Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

LaPorte County Snapshot

375 views

Published on

PCRD Data Snapshot

Published in: Data & Analytics
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

LaPorte County Snapshot

  1. 1. Data SnapShot Series 1.0 February 2015 DATA SNAPSHOT LaPorte County
  2. 2. Table of contents Introduction 01 Demography 02 Economy 03 Labor Market 04
  3. 3. Purpose About LaPorte County 01 introduction
  4. 4. 4 Purpose This document provides information and data about LaPorte County that can be used to guide local decision- making activities. The Data SnapShot showcases a variety of demographic, economic and labor market information that local leaders, community organizations and others can use to gain a better perspective on current conditions and opportunities in their county. To strengthen the value and usability of the information, we showcase the data using a variety of visual tools, such as charts, graphs and tables. In addition, we offer key points about the data as a way of assisting the user with the interpretation of the information presented. Finally, short takeaway messages are offered at the end of each section in order to highlight some of the more salient findings. Introduction section 01
  5. 5. 5 About LaPorte County Introduction section 01 County Background Established 1832 County Seat LaPorte Area 613 sq. mi. Neighboring Counties Berrien, MI Jasper, IN Porter, IN St. Joseph, IN Starke, IN
  6. 6. Population change Population pyramids Race Ethnicity Educational attainment Takeaways 02 demograph y
  7. 7. 7 110,106 111,467 111,281 112,471 Population change Components of Population Change, 2000- 2013 TotalChange 948 Natural Increase 3,723 International Migration 1,000 Domestic Migration -3,131 The total population is projected to increase by 1 percent between 2013 and 2020. Demography Sources: STATSIndiana, U.S. Census Bureau – 2000 Decennial Census, 2010 Decennial Census, 2013 Estimates, Estimates of the Components of Resident Population Change section 02 The total population increased by 1 percent between 2000 and 2013.The major contributor to that expansion was natural increase (births minus deaths over that span of time) with a net growth of over 3,700 persons. Data on domestic migration (the difference between the number of people moving out of the county versus moving in) show that out-migration outpaced in-migration by more than 3,100 people. On the other hand, international migration had a net increase of 1,000, indicating that the county experienced an influx of new people from outside the U.S. Total population projections 2000 2010 2013 2020
  8. 8. 8 6.0% 6.4% 7.4% 7.2% 7.3% 7.6% 5.7% 2.9% 1.4% 5.9% 6.0% 5.5% 5.5% 6.3% 7.2% 6.0% 3.4% 2.5% 9 6 3 0 3 6 9 0-9 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80+ Percent of Total PopulationAgeCohort 6.9% 7.1% 7.1% 8.2% 8.5% 6.0% 3.6% 2.8% 1.1% 6.4% 6.5% 5.6% 6.7% 7.5% 5.8% 3.9% 3.8% 2.3% 9 6 3 0 3 6 9 0-9 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80+ Percent of Total Population AgeCohort Population pyramids Population pyramids are visual representations of the age distribution of the population by gender. While the male to female ratio of the population did not change dramatically between 2000 and 2013, the distribution of people across the various age categories did change over the two periods of time. Demography Source: U.S. Census Bureau – 2000 Decennial Census and 2013 Annual Population Estimates section 02 The percentage of people under 50 years old has decreased for both males and females over the 2000-2013 period. In addition, the number 50 years old and over now stands at nearly 40,700 people (about 37 percent of the population, up from 29 percent in 2000). Male Female 20132000 Male Female
  9. 9. 9 White 86% Other 14% Black Asian Native Two or More Races White 88% Other 12% Black Asian Native Two or More Races Race The number of non-White residents in LaPorte County increased by 2 percentage points between 2000 and 2013. While every race, other thanWhite, experienced a numerical increase since 2000, the population of Black and those of Mixed Races gained the most people, helping to expand the population of Other Races from 12 percent to 14 percent of the total population between 2000 and 2013. Demography Race Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau – 2000 Decennial Census and 2013 Annual Population Estimates section 02 2000 2013
  10. 10. 10 Ethnicity Hispanics are individuals of any race whose ancestry is from Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Spain, the Dominican Republic or any other Spanish-speaking Central or South American country. There were 3,416 Hispanics residing in LaPorte County in 2000.This figure expanded to 6,569 by 2013, a 92.3 percent increase. As a result, Hispanics now make up 6 percent of the overall population (versus 3 percent in 2000). Demography Source: U.S. Census Bureau – 2000 Decennial Census and 2013 Annual Population Estimates section 02 6% 3% Hispanics - 2000 Hispanics - 2013
  11. 11. 11 No High School, 19% High School, 41% Some College, 20% Associate's Degree, 6% Bachelor's Degree or More, 14% Educational attainment LaPorte County witnessed a 5 percent increase between 2000 and 2013 in the proportion of adults (25 and over) with an associate’s, bachelor’s or graduate degree. The proportion of adults 25 years of age and older with a high school education or more improved from 81 percent in 2000 to 86 percent by 2013. Residents with less than a high school education fell by 5 percentage points and those with some college education rose by 1 percentage point from 2000 to 2013. The number of adults with a college degree increased from 20 percent in 2000 to 25 percent in 2013.This was due to a 2 percent increase in associate’s degrees and a 3 percent increase in adults with at least a bachelor's degree. Demography Source: U.S. Census Bureau – 2000 Decennial Census and 2013 ACS section 02 2000 2013 No High School, 14% High School, 40% Some College, 21% Associate's Degree, 8% Bachelor's Degree or More, 17%
  12. 12. 12 Takeaways The population of LaPorte County is expected to grow modestly over the next few years, and if past trends hold, that increase will be largely due to natural increase (more births than deaths). While LaPorte County’s population has been growing over the 2000 to 2013 period, it has also been aging.This suggests a need to take a hard look at how the county can remain hospitable and responsive to the needs of growing number of people over 50. In addition, the county’s domestic migration has declined by over 3,000, suggesting that young individuals and those of prime working age (30 to 39 and 40 to 49 years of age) are moving out of the county at a faster pace than they are moving in. While the population remains largely white, the growth of the Hispanic community is worthy of note. As such, finding ways to address the needs and opportunities of a diversifying population will be important. The educational attainment of adults 25 and over has improved since 2000, but the number with a high school education only continues to be high (at 40 percent). So, determining if this could be a barrier to economic growth is worthy of examining. LaPorte County may want to explore the mix of services and amenities that will be vital to retaining and attracting educated young adults, including the availability of good quality jobs. Demography section 02
  13. 13. Establishments Industries Occupations Income and poverty Takeaways 03 economy
  14. 14. 14 Establishments Components of Change for Establishments Total Change (2000-11) 2,144 Natural Change (births minus deaths) 2,043 Net Migration (number moving in versus moving out of the county) 101 The number of establishments in LaPorte County doubled between 2000 and 2011. The rapid growth of establishments was largely due to natural change.That is, 7,081 establishments were launched in the county between 2000 and 2011, while 4,937 closed, resulting in a gain of 2,144 establishments. Economy Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) – 2012 Database section 03 An establishment is a physical business location. Branches, standalones and headquarters are all considered types of establishments. Definition of Company Stages 0 1 2 3 4 Self- employed 2-9 employees 10-99 employees 100-499 employees 500+ employees Note: The 2011 figures use 2012 data to include all gains and losses over the entire year. Establishment information was calculated in-house and may differ slightly from publicly available data.
  15. 15. 15 Number of establishments by stage/employment category Economy Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) – 2012 Database section 03 2000 2011 Stage Establishments Proportion Establishments Proportion Stage 0 1,294 24% 2,175 29% Stage 1 2,994 56% 4,348 58% Stage 2 925 17% 850 11% Stage 3 79 1% 68 1% Stage 4 13 0% 8 0% Total 5,305 100% 7,449 100% Note: The 2011 figures use 2012 data to include all gains and losses over the entire year.
  16. 16. 16 Number of jobs by stage/employment category Economy Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) – 2012 Database section 03 2000 2011 Stage Jobs Proportion Jobs Proportion Stage 0 1,294 2% 2,175 4% Stage 1 11,164 18% 13,607 24% Stage 2 23,972 40% 22,641 39% Stage 3 14,500 24% 12,630 22% Stage 4 9,435 16% 6,845 12% Total 60,365 100% 57,898 100% Note: The 2011 figures use 2012 data to include all gains and losses over the entire year.
  17. 17. 17 Amount of sales (2011 dollars) by stage/employment category Economy Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) – 2012 Database section 03 2000 2011 Stage Sales Proportion Sales Proportion Stage 0 $160,046,855 2% $146,378,224 3% Stage 1 $1,670,192,872 21% $1,212,360,959 21% Stage 2 $3,034,642,492 38% $2,086,169,167 37% Stage 3 $2,001,047,378 25% $1,719,904,604 30% Stage 4 $1,169,791,625 15% $535,943,906 9% Total $8,035,721,221 100% $5,700,756,860 100% Note: The 2011 figures use 2012 data to include all gains and losses over the entire year.
  18. 18. 18 Manufacturing 14.5% Government 13.6% Retail Trade 12.3% Health Care & Social Assistance 11.1% Accommodation & Food Services 8.0% All Other Industries 40.5% Top five industries in 2013 59.5 percent of jobs are tied to one of the top five industries in LaPorte County. Manufacturing is the largest industry sector (7,756 jobs), followed by government (7,262 jobs) and retail trade (6,586 jobs). Accommodation & Food Services is the smallest of the top industry sectors with 4,272 jobs. The top four industries all lost jobs between 2002 and 2013. Only Accommodation & Food Services experienced job gains over the two periods of time (12 percent growth). Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.3 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03
  19. 19. 19 Industry distribution and change NAICS Code Description Jobs 2002 Jobs 2013 Change (2002-2013) % Change (2002-2013) Average Total Earnings 2013 11 Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting 1,079 1,147 68 6% $28,778 21 Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction 128 56 -72 -56% $12,669 22 Utilities 280 238 -42 -15% $170,367 23 Construction 3,336 2,679 -657 -20% $52,229 31-33 Manufacturing 9,621 7,756 -1,865 -19% $59,856 42 Wholesale Trade 1,264 1,413 149 12% $52,109 44-45 Retail Trade 7,053 6,586 -467 -7% $23,792 48-49 Transportation & Warehousing 2,341 2,100 -241 -10% $47,542 51 Information 834 396 -438 -53% $33,440 52 Finance & Insurance 1,269 1,496 227 18% $55,537 53 Real Estate & Rental & Leasing 1,831 2,109 278 15% $23,970 54 Professional, Scientific & Technical Services 1,505 1,553 48 3% $35,344 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 70 154 84 120% $72,808 56 Administrative & Waste Management 2,654 2,994 340 13% $25,878 61 Educational Services (Private) 538 544 6 1% $26,159 62 Health Care & Social Assistance 6,464 5,952 -512 -8% $53,014 71 Arts, Entertainment & Recreation 1,864 1,783 -81 -4% $27,561 72 Accommodation and Food Services 3,825 4,272 447 12% $14,953 81 Other Services (except Public Administration) 2,756 2,980 224 8% $19,429 90 Government 8,156 7,262 -894 -11% $48,160 99 Unclassified Industry <10 <10 - - - All Total 56,870 53,473 -3,397 -6% $40,108 Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.3 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03
  20. 20. 20 Employment Increase Employment Decrease Industries with the largest gains and losses in employment numbers between 2002 & 2013: Industry distribution and change The largest percentage gains in employment in LaPorte County occurred in:  Management of Companies and Enterprises (+120.0 percent)  Finance and Insurance (+17.9 percent) The largest percentage losses in employment occurred in:  Mining,Quarrying and Oil andGas Extraction (-56.3 percent)  Information (-52.5 percent) Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.3 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03 Manufacturing (-1,865) Government (-894) Construction (-657) Accommodation and Food Services (+447) Administrative and Waste Management (+340)
  21. 21. 21 Sales & Related 14.3% Office & Administrative Support 12.6% Production 9.9% Food Preparation & Serving Related 8.7% Transportation & Material Moving 6.2% All Other Occupations 48.3% Top five occupations in 2013 The top five occupations in LaPorte County represent 51.7 percent of all jobs. Sales & Related (14.3 percent of the workforce with 7,660 jobs) and Office & Administrative Support (12.6 percent of the labor force involving 6,723 jobs) represent the top two occupations in LaPorte County. Transportation & Material Moving is the smallest of the top five occupations in the county (with 6.2 percent of the workforce and 3,319 jobs). Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.3 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03
  22. 22. 22 SOC Description Jobs 2002 Jobs 2013 Change (2002-2013) % Change (2002-2013) Hourly Earnings 2013 11 Management 3,154 3,142 -12 0% $24.49 13 Business & Financial Operations 1,617 1,664 47 3% $24.27 15 Computer & Mathematical 485 426 -59 -12% $24.56 17 Architecture & Engineering 782 646 -136 -17% $28.86 19 Life, Physical & Social Science 232 226 -6 -3% $25.61 21 Community & Social Service 916 732 -184 -20% $16.95 23 Legal 228 198 -30 -13% $26.42 25 Education, Training & Library 2,372 2,350 -22 -1% $20.93 27 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports & Media 1,094 1,013 -81 -7% $13.34 29 Health Care Practitioners & Technical 2,460 2,384 -76 -3% $41.47 31 Health Care Support 1,358 1,266 -92 -7% $11.87 33 Protective Service 2,129 1,965 -164 -8% $19.12 35 Food Preparation & Serving Related 4,396 4,664 268 6% $9.36 37 Building & Grounds Cleaning Maintenance 1,922 2,077 155 8% $10.13 39 Personal Care & Service 2,057 2,280 223 11% $9.41 41 Sales & Related 7,508 7,660 152 2% $13.60 43 Office & Administrative Support 7,640 6,723 -917 -12% $14.58 45 Farming, Fishing & Forestry 239 272 33 14% $9.55 47 Construction & Extraction 3,009 2,497 -512 -17% $19.90 49 Installation, Maintenance & Repair 2,216 2,023 -193 -9% $17.96 51 Production 6,556 5,302 -1,254 -19% $15.34 53 Transportation & Material Moving 3,877 3,319 -558 -14% $16.33 55 Military 383 375 -8 -2% $19.27 99 Unclassified 239 269 30 13% $11.58 All Total 56,870 53,473 -3,397 -6% $16.96 Occupation distribution and change Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.3 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03
  23. 23. 23 Occupations with the largest gains and losses in employment numbers between 2002 & 2013: Employment Increase Employment Decrease Food Preparation & Serving (+268) Personal Care & Service (+223) Production (-1,254) Office & Administrative (-917) Transportation & Material Moving (-558) Occupation distribution and change Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.3 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03 The largest percentage gain in employment in LaPorte County occurred in:  Farming, Fishery and Forestry (+12.8 percent)  Personal Care and Service (+10.8 percent)  BuildingGrounds andCleaning Maintenance (+8.1 percent) The largest percentage loss in employment occurred in:  Community and Social Service (- 20.1 percent)  Production (-19.1 percent)
  24. 24. 24 Income and poverty 2000 2006 2013 Total Population in Poverty 9.5% 12.0% 17.0% Minors (up to age 17) in Poverty 12.7% 18.6% 26.9% Real Median Income (2013 base year) $ 53,611 $ 53,213 $ 46,610 The median income in LaPorte County dipped by $7,000 between 2000 and 2013 in real dollars (that is, adjusted for inflation). Both the total population in poverty and the number of minors in poverty increased since 2000. A key statistic is that the number of minors in poverty more than doubled between 2000 and 2013. Economy Source: U.S. Census Bureau – Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) section 03
  25. 25. 25 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 42,000 44,000 46,000 48,000 50,000 52,000 54,000 56,000 PopulationinPoverty(percent) RealMedianIncome(2013dollars) Median Income Minors in Poverty All Ages in Poverty Income and poverty Median income in LaPorte County has decreased in recent years, while poverty has continued to increase. Economy Source: U.S. Census Bureau – Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) section 03
  26. 26. 26 Takeaways Growth in the number of establishments in LaPorte County occurred in businesses having fewer than 10 employees (the self- employed and Stage 1 enterprises). These are two components of the local economy that are often overlooked but may deserve closer attention by local leaders. Industries that have experienced major job losses have tended to be in the manufacturing, government, construction and health care and social assistance sectors, all with average earnings of $48,000 or more. Growth in jobs has occurred in industries that pay decent wages (such as Finance & Insurance andWholesale Trade) but also by industries that provide low average earnings (Accommodation & Food Services, Administrative &Waste Management, and Real Estate & Leasing). It may be these shifts in the industry make-up of the county that have contributed to a decline in median income (in real dollars) and the upswing in the poverty rate in LaPorte County since 2000. With the exception of business and financial operations, occupations that have grown the most between 2002 and 2013 in the county pay an average hourly rate of $9.36 to $13.60.This level of compensation will not be sufficient to retain well- educated or highly skilled workers. It may be worthwhile for LaPorte County to focus on policies and programs that strengthen high- growth Stage 2 firms, since they tend to employ several people and are capturing sizable sales. Services targeted to poverty-stricken individuals should be considered given the dramatic rise in poverty, especially for children under 18 years old. Economy section 03
  27. 27. Labor force and unemployment Commuteshed Laborshed Takeaways 04 labor market
  28. 28. 28 Labor force and unemployment 2002 2013 Labor Force 54,092 48,905 Unemployment Rate 6.8% 9.4% The labor force in LaPorte County decreased by 9.6 percent between 2002 and 2013. This decrease is likely due to a rise in the number of individuals who are either officially unemployed or who have given up looking for a job. Labor market Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics – Local Area Unemployment Statistics section 04
  29. 29. 29 3.3% 6.8% 5.1% 11.9% 9.4% 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 UnemploymentRate(percent) Unemployment rate Unemployment increased dramatically after 2007, peaking at 11.9 percent in 2009. Since that time, the rate has been on a slow but steady decline, dipping to 9.4 percent by 2013. Labor market Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics – Local Area Unemployment Statistics section 04
  30. 30. 30 Commuteshed A county’s commuteshed is the geographic area to which its work force travels to work. Forty-nine percent of employed residents in LaPorte County commute to jobs located outside of LaPorte County. The top counties where LaPorte county residents commute are Lake County (4,685 workers), Porter County (4,609 workers) and St. Joseph County (3,214 workers). Labor market Source: U.S. Census Bureau – Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) section 04 22,710 Out-Commuters 23,405 Same Work/ Home Commuters Proportion Lake, IN 4,685 10.2% Porter, IN 4,609 10.0% St. Joseph, IN 3,214 7.0% Marion, IN 1,614 3.5% Berrien, MI 1,202 2.6%
  31. 31. 31 Commuteshed in 2011 Labor market section 04 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, OTM, LEHD, PCRD Seventy-five percent of LaPorte County’s working residents are employed either in LaPorte, Lake or Porter Counties. Another 5 percent commute to Cook County, Illinois, or Berrien County, Michigan. An additional 5 percent travel to jobs in St. Joseph or Marion Counties. Collectively, these seven counties represent 85 percent of the commuteshed for LaPorte County.
  32. 32. 32 Laborshed Commuters Proportion Porter, IN 4,219 10.6% Lake, IN 2,009 5.0% St. Joseph, IN 1,647 4.1% Berrien, MI 897 2.3% Marion, IN 789 2.0% Labor market Source: U.S. Census Bureau – Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) section 04 16,415 In-Commuters 23,405 Same Work/ Home A county’s laborshed is the geographic area from which it draws employees. Forty-one percent of individuals working in LaPorte County commute from another county for work. Porter County, Indiana, and Lake County, Indiana, are the biggest sources of outside labor for LaPorte County. Forty-eight percent of in-commuters reside in counties adjacent to LaPorte County; however, the fifth largest laborshed county is the Indianapolis metropolitan area (Marion County, Indiana).
  33. 33. 33 Laborshed in 2011 Labor market section 04 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, OTM, LEHD, PCRD The bulk (75 percent) of LaPorte County’s workforce is drawn from LaPorte, Lake, and Porter Counties. Another 5 percent is drawn from St. Joseph County in Indiana and Berrien County in Michigan. An additional 5 percent come from Starke and Marion Counties in Indiana and Cook County in Illinois. Combined, the eight counties represent 85 percent of LaPorte County’s laborshed.
  34. 34. 34 Takeaways LaPorte County’s unemployment rate increased after 2002, swelling to nearly 12 percent by 2009. This increase occurred during the period of the Great Recession (approximately 2008 to 2010). The rate has since been declining. Despite the modest changes in the population over the past decade or more, the county’s labor force has decreased since 2002, indicating that there may be an increasing number of individuals who are unemployed or are discouraged workers (workers who have given up trying to find a job). Employees that work but do not live in LaPorte County tend to commute from surrounding counties. People who commute out of the county for work often travel to other metropolitan areas. LaPorte County should assess if a major workforce development training effort should be targeted to the growing number of working age adults struggling to find jobs. Furthermore, determining the human capital attributes of workers who commute to jobs outside the county might be insightful. It may provide the information needed to determine how best to reduce the leakage of educated and skilled workers to surrounding counties. The laborshed and commuteshed data suggest there may be some value in exploring economic and workforce development from a regional (multi- county) basis. Labor market section 04
  35. 35. 35 Report Contributors This report was prepared by the Purdue Center for Regional Development in partnership with Purdue University Extension. section 04 Data Analysis Indraneel Kumar, Ph.D. Ayoung Kim Report Authors Elizabeth Dobis Bo Beaulieu, Ph.D. Report Design Tyler Wright Adeline Jackson It is the policy of the Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service that all persons have equal opportunity and access to its educational programs, services, activities, and facilities without regard to race, religion, color, sex, age, national origin or ancestry, marital status, parental status, sexual orientation, disability or status as a veteran. Purdue University is an Affirmative Action institution. This material may be available in alternative formats.
  36. 36. FOR MORE INFORMATION Purdue Center for Regional Development (PCRD) . . . seeks to pioneer new ideas and strategies that contribute to regional collaboration, innovation and prosperity. Purdue Extension Community Development (CD) . . . works to strengthen the capacity of local leaders, residents and organizations to work together to develop and sustain strong, vibrant communities. Please contact Mary Foell County ExtensionCommunity Development Educator 219-324-9407 mfoell@purdue.edu OR

×