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Data SnapShot Series 1.1
March 2016
DATA SNAPSHOT
Steuben County
Table of contents
Introduction
01
Demography
02
Economy
03
Labor Market
04
Purpose
About Steuben County
01
introduction
4
Purpose
This document provides information
and data about Steuben County that
can be used to guide local decision-
makin...
5
About Steuben County
Introduction
section 01
County Background
Established 1837
County
Seat
Angola
Area 322 sq. mi.
Neig...
Population change
Population pyramids
Race
Ethnicity
Educational attainment
Takeaways
02
demograph
y
7
33,214
34,185 34,308
34,679
Population change
Components of Population Change, 2000-
2014
TotalChange 488*
Natural Incre...
8
5.4%
7.3%
6.8%
5.3%
6.6%
7.6%
6.6%
3.7%
1.5%
5.2%
6.6%
5.8%
5.1%
6.3%
7.4%
6.7%
3.8%
2.4%
9 6 3 0 3 6 9
0-9
10-19
20-29
...
9
White
97%
Other
3%
Black, 0.9%
Asian, 0.6%
Native, 0.4%
Two or More
Races, 1.0%
White
98%
Other
2%
Black, 0.4%
Asian, 0....
10
Ethnicity
Hispanics are individuals of any
race whose ancestry is from
Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba,
Spain, the Dominican ...
11
No High
School, 16%
High School,
43%
Some
College,
20%
Associate's
Degree, 6%
Bachelor's
Degree or
More, 16%
Educationa...
12
Takeaways
The population of SteubenCounty is expected to
grow over the next few years, and if past trends
hold, that in...
Establishments
Industries
Occupations
Income and poverty
Takeaways
03
economy
14
Establishments
Components of Change for Establishments
Total Change (2000-13) 592
Natural Change (births minus
deaths)
...
15
Number of establishments by
stage/employment category
Economy
Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) – YourE...
16
Top five employers in 2015
Economy
Source: ReferenceUSA (Infogroup)
section 03
Establishment Stage
1. Rieke Corporation...
17
Number of jobs by stage/employment
category
Economy
Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) – YourEconomy.org...
18
Amount of sales (2013 dollars) by
stage/employment category
Economy
Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) –...
19
Manufacturing
25.8%
Retail Trade
12.2%
Government
8.3%
Accommodation &
Food Services
8.1%
Health Care &
Social Assistan...
20
Industry distribution and change
NAICS
Code
Description
Jobs
2002
Jobs
2014
Change
(2002-2014)
% Change
(2002-2014)
Ave...
21
Industry distribution and change
The largest percentage gains in
employment in Steuben County
occurred in:
 Administra...
22
Production
18.9%
Sales & Related
13.5%
Office &
Administrative
Support
10.9%
Food Preparation
& Serving Related
8.2%
Tr...
23
SOC Description
Jobs
2002
Jobs
2014
Change
(2002-2014)
% Change
(2002-2014)
Hourly
Earnings 2014
11 Management 1,416 1,...
24
Occupation distribution and change
Economy
Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.4 – QCEW E...
25
Income and poverty
2002 2007 2014
Total Population in
Poverty
8.3% 11.6% 12.8%
Minors (up to age 17)
in Poverty
10.0% 1...
26
0
5
10
15
20
25
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
60,000
70,000
PopulationinPoverty(percent)
RealIncomein2014(dollars)
Median...
27
Takeaways
Growth in the number of establishments in
Steuben County occurred mainly in
businesses having fewer than 10 e...
Labor force and
unemployment
Workforce
inflow/outflow
Commuter shed
Labor shed
Takeaways
04
labor
market
29
2002 2007 2014
Labor Force 17,218 16,494 19,930
Unemploymen
t Rate
6.5% 6.0% 5.0%
Labor force and unemployment
The labo...
30
Unemployment rate
Unemployment increased dramatically after 2007, peaking at 14.5 percent in 2009. Since
that time, the...
31
Steuben County has slightly more
laborers traveling out of the county for
work than into the county for work.
Net commu...
32
Commuter shed
A county’s commuter shed is the
geographic area to which its resident
labor force travels to work.
Half o...
33
Commuter shed in 2013
Labor market
section 04
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, OTM, LEHD, PCRD
Seventy-five percent of Steub...
34
Labor shed
Commuters Proportion
DeKalb, IN 1,019 7.1%
Branch, MI 810 5.7%
Allen, IN 688 4.8%
LaGrange, IN 544 3.8%
Nobl...
35
Labor shed in 2013
Labor market
section 04
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, OTM, LEHD, PCRD
The bulk (75 percent) of Steuben...
36
Takeaways
The Great Recession that impacted the U.S.
economy between 2007 and 2009 took a major toll
on the SteubenCoun...
37
Notes
LAUS (Local Area Unemployment Statistics):
LAUS is a U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) program that
provides ...
38
Report Contributors
This report was prepared by the Purdue Center for Regional Development in partnership with
Purdue U...
FOR MORE
INFORMATION
Purdue Center for Regional Development
(PCRD) . . .
seeks to pioneer new ideas and strategies that co...
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Steuben County Snapshot

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Steuben County Snapshot

  1. 1. Data SnapShot Series 1.1 March 2016 DATA SNAPSHOT Steuben County
  2. 2. Table of contents Introduction 01 Demography 02 Economy 03 Labor Market 04
  3. 3. Purpose About Steuben County 01 introduction
  4. 4. 4 Purpose This document provides information and data about Steuben County that can be used to guide local decision- making activities. The Data SnapShot showcases a variety of demographic, economic and labor market information that local leaders, community organizations and others can use to gain a better perspective on current conditions and opportunities in their county. To strengthen the value and usability of the information, we showcase the data using a variety of visual tools, such as charts, graphs and tables. In addition, we offer key points about the data as a way of assisting the user with the interpretation of the information presented. Finally, short takeaway messages are offered at the end of each section in order to highlight some of the more salient findings. Introduction section 01
  5. 5. 5 About Steuben County Introduction section 01 County Background Established 1837 County Seat Angola Area 322 sq. mi. Neighboring Counties Branch, MI DeKalb, IN Hillsdale, MI LaGrange, IN Noble, IN Williams, OH Metropolitan Status Micropolitan (Non-Metro)
  6. 6. Population change Population pyramids Race Ethnicity Educational attainment Takeaways 02 demograph y
  7. 7. 7 33,214 34,185 34,308 34,679 Population change Components of Population Change, 2000- 2014 TotalChange 488* Natural Increase 1,587 International Migration 249 Domestic Migration -1,137 The total population is projected to increase by 1 percent between 2014 and 2020. Demography Sources: STATSIndiana, U.S. Census Bureau – 2000 Decennial Census, 2010 Decennial Census, 2014 Estimates, Estimates of the Components of Resident Population Change section 02 The county’s total population increased by 3 percent between 2000 and 2014. Natural increase (births minus deaths over that span of time) was the major contributor to that expansion, with a gain of nearly 1,600 persons. Growth due to net international migration also increased by 249 individuals, indicating that the county experienced an influx of new people from outside the United States. In contrast, domestic migration (the difference between the number of people moving into the county versus moving out) registered a net loss of 1,137 individuals in Steuben County between 2000 and 2014. Total population projections 2000 2010 2014 2020 *Total change in population differs from the sum of the components due to Census estimation techniques. Residuals (not reported here) make up the difference.
  8. 8. 8 5.4% 7.3% 6.8% 5.3% 6.6% 7.6% 6.6% 3.7% 1.5% 5.2% 6.6% 5.8% 5.1% 6.3% 7.4% 6.7% 3.8% 2.4% 9 6 3 0 3 6 9 0-9 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80+ Percent of Total PopulationAgeCohort 7.2% 7.9% 7.3% 7.4% 7.6% 6.1% 3.8% 2.3% 1.0% 6.8% 7.2% 5.9% 7.2% 7.4% 6.0% 4.0% 3.1% 1.9% 9 6 3 0 3 6 9 0-9 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80+ Percent of Total Population AgeCohort Population pyramids Population pyramids are visual representations of the age distribution of the population by gender. Approximately 49.5% of the population was female in 2000 (16,443 people) and that percentage remained about the same in 2014.What did change is the distribution of people across the various age categories. A larger share of people shifted into the higher age groupings over the 2000 to 2014 time period. Demography Source: U.S. Census Bureau – 2000 Decennial Census and 2014 Annual Population Estimates section 02 People 50 and over increased from 28.2% to 39.7% between 2000 and 2014. Individuals of prime working age (20 to 49) dipped from 42.8% to 35.9%, with large losses among males and females in the 30 to 39 years old age grouping between 2000 and 2014.There was also a loss of youth (under 20) in the county (29.1% to 24.5%, respectively). Male Female 20142000 Male Female
  9. 9. 9 White 97% Other 3% Black, 0.9% Asian, 0.6% Native, 0.4% Two or More Races, 1.0% White 98% Other 2% Black, 0.4% Asian, 0.4% Native, 0.4% Two or More Races, 0.6% Race The proportion of non-White residents grew by two-thirds in Steuben County between 2000 and 2014, although they remain a small part of the overall population. Every race experienced a numerical increase over the time period. Of the non-White races, the county had the most growth in individuals identifying themselves as Black (+162) orTwo or More Races (+145). Proportionally, these two races also gained the most, with a 120 percent and 78.4 percent increases, respectively. The White population grew by 700 residents between 2000 and 2014, a small 2.1 percent increase. Demography Source: U.S. Census Bureau – 2000 Decennial Census and 2014 Annual Population Estimates section 02 2000 2014 Note: The Native category includes American Indian, Alaskan Native, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders.
  10. 10. 10 Ethnicity Hispanics are individuals of any race whose ancestry is from Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Spain, the Dominican Republic or any other Spanish-speaking Central or South American country. There were 683 Hispanics residing in SteubenCounty in 2000.This figure expanded to 1,113 by 2014, a 63 percent increase. Due to this numeric increase, the proportion of Hispanics in the population is now around 3 percent. Demography Source: U.S. Census Bureau – 2000 Decennial Census and 2014 Annual Population Estimates section 02 3% 2% Hispanics - 2000 Hispanics - 2014
  11. 11. 11 No High School, 16% High School, 43% Some College, 20% Associate's Degree, 6% Bachelor's Degree or More, 16% Educational attainment SteubenCounty had a 7 percentage point increase in the number of adults (25 and older) with an associate’s degree or higher between 2000 to 2014. The proportion of adults 25 years of age and older with a high school education or more improved from 84 percent in 2000 to 89 percent by 2014.Those with a high school degree only fell from 43 percent in 2000 to 38 percent in 2014. Adults with a college degree increased from 22 percent in 2000 to 29 percent in 2014.This was due to a 3 percentage point increase in the proportion of residents with associate’s degrees (6 percent versus 9 percent), while the proportion of adults with at least a bachelor's degree increased from 16 percent to 20 percent, a 4 percentage point growth. . Demography Source: U.S. Census Bureau – 2000 Decennial Census and 2014 ACS section 02 2000 2014 No High School, 11% High School, 38% Some College, 22% Associate's Degree, 9% Bachelor's Degree or More, 20%
  12. 12. 12 Takeaways The population of SteubenCounty is expected to grow over the next few years, and if past trends hold, that increase will be largely be due to natural increase (more births than deaths). In examining the composition of Steuben County’s population, one finds an aging population.The number of residents 50 years of age or older increased by 11 percentage points between 2000 and 2014. Additionally, the number of men and women of prime working age (20 to 49) has been slowly declining. In fact, the county witnessed a significant loss of residents in the 30 to 39 years old age grouping between 2000 and 2014, possibly due to domestic out-migration (people moving out of the county for other U.S. locations). Though the racial and ethnic diversity of Steuben County has increased since 2000, it remains primarily White and non-Hispanic. The educational attainment of adults 25 and over has improved since 2000, but the proportion of adults with a high school education or less represents about half of the county’s adult population.Assessing whether local economic development opportunities might be impeded by the presence of a sizable number of adults with a terminal high school degree or less may be helpful. About 29 percent of SteubenCounty’s adult residents have an associate’s, bachelor’s or higher degree, a figure that is only 3 percentage points below the figure for the state of Indiana as a whole. Steuben County may wish to assess the workforce skills of workers with a high school education only. Enhancing their skills so that they meet the current and emerging needs of local businesses and industries may be a worthy investment. Demography section 02
  13. 13. Establishments Industries Occupations Income and poverty Takeaways 03 economy
  14. 14. 14 Establishments Components of Change for Establishments Total Change (2000-13) 592 Natural Change (births minus deaths) 552 Net Migration 40 The number of establishments in Steuben County increased by 31 percent from 2000 to 2013. The rapid growth of establishments was largely due to natural change.That is, 2,960 establishments were launched in the county between 2000 and 2013, while 2,408 closed, resulting in a gain of 552 establishments.There was a small gain of 40 establishments due to net migration. Economy Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) – YourEconomy.org section 03 An establishment is a physical business location. Branches, standalones and headquarters are all considered types of establishments. Definition of Company Stages 0 1 2 3 4 Self- employed 2-9 employees 10-99 employees 100-499 employees 500+ employees
  15. 15. 15 Number of establishments by stage/employment category Economy Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) – YourEconomy.org section 03 2000 2013 Stage Establishments Proportion Establishments Proportion Stage 0 483 25% 591 24% Stage 1 1,067 56% 1,530 61% Stage 2 305 16% 337 14% Stage 3 44 2% 36 1% Stage 4 0 0% 1 0% Total 1,899 100% 2,495 100% The NETS Database is derived from the Dun & Bradstreet archival national establishment data, a population of known establishments in the United States that is quality controlled and updated annually. Establishments include both private and public sector business units and range in size from one employee (i.e., sole-proprietors and self-employed) to several thousand employees. *ReferenceUSA indicates two Stage 4 firms in 2013, whereas NETS shows only one Stage 4 firm. Additional information is available on the next slide.
  16. 16. 16 Top five employers in 2015 Economy Source: ReferenceUSA (Infogroup) section 03 Establishment Stage 1. Rieke Corporation Stage 4 2. TI Group Automotive Systems Stage 4 3. Tenneco, Inc. Stage 3 4. Cameron Memorial Hospital Stage 3 5. Miller Poultry Stage 3 The largest employers produce a mix of regional, national and global goods and services. Rieke Corporation in Hamilton is the largest establishment-level employer in Steuben County.They are global producers of drum, can and dispensing products. TI Group Automotive andTenneco supply automotive parts used nationally and globally. Cameron Memorial Hospital is a regional medical provider and Miller Poultry is a national level processed chicken provider. Information on the top five establishments by employment comes from ReferenceUSA. ReferenceUSA is a library database service provided by Infogroup, the company that also supplies the list of major employers for Hoosiers by the Numbers. While both NETS and ReferenceUSA contain establishments, differences in data collection processes result in discrepancies between the two sources. We use NETS for a broad picture of establishments in the county, while ReferenceUSA is used for studying individual establishments.
  17. 17. 17 Number of jobs by stage/employment category Economy Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) – YourEconomy.org section 03 2000 2013 Stage Jobs* Proportion Jobs* Proportion Stage 0 483 2% 591 3% Stage 1 3,954 20% 4,805 22% Stage 2 7,519 38% 8,481 39% Stage 3 7,840 40% 7,140 33% Stage 4 0 0% 500 2% Total 19,796 100% 21,517 100% *Includes both full-time and part-time jobs
  18. 18. 18 Amount of sales (2013 dollars) by stage/employment category Economy Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) – YourEconomy.org section 03 2000 2013 Stage Sales Proportion Sales Proportion Stage 0 $60,585,826 2% $43,587,339 2% Stage 1 $587,497,345 21% $369,705,480 21% Stage 2 $1,070,889,431 38% $668,819,697 38% Stage 3 $1,096,226,643 39% $682,128,168 38% Stage 4 $0 0% $8,764,100 0% Total $2,815,199,246 100% $1,773,004,784 100%
  19. 19. 19 Manufacturing 25.8% Retail Trade 12.2% Government 8.3% Accommodation & Food Services 8.1% Health Care & Social Assistance 7.2% All Other Industries 38.4% Top five industries in 2014 61.6 percent of jobs are tied to one of the top five industries in Steuben County. Manufacturing is the largest industry sector (5,120 jobs). Health Care & Social Assistance is the smallest of the top industry sectors with 1,427 jobs. Four of the top five industries in Steuben lost jobs between 2002 and 2014. Of these, Manufacturing lost the largest proportion (-15.9 percent). Accommodation & Food Services experienced the smallest decrease, with a 1.9 percent decline in jobs over the time period.The one industry that grew - - Health Care & SocialAssistance – expanded by over 46 percent. Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.4 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03
  20. 20. 20 Industry distribution and change NAICS Code Description Jobs 2002 Jobs 2014 Change (2002-2014) % Change (2002-2014) Average Total Earnings 2014 11 Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting 722 751 29 4% $26,802 21 Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction 11 23 12 109% $13,995 22 Utilities 63 61 -2 -3% $80,490 23 Construction 842 836 -6 -1% $37,998 31-33 Manufacturing 6,085 5,120 -965 -16% $49,789 42 Wholesale Trade 426 299 -127 -30% $52,581 44-45 Retail Trade 2,692 2,428 -264 -10% $23,300 48-49 Transportation & Warehousing 446 795 349 78% $54,585 51 Information 100 106 6 6% $52,798 52 Finance & Insurance 447 510 63 14% $41,241 53 Real Estate & Rental & Leasing 463 697 234 51% $21,236 54 Professional, Scientific & Technical Services 419 410 -9 -2% $38,004 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 13 <10 - - - 56 Administrative & Waste Management 523 1,101 578 111% $29,573 61 Educational Services (Private) 438 846 408 93% $33,800 62 Health Care & Social Assistance 977 1,427 450 46% $32,986 71 Arts, Entertainment & Recreation 160 200 40 25% $15,944 72 Accommodation and Food Services 1,629 1,598 -31 -2% $14,277 81 Other Services (except Public Administration) 829 973 144 17% $21,723 90 Government 1,697 1,656 -41 -2% $40,395 99 Unclassified Industry <10 0 <10 -100% $0 All Total 18,984 19,843 859 5% $35,667 Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.4 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03Note: Average total earnings include wages, salaries, supplements and earnings from investments and proprietorships. Industries and occupations with a value of <10 have insufficient data for change and earnings calculations.
  21. 21. 21 Industry distribution and change The largest percentage gains in employment in Steuben County occurred in:  Administrative andWaste Management Services (+110.5 percent)  Mining,Quarrying, andOil and Gas Extraction (+109.1 percent) The largest percentage losses in employment occurred in:  WholesaleTrade (-29.8 percent)  Manufacturing (-15.9 percent) Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.4 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03 Employment Increase Employment Decrease Industries with the largest gains and losses in employment numbers between 2002 & 2014: Administrative & Waste Management (+578) HealthCare & Social Assistance (+450) Manufacturing (-965) RetailTrade (-264) WholesaleTrade (-127)
  22. 22. 22 Production 18.9% Sales & Related 13.5% Office & Administrative Support 10.9% Food Preparation & Serving Related 8.2% Transportation & Material Moving 8.0% All Other Occupations 40.6% Top five occupations in 2014 The top five occupations in Steuben County represent 59.4 percent of all jobs. Production (3,751 jobs) is the top occupation classification in Steuben County.The smallest of the top occupations isTransportation & Material Moving with 1,584 jobs. All five top occupations in SteubenCounty, except Production (-12.4 percent), had an increase in jobs between 2002 and 2014. Transportation & Material Moving occupations gained the largest proportion (+25.8 percent), while Office & Administrative Support occupations grew the slowest (+0.9 percent) over the time period. Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.4 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03
  23. 23. 23 SOC Description Jobs 2002 Jobs 2014 Change (2002-2014) % Change (2002-2014) Hourly Earnings 2014 11 Management 1,416 1,457 41 3% $22.04 13 Business & Financial Operations 524 585 61 12% $22.15 15 Computer & Mathematical 150 158 8 5% $24.11 17 Architecture & Engineering 323 256 -67 -21% $25.65 19 Life, Physical & Social Science 45 56 11 24% $26.12 21 Community & Social Service 166 208 42 25% $16.68 23 Legal 69 68 -1 -1% $29.76 25 Education, Training & Library 633 758 125 20% $20.77 27 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports & Media 268 309 41 15% $13.49 29 Health Care Practitioners & Technical 444 577 133 30% $26.12 31 Health Care Support 230 341 111 48% $11.03 33 Protective Service 275 303 28 10% $15.71 35 Food Preparation & Serving Related 1,564 1,623 59 4% $9.00 37 Building & Grounds Cleaning Maintenance 488 597 109 22% $9.47 39 Personal Care & Service 480 635 155 32% $8.94 41 Sales & Related 2,558 2,677 119 5% $12.06 43 Office & Administrative Support 2,136 2,156 20 1% $12.92 45 Farming, Fishing & Forestry 76 106 30 39% $11.09 47 Construction & Extraction 707 711 4 1% $15.85 49 Installation, Maintenance & Repair 745 754 9 1% $17.42 51 Production 4,280 3,751 -529 -12% $13.67 53 Transportation & Material Moving 1,259 1,584 325 26% $15.19 55 Military 110 114 4 4% $16.39 99 Unclassified 39 59 20 51% $13.82 All Total 18,984 19,843 859 5% $14.89 Occupation distribution and change Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.4 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03
  24. 24. 24 Occupation distribution and change Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.4 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03 The largest percentage gains in employment in Steuben County occurred in:*  Health Care Support (+48.3 percent)  Farming, Fishing & Forestry (+39.5 percent) The largest percentage loss in employment occurred in:  Architecture & Engineering (-20.7 percent)  Production (-12.4 percent) Occupations with the largest gains and losses in employment numbers between 2002 & 2014: Transportation & Material Moving (+325) Personal Care & Service (+155) Production (-529) Architecture & Engineering (-67) Employment Increase Employment Decrease * Unclassified occupations was the category with the largest percentage gains in the county with a 51.3 percent increase.
  25. 25. 25 Income and poverty 2002 2007 2014 Total Population in Poverty 8.3% 11.6% 12.8% Minors (up to age 17) in Poverty 10.0% 16.3% 19.3% Real Median Household Income (2014)* $54,575 $52,698 $50,078 Real Per Capita Income (2014)* $32,285 $32,980 $36,000 The median household income in Steuben County dipped by $4,500 between 2002 and 2014 in real dollars (that is, adjusted for inflation), while average income per person rose by $3,700 in real dollars over the same time period. The total population in poverty increased by 4.5 percentage points between 2002 and 2014, but the number of minors in poverty increased by more than twice that amount. Nearly one in five minors was living in poverty by 2014. Economy Source: U.S. Census Bureau – Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) and U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis – Regional Personal Income Summary section 03 *Real median household income is the middle income value in the county. Half of the county’s households fall above this line and half below. Real per capita personal income is the average income per person in the county.
  26. 26. 26 0 5 10 15 20 25 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 70,000 PopulationinPoverty(percent) RealIncomein2014(dollars) Median Household Income Minors in Poverty All Ages in Poverty Per Capita Income Income and poverty Median household income in Steuben County declined between 2000 and 2013 but has shown some improvement since 2013. Per capita income has been fairly constant since 2001, improving modestly after 2009. Poverty rates for adults and minors have stabilized over the past couple years, although the rates remain high relative to 2000. Economy Source: U.S. Census Bureau – Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) and U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis – Regional Personal Income Summary section 03
  27. 27. 27 Takeaways Growth in the number of establishments in Steuben County occurred mainly in businesses having fewer than 10 employees (the self-employed and Stage 1 enterprises), components of the local economy that are often overlooked by local leaders. SteubenCounty might consider focusing on economic development efforts that seek to strengthen high-growth Stage 1 and 2 establishments since they employ several people and capture sizable sales, although these sales have suffered in recent years. Real median income has gradually decreased in SteubenCounty, despite growth in real per capita income.This, in conjunction with increased poverty rates, indicates a growing income imbalance in the county since 2000.While poverty rates have stabilized since 2011, they remain relatively high, especially among minors. The gradual decline in real median income experienced in SteubenCounty between 2000 and 2014 may be tied to employment changes.While the largest employment gains and losses were in industries and occupations with moderate pay, there is a $20,000 per year gap between the Manufacturing industry jobs lost ($50,000 yearly) and theAdministrative &Waste and Health Care & SocialAssistance industry jobs gained ($30,000 and $33,000 yearly, respectively). Similarly, moderate- paying jobs in Production ($14 per hour) were lost, while moderate-payingTransportation & Material Moving ($15 per hour) and low-paying Personal Care & Service ($9 per hour) jobs grew. No doubt, the ability of SteubenCounty to capture high paying jobs will depend on the availability of a well-trained and educated workforce, something that may be possible in light of the growing percentage of adults in the county with an associate’s degree or higher. Ensuring that a skilled workforce is available to support the key industries in the county will be important to the economic stability of the county. Economy section 03
  28. 28. Labor force and unemployment Workforce inflow/outflow Commuter shed Labor shed Takeaways 04 labor market
  29. 29. 29 2002 2007 2014 Labor Force 17,218 16,494 19,930 Unemploymen t Rate 6.5% 6.0% 5.0% Labor force and unemployment The labor force in Steuben County increased by 15.8 percent between 2002 and 2014. This increase could be due to a greater influx of adults that were previously discouraged workers now coming back to the workforce. At the same time, there was a 1.5 percentage point decrease in the unemployment rate, possibly due to an increase in the number of jobs available in the county. Labor market Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics – Local Area Unemployment Statistics (2014 Annual Data Release) section 04
  30. 30. 30 Unemployment rate Unemployment increased dramatically after 2007, peaking at 14.5 percent in 2009. Since that time, the rate has been on a steady decline, dipping to 5.0 percent by 2014. Labor market Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics – Local Area Unemployment Statistics (2014 Annual Data Release) section 04 3.1% 6.5% 5.9% 6.4% 6.0% 14.5% 5.0% 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 16.0 UnemploymentRate(percent)
  31. 31. 31 Steuben County has slightly more laborers traveling out of the county for work than into the county for work. Net commuting is negative, with a loss of 232 commuters.The resulting situation is that for every 100 employed residents, Steuben County has 98 jobs. Workforce inflow and outflow in 2013 Labor market section 04 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, OTM, LEHD, PCRD Count Proportio n Employed in Steuben County 14,277 100% Both employed and living in the county 7,305 51% Employed in the county but living outside 6,972 49% Living in Steuben County 14,509 100% Both living and employed in the county 7,305 50% Living in the county but employed outside 7,204 50% 6,972 7,204 7,305
  32. 32. 32 Commuter shed A county’s commuter shed is the geographic area to which its resident labor force travels to work. Half of employed residents in Steuben County commute to jobs located outside of the county. Allen County is the biggest destination for residents who work outside of SteubenCounty. Twenty-one percent of out-commuters work in counties adjacent to Steuben County. However, the largest and third largest work destinations outside of SteubenCounty are the FortWayne (Allen County) and Elkhart-Goshen (Elkhart County) metropolitan areas, respectively. Labor market Source: U.S. Census Bureau – Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) section 04 7,204 Out-Commuters 7,305 Same Work/ Home Commuters Proportion Allen, IN 2,013 13.9% DeKalb, IN 1,565 10.8% Elkhart, IN 811 5.6% Noble, IN 560 3.9% LaGrange, IN 498 3.4%
  33. 33. 33 Commuter shed in 2013 Labor market section 04 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, OTM, LEHD, PCRD Seventy-five percent of Steuben County’s working residents are employed either in Allen, DeKalb or Steuben Counties. Another 10 percent commute to jobs in Elkhart or Noble Counties. Collectively, these five counties represent 85 percent of the commuter shed for Steuben County.
  34. 34. 34 Labor shed Commuters Proportion DeKalb, IN 1,019 7.1% Branch, MI 810 5.7% Allen, IN 688 4.8% LaGrange, IN 544 3.8% Noble, IN 423 3.0% Labor market Source: U.S. Census Bureau – Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) section 04 6,972 In-Commuters 7,305 Same Work/ Home A county’s labor shed is the geographic area from which it draws employees. Forty-nine percent of individuals working in SteubenCounty commute from another county. Twenty-four percent of in-commuters reside in counties adjacent to Steuben County, and four of the five top counties in the labor shed are adjacent counties. Of these counties, DeKalb County is the largest source of labor outside of Steuben County, while Noble County is the smallest.
  35. 35. 35 Labor shed in 2013 Labor market section 04 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, OTM, LEHD, PCRD The bulk (75 percent) of Steuben County’s workforce is drawn from Allen, DeKalb, LaGrange or Steuben Counties in Indiana or Branch County, Michigan. Another 5 percent is drawn from Noble County, Indiana, Hillsdale County, Michigan, or Williams County, Ohio. An additional 5percent reside in Elkhart, St. Joseph and Marion Counties in Indiana or Lenawee and St. Joseph Counties in Michigan. Combined, the 13 counties represent 85 percent of Steuben County’s labor shed.
  36. 36. 36 Takeaways The Great Recession that impacted the U.S. economy between 2007 and 2009 took a major toll on the SteubenCounty’s unemployment rate. While the rate was quite low in 2000, it more than quadrupled to 14.5 percent by 2009. Recent figures confirm that the unemployment rate has improved significantly since that time. The county’s labor force has grown since 2002. This may be a natural increase due to population growth. It is also possible that an increasing number of unemployed individuals who were discouraged workers have reentered the labor market and begun looking for a job. Despite a growing labor force, the unemployment rate has continued to drop.This indicates that jobs have grown at a faster rate than the labor force has in the county. In fact, since 2010, employment has grown at a faster pace than has the population in the county. Approximately half of SteubenCounty residents in the workforce are gainfully employed outside of the county.This represents a tremendous loss of human talent that is unavailable to contribute to the social and economic vitality of the county. It may be worthwhile for local leaders and industries to determine the human capital attributes of workers who commute to jobs outside the county. By so doing, they could be positioned to determine how best to reduce the leakage of educated and skilled workers to surrounding counties. Of course, this will require expansion in the number of good paying jobs that will help keep these workers in their home county. The labor shed and commuter shed data offer solid evidence of the value of pursuing economic and workforce development on a regional (multi-county) basis. Labor market section 04
  37. 37. 37 Notes LAUS (Local Area Unemployment Statistics): LAUS is a U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) program that provides monthly and annual labor force, employment and unemployment data by place of residence at various geographic levels. LAUS utilizes statistical models to estimate data values based on household surveys and employer reports. These estimates are updated annually. Annual county-level LAUS estimates do not include seasonal adjustments. LEHD (Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics): LEHD is a partnership between U.S. Census Bureau and State Department of Workforce Development (DWD) to provide labor market and journey to work data at various geographic levels. LEHD uses Unemployment Insurance earnings data and Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages from DWDs and census administrative records related to individuals and businesses. SAIPE (SmallArea Income and Poverty Estimates): SAIPE is a U.S. Census Bureau program that provides annual data estimates of income and poverty statistics at various geographic levels. The estimates are used in the administration of federal and state assistance programs. SAIPE utilizes statistical models to estimate data from sample surveys, census enumerations and administrative records. OTM (On the Map): OTM, a product of LEHD program, is used in the county snapshot report to develop commuting patterns for a geography from two perspectives: place of residence and place of work. At the highly detailed level of census blocks, some of the data are synthetic to maintain confidentiality of the worker. However, for larger regions mapped at the county level, the commuter shed and labor shed data are fairly reasonable. OTM includes jobs for a worker employed in the reference as well as previous quarter. Hence, job counts are based on two consecutive quarters (six months) measured at the “beginning of a quarter.” OTM data can differ from commuting patterns developed from state annual income tax returns, which asks a question about “county of residence” and “county of work” on January 1 of the tax-year. OTM can also differ from American Community Survey data, which is based on a sample survey of the resident population. YourEconomy.org (YE): YE, an online tool by the Business Dynamics Research Consortium at the University of Wisconsin – Extension, provides data on the employment, sales and number of establishments at numerous geographic levels in the United States. A major data source for YE is the National Establishment Time Series Database (NETS), an establishment-level database, not a company-level database. This means that each entry is a different physical location, and company-level information must be created by adding the separate establishment components.
  38. 38. 38 Report Contributors This report was prepared by the Purdue Center for Regional Development in partnership with Purdue University Extension. Data Analysis Indraneel Kumar, Ph.D. Ayoung Kim Report Authors Elizabeth Dobis Bo Beaulieu, Ph.D. Report Design Tyler Wright It is the policy of the Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service that all persons have equal opportunity and access to its educational programs, services, activities, and facilities without regard to race, religion, color, sex, age, national origin or ancestry, marital status, parental status, sexual orientation, disability or status as a veteran. Purdue University is an Affirmative Action institution. This material may be available in alternative formats.
  39. 39. FOR MORE INFORMATION Purdue Center for Regional Development (PCRD) . . . seeks to pioneer new ideas and strategies that contribute to regional collaboration, innovation and prosperity. Purdue Extension Community Development (CD) . . . works to strengthen the capacity of local leaders, residents and organizations to work together to develop and sustain strong, vibrant communities. Please contact CrystalVan Pelt Community Development Extension Educator 260-668-1000 x1400 cvanpelt@purdue.edu OR

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