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Parliament explained basic introduction to Parliament 14.01.16


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Parliament explained basic introduction to Parliament 14.01.16

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Parliament explained basic introduction to Parliament 14.01.16

  1. 1. Basic Introduction to Parliament Nerys Davies January 2016
  2. 2. Parliament is made up of: a) House of Commons and House of Lords b) House of Commons and Government c) Government and Monarch d) House of Commons, House of Lords and Monarch
  3. 3. What is Parliament? House of Commons House of Lords The Monarch The Queen
  4. 4. Which TWO answers describe the work of Parliament? a) running Government departments b) checking up on the work of Government c) being the highest court of appeal in the UK d) making new laws
  5. 5. What is the role of the Queen? • politically neutral • signs off laws passed by Parliament (Royal Assent) • opens Parliament each session
  6. 6. The House of Commons
  7. 7. Addressing MPs
  8. 8. How can people become members of the House of Lords? a) Members of the public nominate them b) An independent Commission recommends them c) The Prime Minister chooses them d) Their titles are passed down to them through their family and elected into the House e) All of the above
  9. 9. The House of Lords
  10. 10. The core tasks of Parliament Makes and passes laws (Legislation) Holds Government to account Enables the Government to set taxes
  11. 11. The Government • the party with (usually) the majority of seats in the House of Commons forms the Government • the Government: – runs public departments (e.g. Home Office) – proposes new laws to Parliament – is accountable to Parliament
  12. 12. Parliament (Westminster) • Commons, Lords and Monarch • holds Government to account • passes laws Government (Whitehall) • some MPs and some Lords, chosen by the Prime Minister • runs Government departments and public services
  13. 13. Teams within the Houses of Parliament • House of Commons/House of Lords – Chamber and Committee Services • Committees • Public bill/journal/table office – Information Services • Library • Bicameral services – Outreach – Visitors services
  14. 14. Legislation
  15. 15. Types of legislation • Public Bills are proposed changes to general law o Government Bills o Private Members Bills • Private Bills are local /one-off changes to laws • Hybrid Bills are a mixture of the above • Delegated/Secondary Legislation
  16. 16. The House of Lords pass more changes (amendments) to legislation than the House of Commons. a) True b) False c) Both Houses pass approximately the same number of amendments
  17. 17. Passage of a bill
  18. 18. English Votes for English Laws procedure
  19. 19. Scrutiny of legislation • Green Papers and White Papers • Pre-legislative committees, Draft bills • Passage of a bill – Public Bill committees – MPs and members of the House of Lords • Act of Parliament • Post-legislative scrutiny
  20. 20.
  21. 21. How many new select committees in the House of Commons for 2015- 2020 a) 2 b) 3 c) 4 d) 5
  22. 22. Petitions Committee • Provides a better link from the public to elected representatives • Joint system for government and Parliament • Must call for a specific action from government or Parliament • Time in Westminster Hall for debates if appropriate petitions/
  23. 23. Select Committees • scrutinise specific areas of work and Government departments – House of Commons • House of Lords more cross-cutting • carry out public inquiries • groups and individuals can submit evidence • relevant Government Department is required to respond to report
  24. 24. Select Committees webpages
  25. 25. Questions and debates House of Commons Journal 14 May 1606 p309 “a strange spanyell of mouse- colour came into the House”
  26. 26. Questions and debates Parliamentary Questions • written or spoken questions asked by MPs and Peers, directed at the Government Written Ministerial Statements • Can be in response to oral questions not answered or ways of informing the House without coming to the chamber Debates • debates happen every day that the House of Commons or the House of Lords are sitting
  27. 27. Other ways MPs can raise issues? Petitions • usually a call on Government for action regarding an issue (local or national) Early Day Motions • a published statement allowing MPs to show their opinion on a specific subject
  28. 28. Who is the only person who is allowed an alcoholic drink on the Floor of the House of Commons? a) Speaker b) Prime Minister c) Chancellor of the Exchequer d) Chief Whip
  29. 29. Questions?
  30. 30. Where can I get information? • and @UKParliament • Commons Information Office 020 7219 4272 • Lords Information Office 020 7219 3107 • Parliament’s Outreach Service 020 7219 1650