Lesson 11 American Colonies And The Revolution


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Lesson 11 American Colonies And The Revolution

  1. 1. American Colonies and the Revolution
  2. 2. The Colonies - Discovery <ul><li>1492 – Christopher Columbus “discovers” America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Columbus thought it was India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amerigo Vespucci saw that it was a “new continent” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>America is named after Vespucci </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Colonization <ul><li>England, France and Spain scramble for America </li></ul><ul><li>Countries claimed large amounts of land for their king </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spain claimed most of South America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>France claimed parts of Canada and areas near the Great Lakes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>England claimed the eastern shore of North America </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Colonies - Maps
  5. 5. Settling the New World <ul><li>It took about 100 years for England to establish its 13 Colonies </li></ul>
  6. 6. Life in the Colonies <ul><li>Lets’ think about early life in the colonies: </li></ul><ul><li>People came for many different reasons, but they didn’t all have the skills needed to start a colony </li></ul><ul><li>How do you settle in the new and strange land? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you do for shelter (a house)? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What about food? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How do you survive? </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Life in the Colonies
  8. 8. Activity <ul><li>Each student should write 6 things that they would need to start a new colony. </li></ul><ul><li>Example : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You might need people to work and do other jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You might need a farm to grow food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You might need some sort of protection (from other people already living there) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Activity <ul><li>Get into groups </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss your 6 items </li></ul><ul><li>Pick the three that you find the most important...be able to tell they class WHY you chose these items </li></ul>
  10. 10. Difficulties with Britain <ul><li>Before 1763, the people had to depend upon England </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the colonies became wealthy and no longer depended as much on Britain </li></ul><ul><li>The British government placed many strict policies on the colonists </li></ul>
  11. 11. Taxes <ul><li>England was in debt from its many wars </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Placed taxes on the colonists to pay the debt </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Stamp Act 1765 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A tax on all legal documents, newspapers, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonists protested by boycott of the tax </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boycott – refuse to buy or use </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. More taxes <ul><li>Townshend Acts 1767 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxed all imported goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Again, all the colonies boycotted </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead to the “Boston Massacre” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax was stopped in 1770 on all items except tea </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Boston Tea Party 1773 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonists broke into a cargo ship and threw chests of tea into Boston Harbor </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Bring the Colonies together <ul><li>The Americans’ success against the British taxes made them more confident </li></ul><ul><li>The strict policies brought the Americans closer together </li></ul><ul><li>The Colonies started became unified </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Continental Congress </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Fighting starts <ul><li>The Battle of Lexington and Concord </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proved the Americans were willing to fight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>During the Second Continental Congress the leaders of the Colonies decided to take charge of the troops under George Washington (May 1775) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By July 4 th , 1776 the politicians drew up the Declaration of Independence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Let’s read the excerpt from pg. 59 in your books </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. The War of Independence (1775 to 1783) <ul><li>Key points </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The war was difficult in the beginning for the Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Battle in Saratoga, helped save New England and the Americans made an alliance with France </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With the help of France and other countries, England could not send enough troops to America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1781, After the battle of Yorktown, England surrendered </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Setting up the government <ul><li>The United States Constitution (1787) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The basis of today’s government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave much power to the states </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less power in the central government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We can discuss this more when we cover the American government later in the course </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Bill of Rights <ul><li>Added to the Constitution in 1791 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of Speech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The right to bear arms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not have to house soldiers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No unreasonable search and seizure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The right to a fair trial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Due process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The right to a fair trial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No cruel and unusual punishment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rights to not extend to all people (African Americans) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any powers not held by the government are held by the people and the states </li></ul></ul>