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EU Green Plan


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Learn how the EU manages the environment and climate change across national boundaries while supporting business and public health.

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EU Green Plan

  1. 1. European Union (27 Nations) Population 491 million Growth Rate 0.12% Land Area 4,324,782 sq km Annual GDP $14.38 trillion The CIA World Factbook 2008
  2. 2. EU Sustainable Development Strategy (2006)
  3. 3. Objectives <ul><li>Environmental Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Social Equity and Cohesion </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Prosperity </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting International Responsibilities </li></ul>
  4. 4. Purpose
  5. 5. Principles <ul><li>Promotion and protection of fundamental rights </li></ul><ul><li>Solidarity within and between generations </li></ul><ul><li>Open and democratic society </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement of Citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement of Businesses and Social Partners </li></ul>
  6. 6. Principles (continued) <ul><li>Policy coherence and governance </li></ul><ul><li>Policy integration </li></ul><ul><li>Use best available knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Precautionary principle </li></ul><ul><li>Make polluters pay </li></ul>
  7. 7. Comprehensive 1. of large scope; covering or involving much; inclusive 2. comprehending mentally; having an extensive mental range or grasp.
  8. 8. Challenges <ul><li>Energy Security </li></ul><ul><li>Air Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Coastal Erosion </li></ul><ul><li>Waste Management </li></ul>
  9. 9. Energy Consumption
  10. 10. Energy Consumption
  11. 11. Air Pollution Percentage of urban population resident in areas for days per year with PM10 concentration exceeding daily limit value, EEA member countries, 1996-2005 (EEA)
  12. 12. Air Pollution Percentage of urban population resident in areas where pollutant concentrations are higher than selected limit/target values, EEA member countries, 1996-2005 (EEA)
  13. 13. Climate Change Observed and projected changed in the overall Kyoto gasses and all greenhouse gasses, expressed in CO2-equivalents (IPCC, 2007a, partly based on IPCC, 2001).
  14. 14. Coastal Erosion Source: Eurosion, 2004.
  15. 15. Waste Management Generation of packaging waste and GDP in the EU-15 (Eurostat, 2007)
  16. 16. Aging Population Source: Eurostat Projected Old-Age Dependency Ratio
  17. 17. Eurostat <ul><li>Develops and monitors sustainable development indicators for the European Union </li></ul><ul><li>Based on 7 key priority areas </li></ul>
  18. 18. Key Priority Areas
  19. 19. Climate Change and Clean Energy <ul><li>Objective: To limit climate change and its costs and negative effects to society and nature. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Climate Change and Clean Energy
  21. 21. Targets <ul><li>Kyoto Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>RPS of 15% by 2015 </li></ul><ul><li>Energy End-Use Efficiency and Energy Services Directive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Achieve 9% overall saving of final energy consumption over 9 years until 2017 </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Total Greenhouse Gas Emission and Kyoto Protocol Target Source: European Environment Agency, Eurostat
  23. 23. Total EU-15 Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Projections Source: European Environment Agency
  24. 24. EU-27 Share of Renewables in Gross Inland Energy Consumption (%) Note: Other renewables, including solar, do not appear in the figure as they represent less than 1% of the total. Source: Eurostat
  25. 25. Sustainable Transport <ul><li>Objective: To ensure that our transport systems meet society’s economic, social and environmental needs whilst minimizing their undesirable impacts on the economy, society and the environment. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Sustainable Transport
  27. 27. Targets <ul><li>Public passenger transport services framework by 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>New car fleet should achieve CO 2 emissions of 140g/km by 2008/09 </li></ul><ul><li>Cut road deaths in half by 2010 compared to 2000 </li></ul>
  28. 28. Energy Consumption of Transport and GDP in 2005 by Country Source: Eurostat
  29. 29. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Transport (million tonnes of CO 2 equivalent) Source: European Environment Agency, Eurostat
  30. 30. Average CO 2 Emissions from New Passenger Cars (grams of CO 2 per kilometer) Source: European Commission, Directorate-General for the Environment
  31. 31. Road Accident Fatalities Source: European Commission, CARE (Community Database on Road Accidents)
  32. 32. Sustainable Consumption and Production <ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>To promote sustainable consumption and production patterns </li></ul>
  33. 33. Sustainable Consumption and Production
  34. 34. Targets <ul><li>By 2010, achieve EU average level of Green Public Procurement equal to that current best performing Member State </li></ul><ul><li>EU should increase global market share of environmental technologies and eco-innovations </li></ul>
  35. 35. EU-15 Resource Productivity Over Time (index 2000=100)
  36. 36. EU-25 Consumption Expenditure of Private Households by Category Source: Eurostat
  37. 37. Conservation and Management of Natural Resources <ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>To improve management and avoid overexploitation of natural resources, recognizing the value of ecosystem services. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Conservation and Management of Natural Resources
  39. 39. <ul><li>Restore ecosystems by 2015 in line with Johannesburg Plan (2002) and the Maximum Yield in Fisheries by 2015 </li></ul><ul><li>Contribute to a significant reduction in the worldwide rate of biodiversity loss by 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Contribute to the achievement of the United Nations global objectives on forests by 2015 </li></ul>Targets
  40. 40. Proportion of Fish Catches Taken from Stocks Outside of Safe Biological Limits (%) Source: European Commission, Directorate-General for Fisheries and Maritime Affairs, ICES
  41. 41. EU-27 Forest Removals (million m 3 ) Source: Eurostat
  42. 42. Common Bird Index (Index 2000=100) Source: EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands
  43. 43. Public Health <ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>To promote good public health on equal conditions and improve protection against health issues. </li></ul>
  44. 44. Public Health
  45. 45. Targets <ul><li>Improve food and feed legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Tackle suicide risks </li></ul><ul><li>By 2020, chemicals (including pesticides) should be produced, handled, and used in ways that do not pose significant threats to human health and the environment. </li></ul>
  46. 46. EU-15 Healthy Life-Years and Life Expectancy
  47. 47. Standardized Death Rate Due to Chronic Disease (per 100,000 people) Source: Eurostat
  48. 48. Standardized Suicide Death Rate by Country (per 100,000 people) Source: Eurostat
  49. 49. Production of Toxics
  50. 50. Social Inclusion <ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>To create a socially inclusive society by taking into account solidarity between and within generations and to secure and increase the quality of life of citizens as a precondition for lasting individual well-being. </li></ul>
  51. 51. Social Inclusion
  52. 52. Targets <ul><li>Reduce people at risk of poverty by 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Develop an EU migration policy </li></ul><ul><li>By 2007, young people who leave school should be offered employment within six months or by no more than four months in 2010 </li></ul>
  53. 53. EU-25 at-risk-of-poverty rate (a) by gender and (b) by age (%) Source: Eurostat
  54. 54. Early School-Leavers (%) Source: Eurostat
  55. 55. Global Poverty and Sustainable Development <ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>To actively promote sustainable development worldwide and ensure that the European Union’s internal and external policies are consistent with global sustainable development and its international commitments. </li></ul>
  56. 56. Global Poverty and Sustainable Development
  57. 57. Global Poverty and Sustainable Development
  58. 58. Targets <ul><li>International commitments including the Millennium Declaration, the Monterrey Consensus on Financing for Development, and the Doha Development Agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Raise the volume of aid from Member States to 0.56% of GNI by 2010 and 0.7% by 2015 </li></ul>
  59. 59. Net Migration Source: Eurostat
  60. 60. Old-Age Dependency Ratio (%) Source: Eurostat
  61. 61. EU-25 age-related Public Spending (% of GDP) Source: Economic Policy Committee, indicator subgroup (ISG) and working group of aging populations (AWG)
  62. 62. EU-15 Official Development Assistance (% of gross national income) Source: OECD
  63. 63. Official Development Assistance Source: OECD
  64. 64. EU-27 Imports from Developing Countries by Income Group (billion euro) Source: Eurostat
  65. 65. Systemic <ul><li>of or pertaining to a system. </li></ul><ul><li>Physiology, Pathology. </li></ul><ul><li>(a) pertaining to or affecting the body as a whole. (b) pertaining to or affecting a particular body system. </li></ul>
  66. 66. Policy Instruments European Union Green Plan Implementation Member State Communication Environmental Legislation Research and Development Financing and Economic Instruments International Agreements Education and Training
  67. 67. Better Regulation <ul><li>Promoting the design and application of better regulation tools at the EU level , notably simplification, reduction of administrative burdens and impact assessment. </li></ul><ul><li>Working more closely with Member States to ensure that better regulation principles are applied consistently throughout the EU by all regulators. </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforcing the constructive dialogue between stakeholders and all regulators at the EU and national levels. </li></ul>
  68. 68. Today’s Europe moves quickly. To face up to the challenges we face inside and outside Europe, policies, laws, and regulations need to adapt to the fast pace of technological change, to foster innovation, to protect the welfare and safety of Europeans.
  69. 70. Lisbon Strategy <ul><li>The Lisbon Strategy, adopted by the European Council in 2000, works within the EU SDS framework. </li></ul><ul><li>The focus of this strategy is to increase competitiveness, economic growth, and job creation. </li></ul>
  70. 71. Lisbon Strategy <ul><li>The purpose of the Lisbon Strategy is to make the EU “the most dynamic and competitive knowledge-based economy in the world capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion, and respect for the environment by 2010.” </li></ul>
  71. 72. Environmental Technology Action Plan (2004) <ul><li>Getting from Research to Markets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase and Focus Research, Demonstration and Dissemination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology Platforms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Technology Verification </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improving Markets Conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance Targets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobilisation of Financing (grants and loans) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Market Instruments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green Public Procurement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Awareness Raising and Training </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Acting Globally </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting Eco-technologies in Developing Countries, and Promoting Foreign Investment </li></ul></ul>
  72. 73. Impact Assessment (IA) <ul><li>All major policy decisions made by EU institutions must undergo an IA, assessing the social, environmental, and economic dimensions of sustainable development. </li></ul>
  73. 74. Aalborg Commitments <ul><li>Increased participatory democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Effective management cycles </li></ul><ul><li>Equitable access to natural common goods </li></ul><ul><li>The prudent and efficient use of resources </li></ul><ul><li>Urban planning and design </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable mobility choices </li></ul><ul><li>Health and wellbeing of citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Vibrant local economy </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusive and supportive communities </li></ul><ul><li>Global responsibility for peace, justice, equity, sustainable development and climate protection </li></ul>
  74. 75. Sustainable Cities and Towns Campaign <ul><li>Launched in 1994 </li></ul><ul><li>Campaign partners provide guidance, project ideas and tools . </li></ul><ul><li>Regional and local sustainable development initiatives are awarded on an annual basis. </li></ul>
  75. 76. Sustainable Cities and Towns Campaign <ul><li>The Campaign is now encouraging cities and towns to sign the Aalborg Commitments </li></ul><ul><li>As of 2008, over 2,500 localities had signed the Commitments </li></ul>
  76. 77. Environment Action Program <ul><li>The 6 th Environment Action Program ( 6EAP ) was adopted in 2002. </li></ul><ul><li>Program horizon is 2012. </li></ul>
  77. 78. Purpose of the 6EAP <ul><li>The Environment Action Program “ indicates priorities for the environmental dimension of the Sustainable Development Strategy and should be taken into account when bringing forward actions under the Strategy.” </li></ul>
  78. 79. Stavros Dima Commissioner for the Environment 6 th EAP Mid Term Review <ul><li>“… global emissions of greenhouse gases are rising, the loss of biodiversity is not yet under control, pollution is still harming public health and volumes of waste are increasing in Europe. The Commission is committed to fully implement the current Environment Action Programme in order to make significant progress towards tackling these issues .“ </li></ul>
  79. 80. Vision of the 6EAP <ul><li>A high level of quality of life and social well-being for citizens [and] an environment where the level of pollution does not give rise to harmful effects either on human health or on the environment. ( Objectives of DG Environment ) </li></ul>
  80. 81. Principles of the 6EAP <ul><li>Subsidiarity </li></ul><ul><li>Decoupling between economic growth and environmental pressures </li></ul><ul><li>Polluter pays </li></ul><ul><li>Precautionary principle </li></ul><ul><li>Rectification of pollution at source </li></ul>
  81. 82. Eco-Label <ul><li>“ EU flower” is awarded to non-food productions of high quality, showing compliance with specific criteria, after verification from an independent third party. </li></ul>
  82. 83. Integrative 1. to bring together or incorporate (parts) into a whole. 2. to make up, combine, or complete to produce a whole or a larger unit, as parts do. 3. to unite or combine.
  83. 84. Private Sector <ul><li>Environmental Compliance Assistance Programme (ECAP) helps businesses comply with environmental regulations </li></ul><ul><li>LIFE+ program provides funding for projects that support ECAP </li></ul>
  84. 85. Private Sector <ul><li>European Alliance for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supports awareness and knowledge of corporate social and environmental responsibility and accountability should be increased. </li></ul></ul>
  85. 86. Eco-Management and Audit Scheme <ul><li>Voluntary environmental management system implemented by companies from all sectors of economic activity to evaluate, report on and improve their environmental performance. </li></ul>
  86. 87. Eco-Management and Audit Scheme
  87. 88. Accountable 1. subject to the obligation to report, explain, or justify something; responsible; answerable. 2. capable of being explained; explicable; explainable.
  88. 89. Progress Report <ul><li>The European Commission will submit a progress report every two years. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The report is to include future priorities, orientations and actions. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>At the latest by 2011, the Council will decide when a comprehensive review is necessary. </li></ul>
  89. 90. Peer Reviews <ul><li>On a voluntary basis, officials and stakeholders from other Member States will review national sustainable development strategies. </li></ul>
  90. 91. Public Survey (2006) <ul><li>Public internet survey was included in the 2006 mid-year review. </li></ul>
  91. 92. Public Survey (2006) <ul><li>35.7% of those surveyed stated that they were “well informed” on EU environmental policy. </li></ul>
  92. 93. Public Survey (2006)