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Final ppt of italy

all information about italy.

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Final ppt of italy

  1. 1. ITALY
  2. 2. HISTORY• Derived from term Italia, from Latin meaning "land of young cattle”• The bull was a symbol of the southern Italian tribes during the Samnite Wars• Italy was named after Italus, mentioned also by Aristotle and Thucydides• Italic tribes : Umbrians, Latins , Volsci, Samnites, Celts and Ligures inhabited northern Italy• Non-Indo-European heritage include the Etruscans, the Elymians and Sicani in Sicily and the prehistoric Sardinians.
  3. 3. ANCIENT ITALY• 6th century- Byzantine Emperor Justinian I reconquered Italy from Ostrogoths• The invasion of Germanic tribes, the Lombards late in the same century, reduced the Byzantine presence to the Exarchate of Ravenna and other lands in southern Italy.• The Lombard reign of northern and central Italy absorbed into the Frankish Empire by Charlemagne in the late 8th century
  4. 4. MIDDLE AGE• 8th and 7th centuries BC Greek colonies established all along the coast of Sicily and the southern part of the Italian Peninsula became known as Magna Graecia• The Phoenicians established colonies on the coasts of Sardinia and Sicily.• 17th to the 11th century BC Mycenaean Greeks established contacts with Italy
  5. 5. • founded on 8th century BC, grew into a colossal empire encompassing the whole Mediterranean Sea• 395 AD: the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern Roman Empire• The western part, under Franks, the Vandals, the Huns, the Goths and other populations• The eastern part became Roman legacy.
  6. 6. • 9th century- In the south, Sicily became an Islamic emirate , thrived until the Normans conquered it in the late 11th century, together with most of the Lombard and Byzantine states of southern Italy.• In Sardinia, the former Byzantines provinces became independent states known as giudicati, island was under Genoese or Pisan control, until the Aragonese conquered it in the 15th century.
  7. 7. Foreign domination and Napoleonic Wars• 17th–19th centuries: foreign rule• 17th century-Plague in italy• Napoleonic Wars in 18th century
  8. 8. Formation• Unification 17 March 1861• Republic 2 June 1946• Prime minister
  10. 10. • Location: Southern Europe• The boot-shaped Italian Peninsula• lies between latitudes 35° and 48° N, and longitudes 6° and 19° E• area 301,230 km², 294,020 km² is land and 7,210 km² is water• coastline and border of 7,600 km on the Adriatic, Ionian, Tyrrhenian seas
  12. 12. CLIMATE• Highly diverse and , depending on location.• Piedmont, Lombardy and Emilia-Romagna, have humid continental or temperate climate.• climate of the Po valley region is continental with harsh winters and hot summers.• The coastal regions have mild winters and warm and dry summers.
  13. 13. MAJOR CITIES• ROME: Capital city of Italy , largest and most populous city, 2.8 million inhabitants. The historic capital of the Roman Empire
  14. 14. • VENICE: famous for its canals & palaces built on water. Venice is the Capital of the Veneto region• population: 271,251.
  15. 15. • MILAN: One of the world capitals of design and fashion and capital of the Lombardy region.
  16. 16. • TURIN: Important industrial city• a business and cultural centre in northern Italy• headquarter of the Fiat company.• Population: 908,000 inhabitants.
  17. 17. • BOLOGNA: Capital city of the Emilia-Romagna region.• One of the top cities in Italy in terms of quality of life
  18. 18. • FLORENCE: one of the most important Renaissance architectural and art centers.• Duomo and Baptistery are magnificent
  19. 19. MAJOR CITIESRANK CITY POPUL. RANK CITY POPUL.1 ROME 2761477 8 FLORENCE 3712822 MILAN 1324110 9 BARI 3204753 NAPLES 959574 10 CATANIA 2934584 TURIN 907563 11 VENICE 2708845 PALERMO 655875 12 VERONA 2639646 GENOA 607906 13 MESSINA 2425037 BOLOGNA 380181 14 PADUA 214198
  20. 20. INTERESTING FACTS• The Santa Maria del Fiore cathedral• ranks 84th in the world for ecological sustainability.• one of the worlds largest producers of renewable energy
  21. 21. • Italian Scuderia Ferrari is the oldest surviving team in Grand Prix racing• Italy won the 2006 FIFA World Cup• currently the second most successful football team in the world, after Brazil, having won four FIFA World Cups.• Genoa: Hometown of explorer Christopher Columbus, composer Niccolò Paganini, actor Vittorio Gassman.
  22. 22. • Milans Bocconi University, ranked among the top 20 best business schools in the world• Forbes has ranked Bocconi no. 1 worldwide in the specific category Value for Money• It ranks no. 5 in Europe and no. 15 in the world.• La Sapienza University in Rome is Europes largest, with 140,000 students
  23. 23. • Mont Blanc - the highest point in Italy and the European Union• 14 volcanoes in Italy, three of which are active: Etna , Stromboli and Vesuvius
  24. 24. • Most famous Indian politician i.e Mrs. Sonia Gandhi is a native of Italy• Birth place of pizza & pasta• Red flower: secrecy• Purple flower: bad luck• Yellow flower : jealousy
  25. 25. POPULATION• Italy has the fourth-largest population in the European Union and the 23rd-largest population worldwide with estimation of 60.6 million.• The population density- 200 persons per sq km, is the fifth highest in the European Union.• About 68% of Italian population is classified as urban contributed mainly by:• Milan 7.4 million Rome 3.7million• Naples 3.1million Turin 2.2 million
  26. 26. CULTURE
  27. 27. • Despite the political and social distinction of regions, Italys contributions to the cultural and historical heritage of Europe and the world is immense.• Italy is home to the greatest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and has rich collections of world art, culture and literature from many different periods due to emigrations during Italian diaspora.• 100,000 monuments of any sort.
  28. 28. LANGUAGES• official language: Italian• numerous dialects spoken all over the country and some Italians cannot speak Italian at all.• FRIULIAN: one of the dialects• a number of minority languages have co- official status. French is co-official in the Valle d’Aosta.• German has the same status as that of French.
  29. 29. RELIGION• Roman Catholic with mature Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant community
  30. 30. • 74% Italians believe in God, or a form of a spiritual life force.• 16% believe there is some sort of spirit or life force.• 6% do not believe that there is any sort of spirit, God, or life force.
  31. 31. FAMILY VALUES• The family: centre of the social structure and provides a stabilizing influence for its members.• In the north nuclear family lives together• In the south the extended family resides together in one house.
  32. 32. ITALIAN STYLES• Appearances matter in Italy• Dress indicate social status, familys background and education level• First impressions are lasting impressions• The concept of bella figura• Clothes are important to Italians.•
  36. 36. BUSINESS ETIQUETTE• Relationships & Communication• Business Meeting Etiquette• Dressing etiquette• Business cards
  37. 37. ARCHITECTURE• Broad and diverse architectural style.• considerable architectural achievements• Colosseum, the Milan Cathedral and Florence cathedral, the Leaning Tower of Pisa and the building designs of Venice.
  38. 38. FESTIVALS• Nevada county Italian festival: 17& 18 sep• Festa Italiana: 1st weekend of August• The sicilian festival: 18th May
  39. 39. VISUAL ART• Painting: a warmth of colour and light, as shown in the works of Caravaggio and Titian• Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Donatello Botticelli, Fra Angelico,Caravaggio,Bernini, Titian and Raphael• The Last Supper& Mona Lisa
  40. 40. LITERATURE• The Divine Comedy by poet Dante Alighieri• Giovanni Boccaccio, Giacomo Leopardi, Alessandro Manzoni, Torquato Tasso, Ludovico Ariosto and Petrarch
  41. 41. THEATRE• Italian theatre reveal Roman tradition• Dramatists translate from the Greek.• Senecas Phaedra was based on Euripides• The comedies of Plautus were direct translations of Menander• Travelling troupes amuse people in the form of juggling, acrobatics and humorous plays
  42. 42. MUSIC role in• classical music has played an important Italian culture.• Instruments like piano and violin, were invented in Italy, and many of the prevailing classical music forms such as the symphony, concerto, and sonata were innovations of 16th and 17th century.• the birthplace of oper, founded in the early 17th century, in cities such as Mantua and Venice.
  43. 43. • jazz has a strong foothold in Italy. Most notable centers of jazz music in Italy include Milan, Rome, and Sicily.• Italian pop music is represented annually with the Sanremo Music Festival which served as inspiration for the Eurovision song contest, and the Festival of Two Worlds in Spoleto.
  44. 44. CINEMA• 1903 and 1908 :The Italian film industry born three companies: the Società Italiana Cines, the Ambrosio Film and the Itala Film• The first Italian film was a few seconds long, showing Pope Leo XIII giving a blessing to the camera.• After the war, Italian film widely recognised
  45. 45. SCIENCE• Through the centuries, Italy has given birth to some notable scientific minds• Some are Leonardo da vinci , Galileo Galilei, Enrico Fermi• Nobel laureate Camillo Golgi discovered Golgi complex received the Nobel Prize for his work
  46. 46. SPORTS• long sporting tradition• most popular sport: football• Basketball and volleyball: next most popular games• It has also got strong traditions in cycling, tennis, athletics, fencing, cycling, motorbiking and rugby.
  47. 47. FASHION & DESIGN
  48. 48. History of Italian fashion• Italian fashion has a long tradition, is regarded as one of the most important in the world.• Most fashionable in Europe• recognized as the cradle and birthplace of the Renaissance
  49. 49. CLASSIC ITALIANFor womenFor men
  50. 50. Bridal Gowns And Wedding Dresses
  51. 51. • According to the 2009 Global Language Monitor, Milan was nominated the true fashion capital of the world.• Major Italian fashion labels are Gucci, Prada, Versace, Valentino, Armani, Dolce & Gabbana, Missoni, Fendi, Moschino, Max Mara and Ferragamo• Vogue Italia- the fashion magazine.
  52. 52. • Prominent in the field of design basically interior design, architectural design, industrial design and urban design.• Italy has produced some well-known furniture designers, such as Gio Ponti and Ettore Sottsass.• The latest trends in footwears emerge from italy only and then spread to whole of the world.
  53. 53. CUISINE
  54. 54. ITALIAN FOODS• history of Italian cooking• Italian food has become famous all over the world• Its pasta based dishes and the use of cheese• The food is mostly combined with sauces
  55. 55. List of Dishes and recipes• Braciole• Bruschetta• Bresaola• Crostini con condimenti misti• Capicollo• Culatello• Curried Braised Rabbit stew• Insalata caprese• Insalata russa• Mozzarelline fritte (fried small mozzarellas)
  56. 56. Soup and sauce recipes• Acquacotta• Bagna càuda• Garmugia• Ginestrata• Minestrone• Pasta e fagioli• Sugo al Pomodoro• Fonduta• Grine Sauce
  57. 57. RICE DISHES• Arancine di riso• Basic Risotto• Insalata di riso• Pomodori col riso• Risotto alla milanese or Risotto with saffron• Risi e bisi• Risotto con la lüganega• Riso with schrimps• Riso con piselli (risi e bisi)• Riso alla toscana• Riso al nero di seppia
  58. 58. Italian DessertsCake with Orange Peach jam tart withJuice Amaretti Pastiera NapoletanaStrawberry jamtart Zelten
  59. 59. Traditional Italian Biscuits November Cenci Almond Biscuits BiscuitsChocolate Biscuits withCarnival Balls Hazelnuts
  60. 60. SHOPPING CENTRES• CAMPANIA: situated in Marcianise & started in April 2003 by a company called Corio
  61. 61. • I GIGLI: Company’s largest shopping centre and one of the most important in Italy , situated in Tuscany• A bike sharing scheme is in operation• electric car charge points in the car park
  62. 62. • PORTA DI ROMA: innovative & Europe’s biggest shopping centre opened in July 2007 situated in Rome
  63. 63. • ROMA EST: one of the biggest shopping center in Italy, placed outside the city of Rome but it is quite easy to reach
  64. 64. • VULCANO BUONO: a shopping mall and leisure center located in Nola. Inaugurated on December 7, 2007 & designed by renowned Italian architect Renzo Piano
  65. 65. EDUCATION
  66. 66. • public education is free and compulsory from 6 to 15 years of age and has a five-year primary stage and an eight-year secondary stage.• an above-average output of scientific papers as compared to 90 countries in world.
  67. 67. • 15 Italian universities ranked in the 2010 QS World University Rankings• two are ranked in the Top 200 of the world
  68. 68. • University of Bologna: oldest college
  69. 69. • Sapienza University of Rome
  70. 70. • The University of Padua
  71. 71. • Milan universities
  72. 72. • Other universities
  73. 73. TOURISM• Italy is the fourth highest tourist earner, and fifth most visited country in the world• more than 43.2 million tourists a year visit the country• rich art, cuisine, history, fashion and culture, its beautiful coastline and beaches, its mountains, ancient monuments especially those from the Greek civilization and Roman civilization.
  74. 74. • Tourism is one of the fastest growing and most profitable industrial sectors, with an estimated revenue of $42.7 billion• the first actual tourists to come to Italy were aristocrats during the Grand Tour, in late 17th century, and flourishing in the 18th century.• Rome attracted thousands tourists from all over the world which included most of the Mediterranean, Northern Africa,England and the parts of the Middle East• Traders and merchants came to Italy from several different parts of the world.
  75. 75. • Top attractions : Venice, Florence, Rome, Naples and Sicily• By the 1850s, less-cultural visits began to be made, and several tourists also came to Italy for its nature and weather• Ligurian coast around Venice, coastal Tuscany and the Amalfi coast are popular.• Capri, Ischia, Procida and Elba, and the Northern Lakes, such as Lake Como, Lake Maggiore and Lake Garda
  76. 76. • Tourism remained very popular until the late- 1920s and early-1930s• Economic depression & political instability reduced the tourism rate• Italian economic miracle and raised living standards: increased tourism• Cheap hotels• Ski resorts & chalets were built
  77. 77. • Northwest Italy: Turin, the manufacturing capital & Milan, the business and fashion capital of the country• NortheastItaly:Venice,Verona,Vicenza, Padua, Trento, Bolzano, Bolo gna, Ferrara, Piacenza• Central Italy: the worlds best known landmarks such as the Colosseum. Florence, Tuscanys most visited city, nearby cities like Siena, Pisa, and Lucca also have rich cultural heritages.
  78. 78. • SOUTHERN ITALY- Apulia,Basilicata,Calabria,Campania & Molise.• Naples• Sicily- largest island in the country &famous for its archaeology, seascape and unique Sicilian cuisine• Sardinia- Large island, 250 kilometers west of the Italian coastline, includes beaches and archaeological ruins
  79. 79. ECONOMY• Economy changed from agriculture to industrial state• Seventh largest economy in the world• Unemployment is around 8.4% in 2011 and is forecast to remain around that level for years• The major economy is constituted by-• Corporation• Transports• Tourism
  80. 80. • Itlay has capitalist economy.• Italy is member of the Group of Eight (G8) industrialized nations.• The country is also well-known for its influential and innovative business economic sector
  81. 81. CORPORATIONS• Smaller number of global multinational corporations.• Large number of small and medium-sized enterprises• "industrial triangle" (Milan-Turin-Genoa)• “Tuscan industrial triangle” (Florence-Prato- Pistoia)
  82. 82. • country was the worlds 7th largest exporter in 2009.• Italys major exports and companies by sector are motor vehicles ,chemicals and petrochemicals, electrical engineering, home appliances, aerospace and defense technologies, firearms , fashion; food processing, sport and luxury vehicles ,yachts.
  83. 83. Trade partners• Italys closest trade ties are with the other countries of the European Union, with whom it conducts about 59% of its total trade. Its largest EU trade partners, in order of market share, are Germany (12.9%), France (11.4%), and Spain (7.4%).
  84. 84. Trade relations with India• Trade relations since 1929• 1966- Indo Italy chamber of commerce & industry established• Italy is the fourth largest trading partner with India• India exports such items as textiles,chemicals , dyes , minerals such as iron ore , food products• Italy exports machinery , oils , textile including weaving , spinning machines• An agreement signed regarding this
  85. 85. Tourism• Fastest growing and profitable sector of the national economy• 43.7 million international tourist arrivals and total receipts estimated at $42.7 billion.• Fourth highest tourism earner and the fifth most visited country in the world.• Italys most popular tourist attractions are the Colosseum , the ruins at Pompeii , Florence & Venice
  86. 86. Transport• 2011: turnover of about 119.4 billion euros.• Employment: 935,700 persons in 153,700 enterprises.• National road network : 34,667,000 passenger cars and 4,015,000 goods vehicles circulated• National railway network : 16,287 km of which 69% is electrified, 4,937 locomotives and railcars circulated• National inland waterways network : 1,477 km of navigable rivers and channels . 30 main airports and 43 seaports• In 2005 Italy maintained a civilian air fleet of about 389,000 units and a merchant fleet of 581 ships
  89. 89. ENEL UTILITIESone of the largest European utility providers,with a home base in Italy and subsidiaries inSpain, Russia, Latin America and EasternEuropeproduces, distributes and sells electricity andgas all over Europe, North America and LatinAmerica
  90. 90. ENI OIL an Italian multinational oil and gas company, present in 70 countries, and currently Italys largest industrial company with a market capitalization of 87.7 billion euros• partner with ONGC and GAIL India
  91. 91. GENERALI GROUP INSURANCE• founded in 1831 in Trieste, is one of the most significant participants in the global insurance and financial products market• Now present in 40 Countries• market shares in Germany, France, Austria, Spain, Switzerland and Israel
  92. 92. INTESA SANPAOLO BANKING• the top banking groups in the euro zone• leader in Italy in all business areas (retail, corporate and wealth management)• 5,700 branches• Subsidiaries in Central-Eastern Europe, Middle East and North Africa with a network of more than 1,700 branches
  93. 93. UNI CREDIT GROUP BANKING • an Italy-based, pan-European banking organization • Subsidiaries in 22 countries • Registered office in Rome • Divisionsin London, Milan, Munich, Vienna, Budapest and Warsaw
  94. 94. Italian companies operating in India• Fiat India• Benetton India• ST microelectronics• Wellspun zucchi textiles• Perfetti van melle india
  95. 95. HEALTH &CARE• public healthcare system since 1978.Healthcare account for more than 9.0% of GDP• worlds 2nd best healthcare system, and the worlds 3rd best healthcare performance• 12th highest worldwide life expectancy• Smoking in public places including bars, restaurants, night clubs and offices has been restricted to specially ventilated rooms since 2005.
  96. 96. MAJOR HEALTH CARE SECTORS• Aurelia Hospital• Aventino Medical Group• Bambino Gesu• Grimaldi Medical Group• Mundi International Hospital
  97. 97. SWOT ANALYSISSTRENGTHS WEAKNESS:5th largest industrial economy of world :Limited natural resources:important member of G8 :Imports are high: fashion hub : high public debts:processing & manufacturing of goods :expensive labourLeading exporter in apparel trade :high crime zoneOPPORTUNITIES THREATS:World’s 4th largest gold reserve :uncertainity in retail sector:Better relations with India, U.S , China :economic division between northern &:Import of energy for processing & southern Italymanufacturing :low production rate of apparels:Oracle & Microsoft has started it’s :security & potential threats fromoperation in the country terrorists & other gangs
  98. 98. ITALY AT A GLANCE• Capital city: Rome• Republic day: 2nd June• National flag: Tri coloured flag• National animal: Italian Wolf• National flower: white lily or poppy• National anthem: Carto de italiana• National bird: bluebird• National game: football• Currency: Euro(56.69 indian rupees)

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all information about italy.


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