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Karakoram International University
 Department of Modern Languages
Topic
 Modern Century Literature, Poetry, Novel
and S...
Presentation Group 3
 Hajat Hussain (Group Leader)
 Haseena Jan
 Haseen Zehra
 Aien Shah
 Shaheena Bano
 Raja Zubair...
1901-1960
Modern Age
 Started from beginning of 20th Century
Political History
 World War 1 (1914-1918)
 Emergence of new Nations...
A Major Literary Movement
 Started in Early 20th Century
Influenced by Charles Darwin
and Karl Marx Theories
 Psychoan...
 When Writers felt they required new
form of writing
 Dissillusionment of Victorian
ideas,belief and their way of writing
 The age of Dissillusionment
 The age of Machine
 The age of innovations
 The Age of Interrogations
 The Age of War
...
 Irony and satire as a tool of point out
faults, problems within society
 Important characteristic of Modern
literature ...
 The modern writers could no longer write in
the old manner
 Writers of the twentieth saw the coming
future of the ‘Gold...
 ThisVictorian idea of permanancy was
replaced among the twentieth century
writers by the sense that nothing is fixed
and...
 Science and Arts really influenced the
modern man.
 Psychology also influence
 The Psychoanalytic theories of Sigmund
...
 T.S Eliot was dominant figure
 TheWaste Land His famous Poem
 Totally AgainstVictorianism and
Romanticism
 The twenti...
 In the nineteenth century poetry the main
characteristics was preoccupation with a
dream world
 Under the new condition...
 Arnold was not qualified to give a new
direction to the poetry
 Browning had no aptitude to
understand the complexities...
 Which brought about the movements
known as Imagism and Symbolism in
modern poetry.
 Modern Poets excercise to get a fre...
Features of Modern Poetry....
 Totally against the Victorian and
Romantic poetry
 The disappearance of religious faith
...
Movements in Modern Poetry.....
Imagism
Symbolism
 Literary movement in early 20th century
 This Movement was Active for 10 Years
 First revolt against the Victorian and...
Characteristics....
 They use the Common language
 They used exact words instead of
decorative words
 They create new r...
 According to them poems are works of art
and not pieces of emotional
 A revolutionary impact on English-
language writi...
 First started in France
 Representing things by means of symbols.
 The symbolists found beauty in every detail
of norm...
 The symbolists doesnot consider any
particular topic, diction or rhytm to be used
in poetry
 The technique of the symbo...
 The Symbolists poetry in England came
into prominence with the appearance of
 Yeats, Joyce etc were Symbolists.
Poets....
Thomas Stearns Eliot (1888-1965)
 Born in USA
 Chief representative and a dominant figure
 Great critic
 Cla...
His Work....
he poet surveys the desolate scene of the
world
 Other Poems
 The Love Song of J.Alfed Prufrock
 Burnt Nor...
William Butler Yeats (1865-1939)
An Irish
He was anti-rationalist
Founder of Celtic Movement
A symbolist
 Due to Worl...
 The Wanderings of Oisin
 The Poet Pleads with the Elements powers
a symbolism poem
Other Poems
 The Shadowy Waters
 T...
Trench Poets or War Poets
The poets who wrotes about war
 Siegfried Sassoon
 Wilfred Owen
 Robert Bridges
 G.M Hopkins
 A.E Houseman
 Ezra Pound
 Satirical
 War
 Social Injustice
 Arts
 Human Rights
 Life
 Dissatisfaction
 Futurism
Modern Novel....
 Most important and popular literary
medium
 Only literary form which can compete for
popularity with t...
 The modern man also under the influence
of science, is not particularly interested in
the metaphorical expression which ...
 The modern scientific discoveries, the new
technologies
 The development of psychology
 The stream of consciousness te...
 The modern novel is realistic. Realistic
opposed to idealistic
 The modern novel is Psychological
 Under the influence...
 This term was introduced byWilliam James.
 Used in Novels
 A technique that reveals the character
completely historica...
MODERN NOVELIST...
1. The Ancestors
2. The Transitionalists
3. The Moderns
Novelists who dominated the earlier part of the
20th century
Herbert George Wells (1866-1946)
 Most intellectual
 insist...
HisWork...
Their novels divided into three parts
1. Scientific romance
2. Domestic novels
3. Sociological novels
 Unrivalled
 Masterpieces of imaginative power
Novels
 The Time Machine –hero invent time
machine and accelerate the an...
Other Novels...
 The Island and Dr. Moreau (1896)
 The War of the Worlds’ (1898): Theme of
the invasion of Earth by Mars...
Domestic novels ....
 familiar with the life in London.
Novels
 Kipps (1905): Comedy of class instincts, full
of satire ...
Social problems confronting the men of his
time
Novels
 The New Machiavelli (1911): Story of political
and sociological c...
Other Ancestors...
Arnold Bennett
Henry James
Joseph Conard
Kiplings
 the new forces resulted from the war which
broke the old tradition.
James Joyce (1822-1941)
• An Irish
• Unique and extr...
Cont.....
 born linguist
 highly gifted
 worked in the ‘stream of consciousness’
technique.
His Work....
 Ulysses (1922): Masterpiece, epic,
counterpart of Homer’s Odyssey, speech not
action-a token of humanity, d...
 Woman writer
 Used ‘stream of consciousness’ technique
 Impressed by Ulysses
 Gifted with poetic temperament
Her Novels....
 TheVoyage Out (1918): Meaning of life.
 Night and Day (1919)
 Jacob’s Room (1922): first serious
experi...
Other Transitionalists...
Aldous Huxley
D.H Lawrence
The Moderns
 William Somerset Maugham (1874-1965)
 He was Novelist
 Dramatist
 Short story writer
 Naturalistic
Novels...
 Liza of Lambeth (1897): Naturalistic,
Picture of life.
 Of Human Bondage (1915)
 The Moon and Sixpence (1919...
Other Moderns...
 J.B Priestly
 Charles Morgan
 Graham Greene
Themes...
War
Social
Woman right
Scientific
Modern period literature, Modernism, Modern poetry, Modern novel and stream of consiousness
Modern period literature, Modernism, Modern poetry, Modern novel and stream of consiousness
Modern period literature, Modernism, Modern poetry, Modern novel and stream of consiousness
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Modern period literature, Modernism, Modern poetry, Modern novel and stream of consiousness

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This Presentation is about Modern Century literaure, Modernism, Poetry and Modern Novel. and Stream of Consiousness. also discuss about Poets and Novelists. This era started from 1900 to 1961

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Modern period literature, Modernism, Modern poetry, Modern novel and stream of consiousness

  1. 1. Karakoram International University  Department of Modern Languages Topic  Modern Century Literature, Poetry, Novel and Stream of consiousness
  2. 2. Presentation Group 3  Hajat Hussain (Group Leader)  Haseena Jan  Haseen Zehra  Aien Shah  Shaheena Bano  Raja Zubair Hassan  Shamsullah
  3. 3. 1901-1960
  4. 4. Modern Age  Started from beginning of 20th Century Political History  World War 1 (1914-1918)  Emergence of new Nations  Women Rights Issues Prepared by Hajat Hussain
  5. 5. A Major Literary Movement  Started in Early 20th Century Influenced by Charles Darwin and Karl Marx Theories  Psychoanalytic Theories  No Connection With History
  6. 6.  When Writers felt they required new form of writing  Dissillusionment of Victorian ideas,belief and their way of writing
  7. 7.  The age of Dissillusionment  The age of Machine  The age of innovations  The Age of Interrogations  The Age of War  The Age of Disintegration
  8. 8.  Irony and satire as a tool of point out faults, problems within society  Important characteristic of Modern literature is that it is oppositon of the Victorian writers  At the end of Victorian era There was felt the need of a change in the sphere of literature
  9. 9.  The modern writers could no longer write in the old manner  Writers of the twentieth saw the coming future of the ‘Golden age’  Artistic experiment
  10. 10.  ThisVictorian idea of permanancy was replaced among the twentieth century writers by the sense that nothing is fixed and final in the world.  TheVictorians believed in the sanctity of home life, but in twentieth century the sentiments of family life declined
  11. 11.  Science and Arts really influenced the modern man.  Psychology also influence  The Psychoanalytic theories of Sigmund Frued became more popular and widely read
  12. 12.  T.S Eliot was dominant figure  TheWaste Land His famous Poem  Totally AgainstVictorianism and Romanticism  The twentieth century poets who were in revolt againstVictorianism
  13. 13.  In the nineteenth century poetry the main characteristics was preoccupation with a dream world  Under the new conditions modern poets could not take dream habit seriously.
  14. 14.  Arnold was not qualified to give a new direction to the poetry  Browning had no aptitude to understand the complexities of modern life  It was essential that a new techniques of communicating meaning be discovered
  15. 15.  Which brought about the movements known as Imagism and Symbolism in modern poetry.  Modern Poets excercise to get a freedom in choice of new themes  Use new and wide range of subjects , themes and issues.
  16. 16. Features of Modern Poetry....  Totally against the Victorian and Romantic poetry  The disappearance of religious faith  regular metre have been discarded  no regular rhyming scheme  Juxtaposition of ideas  Use of free verse  Use of irony  Use of metaphors
  17. 17. Movements in Modern Poetry..... Imagism Symbolism
  18. 18.  Literary movement in early 20th century  This Movement was Active for 10 Years  First revolt against the Victorian and Romantic Poetry  The Imagists rejected the 19th century poetic form and language.  The imagists rejected the sentiments of Victorian and Romantic Poetry
  19. 19. Characteristics....  They use the Common language  They used exact words instead of decorative words  They create new rhythms
  20. 20.  According to them poems are works of art and not pieces of emotional  A revolutionary impact on English- language writing for the rest of the 20th century.  Leader of Imagists was Ezra Pound. Other poets were F.S Flint, James Joyce etc.
  21. 21.  First started in France  Representing things by means of symbols.  The symbolists found beauty in every detail of normal day by day life
  22. 22.  The symbolists doesnot consider any particular topic, diction or rhytm to be used in poetry  The technique of the symbolists is impressionistic not representational
  23. 23.  The Symbolists poetry in England came into prominence with the appearance of  Yeats, Joyce etc were Symbolists.
  24. 24. Poets.... Thomas Stearns Eliot (1888-1965)  Born in USA  Chief representative and a dominant figure  Great critic  Classicist  A social philospher  Educated at Harvard University
  25. 25. His Work.... he poet surveys the desolate scene of the world  Other Poems  The Love Song of J.Alfed Prufrock  Burnt Norton  East Coker  The Dry salvages
  26. 26. William Butler Yeats (1865-1939) An Irish He was anti-rationalist Founder of Celtic Movement A symbolist  Due to World War 1 Yeats wrote in realistic Direction
  27. 27.  The Wanderings of Oisin  The Poet Pleads with the Elements powers a symbolism poem Other Poems  The Shadowy Waters  The Winding Stair  The Tower  The Wind at Coole
  28. 28. Trench Poets or War Poets The poets who wrotes about war  Siegfried Sassoon  Wilfred Owen
  29. 29.  Robert Bridges  G.M Hopkins  A.E Houseman  Ezra Pound
  30. 30.  Satirical  War  Social Injustice  Arts  Human Rights  Life  Dissatisfaction  Futurism
  31. 31. Modern Novel....  Most important and popular literary medium  Only literary form which can compete for popularity with the film and the radio.  Only literary form which meets the need of the modern world
  32. 32.  The modern man also under the influence of science, is not particularly interested in the metaphorical expression which is the characteristic of poetry.  The modern man prefers the novel form
  33. 33.  The modern scientific discoveries, the new technologies  The development of psychology  The stream of consciousness technique, became an important part of novelist technique in the twentieth century.
  34. 34.  The modern novel is realistic. Realistic opposed to idealistic  The modern novel is Psychological  Under the influence of Sigmund Frued theories the modern novel tends to reveal the hidden inner motives behind people’s action
  35. 35.  This term was introduced byWilliam James.  Used in Novels  A technique that reveals the character completely historically as well as psychologically  Used byVirginiaWoolf and James Joyce
  36. 36. MODERN NOVELIST... 1. The Ancestors 2. The Transitionalists 3. The Moderns
  37. 37. Novelists who dominated the earlier part of the 20th century Herbert George Wells (1866-1946)  Most intellectual  insisted that classical humanism should be discarded in favour of science and biology  No loyalty to the past.
  38. 38. HisWork... Their novels divided into three parts 1. Scientific romance 2. Domestic novels 3. Sociological novels
  39. 39.  Unrivalled  Masterpieces of imaginative power Novels  The Time Machine –hero invent time machine and accelerate the and project himself into the future.
  40. 40. Other Novels...  The Island and Dr. Moreau (1896)  The War of the Worlds’ (1898): Theme of the invasion of Earth by Mars.  When the Sleeper Wakes (1899)  The First Man in the Moon (1901)  The Food of the Gods (1904)
  41. 41. Domestic novels ....  familiar with the life in London. Novels  Kipps (1905): Comedy of class instincts, full of satire and humour  Tono Bungay (1909): Disintegration of English society,  AnnaVeronica (1909):  Love and Mrs. Lewisham (1910)  The History of Mr. Polly (1910)
  42. 42. Social problems confronting the men of his time Novels  The New Machiavelli (1911): Story of political and sociological creeds.  Mr. Britling sees itThrough (1916): Reaction of people toWorld War I.  The Undying fire (1919): Religious and satiric fantasy.
  43. 43. Other Ancestors... Arnold Bennett Henry James Joseph Conard Kiplings
  44. 44.  the new forces resulted from the war which broke the old tradition. James Joyce (1822-1941) • An Irish • Unique and extraordinary genius • symbolist
  45. 45. Cont.....  born linguist  highly gifted  worked in the ‘stream of consciousness’ technique.
  46. 46. His Work....  Ulysses (1922): Masterpiece, epic, counterpart of Homer’s Odyssey, speech not action-a token of humanity, does not present to life. Used stream of consiousness  The Dubliners (1914)  A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916)  Exiles (1918)
  47. 47.  Woman writer  Used ‘stream of consciousness’ technique  Impressed by Ulysses  Gifted with poetic temperament
  48. 48. Her Novels....  TheVoyage Out (1918): Meaning of life.  Night and Day (1919)  Jacob’s Room (1922): first serious experiment in the stream of consciousness  Mrs. Dalloway (1925)  To the Lighthouse (1927)  Orlando (1928): Liveliest, fantasy.  TheYears (1937): Simpler form of fiction
  49. 49. Other Transitionalists... Aldous Huxley D.H Lawrence
  50. 50. The Moderns  William Somerset Maugham (1874-1965)  He was Novelist  Dramatist  Short story writer  Naturalistic
  51. 51. Novels...  Liza of Lambeth (1897): Naturalistic, Picture of life.  Of Human Bondage (1915)  The Moon and Sixpence (1919)  Cakes and Ale (1930)  The Razor’s Edge (1944): Maugham seeks the meaning of life.
  52. 52. Other Moderns...  J.B Priestly  Charles Morgan  Graham Greene
  53. 53. Themes... War Social Woman right Scientific

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