Modern world wwi webapps


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Modern world wwi webapps

  1. 1. World War I Modern World History
  2. 2. World War I <ul><li>The Great War </li></ul><ul><li>‘ The War to End All Wars’ </li></ul><ul><li>Global war, all nations of the world affected in some way </li></ul><ul><li>WWI began in Europe in the summer 1914 & lasted until November 11 th , 1918 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Total War <ul><li>Total war is a conflict of unlimited scope in which a belligerent engages in a mobilization of all available resources at their disposal, whether human, industrial, agricultural, military, natural, technological, or otherwise, in order to entirely destroy or render beyond use their rival's capacity to continue resistance. </li></ul><ul><li>The practice of total war has been in use for centuries, but it was only in the middle to late 19th century that total war was identified by scholars as a separate class of warfare . In a total war, there is less differentiation between combatants and non-combatants ( civilians ) than in other conflicts (or none at all), as nearly every person from a particular country (or opposing area), civilians and soldiers alike, can be considered to be part of the belligerent effort. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Countries Involved in WWI
  5. 5. Industrial Revolution <ul><li>Handful of nations became great powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced economies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Established colonies to acquire raw materials & sell finished goods </li></ul><ul><li>Trade routes had to be protected with navies & armies </li></ul><ul><li>Used wealth to develop increased military power </li></ul><ul><li>By 1900 almost the whole world was under the domination of a few ‘Great Powers’ </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict was inevitable </li></ul>
  6. 6. MAIN Causes of World War I <ul><li>Militarism </li></ul><ul><li>Alliances </li></ul><ul><li>Imperialism </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism </li></ul>
  7. 7. MAIN Causes of World War I <ul><li>Militarism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Militarism is the belief that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>I </li></ul><ul><li>N </li></ul>
  8. 8. MAIN Causes of World War I <ul><li>Militarism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discipline is the highest social priority </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>I </li></ul><ul><li>N </li></ul>
  9. 9. MAIN Causes of WWI <ul><li>All major powers increased military expenditures prior to WWI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both size of forces & war materials </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Primarily: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain -- largest empire & navy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany -- most powerful army </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>France -- Desired revenge over loss to Germany in Franco-Prussian War 1870-71 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted Alsace-Lorraine back </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russia -- Quarrelling w/Austria over Balkans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Austria -- Quarrelling w/Russia over Balkans </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Population Explosion
  11. 11. The New Kaiser <ul><li>Wilhelm II comes to power in Germany </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Born w/paralyzed left arm & ear defect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>As adult, required help cutting food & dressing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological need to show his strength </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>aka…little man syndrome? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Increasingly turned to military & foreign affairs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dressed in uniform, soldiers as advisors </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Increasing Tensions -- Naval Race <ul><li>Germany’s industrial success </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Passed Britain in industrial output </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Began focus on foreign affairs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Acquire colonies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Create German-dominated economic zone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expand Navy (goal to match Britain) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>British government responds to German buildup </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Goal for navy to equal #2 & #3 together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led to development of Dreadnought </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. MAIN Causes of World War I <ul><li>M </li></ul><ul><li>Alliances </li></ul><ul><li>I </li></ul><ul><li>N </li></ul><ul><li>Treaties signed with other nations in order to create ‘friendships’ </li></ul><ul><li>Promises to help each other out if a war breaks out </li></ul>