’t be worn with
corporate security attir...
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Safety- should be worn at all times
while on routine night exterior pa...
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ID Badges: Are to be displayed at all
times while on lobby duty or pat...
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Pen and Notebook: Should be carried
at all times to document events / ...
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No sneakers, fashionable shoes or
high heels are permitted on duty
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Black dress shoes or similar style
(Black Leather patent finish)
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White under-shirts are the ONLY t-
shirts allowed under your dress
uni...
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NEVER label yourself just a
“Security Guard”. Your not.
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You are a “Security Officer”
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Your Uniform defines You
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Grooming: Him and Her
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Grooming: Him and Her
“HIM”
Hair must not extend
past the shirt collar or
cover the ears. Hair
must be neat, ...
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Grooming: Him and Her
“HIM”
Where permitted under
client standards and or
company policy,
mustaches and beard...
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Grooming: Him and Her
“HIM”
Use of deodorant or
antiperspirant along
w...
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Jewelery Guidelines:
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Jewelry Guidelines:
Rings- Only one ring per hand
is permitted, and i...
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Jewelry Guidelines:
Women are permitted to wear
one set of post-style...
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Jewelry Guidelines:
Cover- Hats are not permitted except
where issued...
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Not Acceptable Jewelry: HER
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Not Acceptable Jewelry: HER
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Acceptable Jewelry: HER
“Not Acceptable Jewelry” Him
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Acceptable Jewelry? Him
NO YES
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Got tattoos?
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Got tattoos?
Tattoos have become very popular
in American culture thes...
“Personal appearance
makes all the difference”
Being responsible, punctual, well
dressed, and detailed are absolute
prerequisites to leadership
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Thank you for attending today’s
presentation on
Legal Authority & Unif...
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Legal Authority- Uniform Protocol- Richard Garrity

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Legal Authority- Uniform Protocol- Richard Garrity

  1. 1. Légal Authority Guidelines Uniform Protocol-Standards By: Mr. Richard Garrity
  2. 2. This PowerPoint presentation is proprietary information and can not be reproduced or copied in any fashion without the consent of the publisher owner, Richard Garrity
  3. 3. When people employed in the security industry or the corporate world for that matter, FAIL, it is generally because of two reasons. “Lack of leadership and lack of training”. RCG
  4. 4. “ Failure is certain, when training is lacking”.
  5. 5. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 5 This PowerPoint presentation will focus on five key aspects of security and lobby operations. They are: 1. Security Officer / Police Officer 2. Legal Authority / Use of Force 3. Uniform Protocols 4. Personal Grooming 5. Arrest/ Detain authority
  6. 6. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 6 Scope of Definition and Policy: This policy defines the general expectations of Security personnel, as related to legal authority, uniform protocol, grooming, and other general expected standards and procedures.
  7. 7. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 7 Private Security- A vital and growing industry
  8. 8. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 8 First and Last Impressions: As a security officer, it’s important to dress neatly, confidently, and have an overall professional appearance because you not only represent yourself and your company, but also the client. Often, security personnel are the first and last people customers, visitors and employees see.
  9. 9. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 9 Security Officer VS. Police Officer:
  10. 10. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 10 The primary difference between a security officer and a police officer are as follows: A police officer is an “agent of the state’ and generally acts under the powers of the state and or local government to enforce laws, maintain order, and provide 911 response. They have warrantless vast arrest powers.
  11. 11. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 11 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: A security officer is an “agent of the property owner” and acts under the said authority of property mgt. The security officer has, generally, no formal police or arrest powers, but is tasked with protection of property and life in the installation they are assigned. The primary duty of a security officer is to provide Fire Life Safety, deterrence, and 911 notification in situations that clearly call for it.
  12. 12. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 12 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: • A security officer (or formerly called security guard) is a person who is paid to protect property, assets, or people. Security officers are usually privately and formally employed personnel. Often, security officers are uniformed and act to protect property and people.
  13. 13. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 13 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: • They do this by maintaining a high visibility presence to deter illegal and inappropriate actions, either observing directly through patrols, by watching alarm systems or video cameras for signs of crime, fire or disorder; then taking action and reporting any incidents to their superiors, client, and emergency services as appropriate.
  14. 14. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 14 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: • Security personnel are not police officers as we have stated earlier, unless they are security police, but are often identified as such due to similar uniforms and behaviors, especially on private property. Security personnel in the U.S. derive their powers from state laws, which allow them a contractual arrangement with clients that give them Agent of the Owner powers.
  15. 15. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 15 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: •This includes a nearly unlimited power to question people with the absence of probable cause, requirements that frequently dog public law enforcement officers.
  16. 16. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 16 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: • Since at least the Middle Ages in Europe, the term watchman was more commonly applied to this function. This term was carried over to North America where it was interchangeable with night-watchman until both terms were replaced with the modern security-based titles. Security officers are sometimes regarded as fulfilling a private policing function.
  17. 17. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 17 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: • Many security firms and proprietary security departments practice the "detect, deter, observe and report" methodology. Security officers are not required to make arrests, but have the authority to make a citizen's arrest, or otherwise act as an agent of law enforcement at the request of a police officer, sheriff, federal authorities, and others.
  18. 18. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 18 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: • If a private security officer or even special police officer acts at the behest of a police officer in detaining or arresting an individual, that security officer is then acting under “The color of law” and must abide by all legal means necessary and not over step his/her authority. If a security officer abuses that authority, they will be liable.
  19. 19. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 19 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: What is “Color of Law? Color of law refers to an appearance of legal power to act but which may operate in violation of law. For example, though a police officer acts with the "color of law" authority to arrest someone, if such an arrest is made without probable cause the arrest may actually be in violation of law and in violation of their rights.
  20. 20. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 20 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: What is “Color of Law? In other words, just because something is done with the "color of law", that does not mean that the action was lawful. When police or private security forces act outside their lawful authority and violate the civil rights of a citizen, the FBI is tasked with investigating such instances and prosecuting.
  21. 21. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 21 Primary Duty? A private security officer's primary duty is the prevention and deterrence of crime and Fire Life Safety. Security personnel enforce company rules and can act to protect lives and property. In fact, they frequently have a contractual obligation to provide these actions. Security officers are often trained to perform arrest and control procedures (including handcuffing and restraints), operate emergency equipment, perform first aid, CPR, take accurate notes, write detailed reports, and perform other tasks as required by the institution, contractee and or client they are serving.
  22. 22. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 22 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: • One major economic justification for security personnel is that insurance companies (particularly fire insurance carriers) will give substantial rate discounts to sites which have a 24- hour presence; for a high risk or high value venue, the discount can often exceed the money being spent on its security program.
  23. 23. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 23 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: • This is because having security on site increases the odds that any fire will be noticed and reported to the local fire department before a total loss occurs. Also, the presence of security personnel tends to diminish "shrinkage theft”, employee misconduct, safety rule violations, property damage, or even internal sabotage.
  24. 24. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 24 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: Historically, private security and law enforcement agencies have not always maintained consistent and efficient relationships. A 1971 study conducted by the Rand Corporation described the typical private security guard as an aging white male, who was poorly educated, un-trained, and paid.
  25. 25. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 25 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: However, by the mid 1980’s, that stero-type had drastically changed to an even mix of different races and ages. By the mid 2000’s, especially after 9-11, wages and training had increased exponentially.
  26. 26. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 26 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: In 1976, the Private Security Advisory Council, through the U.S. Department of Justice, identified two main factors which contributed to poor relationships between law enforcement and private security personnel:
  27. 27. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 27 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: 1) Their inability to clarify role definitions / responsibility 2) Their practice of stereotyping. The Hallcrest Report has also been highly credited for examining relationships between law enforcement and private security.
  28. 28. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 28 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: The Hallcrest Report, published in 1985 by the National Institute of Justice, discovered that various law enforcement officials, together with proprietary institutions and contract security professionals, decided to convey police related actions to private security. Similarly, the Hallcrest Report II (Private Security Trends) concluded that private security is America's primary protective resource in terms of spending and employment.
  29. 29. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 29 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: “In terms of spending and employment, private security is America's primary protective resource”. That is an amazing condition~
  30. 30. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 30 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: Although the role of the Security Officer and the traditional Police Officer differ greatly, the private security personnel deployed around the nation act as a positive deterrent to routine crime, protection of property and potential terrorist threats. Certain levels of sensitive intel have also been shared between public & private agencies.
  31. 31. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 31 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: Fact point: Recent research also found that private security currently employs approximately 1.5 million people and maintained annual expenditures of $52 billion (2004 figures). On the other hand, approximately 600,000 individuals are employed with federal, state, and local law enforcement and maintain a $30 billion expenditure service.
  32. 32. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 32 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: Last, the increasing growth of private security and the limited growth of law enforcement is due to four main factors, according to the Hallcrest Report:
  33. 33. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 33 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: 1. Increasing workplace crime and violence 2. Increasing fear of crime 3. A decreasing rate of spending for public protection 4. Increasing awareness and use of private security effective protective measures.
  34. 34. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 34 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: In addition, police typically held private security officers to a lower standard because of their limited powers, whereas security directors & Managers believed police were uninterested or incapable of handling their crime; especially computer, white-collar, and in the extreme, terrorism offenses. The trend of these relationships in recent years however, has been toward partnership and liaison.
  35. 35. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 35 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: For example, in the 1980's, only a handful of private security and law enforcement liaison programs existed, while today there are over 60 liaison programs in operation. In turn, Operation Cooperation has been a recent contributor to the encouragement of public- private teamwork. Operation Cooperation, funded by the U.S. Department of Justice and supported by the American Society for Industrial Security (ASIS), represents a major national initiative to encourage partnerships between law enforcement and private security organizations.
  36. 36. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 36 Security Officer VS. Police Officer: Some examples of these partnerships: Virginia Police and Private Security Alliance (VAPPSA) , The Boston Police FDIN crime network, Dallas/North Texas Regional Law Enforcement and Security Program, and the Area Police/Private Security Liaison (APPL). This partnership is centered in New York City with the NYPD as the primary agency and partnership liaison.
  37. 37. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 37 Liaisons and partnerships: Although liaisons and partnerships vary from program to program, they share similar characteristics. The following identifies common characteristics between police/security liaison programs: • 1) Networking: • Social gatherings designed to discuss common problems and aid each entity in understanding others in the program. • Lectures by security professionals at police training events and vice versus. • Directories of police and security contacts. •
  38. 38. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 38 Liaisons and partnerships: 2) Information Sharing • Exchange of information on crimes and criminal convictions between law enforcement agencies and the private security industry. • Exchange of business crime in the same manner.
  39. 39. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 39 Liaisons and partnerships: 3) Crime Prevention • Joint participation in business safety and security programs. • Community policing. • Addressing issues of local concern as it relates to police and security. • Joint public-private support of neighborhood watch programs.
  40. 40. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 40 Liaisons and partnerships: 4) Training • Establishing training sessions on topics of interest and need (specifically terrorism and crime trends) • Exchange of training and expertise where the other entity lacks. • Police training of security and vice versus.
  41. 41. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 41 Liaisons and partnerships: 5) Legislation • Joint supporting of laws and ordinances regarding security officer standards and licensing.
  42. 42. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 42 Liaisons and partnerships: 6) Operations • Investigations • Incident planning and/or safety committees. • Joint sting operations and special weapons and tactics (SWAT) teams
  43. 43. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 43 Liaisons and partnerships: 7) Research • Review and distribution of recent publications regarding current issues and technology within the public-private sectors.
  44. 44. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 44 Liaisons and partnerships: Despite their differences, law enforcement agencies and private security organizations have increasingly come together to prevent and deter crime. Formality may differ, but all partnerships work to protect life and property. Thus far, the history of police and security and their relations has improved dramatically since 9/11.
  45. 45. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 45 Liaisons and partnerships: More open attitudes and acceptance by the local Police and increased training and awareness by private security personnel have made the partnership transformation a much better entity.
  46. 46. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 46 Liaisons and partnerships: Portions of the material just reviewed were extracted from and cited to: Law Enforcement and Private Security • Liaison: Partnerships for Cooperation • Whitney Gunter Jason Kidwell York College of Pennsylvania June 2004
  47. 47. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 47 Landmark Legal Precedents:
  48. 48. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 48 Escobedo V. Illinois- 1964
  49. 49. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 49 Escobedo V. Illinois- 1964 Escobedo v. Illinois, 378 U.S. 478 (1964), was a United States Supreme Court case holding that criminal suspects have a right to counsel during police interrogations under the Sixth Amendment. The case was decided a year after the court held in Gideon v. Wainwright, 372 U.S. 335 (1963) that indigent criminal defendants had a right to be provided counsel at trial.
  50. 50. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 50 Miranda VS. Arizona- 1966
  51. 51. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 51 Miranda VS. Arizona- 1966 Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436 (1966), was a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court which passed 5–4. The Court held that both inculpatory and exculpatory statements made in response to interrogation by a defendant in police custody will be admissible at trial only if the prosecution can show that the defendant was informed of the right to consult with an attorney before and during questioning and of the right against
  52. 52. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 52 Miranda VS. Arizona- 1966 self-incrimination prior to questioning by police, and that the defendant not only understood these rights, but voluntarily waived them. This had a significant impact on law enforcement in the United States, by making what became known as the Miranda rights part of routine police procedure to ensure that suspects were informed of their rights.
  53. 53. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 53 Foot notes: Inculpatory evidence Inculpatory evidence is evidence that shows, or tends to show, a person's involvement in an act, or evidence that can establish guilt. In criminal law, the prosecution has a duty to provide all evidence to the defense, whether it favors the prosecution's case or the defendant's case. Evidence that tends to show a person's innocence is considered exculpatory evidence.
  54. 54. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 54 Foot notes: Exculpatory evidence Exculpatory evidence is the evidence favorable to the defendant in a criminal trial, which clears or tends to clear the defendant of guilt. It is the opposite of inculpatory evidence, which tends to prove guilt. In many countries such as the United States, police or prosecutor are required to disclose to the defendant any exculpatory evidence they possess before the defendant makes a plea (guilty or not guilty).
  55. 55. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 55 The Miranda Warning:
  56. 56. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 56 Use of Force Procedure:
  57. 57. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 57 STANDARD “USE OF FORCE” POLICY & PROCEDURE • When faced with a clear and immediate threat of imminent bodily harm, always try first, to retreat with any people present, to a secure and safe position. • Use of Force is permitted ONLY when it is absolutely necessary to protect yourself and others, from a clear and immediate threat of bodily harm, and only when all options have exhausted
  58. 58. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 58 STANDARD “USE OF FORCE” POLICY & PROCEDURE • Use only that degree of force that is necessary to repel an attack or the threat of an attack. Do not further provoke or incite what you perceive to be an impending attack or threat of attack.
  59. 59. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 59 STANDARD “USE OF FORCE” POLICY & PROCEDURE • DO NOT use force to protect property. There may be special considerations that apply under extreme certain circumstances. Unless directed to, follow standard UOF policy. • If able to, always utilize the 911 system for Police assistance, as your first and primary method when confronted with these situations.
  60. 60. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 60 STANDARD “USE OF FORCE” POLICY & PROCEDURE • Always notify the dispatch operations center or Field Manager if applicable, the Account Manager, and site client contact (MOD) if directed to do so. • Record all incidents involving the Use of Force on the standard incident report site forms with brief reference to such incident(s) on your daily activity report.
  61. 61. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 61 Intrusion Procedure:
  62. 62. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 62 Intrusion Procedure: • If there is evidence that an intrusion is in progress, or has occurred, pull back momentarily. Immediately advise the dispatch operations center and notify the Police Department- 911. Monitor the situation from a safe distance and work at the direction of the your shift supervisor or manager.
  63. 63. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 63 Intrusion Procedure: • Do not look for an intruder(s) by yourself. Assist law enforcement. • If you ENCOUNTER a person(s) on the premises who may be an intruder, or if you are able to confirm that status, pull back to a safe area and distance. Immediately notify 911. After 911 notification, notify your manager.
  64. 64. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 64 Intrusion Procedure: • If an intruder is confirmed on the premises, assist police personnel with search and sweep procedures. Your presence and participation will be vital, as you know the property and can provide key access to areas. Always work at the direction of police personnel and your supervisor / mgr. • Document fully on your standard incident report form, all incidents involving these types of intrusions.
  65. 65. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 65 Building intrusions are dangerous situations. Don’t be a HERO!!
  66. 66. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 66 Legal Authority & Detaining
  67. 67. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 67 Detaining or holding a person against their will…
  68. 68. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 68 The legal aspects:  Private security personnel generally do not have legal arrest powers. In fact, 90% of America’s private security forces have no formal arrest powers or detainment authority. Certain security officers like some Mall/ retail officers, licensed special police officers, sporting events security personnel, and government contracted personnel do have limited arrest & detainment authority.
  69. 69. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 69 The legal aspects:  Private security personnel who have these licensed arrest powers are usually restricted to felony arrest ONLY. They do not have misdemeanor arrest authority and if they do detain someone for a category misdemeanor, they are liable for abuse of power, liability claims, and legal charges themselves.
  70. 70. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 70 Special Police/ Special Powers
  71. 71. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 71 The legal aspects:  Hospital security personnel, generally, are the largest licensed group of special officers. Security personnel who are licensed special police officers are usually restricted to the very property they are assigned and have no other legal powers elsewhere in the city or county. The ID issued to such officers will reflect on the back of the card which property they are assigned to.
  72. 72. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 72 The legal specifics:  Regular private security personnel are legally bound by the following: 1. Unlicensed, unarmed security personnel are prohibited from “touching” anyone for any reason. 2. Security personnel will never wear or “display” any type of handcuff or similar “restraint”. 3. Staff will never “restrain” any person or hold them against their free will.
  73. 73. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 73 The legal specifics: 4. Most importantly, corporate security personnel shall never give the “impression” that a person can not leave of their own free will. 5. Personnel shall not prevent any person from leaving the property, either physically or by blocking said exit or method of egress.
  74. 74. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 74 The legal specifics: 6. Unarmed, unlicensed staff (special powers) shall never carry any badge that displays any “police” insignia or patches.
  75. 75. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 75 Weapons Policy: 4. Private, unarmed corporate security personnel are prohibited from carrying the following weapons:  Pepper spray/mace  Police night sticks/ batons/ asps  Leather blackjacks or knives  Any firearms  Tasers/ stun guns  Anything considered a weapon
  76. 76. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 76 Weapons Policy: Some client sites may encourage or grant their security personnel to carry pepper spray. Officers who are unarmed or have no arrest powers but are allowed to carry pepper spray is fine. However, to carry this incapacitating agent, you must be trained to use it, you must have a license to carry it, and it must be of 5 or 10% Oleoresin Capsicum (the active agent in the spray).
  77. 77. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 77 Examples of Pepper Spray:
  78. 78. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 78 Weapons Policy: Although regular unarmed uniformed security officers have many restrictions in terms of weapons and arrest powers, there are certain situations where detaining or using physical force maybe necessary. These volatile situations will most likely involve extreme acts of violence on your property or acts of violence against you or a fellow security officer.
  79. 79. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 79 Legal liability & the consequences:
  80. 80. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 80 Legal liability & the consequences If you in the course of your duties as a corporate security officer elect to ignore the policies & procedures outlined here in reference to arrest, detaining, or use of unauthorized weapons, then be prepared for costly consequences. These actions if engaged in, can be very expensive if civil litigation is commenced toward the company, the client company, and even yourself.
  81. 81. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 81 Legal liability & the consequences Making false arrests or even briefly detaining an otherwise free individual, is a serious, serious offense, and it won’t be tolerated.
  82. 82. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 82 When a private security officer abuses his or her authority and places a private citizen in handcuffs, or they detain them for whatever reason, then what they are ultimately doing is:
  83. 83. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 83 Giving them alot of CASH!
  84. 84. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 84 Legal Authority Recap: 1) A Security Officer is not a police officer - you do not have the same job duties as a police officer, the same training or the same powers as a peace officer according to the law. 2) A Security Officer that pretends or even implies they are a police officer is committing a crime.
  85. 85. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 85 Legal Authority Recap: 3) A Security Officer's role is to protect the people and property of his/her employer or contracted client. 4) A Security Officer's responsibility before an incident has occurred is prevention. 5) A Security Officer's responsibility after an incident-offense has occurred is to observe and report.
  86. 86. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 86 Legal Authority Recap: 6) A Security Officer should be highly visible. By being seen, the officer may discourage anyone who might be considering theft, damage, or personal injury.
  87. 87. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 87 Legal Authority Recap: 7) A Security Officer should follow the post orders and policies of the employer and client he/she is contracted to as long as it does not break the security officers' code of ethics or any laws. These may include checking ID's, keeping the parking lot cleared, observing inside for possible trouble, etc...
  88. 88. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 88 Legal Authority Recap: 8) If an incident does occur, observe carefully and take accurate notes. Report immediately to the local law enforcement and your supervisor.
  89. 89. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 89 Legal Authority Recap: 9) You do have the power to arrest (the same as a private citizen) but the crime must be done in your presence and view. Once you make an arrest you must turn them over to a peace officer, you cannot un-arrest them.
  90. 90. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 90 Public Law Enforcement
  91. 91. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 91 Private Security-Public Safety
  92. 92. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 92 A Growing partnership~
  93. 93. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 93 The Uniform:
  94. 94. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 94 The Hard Look VS. The Soft Look: There are 2 basic standard uniforms utilized in the security industry across the United States today. One is known as the “hard look” and the other, the “soft look”. The hard look is the traditional “police look” which usually consists of standard blue police pants (some striped), white or blue military type shirt, a garrison belt, metal badge, and sometimes, a hat- traditional or baseball cap.
  95. 95. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 95 The Hard Look VS. The Soft Look: The “soft look” is most recognized as the corporate look and considered more “user friendly”. The uniform consists of corporate suit pants (either black, blue, or grey), a white standard shirt, a blazer (usually blue or grey), name tag instead of a badge, and a dress tie.
  96. 96. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 96 Physical Appearance: How you look is how you’re treated. If you come into work dressed like a slob, expect to be treated like a slob. I have heard too many times the line “they don’t respect me”. Don’ start with the “they don’t respect me” routine. It is fruitless and an pointless argument.
  97. 97. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 97 Physical Appearance: As a security professional, if you are wearing a dirty shirt that is un-tucked, you are unshaved, your tie has pizza sauce on it, your uniform is not pressed and cleaned, and or your overall attitude is lax, then expect “no respect”.
  98. 98. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 98 Physical Appearance: The officer who takes pride in his uniform and appearance can expect to be treated with dignity and yes, “respect”. Your uniform is 50% of your job and clearly defines you as that of an authority figure. It represents who you are and your purpose. The “hard” or soft” look does not matter in the grand scheme of things, as long as it clearly states your position of authority in the facility assigned.
  99. 99. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 99 Anatomy of a Uniform:
  100. 100. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 100 Anatomy of a Uniform: Shoes: Black leather shoes that can take polish. Shoes (depending on site) should be black leather shoes that can be shined and always maintained. If there is no operational or medical reason for personnel to be wearing soft shoes (sneakers), then proper dress shoes should be worn, always. Belts-Black: Belts should be of proper length and worn through the belt loops. There should be no “tail” hanging in front as they may wear their casual cloths.
  101. 101. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 101 Anatomy of a Uniform: Socks- Black: If employees state that they wear athletic socks due to standing posts or because of tours, suggest that they wear two pairs of socks, with the outer socks being the black dress socks. Regardless of reason, black socks are absolutely required. Shirt- White: Shirts should be cleaned and pressed daily. Particular care should be given to fit and the condition of collars and cuffs. As the shirt gets older, the collar may not hold its shape as well it should, even if it is in good repair. Replace as needed.
  102. 102. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 102 Anatomy of a Uniform: Trousers: Proper fit, worn at the waist, hemmed so that the legs break once when they hit the top of the shoes. Proper length of uniform pants is most critical, as poorly hemmed pants are improper and disgraceful Ties: Length should be so that the tie touches the belt buckle or slightly higher, but never lower than the buckle. Ties shall always be snug around the collar and never loosened until the end of your shift(s).
  103. 103. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 103 Anatomy of a Uniform: Blazers: Proper fit and dry cleaned periodically. When ever possible, blazers should have the top button buttoned. Blazers are to be worn at all times, regardless of weather or off hour shifts. Issued blazers are an integral and primary tool in your role as a corporate security officer. Lapel Pins: To be worn as issued. (Mgt.)
  104. 104. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 104 Uniform Tie Regulations
  105. 105. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 105 Policy – Corporate security officers do not have a “summer uniform”. Thru all 4 seasons, the standard attire is the blazer, long sleeve white shirt and tie. These items must be worn as required no matter what the climate or weather conditions. There have been complaints that the blazer and long sleeve shirt coupled with the tie are stifling during the hot summer months and not “fair”.
  106. 106. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 106 Policy – That argument is not valid and dismissed. Just about every building lobby I have been in was well ventilated and more than reasonably cool. During breaks, taking the blazer off is certainly reasonable.
  107. 107. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 107 Uniform Lapel Pins: Lapel Pins: Lapel pins can be an integral part of your uniform and your appearance of authority. Professional, approved lapel pins without question give the Officer and the uniform a much more sharper image. Uniform lapel pins are generally distributed to staff by Mgt. and usually notate the company name and may incorporate the American flag within it’s design.
  108. 108. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 108 Uniform Lapel Pins: Other acceptable lapel pins are the ASIS Foundation pins, CPP designation pins, and the lone American flag pins. Lapel pins that promote any political affiliations, religious preference, sexual orientation, or national origin are inappropriate and strictly forbidden while on duty.
  109. 109. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 109 Acceptable Lapel Pins:
  110. 110. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 110 Un-Acceptable Lapel Pins:
  111. 111. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 111 Fallacy- Commando sweaters can’t be worn with corporate security attire. Answer. Untrue. Blue commando sweaters can be worn over the shirt as long as the tie is visible (top). But not the green type.
  112. 112. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 112 Safety- should be worn at all times while on routine night exterior patrols~
  113. 113. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 113 ID Badges: Are to be displayed at all times while on lobby duty or patrols
  114. 114. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 114 Pen and Notebook: Should be carried at all times to document events / times
  115. 115. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 115 No sneakers, fashionable shoes or high heels are permitted on duty
  116. 116. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 116 Black dress shoes or similar style (Black Leather patent finish)
  117. 117. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 117 White under-shirts are the ONLY t- shirts allowed under your dress uniform shirt. NO exceptions-
  118. 118. 10/31/15 118 NEVER label yourself just a “Security Guard”. Your not.
  119. 119. 10/31/15 119 You are a “Security Officer”
  120. 120. 10/31/15 120 Your Uniform defines You
  121. 121. 10/31/15 121 Grooming: Him and Her
  122. 122. 10/31/15 122 Grooming: Him and Her “HIM” Hair must not extend past the shirt collar or cover the ears. Hair must be neat, clean, and well groomed. Sideburns must be neatly trimmed and cannot extend past the bottom of the earlobe as a rule. “HER” Long hair should be combed away from the face and secured for your safety. Any hair accessory must be conservative and complimentary to the uniform. Extremes in dying or bleaching are not permitted.
  123. 123. 10/31/15 123 Grooming: Him and Her “HIM” Where permitted under client standards and or company policy, mustaches and beards must be neatly trimmed and conform to the contours of the face. Generally, a clean shave daily is expected and mandatory “HER” Hair sculpting or extreme hairstyles are not permitted. Women are permitted to use conservative makeup. However ultimate discretion is left to that of the Account or District Manager for further review and follow up.
  124. 124. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 124 Grooming: Him and Her “HIM” Use of deodorant or antiperspirant along with regular bathing is required due to the constant interaction with others. Good hygiene is healthy and eliminates the risk of offending fellow staff, Mgt. and the public. “HER” Fingernails are to be kept clean and trimmed. Women may use nail polish in a conservative manner and color. “Panther Pink” and “Sublime” nail colors are not advised…
  125. 125. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 125 Jewelery Guidelines:
  126. 126. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 126 Jewelry Guidelines: Rings- Only one ring per hand is permitted, and it must not be unreasonably large or offensive. Watches and tie clips are permitted, but bracelets and chains are not acceptable
  127. 127. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 127 Jewelry Guidelines: Women are permitted to wear one set of post-style earrings that may not be larger than a dime. Men are not permitted to wear earrings as a rule. Piercings- NO tongue or nose piercings
  128. 128. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 128 Jewelry Guidelines: Cover- Hats are not permitted except where issued as part of the uniform. Eyewear- Eyeglasses are to be conservative in style. Sunglasses are only permitted while on outside duty during sunny weather and only where they do not interfere with your duties of observation and detection methods. Conservative sunglasses only.
  129. 129. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 129 Not Acceptable Jewelry: HER
  130. 130. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 130 Not Acceptable Jewelry: HER
  131. 131. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 131 Acceptable Jewelry: HER
  132. 132. “Not Acceptable Jewelry” Him
  133. 133. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 133 Acceptable Jewelry? Him NO YES
  134. 134. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 134 Got tattoos?
  135. 135. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 135 Got tattoos? Tattoos have become very popular in American culture these past 15-20 years. Tattoos can be colorful and creative. In terms of tattoos, this presentation makes no judgement whatsoever about them. However, in the corporate workplace, especially high profile security lobby operations, they must be covered up. They are not professional and unacceptable.
  136. 136. “Personal appearance makes all the difference”
  137. 137. Being responsible, punctual, well dressed, and detailed are absolute prerequisites to leadership
  138. 138. 10/31/15 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 138 Thank you for attending today’s presentation on Legal Authority & Uniform Protocols

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