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Lesson 16 Religion


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Lesson 16 Religion

  1. 1. Religion in the United States
  2. 2. Terms (p. 217) <ul><li>Roman Catholics – originated from the teachings of Jesus Christ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The early Roman Empire spread this religion throughout Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Protestants – disagree with some of the beliefs of the Catholic Church </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You can see the word “protest” the name </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This Protestants also believe in Christ but separated from the Catholic Church during the Reformation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Orthodox – a form of Christianity that developed in Eastern Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Jews – originated from the followers of Abraham and his sons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow the Old Testament of the Bible </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Statistics – Religious Groups in the U.S. <ul><li>Christian: (78.5%) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protestant (51.3%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roman Catholic (23.9%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mormon (1.7%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>other Christian (1.6%) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>unaffiliated (12.1%) </li></ul><ul><li>none (4%) </li></ul><ul><li>other or unspecified (2.5%) </li></ul><ul><li>Jewish (1.7%) </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhist (0.7%) </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim (0.6%) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Religious Persecution <ul><li>Persecution - a program or campaign to exterminate, drive away, or subjugate a people because of their religion, race, or beliefs (from </li></ul><ul><li>Basically, many European governments were trying to unify their country with one religion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Others that did not believe in this religion could be punished or even killed </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Beginnings in American History <ul><li>Many people came to America in the 17 th for “religious freedom” </li></ul><ul><li>1620 – Plymouth, Massachusetts (p. 218) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A group of “Puritans” settle in the United States </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Puritans were against the Church of England </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania was settled by the Quakers </li></ul><ul><li>Maryland was settled by Roman Catholics </li></ul><ul><li>In seeing these three examples, one can find the beginnings of a strong religious influence in America </li></ul>
  6. 6. Government <ul><li>&quot;no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States“ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From Article Six of the Constitution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>&quot;Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof“ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st Amendment of the Constitution (p. 222) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Does religion and government mix? <ul><li>With the drafting of the Constitution , the United States became one of the first countries to enact “freedom of religion” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>separation of church and state </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This phrase can often be misleading because many voters may base their decisions on a candidate’s religious views. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Voters <ul><li>Every President , with the exception of John F. Kennedy (a Roman Catholic), was raised in a family with affiliations with Protestant Christianity. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 2004 Presidential election, George W. Bush, a Methodist, earned a slim victory over John Kerry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>with voters who cited &quot;moral values&quot; (a term among religious voters) playing an important part in the election (an MSN poll) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A Gallup Poll released in 2007 [48] indicated that 53% of Americans would refuse to vote for an atheist as president </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>From the polls we just looked at, we can see that although religion isn’t a requirement to enter political office, but it can affect voters and their decisions in electing the president </li></ul>
  10. 10. Emergence of New Churches in America <ul><li>Many African-American slaves were converted to Christianity in the 18 th century (p. 218) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many were treated badly by other white believers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many blacks started their own churches </li></ul></ul><ul><li>African Methodist Episcopal Church </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A large all-black Methodist organization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There are also many African-American Baptist churches </li></ul>
  11. 11. New Churches (cont.) <ul><li>Mormons (p. 219) </li></ul><ul><li>Joseph Smith Jr. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Founded the Mormon faith in 1830 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Claimed to have spoken to God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Told him to restore the early Christian faith </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Early Mormons faced much persecution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moved from New York to Ohio to Illinois </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many Mormons finally settled in Utah under the leadership of Brigham Young </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. New Churches (cont.) <ul><li>Christian Science (p. 219) </li></ul><ul><li>Mrs. Mary Baker Eddy founded this Church in 1879 (Based on an event in 1866) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Christian groups disagree with some of the beliefs of this Church </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One example is the idea of healing through prayer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Christian Scientists do not believe in modern medicine </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. How Religious is the United States? <ul><li>A Gallop survey stated the 41% of Americans regularly go to church services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>15% of French citizens attend </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10% of British citizens attend </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other polls put this number at 26% or less </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From a Harris survey in 2003 and 2006 </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. The Bible Belt <ul><li>Religious influence is especially strong in the southern states </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Bible Belt <ul><li>The term Bible Belt is used informally by journalists, who suggest that the region allows religion to influence politics, science, and education. </li></ul><ul><li>Many people living in this region are regarded as “conservative” </li></ul>
  16. 16. Radical Groups <ul><li>Cult - a religion or sect considered to be false, unorthodox, or extremist, with members often living outside of conventional society under the direction of a charismatic leader </li></ul><ul><li>This word is often linked to smaller religious groups </li></ul><ul><li>This term is often used in a negative way </li></ul>
  17. 17. Strange Cults in U.S. History <ul><li>The People’s Temple (p. 223) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Founded in 1955 by Jim Jones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to help the sick, homeless and jobless of all races </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>His ideas spread greatly in California </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Moved his followers to Guyana in 1974 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By 1978 over 900 people lived in Jonestown </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A Congressman, Leo Ryan and journalists came to investigate the community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many people wanted to leave with Ryan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security Guards killed Ryan, 3 journalists and another trying to escape </li></ul></ul><ul><li>On November 18 th , Jones ordered his members to drink a poison </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In all 918 people died </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jones shot himself </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>The Branch Davidians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A group formed in 1955 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In 1981, David Koresh became the leader of this movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Believed the world would soon come to an end </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taught his followers that the U.S. government was an enemy of the group </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In 1993 the government accused the Davidians of having illegal weapons (Waco, Texas) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government law enforcement laid siege to their compound for 51 days </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They later raided the compound, but Koresh set fire to the compound </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>82 people died in both the fighting and the fire </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>“ The Manson Family” </li></ul><ul><li>Charles Manson was the leader of this cult </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Believed there would be a large-scale race war in the United States </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manson thought he and his “family” would then be able to rule the world </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Manson sent many of his followers on a killing spree </li></ul><ul><ul><li>9 people were killed </li></ul></ul>