European Integrated Maritime Policy

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Europe’s seas are a rich and of ten underestimated source of innovation, growth and employment. They provide valuable ecosystem services and resources on which all marine activities depend. Our seas are essential for improving relations, enhancing regional trade and consequently, for the prosperity and development.
Ensuring the sustainable development of the marine and maritime environment requires effective coordination and co-operation between relevant bodies, and actions at all levels.
Governments are called to promote integrated, multidisciplinary and multi-sectoral maritime policies.

The strong contribution of maritime sectors to Europe’s economy and the objectives of the Europe 2020 strategy must be reinforced by coordinated action to lower costs, improve resource efficiency, reduce risks, support innovation and make better use of public money.
A valid approach to reach these objectives is represented by the Integrated Maritime Policy (IMP), created in 2007, which seeks to provide a more coherent approach to maritime issues, with increased coordination between different policy areas. The IMP is a process addressing all maritime sectors that takes account of competing sectors and interests to provide a coherent unified policy.

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European Integrated Maritime Policy

  1. 1. Integrated Maritime Policy MED in Focus Dott. Walter Vassallo Mediterrenean Shipping Conference 2013 October 3rd and 4th, 2013 Barcelona, Spain
  2. 2. Table of Content Integrated Maritime Policy for the MED 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Introduction Sectoral and Cross-cutting Policies Objectives and Developments Elements for International Cooperation The EU Strategy and the Blue Growth Key Actions and Roadmap to 2020 Instruments and funds available The Union for the Mediterrenean Dr. Walter Vassallo
  3. 3. 1. Introduction The Importance of the Sea A VALUABLE ECOSYSTEM Source of Innovation, Growth and Employment Essential for Relations, Enhancing Trade, Development Dr. Walter Vassallo
  4. 4. 1. Introduction Threats and Challenges to face Environmental Space, water Management, concerns: biodiversity, natural resources, scarsity, water pollution, waste environmental degradation Importance of Cross cutting environmental dimension (e.g. EU environmental strategy for the Med) Cooperation and sustainability are KEY pre-conditions Dr. Walter Vassallo
  5. 5. 1. Introduction What is an Integrated Maritime Policy (IMP) A process to take account of competing sectors and different interests to provide a Coherent Unified Policy A mode of policy-making and decision-taking Addressing all Maritime Sectors but not replacing MP Dr. Walter Vassallo
  6. 6. 1. Introduction Why the IMP: Integrated, Multidisciplinary, Multi-sectoral approach Reaffirm the maritime dimension Enhance development European maritime economy Protect the marine environment Cooperation of all players across sectors and borders Dr. Walter Vassallo
  7. 7. 2. Sectoral and Cross-cutting Policies Maritime Assets included: - All maritime areas - All marine resources - All maritime activities - Terrestrial activities Dr. Walter Vassallo
  8. 8. 2. Sectoral and Cross-cutting Policies Dr. Walter Vassallo
  9. 9. 3. Objectives and Developments Objectives in line with European Strategy 2020 - Lower costs Improve resource efficiency Reduce risks Support innovation Make better use of public money Maritime Sector contributes to Europe's economy Dr. Walter Vassallo
  10. 10. 3. Objectives and Developments 2009 EU launched key initiatives in all sea policy areas to strengthen Europe's competitiveness October 2010 European Parliament confirm validity of the Integrated Approach Maritime Dimension to the Europe 2020 Strategy Employment Competitiveness Social Cohesion Dr. Walter Vassallo
  11. 11. 3. Objectives and Developments - 2011 European Parliament and Council Programme to support the further development of the IMP - 2011 Committee of the Regions Guarantee the success of IMP for: Environment Economic Social reasons - 2011 European Economic and Social Committee Support cross.-sectoral and cross-border synergies Dr. Walter Vassallo
  12. 12. 4. Elements for International Cooperation - Vision - Governance - Maritime Policies - Operational and Integration tools Dr. Walter Vassallo
  13. 13. 4. Elements for International Cooperation Vision Dr. Walter Vassallo
  14. 14. 4. Elements for International Cooperation Governance Key Components: - Maritime Policies - Integration mechanisms - Cross-cutting tools consistent set of policies, implemented in a coordinated manner by public authorities and private stakeholders (organisations), based on common institutions (constitution, laws…). Dr. Walter Vassallo
  15. 15. 4. Elements for International Cooperation Governance
  16. 16. 4. Elements for International Cooperation Operational and Integration tools - Evaluation Funding mechanisms Knowledge production and sharing Monitoring Dr. Walter Vassallo
  17. 17. 4. Elements for International Cooperation Cooperation levels Dr. Walter Vassallo
  18. 18. 4. Elements for International Cooperation IMP Roadmap
  19. 19. 4. Elements for International Cooperation Policy Design Building
  20. 20. 5. Blue Growth 2012 EC Communication on Blue Growth - Strong focus on maritime transport and environment Overcome common bottlenecks: - Lack of appropriate skills - Access to risk capital - Fragmented marine data - Environmental challenges - Difficult planning processes Dr. Walter Vassallo
  21. 21. 5. Blue Growth 5 Areas of Growth Potential: - Maritime and Coastal Tourism Maritime Renewable Energy Marine Mineral Resources Acquaculture Blue biotechnology Dr. Walter Vassallo
  22. 22. 6. Key Actions and Roadmap to 2020 Maritime Transport: Strategy of the EC to 2020 - Cost-efficient maritime transport services Competitiveness of the EU shipping sector Seamless transport chains 2011 New Guidelines for TEN-T to broaden role of MOS as main EU corridors Blue Belt Initiative Dr. Walter Vassallo
  23. 23. 6. Key Actions and Roadmap to 2020 Maritime Transport: The Blue Belt Initiative 74% of the goods imported and exported by the Union AND 37% of the exchanges within the Union transit through seaports BUT ONLY 10-15% maritime traffic regular shipping service scheme (RSS) Dr. Walter Vassallo
  24. 24. 6. Key Actions and Roadmap to 2020 Maritime Transport: The Blue Belt Initiative Cumberstorme of administrative requirements required for economic, safety, security and financial reasons, BUT costs and delays! 2011 White Paper for the future of transport advocated a genuine Single European Transport Area Dr. Walter Vassallo
  25. 25. 6. Key Actions and Roadmap to 2020 Maritime Transport: The Blue Belt Initiative Current situation: Same conditions regardless of whether ships circulate only between EU ports or not. For a truck the situation is different!!! Objective: Establishing a European maritime transport space without barriers in the EC. Dr. Walter Vassallo
  26. 26. 6. Key Actions and Roadmap to 2020 Maritime Transport: The Blue Belt Initiative Two measures: 1. enhancement of the Regular Shipping Service (RSS) scheme 2. facilitation mechanism for vessels calling in third-country ports Dr. Walter Vassallo
  27. 27. 6. Key Actions and Roadmap to 2020 Maritime Transport: The Blue Belt Initiative Added Value: - Reduction of administrative burden and costs - Guarantee: safety, security, env. protection, customs, tax policies - Level playing field between all modes of transport - Enhancing the attractiveness of maritime transport and SSS - Stimulating employment - Reduction of the environmental impact of transport Dr. Walter Vassallo
  28. 28. 6. Key Actions and Roadmap to 2020 Maritime Transport: The Blue Belt Initiative Action Plan: - Regulation (EU) No 177/20107 for RSS - from 45 to 15 days authorisation period - flexibility for extension to new ports of call - e- Maritime initiative - Directive 2010/65/EU - National Single Windows (NSW) - SafeSeaNet EMSA → Interoperability - e-Manifest for vessels routes including non EU Countries Dr. Walter Vassallo
  29. 29. 6. Key Actions and Roadmap to 2020 Maritime Transport: Single Window Obsolete info flow Dr. Walter Vassallo
  30. 30. 6. Key Actions and Roadmap to 2020 Maritime Transport: Single Window New info flow Dr. Walter Vassallo
  31. 31. 6. Key Actions and Roadmap to 2020 Maritime Transport: Single Window New info flow Dr. Walter Vassallo
  32. 32. 6. Key Actions and Roadmap to 2020 Maritime Transport: MSP and ICZM Need for: - Optimisation of the use space - Regulation of cross-sectoral competition - Reduction of the cumulative impacts of densifying activities - Adaptation to the changing environment Dr. Walter Vassallo
  33. 33. 6. Key Actions and Roadmap to 2020 Maritime Transport: MSP and ICZM Key EU Documents: - Roadmap for Maritime Spatial Planning : Achieving Common Principles in the EU - Maritime Spatial Planning in the EU: Achievements and Future Developments Dr. Walter Vassallo
  34. 34. 6. Key Actions and Roadmap to 2020 Maritime Transport: Protection from Sea-related Threats Key Focus: - Maritime Surveillance across sectors and borders. Objectives: - Defense and security Protection of marine environment Management and protection marine resources protection human life and goods Dr. Walter Vassallo
  35. 35. 6. Key Actions and Roadmap to 2020 Maritime Transport: Protection from Sea-related Threats Best practices - MARSUNO e BluemassMed New initiatives - 2011 EC proposes to establish the European Border Surveillance System Information exchange mechanisms between authorities Dr. Walter Vassallo
  36. 36. 6. Key Actions and Roadmap to 2020 Maritime Transport: Employment and Career mobility Lack of right qualifications, skills and experience - Actions launched to build attractive carrers based on mobility - Updating the Directive on training of seafarers - Ensuring implementation of ILO Maritime Labour Convention Dr. Walter Vassallo
  37. 37. 6. Key Actions and Roadmap to 2020 Maritime Transport: Innovation and Research EU Strategy for marine and maritime research (2008) - Maximise the value of maritime economy - EU financial contribution to research and innovation - The Ocean of Tomorrow label - Implementation of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive - Improving interaction between researcher, industries, policy-maker Dr. Walter Vassallo
  38. 38. 6. Key Actions and Roadmap to 2020 Maritime Transport: Sharing the Knowledge Better knowledge is crucial for sustainable growth - European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet) - Marine Knowledge 2020 Dr. Walter Vassallo
  39. 39. 6. Key Actions and Roadmap to 2020 Maritime Transport: Cooperation Strategies Transnational Cooperation - Alignment of existing European and national funds on agreed growth priorities to act as Economic drivers in the regions - 2009 Communication for better maritime governance in the Med Governance of maritime affairs and env. Protection - Italy, Slovenia, Greece, Croatia engaged in deeper cooperation - Cooperation in the Black Sea moving ahead Dr. Walter Vassallo
  40. 40. 6. Key Actions and Roadmap to 2020 Maritime Transport: Other Environmental Actions - EU Strategic Energy Technology Plan (including wind, ocean energy tech. → contributing to 20% energy) - 2011 Development and interoperability trans-EU Energy Networks - Mitigation of Climate Change → EU Climate Adaptation Platform - Lowering GHG from ships → goal: reduction of 40% by 2050 - Lower sulphor – 2011 EC amendments to Directive 1999/32/EC Dr. Walter Vassallo
  41. 41. 6. Key Actions and Roadmap to 2020 Maritime Transport: Awarness Raising - Maritime Forum - Atlas of the Sea - Building a European marine knowledge infrastructure: Roadmap for a European Marine Observation and Data Network Dr. Walter Vassallo
  42. 42. 7. Instruments and Funds European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) - Political and economic cooperation/integration Aims: - Reduce pollution levels across the region Promote sustainable use of the sea and its coastline Cooperate on environmental issues Protect the environment Involve NGOs and the public Dr. Walter Vassallo
  43. 43. 7. Instruments and Funds EuropeanAid Regional Programme ENPI Horizon 2020 Initiative Dr. Walter Vassallo
  44. 44. 7. Instruments and Funds Horizon 2020 Aims to de-pollute the Med by 2020 Its Roadmap to 2020: - Identification of significant projects - Identification of capacity building measures - Use of EU research budget to develop and share knowledge -Develop indicators to monitor the success of Horizon 2020 Dr. Walter Vassallo
  45. 45. 7. Instruments and Funds Horizon 2020 Components 1. Investments for Pollution Reduction Mediterranean Hot Spots Investment Programme – Project Preparation and Implementation Facility (MeHSIP-PPIF) Dr. Walter Vassallo
  46. 46. 7. Instruments and Funds Horizon 2020 Components 2. Capacity Building Horizon 2020 Capacity Building Mediterranean Environment Programme (H2020 CB/MEP) Dr. Walter Vassallo
  47. 47. 7. Instruments and Funds Horizon 2020 Components 3. Review, Monitoring and Research ENPI Shared Environment Information System (SEIS) Dr. Walter Vassallo
  48. 48. 8. Union for the Mediterranean Promotion of Economic Integration and cohesion 43 Euro-Med partners Secretariat created in Paris on 13 July 2008 Multilateral partnership Dr. Walter Vassallo
  49. 49. 8. Union for the Mediterranean Key Initiatives: - De-pollution of the Mediterranean Sea Infrastructural connections to ports Joint civil protection programme Mediterranean solar energy plan Euro-Mediterranean University Mediterranean Business Development Initiative Dr. Walter Vassallo
  50. 50. 8. Union for the Mediterranean Latest best practice: June 2013 LOGISMED - Creation of new logistics platforms Enhancement competitiveness of logistics Completing training programmes Improve qualifications and increase n. log operators Mediterranean cooperation will not advance without paying attention to transport, and transport cannot improve without logistics Dr. Walter Vassallo
  51. 51. Thank you for your attention ! Walter Vassallo Maritime Association for Research and Innovation

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