Lesson 7 British Literature


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Lesson 7 British Literature

  1. 1. British Literature Part 3 Chapter 5
  2. 2. Fiction <ul><li>The 16 th Century </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas More and Utopia (p. 189) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Written during the outbreak of the Reformation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More was against King Henry VIII’s decision to leave the Catholic Church </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Beheaded by the King </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Utopia means “any visionary system of political or social perfection” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Promotes a communal society (alternative to Feudalism) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exposes the poverty of the laboring classes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Fiction <ul><li>The 17 th Century </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Bunyan and a Pilgrim’s Progress (p. 189) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pilgrimage - “a religious quest” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>John Bunyan wrote about this pilgrimage while in prison </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pilgrim’s Progress has been translated into more languages than any other book other than the Bible . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote of the importance of “saving one’s soul” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Fiction <ul><li>The 18 th Century </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Daniel Defoe and Robinson Crusoe (p. 190) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adventure novel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The story of a man deserted on an island </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tries to create his own society on the island </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Think of British Imperialism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jonathon Swift and Gulliver’s Travels (p. 190) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lemuel Gulliver travels to four fictional islands </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gulliver tries to understand the different societies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eventually rejects human society </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Criticizes both British and European Governments </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Fiction <ul><li>19 th Century – “The Golden Age of the Novel” (p. 191) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charles Dickens – a “realist” who wrote about the working class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Great Expectations is said to be a book about Dickens’s life </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pip goes from being a laborer to a gentleman (working class to upper class) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A story of growing up and dealing with the social norms (rules) of the times </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Female writers, Jane Austen and the Bronte Sisters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jane Austen- </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pride and Prejudice - A story of “love, reputation, and class” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mrs. Bennet is desperate to see all of her middle-class daughters married to rich husbands. The story follows the sisters Elizabeth and Jane. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emily and Charlotte Bronte </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Also wrote love stories </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Notice that these writers focus mainly on the “middle to upper-class” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Fiction <ul><li>20 th Century (pp. 194-195) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Joseph Rudyard Kipling was the first British novelist to win the Nobel Peace Prize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote about colonial life in India (The British Empire) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Believed that British (“white people”) were superior to other cultures </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Jungle Book is the story of Mowgli, a boy raised by wolves in the Indian Jungle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>James Joyce was an Irish writer known for his command of the English language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dubliners shows the lives of Irish people in the city of Dublin (the capital of Ireland). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Describes with political and religious issues in Ireland </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Joyce and Virginia Woolf are known as “stream-of-consciousness” writers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Poetry (p. 197) <ul><li>7 th Century </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beowulf – a reflection of tribal society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Written in “Old English” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>14 th Century </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geoffrey Chaucer and the Canterbury Tales </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Founder of English literature (the Tales are in “Middle English”) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most literature was written in French or Latin during this time </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Insight into life of people during Middle Ages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Characters are on a pilgrimage (a religious journey) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>See characters such as the Knight (soldier), the Merchant, and even the Cook </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Poetry <ul><li>17 th Century (p. 197) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Milton and Paradise Lost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The story of Adam and Eve and the Garden of Eden </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mostly known for his style </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Neo-classical- a return to the Greek style of literature </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>18 th Century (p. 199) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>William Wordsworth and Daffodils (video) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Whenever he is sad, the flowers make him happy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We can see Wordsworth’s respect and love for nature </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He celebrated the “common man” with simple language </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>19 th Century (p. 200) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alfred Tennyson and In Memoriam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tennyson (and also Robert Browning) is known for the emotion he expresses in his works </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In Memoriam covers a period of 3 years and the death of loved ones (friends and relatives) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The poem jumps from grief to joy (shows his style) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Poetry <ul><li>20 th Century (p. 201) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>William Butler Yeats and The Second Coming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A famous Irish writer, Yeats was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1923 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leader of the Irish literary renaissance </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Second Coming describes the end of the world </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Everything as we know it” will be changed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ireland gaining independence, World War I, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas Stearns Elliot and The Waste Land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elliot won the Nobel Prize in 1948 (He is one of the most influential writers on the 20 th century) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Waste Land describes Europe after World War I </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Drama <ul><li>William Shakespeare (p. 202) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Now we will see the birth of “Modern English” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shakespeare was one of the greatest writers who ever lived </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote 37 plays </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Also known for his poetry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In his plays one can discover “the spirit of the time” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many of the words we use today originate from Shakespeare's works </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Romeo and Juliet <ul><ul><li>Romeo and Juliet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Takes place in Italy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>There are two rival families, the Montague and the Capulets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Romeo is a Montague and Juliet is a Capulet </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They fall in love at a party </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They plan a secret wedding </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Romeo kills Tybalt (a Capulet) in a fight </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Juliet drinks a potion to appear dead </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Romeo does not know of this and believes she is dead </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He kills himself </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Juliet awakes and sees Romeo </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>She kills herself with the dagger </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When the two families find the two lovers, they end their disputes (rivalry) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Drama <ul><li>Oscar Wilde and The Importance of Being Earnest (p. 204) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocates “art for art’s sake” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This means he was not trying to question society during this time, he simply enjoyed writing plays </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He is known for his witty, clever and sharp language </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In The Importance of Being Earnest is about two men (Jack and Algernon) who lead double lives and fall in love with multiple women </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>George Bernard Shaw and Pygmalion (p. 205) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Won the Nobel Prize in 1925 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Was a social reformer (contrast to Oscar Wilde) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In Pygmalion a phonetics teacher tries to make a “lady” out of a simple flower girl </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Although the girl is lower-class, she is received in upper-class society </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The play questions social class and human behavior </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>