Introduction to PROFINET - Derek Lane

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Introduction to PROFINET - Derek Lane

  1. 1. PROFINET The leading Industrial Ethernet Standard Derek Lane – WAGO ltd Introduction To PROFINET
  2. 2. Experience new dimensions in Automation 2 Agenda PROFINET offers … Uniform structures Performance … more continuity and uniform structures Integration Innovations Enhancement … more nodes and better performance … seamless integration of existing systems … new, innovative applications … continuous enhancements PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  3. 3. Initial situation and requirements 3 Does this sound familiar? Agenda Uniform structures Performance Integration Innovations Enhancement Different networks in your office and production areas Several individual proprietary solutions Diagnostics, service and maintenance only possible on site and is long and involved Your requirements Uniform, safe and secure networks without any network transitions Uniformity and reliability based on accepted standards Plant-wide, uniform engineering Access, service and maintenance from anywhere Goal: To cut the cost of engineering, commissioning and live operation PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  4. 4. PROFINET is Standard Ethernet 4 Switching technology Agenda Uniform structures Performance Integration Simultaneous sending/receiving Parallel communications Parallel communications paths Large number of devices Innovations Ultra short response times Enhancement Switch 1,440 bytes per frame Switch Switch PROFINET – innovative and future-proof PROFINET Marketing - Benefits Switch
  5. 5. PROFINET is Real-time Ethernet 5 Internet Agenda Uniform structures Performance Factory Automation Motion Control PROFINET Industrial Ethernet Integration 100ms Innovations Enhancement IT services RT Enables all this... ... direct online access to field devices ... maintenance and service from anywhere (even remote) ... lower costs for production/quality data monitoring Scalable Real-time for simultaneous, IT communications PROFINET Marketing - Benefits 250µs TCP/IP IRT
  6. 6. PROFINET communications 6 PROFINET Agenda Uniform structures PC Internet Explorer HTTP Performance Integration Real-Time IRT SNMP Socket RT TCP / UDP PROFINET Field devices IP Innovations Enhancement Ethernet Sensor system PC SNMP/OPC server PROFINET PLC PROFINET features standard TCP/IP communications in compliance with IEEE 802.3 and real-time communications PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  7. 7. PROFINET – use one bus for all your tasks! 7 Automation topologies with PROFINET Agenda PG/PC HMI PLC Uniform structures IWLAN Performance Integration Innovations Enhancement Diagnostics Motion Control Field device Drive Web/TCP/IP AccessPoint Field device PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  8. 8. PROFINET – configuration 8 IO Supervisor/ Engineering Station Agenda Uniform structures 1 Performance IO Controller 2 Integration Innovations Configuration Enhancement 3 4 IO Devices PROFINET Marketing - Benefits Ethernet
  9. 9. PROFINET – configuration 9 Agenda -Configuring the IO devices -Specifying the transmission cycles -Specifying addressing -Possibly name assignment 1 Uniform structures Performance GSD Integration Innovations Enhancement Adapting the configuration to an automation system Field device manufacturer Same engineering view for PROFIBUS and PROFINET. PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  10. 10. PROFINET – Communication Relations 10 Agenda Uniform structures Performance To exchange data, an application relation (AR) has to be set up between the IO controller and the IO device One AR contains several communication relations (CRs) for transmitting config.data, user data and alarms Integration Innovations Enhancement Standard Channel ConfigData RealTime Channel User Data RealTime Channel Alarms Record data CR IO data CR incl. MCR*) Alarm CR IO Controller *) MCR= Multicast Communication Relation (lateral traffic) PROFINET Marketing - Benefits AR IO Device
  11. 11. PROFINET – Application Relations 11 IO Supervisor Agenda Uniform structures IO Controller Performance Integration Innovations AR Enhancement IO Device Subslot 1 Subslot 2 Subslot 3 Subslot 1 Subslot 4 Subslot 4 Bus Interface Slot 0 Slot 1 Subslot 6 Slot 2 Slot 3 At least one AR has to be supported in an IO device PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  12. 12. Optimized Bus Traffic Load (unsync) 12 Agenda Uniform structures Performance Integration Send cycle is determined by the ES tool Example Device 1 sends every 8 ms Device 2 sends every 4 ms Device 3 sends every 2 ms Device 4 sends every 1 ms Ascertaining the send cycle from 1,2,4,8 = 8 ms Innovations Enhancement Send cycle e.g. 8 ms Optimized Bus Traffic Load Phase 1 3 Phase 2 4 4 Phase 4 3 2 Phase 3 1 4 PROFINET Marketing - Benefits 4 Phase 5 4 Phase 7 2 3 Phase 6 3 4 Phase 8 3 4 4 4
  13. 13. PROFINET – Flexible network topologies 13 Agenda Uniform structures Ring Bus Performance Integration Tree Innovations Star Enhancement Benefits and added value for our customers Bus structure through integration of switch ports in devices Tree and star topologies for tree'd configurations Redundant rings with reconfiguration in real time Cost reduction and more flexibility PROFINET Marketing - Benefits High availability
  14. 14. PROFINET – offers best diagnosis in class 14 Beside Agenda Uniform structures Proven channel diagnosis known from field busses Guaranteed alarm Performance Integration Innovations Enhancement ... usage of standard Ethernet diagnosis Established mechanism like SNMP Access anywhere on top Easy localization with topology views Simple access with web PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  15. 15. Simple by integrated naming 15 Comprehensible names of devices Agenda Uniform structures well defined names for the addressing are also used for diagnostic information, e. g. „desk-3“ Offline-Engineering Online-Diagnostics Web-View Performance Integration Innovations Enhancement Consequent support also of the connectors/wiring naming Offline-Engineering Device-Housing Online-Diagnostics X1 P2 Error prevention Clear identification of the fault location Fast repair PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  16. 16. Device Diagnostics 16 Diagnostic overview Agenda Uniform structures Performance Integration In levels of detail Device Module Channel Interrupts Innovations Enhancement Current fault events Acknowledged I&M (Identification & Maintenance) High-speed overview Level of detail according to requirements Standardized display PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  17. 17. Web 17 Presentation of diagnostics and parameter settings Agenda Uniform structures Performance Integration Innovations Enhancement Simple access Regardless of location, even wireless No engineering PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  18. 18. TCI (Tool Calling Interface) 18 Agenda Uniform structures Calling of vendorspecific device tools for complex devices Performance Integration Innovations Enhancement Simple user handling Automatic assignment of tool associated device Use of the existing interface paths Standardized behavior of tools, e.g. for storage path Simple user handling Fast, easy access to device tools Vendor-specific diagnostics and parameter setting Use of familiar tools PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  19. 19. More continuity in diagnostics thanks to PROFINET – Excellence in Operation Agenda 19 Control system for data acquisition Encapsulated process Gantry robot system Gravel extraction Water treatment Brine extraction Coil transport Staircase production Warehouse logistics Uniform structures Performance Integration Innovations Enhancement PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  20. 20. Fast commissioning and high plant availability… 20 Added value for our customers Agenda Fast engineering Uniform structures High plant availability Integration Cuts costs of configuration and commissioning Innovations Diagnostic information worldwide Enhancement Fast localization of faults Performance Transparency in the network Automatic documentation Preventative maintenance Data available from anywhere Summary ... Increase of efficiency by fast commissioning and increased plant availability PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  21. 21. Fieldbuses are increasingly reaching their limits of performance You want ... Agenda Uniform structures Performance Modular plant/machine concepts High availability in production Integration Increasing networking Innovations Raising production speed and quality Enhancement Exploiting advantages of IT in production e.g. for diagnostics, remote access ... With PROFINET you increase productivity and product quality PROFINET Marketing - Benefits 21
  22. 22. PROFINET 22 Agenda Uniform structures Performance Integration ... permits drive synchronization with the highest precision ...achieves communication in hard Real-Time for flexible, modular machine concepts Innovations Enhancement ...allows large numbers of nodes and the minimum response time ...offers scalable Real-time communication with simultaneously unrestricted TCP/IP PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  23. 23. Why is the synchronous control of axes important? 23 Agenda Uniform structures Performance Integration Innovations Enhancement Isochronous recording of the actual position values and isochronous activation of the setpoints without jitter Example: Printing press, synchronous operation of the print rollers Speed of the paper web: 15 m/s (54 km/h) (33.75MPH) Path per µs = 15 µm 1000 grid points / cm (2540 dpi) One grid point = 10 µm Requirement: jitter << 1 µs Controller Field device Less jitter Drive Better quality PROFINET Marketing - Benefits Drive
  24. 24. PROFINET is Real-time Ethernet 24 Internet Agenda Uniform structures Performance Factory Automation Motion Control PROFINET Industrial Ethernet Integration 100ms Innovations Enhancement 250µs IT services TCP/IP RT Permits parallel... ... direct online access to field devices ... location-independent maintenance and service (including remote) ... savings in the recording of production/quality data Scalable Real-time with simultaneous, unrestricted IT communication PROFINET Marketing - Benefits IRT
  25. 25. PROFINET with IRT, how does it work? The fast lane for motion control Agenda Uniform structures Performance Integration Innovations 25 Fast Ethernet with switching technology Fast simultaneous exchange of setpoint and actual values (100 Mbit/s) Time synchronization of the switches Requirement for Isochronous mode Deterministic communication cycle Essential for motion control Reservation of time areas Guaranteed performance for motion & IT Enhancement Overtaking lane IRT RT RT RT TCP/IP Reserved for IRT RT TCP/IP RT IRT RT TCP/IP Normal lane PROFINET with IRT (Isochronous Real-time) PROFINET Marketing - Benefits RT TCP/IP RT TCP/IP
  26. 26. PROFINET is Real-time Ethernet 26 Agenda Uniform structures IRT interval TCP/IP IRT interval TCP/IP IRT interval TCP/IP Cycle 2 = time window Cycle 1 Cycle n Performance Integration Innovations Enhancement Isochronous communication IRT data RT communication RT data Standard communication TCP/IP data Bandwidth reservation for isochronous communication IRT permits high-precision synchronization Hardest Real-time by means of Isochronous Real-time (IRT) PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  27. 27. The strengths of PROFINET with IRT Central Motion Control 27 Typical for a PC-based automation platform Agenda Uniform structures Performance Central control with motion control and operator panel Open factory network Integration Innovations Router Enhancement 24 axes 1000-byte I/O PROFIdrive Multi-axis drives Single-axis drives Cycle time 1 ms, IRT phase < 200 µs 80 % for standard communication (of 100 Mbit/s) PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  28. 28. The strengths of PROFINET with IRT Distributed Motion Control 28 Example: Continuous web Agenda Open factory network Uniform structures Performance Integration Central PLC Motion controller Router Innovations Enhancement Central operation 100 axes 5000-byte I/O Local I/O Auxiliary drives Cycle time 1 ms, IRT phase < 200 µs 80 % for standard communication (of 100 Mbit/s) PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  29. 29. Increased performance data for extended quantity structures and performance Agenda Uniform structures Performance 29 Benefits and added value for our customers Hard Real-time and parallel TCP/IP communication Isochronous applications for Motion Control Quantum leap in comparison with conventional fieldbuses Integration Innovations Enhancement Performance values for Motion Control applications with PROFINET and IRT Cycle time 1 ms 500 µs 250 µs Number of nodes*) 272 128 56 Jitter <1 µs <1 µs <1 µs Reserved for open communication with standard IT protocols 50% 50% 50% *) Number of devices each with 40 bytes input data and 40 bytes output data on a controller with 4 ports The limits of a specified controller regarding I/O area, cycle time and number of nodes must be considered PROFINET – for higher productivity and product quality PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  30. 30. Drive interface by PROFINET 30 PROFIdrive Agenda Uniform structures Performance Integration Innovations Enhancement Is the application profile for drives on PROFIBUS and PROFINET Is cross-vendor and ensures interoperability between drives and controllers Controller PROFIdrive Offers the same application view as with PROFIBUS and PROFINET Is standardized through PROFIBUS & PROFINET International (PI) Drives Worldwide standard communications for drives PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  31. 31. Extended quantity structure and performance with PROFINET – Excellence in Operation Agenda Float glass line Chocolate production machine Warehouse handling system screen printing machine Press feeder Press line Uniform structures Performance Integration Innovations Enhancement 31 Web offset printing machine PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  32. 32. PROFINET has the answer to your requirements 32 Agenda Uniform structures Performance Integration of existing fieldbus systems through proxy technology PROFINET is standard Ethernet Integration Innovations Enhancement Lets you continue using your user programs Makes it easy to convert existing devices Engineering – with the same look & feel PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  33. 33. Easy integration of existing fieldbus systems through proxy functionality 33 Benefits and added value for our customers Agenda Uniform structures Performance Including gateways for PROFIBUS, Interbus, AS-Interface and other fieldbuses Including controllers with PROFINET and PROFIBUS interface Integration Innovations Enhancement PROFINET Proxy Transparent communications between PROFINET and PROFIBUS Protects your investment PROFINET Marketing - Benefits PROFIBUS Transparent integration without programming
  34. 34. Just continue using your user program with PROFINET ... Benefits and added value Agenda Uniform structures Performance Integration Just reconfigure your hardware... ... no reprogramming work necessary use the same exact tools with the same look & feel Innovations Enhancement same system design for PROFIBUS and PROFINET PROFIBUS PROFINET Reduce the time and expense of engineering and testing PROFINET Marketing - Benefits 34
  35. 35. Advantages to using PROFINET 35 Protects your investment Agenda Uniform structures Performance Seamless integration of existing fieldbuses Easy conversion of existing devices No additional tools or training needed Integration Innovations Enhancement Saves costs Uses existing Ethernet networks Uniformity Uniform physical network concept Saves time Reduces engineering and testing time Cuts time needed for migration Summary Minimizes the time and expense of setting up your system with or migrating to PROFINET. PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  36. 36. Does this sound familiar? 36 Your constraints… Agenda Uniform structures Performance Integration Innovations Expensive slip rings or slip conductors Low flexibility & limited space High maintenance costs Enhancement Your needs… An easy networking solution even for hard-toreach places More space & greater flexibility Less maintenance costs PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  37. 37. Our responses to your needs 37 PROFINET via WLAN with … Agenda Uniform structures Standardized technology Performance Easy engineering (planning, set-up, operation, documentation) Integration Network security Innovations Failsafe communications (“Safety Integrated“) Enhancement Mobile HMI …as reliable, rugged, safe and secure as hard-wired systems! PROFINET Marketing - Benefits SCALANCE W
  38. 38. Standardized technology 38 PROFINET based on standard Ethernet Agenda Uniform structures Performance Wireless communications in compliance with IEEE standard possible SCALANCE W Industrial WLAN (IEEE 802.11) Integration cyclic and acyclic data transmission Innovations Supervision of wireless connection Enhancement Redundant wireless operation over 2 separate wave bands for raised availability PROFIsafe over WLAN Bluetooth (IEEE 802.15.2) Coexistence with WLAN Fast commissioning Easy diagnostics Using established standards for innovative applications PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  39. 39. Wireless automation with PROFINET – Excellence in Operation Agenda 39 Cement transport High-bay warehouse Transport & logistics Body shop Mobile fastening controller Overhead monorail conveyor Gantry robot system Water treatment Air freight Uniform structures Performance Integration Innovations Enhancement PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  40. 40. Wireless automation with PROFINET 40 Only with PROFINET… Agenda Uniform structures Performance Integration Innovations Take advantage of all standard Ethernet have to offer SCALANCE W Failsafe and standard communications over one medium and also via Industrial WLAN Enhancement PROFINET – the first open Ethernet standard with wireless, failsafe communications! Perfect interaction between network components and automation devices from one source! PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  41. 41. The integrated safety solution 41 Agenda Uniform structures Performance Integration Innovations Enhancement One bus for standard and failsafe automation Formerly „Safety Bus“ Failsafe I/Os Meets the highest safety categories Safety Integrity Level 3 / PL e / Cat. 4 Uniform diagnostics and uniform user interface Reduce the number of types, parts and interfaces Emerg. Off Emerg. Off Standard PLC Standard I/Os Failsafe PLC Fieldbus Office World via Ethernet New Emerg.Off Emerg.Off Standard and failsafe I/Os Failsafe PLC PROFINET Emerg.Off Connection to Office World Save time, space and money with Safety Integrated! PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  42. 42. Failsafe communications – even wireless 42 Agenda Uniform structures Performance Innovations Enhancement Even wireless… Safetyrelated data Standard data Safetyrelated data PROFIsafe Layer Standard data PROFIsafe Layer Standard BUS protocol Standard BUS protocol PROFINET “Black channel" Integration Use of the PROFIsafe profile Tested and accepted with PROFINET Standard and failsafe communications over the same transmission path Can be used for stationary and mobile Emergency Stop function Allows the use of extended safety functions by use of dedicated PROFIsafe devices Industrial Ethernet PROFINET Access Point RCoax Industrial Ethernet Access Point RCoax IO-Device Client Mobile Panel Failsafe and available, just like hard-wired! PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  43. 43. PROFIsafe 43 Only with PROFINET… Agenda Wireless available Uniform structures Benchmark for the safety communication in the IEC standards Performance Integration Innovations Enhancement SCALANCE W Established as open standard 10 years experience More than 100 000 plants in many branches: Factory Process Train Cable car Fun rides Nuclear …. PROFIsafe, the proven and established market leader PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  44. 44. PROFINET in Process Automation 44 ERP MES Ethernet backbone Agenda Uniform structures Plant wide data exchange between Field, DCS and IT level DCS Performance Integration of various fieldbusses via proxies Integration Innovations Enhancement PROFIBUS DP 1 2 3 PROFIBUS PA 4 PROFINET 5 6 7 8 … 16 1 2 3 3 4 HART 5 6 PROFINET PROXY PROFINET Marketing - Benefits 1 2 7 8 … 4 16 FF H1 5 6 7 8 … 16
  45. 45. Process Automation Key Functions 45 Fieldbus integration Configuration in Run (CiR) DCS Agenda DCS Uniform structures DeviceNet Performance PROFIBUS DP Remote I/O Integration PROFIBUS PA Proxy PROFINET Innovations HART Enhancement FF H1 Time sync / time stamping Scalable Redundancy Redundant Controller System Master Clock (GPS, DCF77, …) Controller 1 Controller 2 Backup Primary Controller 3 Backup Clock Master Redundant Network Proxy Device Device PROFINET Marketing - Benefits Device with redundant connectivity Device with singular connectivity
  46. 46. PROFIenergy - What’s in for me? 46 Agenda Uniform structures PROFINET is the first field bus worldwide with a standardized profile for efficient energy management. Performance Integration Innovations Enhancement PROFINET is a synonym for innovation. Requirements from customer side are taken seriously and implemented very fast. PROFIenergy generates additional value to your products and safes your business in the long term. Use PROFIenergy, to save energy and costs! PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  47. 47. An example from the Automotive Industry 47 Agenda Uniform structures Typical Energy Consumption (kWh, 15min) Performance Integration Weekend Weekend Energy consumptio n in breaks appr. 60% With PROFIenerg y up to 80% savings! Innovations Enhancement Energy consumption during breaks appr. 60%! PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  48. 48. Five good reasons for PROFIenergy 48 Controller HMI Cost savings through omission of external hardware Agenda Uniform structures Energy saving even in short pauses thanks to granular switching Performance Integration High system reliability through coordinated switching Innovations Enhancement Investment safeguarding through simple reaction-free integration into existing standards DC24V Distributed I/O Motion Control & Drives Free selection of device through vendor-independent standard PROFIenergy permits energy saving in breaks through switching-off of non-required loads! PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  49. 49. Experience new dimensions in Automation 49 Agenda SUMMARY - PROFINET offers … Uniform structures Performance … more continuity and uniform structures Integration Innovations Enhancement … more nodes and better performance … seamless integration of existing systems … new, innovative applications … continuous enhancements PROFINET Marketing - Benefits
  50. 50. What is PROFINET? 50 Agenda Uniform structures The fieldbus based on Ethernet for all applications Performance Integration Covers the key markets and key technologies in automation – both today and in the future Innovations Enhancement Supported by the greatest automation organization for communication solutions PROFINET Marketing - Benefits

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