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Creating and Implementing National Green Plans: Netherlands Case Study


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Follow the Netherlands ground-breaking environmental policy from its start in the early 90's to the goal of total environmental recovery by 2015 as told by one of the policy's architects.

Creating and Implementing National Green Plans: Netherlands Case Study

  1. 1. Policy in Context Bioneers 2008 19 Years NEPP
  2. 2. History of environmental policy <ul><li>First wave (Stockholm 1972) – single issue laws </li></ul><ul><li>Second wave (Our Common future 1987) – NEPPs and covenants </li></ul><ul><li>Third wave (late nineties) – partners for sustainability, transitions and reciprocity </li></ul>Policy in Context Bioneers 2008
  3. 3. History of the second wave <ul><li>NEPP 1 To Choose or to lose 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>NEPP 2 Today’s Touchstone 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>NEPP 3 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>NEPP 4 Where there’s a will, there’s a world, working on sustainability 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Future Agenda 2006 </li></ul>Policy in Context Bioneers 2008
  4. 4. NEPP 1 and 3 Policy in Context Bioneers 2008
  5. 5. NEPP-features 1 <ul><li>Focus on activities rather than recipients </li></ul><ul><li>> themes Climate change Acidification Eutrophication (P and N) Toxic and hazardous pollutants Waste disposal Disturbance Groundwater depletion Squandering (unsustainable resource use) </li></ul>Policy in Context Bioneers 2008
  6. 6. NEPP-features 2 <ul><li>Focus on sectors rather than individual companies > target groups Agriculture Construction industry Refineries Energy production Industry Traffic and transport Retail trade Consumers Waste disposal </li></ul>Policy in Context Bioneers 2008
  7. 7. NEPP-features 3 <ul><li>Long-term horizons (2010) and intermediate goals (4 years ahead) </li></ul><ul><li>Covenants beyond legal requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Internal integration of environment policy </li></ul><ul><li>Regional adaptation in case of distinctly differing situations </li></ul>Policy in Context Bioneers 2008
  8. 8. NEPP-features 4 <ul><li>External integration Environmental policy is no island </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural policy Energy policy Transport policy Resources management </li></ul>Policy in Context Bioneers 2008
  9. 9. NEPP-features 5 <ul><li>Acting at the right scale (global / continental / fluvial / regional / local) </li></ul><ul><li>Closing cycles of substances </li></ul><ul><li>Source orientation over and above effect orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Save energy and de-carbonize </li></ul><ul><li>Improve quality and dematerialize </li></ul>Policy in Context Bioneers 2008
  10. 10. In Conclusion <ul><li>Comprehensive policy planning </li></ul><ul><li>External and internal policy integration </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term investment perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Source orientation </li></ul>Policy in Context Bioneers 2008