Lesson 6 The Media In Britain


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Lesson 6 The Media In Britain

  1. 1. The Media in Britain The Press, Radio, Television and News Agencies
  2. 2. The Press (p. 169)‏ <ul><li>Gutenberg’s 15 th century printing press is one of the most important inventions in history. </li></ul><ul><li>The first newspaper in Britain appeared in 1513. </li></ul><ul><li>The longest running British </li></ul><ul><li>newspaper is The Times </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Began in 1785 </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Differences in newspapers Quality Newspapers (Broadsheet)‏ Popular Newspapers (Tabloids)‏ <ul><li>More credible </li></ul><ul><li>Contain political, industrial, financial and cultural news </li></ul><ul><li>Less credible </li></ul><ul><li>Sensationalism </li></ul>
  4. 4. Other <ul><li>Sunday papers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Often crude </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More sensationalism – scandal, crime, and rumors about famous people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Local Papers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Daily or weekly – can be found all over Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Periodicals (Magazines) (p. 173)‏ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Economist is the most influential periodical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radio Times and TV Times – previews upcoming programs </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Ownership of the Press (p. 171) <ul><li>More than 60% of the national newspapers are owned by two major companies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trinity Mirror is owned by Robert Maxwell </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>News International is owned by Rupert Murdoch </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why problems may come up with such exclusive ownership in the media? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on profit (Murdoch also owns News Corporation)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sensationalism (seen more in tabloids)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent newspapers find it difficult to survive </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Radio and Television <ul><li>British Broadcasting Company (BBC) p. 174 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Founded in 1922 and chartered in 1927 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The BBC includes both radio and television stations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The BBC is financed by payments from everyone who owns a TV. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>£139.50 per year </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>£47 for black and white TV sets </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Popular British TV Shows <ul><li>The most viewed channels are BBC1, BBC2, ITV, Channel 4 and Five </li></ul><ul><li>Options of terrestrial, cable and satellite television </li></ul>
  8. 8. News Agencies (p. 175)‏ <ul><li>Reuters and Press Association Ltd. (PA) are the main agencies in Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>A news agency provides information to newspapers, magazine, radio and television sources </li></ul><ul><li>Reuters - provides financial news </li></ul><ul><li>Press Association - produces 150-200 stories on weekdays </li></ul>
  9. 9. Sports (p. 178)‏ <ul><li>Football (Soccer) is the most popular sport in Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>Rugby is more popular is places like Wales. </li></ul><ul><li>Cricket was started by the British but is played more in the commonwealth (India, South Africa, etc.)‏ </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sports (cont.)‏ <ul><li>Golf – popular sport for older British people. Played on large greens (fields) with clubs and a small hard ball </li></ul><ul><li>Tennis – played on grass, clay, and hard (cement)court. Wimbledon is a famous tournament played every year in London. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Science (p. 182)‏ <ul><li>Sir Francis Bacon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revolutionized scientific research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to start research institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Royal Society in London – founded in 1660 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See a push in “the search for truth” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Isaac Newton </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Theory of gravity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>James Watt – Steam engine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved the ideas of Thomas Newcomen </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Science (cont.)‏ <ul><li>George Stephenson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The steam railway engine was an improvement upon Richard Trevithick </li></ul></ul><ul><li>John Dalton </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Atomic theory – elements have different weights and mass </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Charles Darwin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Theory of evolution – revolutionary at this time </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Science (cont.)‏ <ul><li>Francis Crick </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With the help of American J. D. Watson, they discovered the molecular structure of DNA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Today </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific research has not been turned into productive forces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain is involved in advanced scientific research, but does not use this research for profit </li></ul></ul>