World war i


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World war i

  1. 1. World War I “The War to End All Wars” 1914-1918
  2. 2. Vocabulary Militarism (Militarismo) - policy of building up strong military forces to prepare for war Alliances (Alianzas) - agreements between nations to aid and protect one another Nationalism (Nacionalismo) - pride in or devotion to one’s country Imperialism (Imperialismo) - when one country takes over another country economically and politically
  3. 3. I. Causes of the War – Historical Viewpoint II. Events in the War III. Faces of WWII IV. Analysing the Great War
  4. 4. imperialism nationalism alliances militarism a terrorist act
  5. 5. policy wherein military predominance is given priority by the state brought about by the Industrial Revolution led to an arms race among European nations: atmosphere of lack of trust
  6. 6. struggle to expand territories
  7. 7. the struggle for selfdetermination; served as motivation for fighting
  8. 8. 1. Triple Entente- France, Great Britain, Russia, Serbia and eventually the U.S. 2. Triple Alliance- AustriaHungary, Germany, Ottoman Empire, and Italy (which switched sides once the going got rough). the enemy of your enemy is your friend
  9. 9. Causes of WWI Triple Entente: Great Britain France Russia - Alliances Triple Alliance: Germany Austria-Hungary Italy
  10. 10. when the austrian archduke was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip after his assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
  11. 11. The Black Hand.. • The main objective of the Black Hand was the creation, by means of violence, of a Greater Serbia. • Its stated aim was: "To realize the national ideal, the unification of all Serbs. This organization prefers terrorist action to cultural activities; it will therefore remain secret."
  12. 12. The Point of No Return: The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Austria blamed Serbia for Ferdinand’s death and declared war on Serbia. Germany pledged their support for Austria -Hungary. Russia pledged their support for Serbia.
  13. 13. The Point of No Return: The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Germany declares war on Russia. France pledges their support for Russia. Germany declares war on France. Germany invades Belgium on the way to France. Great Britain supports Belgium and declares war on Germany.
  14. 14. New Technologies Flame Throwers The Zeppelin Grenade Launchers
  15. 15. Poison Gas Machine Gun Tanks Tanks- Originally invented by the British, tanks become an important factor in World War I. Chemical Weapons- Used by both sides during WWI, this weapon was banned by most countries after WWI. The most common form of chemical weapon used was “mustard gas.”
  16. 16. Planes used for Reconnaissance – Airplanes- Used at first for surveillance, this new technology increased in importance as the war came to a close. The most famous air combat pilot was the infamous “Red Barron” from Germany.
  17. 17. The Flying Aces of World War I Eddie Rickenbacher, US Francesco Barraco, It. Eddie “Mick” Mannoch, Br. Willy Coppens de Holthust, Belg. Rene Pauk Fonck, Fr. Manfred von Richtoffen, Ger. [The “Red Baron”]
  18. 18. Cannons U-Boats – Big Bertha- a cannon that could fire up to 9 miles away. – Submarines-Used extensively by the Germans, U-boats were important in disrupting shipping lines and supplies coming to the Triple Entente.
  19. 19. The U.S. Involvement in WWI
  20. 20. – A. Events leading up to the U.S. entering WWI. • 1. Woodrow Wilson wins the election of 1916 on the basis that he would keep the U.S. neutral. • 2. Sussex PledgeGermany promised not to sink passenger ships after several U.S. citizens lost their lives in an attack by German U-boats.
  21. 21. The Sinking of the Lusitania • 3. The Lusitania- A German U-boat sinks the ship Lusitania, in which 128 Americans lose their lives. The Germans claimed the ship carried contraband (military weapons) and that they had a right to sink the ship. The incident infuriates Americans, but they still do not enter World War I.
  22. 22. The Zimmerman Telegram • 4. The Zimmerman Note- The U.S. enters the war after the British uncover a secret note sent from Germany to Mexico. In the note, Germany promises to help Mexico get back all the territory (California, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada) that it lost during the Mexican-American War.
  23. 23. AMERICAN WAR HERO  Alvin York, a blacksmith from Tennessee, originally sought an exemption from the war as a Conscientious Objector  York eventually decided it was morally acceptable to fight if the cause was right  On October 8, 1918, armed with only a rifle and a revolver, York killed 25 Germans and (with six doughboys) captured 132 prisoners The man The movie  Upon his return home he was promoted to Sergeant and hailed a hero
  24. 24. Soldier’s Life
  25. 25. Mobilized Russia 12,000,000 Germany 11,000,000 Great Britain 8,904,467 France 8,410,000 Austria-Hungary 7,800,000 Italy 5,615,000 US 4,355,000 Turkey 2,850,000 Bulgaria 1,200,000 Japan 800,000 Romania 750,000 Serbia 707,343 Belgium 267,000 Greece 230,000 Portugal 100,000 Montenegro 50,000 Dead 1,700,000 1,773,700 908,371 1,375,800 1,200,000 650,000 126,000 325,000 87,500 300 335,706 45,000 13,716 5,000 7,222 3,000 Wounded Missing/PoW 4,950,000 2,500,000 4,216,058 1,152,800 2,090,212 191,652 3,266,000 537,000 3,620,000 2,200,000 947,000 600,000 234,300 4,526 400,000 250,000 152,390 27,029 907 3 120,000 80,000 133,148 152,958 44,686 34,659 21,000 1,000 13,751 12,318 10,000 7,000
  26. 26. GERMANY COLLAPSES, WAR ENDS  On November 3, 1918, Germany’s partner, Austria-Hungary, surrendered to the Allies  That same day, German sailors mutinied against their government  Other revolts followed, and Germany was too exhausted to continue  So at the eleventh hour, on the eleventh day, of the eleventh month of 1918, Germany signed a truce ending the Great War War ends 11/11/18
  27. 27. Total War Mass Slaughter The battlefields became "killing fields" and only one word, "slaughter", accurately describes the extent of the killing, violence and destruction.
  28. 28. TREATY OF VERSAILLES The Treaty established nine new nations including;  Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia  The Treaty broke up the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the Ottoman Empire empires  The Treaty barred Germany from maintaining an army, required them to give AlsaceLorraine back to France, and forced them to pay $33 billion in reparations to the Allies The Big Four met at Versailles
  29. 29. THE LEGACY OF WWI  At home, the war strengthened both the military and the power of the government For many countries the war created political instability and violence that lasted for years  Russia established the first Communist state during the war WWI 1914-1918 22 million dead, more than half civilians. An additional 20 million wounded.  Americans called World War I, “The War to end all Wars” --however unresolved issues would eventually drag the U.S. into an even deadlier conflict World War II