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AFL5010 Workshop 3


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AFL5010 Workshop 3

  1. 1. THE LISBON TREATYEnglish V (Achilleas Kostoulas)
  2. 2. Pre-Reading TaskWhat do you remember about the EUinstitutions?
  3. 3. Discuss the following questions What is the role of the European Parliament? How does it relate to the commission? In your opinion, can the EU legislate on matters concerning only one member-state? Should it have this power? What powers does the EU have, and what powers are still in the control of the national governments?
  4. 4. Reading activitiesI. The European Parliament
  5. 5. 1. TRUEThe members of the European Parliament areelected by direct universal suffrage every fiveyears to represent the citizens of the membercountries. Parliaments powers have beengradually extended with every new treaty. TheTreaty of Lisbon is no exception, giving morepowers in relation to lawmaking, budget andinternational agreements:
  6. 6. 2. FALSELawmaking: the co-decision procedure hasbeen extended to several new fields. Thismeans that Parliament now has the samedegree of lawmaking power as the Council insome areas where it used to be merelyconsulted or not involved at all. These areasinclude legal immigration, penal judicialcooperation, police cooperation (Europol) andsome aspects of trade policy and agriculture.The Parliament now has a role to play in almostall lawmaking.
  7. 7. 3. FALSEBudget: the new treaty confirms the establishedpractice of working with a multiannual financialframework, which Parliament must approve.Parliament and the Council determine allexpenditure together. This innovation creates anew balance between the two institutions whenapproving the EUs budget.
  8. 8. 4. TRUELawmaking: the co-decision procedure has been extended toseveral new fields. This means that Parliament now has thesame degree of lawmaking power as the Council in some areaswhere it used to be merely consulted or not involved at all.These areas include legal immigration, penal judicialcooperation, police cooperation (Europol) and some aspects oftrade policy and agriculture. The Parliament now has a role toplay in almost all lawmaking.Budget: the new treaty confirms the established practice ofworking with a multiannual financial framework, whichParliament must approve. Parliament and the Council determineall expenditure together. This innovation creates a new balancebetween the two institutions when approving the EUs budget.
  9. 9. 5. TRUEInternational agreements: under the Treaty ofLisbon, the European Parliaments assent isrequired for all international agreements in fieldsgoverned by the ordinary legislative procedure.
  10. 10. 5. But note that…International agreements: under the Treaty ofLisbon, the European Parliaments assent isrequired for all international agreements in fieldsgoverned by the ordinary legislative procedure.
  11. 11. Vocabulary suffrage: ψηφοφορία penal: ποινικόσ multiannual: πολυετήσ assent: ςφμφωνη γνϊμη
  12. 12. Reading activitiesII. Subsidiarity
  13. 13. What is subsidiarity?The treaty gives the national parliaments greaterscope to participate alongside the Europeaninstitutions in the work of the Union. A new clauseclearly sets out the rights and duties of the nationalparliaments within the EU. The greatest novelty liesin new power to enforce subsidiarity. Subsidiaritymeans that (except in the areas where it hasexclusive powers) the EU acts only where action willbe more effective at EU-level than at national level.Any national parliament may flag a proposal for EUaction which it believes does not respect thisprinciple. This triggers a two-stage procedure:
  14. 14. Enforcing subsidiarity Draft Legislation not flagged by Legislation goes legislation national parliaments / toproposed by flagged by fewer than EuroparliamentCommission nine
  15. 15. Enforcing subsidiarity Draft Legislation opposed by legislation nine or more nationalproposed by parliamentsCommission
  16. 16. Enforcing subsidiarity a) Commission Draft Legislation opposed by must explain legislation 14 or more national b) EUROPARLproposed by parliaments can refuse toCommission vote
  17. 17. Paraphrase The principle of subsidiarity means that the EU must not legislate if the national governments can deal with a topic more effectively. If many national parliaments oppose the draft legislation the Commission has three options: to withdraw the bill, to make necessary changes or to maintain it. If the Commission do not withdraw or adjust a proposal, then they must justify their decision. A proposal that has been flagged by many parliaments but not changed, can only be put to vote with the consent of the Europarliament.
  18. 18. Reading ActivitiesIII. The EU and member states
  19. 19. Matching Exclusive Powers Only national governments can legislate, but the EU can help as necessary Shared powers Only the EU can legislate Complementary action The EU and the national governments co-decide
  20. 20. Note takingExclusive powers Shared powers Complementary action, coordination, supportCommon trade policy Environment CultureCompetition Transport Education Consumer protection Industry
  21. 21. Reading ActivitiesIV. Other provisions
  22. 22. Transformations It is now possible for citizens to see which decisions have been taken. The Commission will be asked to present a proposal. There are already many ways in which European citizens can find out about the EU. Many ways exist for European citizens to find out about the EU. The citizens’ initiative, the details of which will be worked out later, is a new way to participate.