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Daviess County Snapshot

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Daviess County Snapshot

  1. 1. Data SnapShot Series 1.1 June 2015 DATA SNAPSHOT Daviess County
  2. 2. Table of contents Introduction 01 Demography 02 Economy 03 Labor Market 04
  3. 3. Purpose About Daviess County 01 introduction
  4. 4. 4 Purpose This document provides information and data about Daviess County that can be used to guide local decision- making activities. The Data SnapShot showcases a variety of demographic, economic and labor market information that local leaders, community organizations and others can use to gain a better perspective on current conditions and opportunities in their county. To strengthen the value and usability of the information, we showcase the data using a variety of visual tools, such as charts, graphs and tables. In addition, we offer key points about the data as a way of assisting the user with the interpretation of the information presented. Finally, short takeaway messages are offered at the end of each section in order to highlight some of the more salient findings. Introduction section 01
  5. 5. 5 About Daviess County Introduction section 01 County Background Established 1816 County Seat Washington Area 437 sq. mi. Neighboring Counties Dubois, IN Greene, IN Knox, IN Martin, IN Pike, IN
  6. 6. Population change Population pyramids Race Ethnicity Educational attainment Takeaways 02 demograph y
  7. 7. 7 29,820 31,648 32,407 34,096 Population change Components of Population Change, 2000- 2013 TotalChange 1,859* Natural Increase 2,687 International Migration 600 Domestic Migration -1,251 The total population is projected to increase by 5 percent between 2013 and 2020. Demography Sources: STATSIndiana, U.S. Census Bureau – 2000 Decennial Census, 2010 Decennial Census, 2013 Estimates, Estimates of the Components of Resident Population Change section 02 The county’s total population increased by 9 percent between 2000 and 2013. Natural increase (births minus deaths over that span of time) was the major contributor to that expansion, with a gain of almost 2,700 persons. International migration also increased by 600 individuals, indicating that the county experienced an influx of new people from outside the United States. In contrast, domestic migration (the difference between the number of people moving into the county versus moving out) resulted in a loss of 1,251 individuals in Daviess County between 2000 and 2013. Total population projections 2000 2010 2013 2020 *Total change in population differs from the sum of the components due to Census estimation techniques. Residuals (not reported here) make up the difference.
  8. 8. 8 8.6% 7.7% 6.4% 5.9% 5.8% 6.5% 4.9% 2.7% 1.3% 8.2% 7.2% 6.0% 5.6% 5.7% 6.3% 5.2% 3.2% 2.6% 9 6 3 0 3 6 9 0-9 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80+ Percent of Total PopulationAgeCohort 8.2% 8.3% 6.0% 6.7% 6.9% 5.3% 3.5% 2.8% 1.4% 7.5% 7.7% 5.6% 6.4% 6.9% 5.5% 4.2% 3.9% 2.9% 9 6 3 0 3 6 9 0-9 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80+ Percent of Total Population AgeCohort Population pyramids Population pyramids are visual representations of the age distribution of the population by gender. Approximately 50.7 percent of the population was female in 2000 (15,115 people) and that percentage remained about the same in 2013.What did change is the distribution of people across the various age categories. A larger share of people shifted into the higher age groupings over the 2000 to 2013 time period. Demography Source: U.S. Census Bureau – 2000 Decennial Census and 2013 Annual Population Estimates section 02 People 50 and over increased from 13.0% to 15.4% for males and from 16.5% to 17.3% for females between 2000 and 2013. Individuals of prime working age (20–49) dipped from 19.7% to 18.1% for males and from 19.0% to 17.3% for females. However, residents under 20 years of age remained constant at 31.7% of the total population. Male Female 20132000 Male Female
  9. 9. 9 White 97% Other 3% Black Asian Native Two or More Races White 99% Other 1% Black Asian Native Two or More Races Race The proportion of non-White residents in Daviess County doubled between 2000 and 2013. Every race experienced a numerical increase over the time period. Of the non-White races, the Asian (+156) and people ofTwo or More Race (+161) populations gained the most. Proportionally, the Asian (+211 percent) and Native (+130 percent) races gained the most.The White population increased by 2,069 residents between 2000 and 2013; however, on a proportional basis this was a small gain. Demography Source: U.S. Census Bureau – 2000 Decennial Census and 2013 Annual Population Estimates section 02 2000 2013
  10. 10. 10 Ethnicity Hispanics are individuals of any race whose ancestry is from Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Spain, the Dominican Republic or any other Spanish-speaking Central or South American country. There were 620 Hispanics residing in Daviess County in 2000.This figure expanded to 1,480 by 2013, a 138.7 percent increase. Due to this numeric increase, the proportion of Hispanics in the population is now around 5 percent. Demography Source: U.S. Census Bureau – 2000 Decennial Census and 2013 Annual Population Estimates section 02 5% 2% Hispanics - 2000 Hispanics - 2013
  11. 11. 11 No High School, 28% High School, 40% Some College, 16% Associate's Degree, 7% Bachelor's Degree or More, 10% Educational attainment DaviessCounty had a 3 percentage point increase in the number of adults (25 and older) with an associate’s, bachelor’s or graduate degree from 2000 to 2013. The proportion of adults 25 years of age and older with a high school education or more improved from 72 percent in 2000 to 77 percent by 2013.Those with only a high school degree rose slightly from 40 percent in 2000 to 41 percent in 2013. Adults with a college education increased from 17 percent in 2000 to 20 percent in 2013. This was due to a 1 percentage point increase in the proportion of residents with associate’s degrees (7 percent versus 8 percent), while the proportion of adults with a bachelor's degree or more increased from 10 percent to 12 percent, a 2 percentage point growth. . Demography Source: U.S. Census Bureau – 2000 Decennial Census and 2013 ACS section 02 2000 2013 No High School, 23% High School, 41% Some College, 16% Associate's Degree, 8% Bachelor's Degree or More, 12%
  12. 12. 12 Takeaways The population of DaviessCounty is expected to grow over the next few years, and, if past trends hold, that increase will be largely due to natural increase (more births than deaths). In examining the composition of DaviessCounty’s population, one finds an aging population in which the largest age group of workers (50–59) is nearing retirement age. Additionally, the number of men and women of prime working age (20–49) is slowly declining. Noticeably, the number of persons between 30 and 39 years of age took a significant dip between 2000 and 2013.The drop is possibly due to domestic out-migration of people looking for opportunities out of the county or in other U.S. locations. On the other hand, the county experienced growth in the youngest residents (0–9 years of age) over the same time period. Though the racial and ethnic diversity of Daviess County has doubled since 2000, it remains primarily white and non-Hispanic. The educational attainment of adults 25 and over has improved since 2000, but the percentage of adults with a high school education (41 percent) or less (23 percent) remains sizable.Taking time to assess whether local economic development opportunities might be impeded by the presence of a sizable number of adults with a terminal high school degree or less may be worthy of attention. While one in five adult residents of the county have an associate’s, bachelor’s, or higher degree, this figure is about 12 percent below the figure for the state of Indiana as a whole. Daviess County may wish to assess the workforce skills of workers with a high school education only. Enhancing their skills so that they match the needs of local businesses and industries may be a worthy investment. Demography section 02
  13. 13. Establishments Industries Occupations Income and poverty Takeaways 03 economy
  14. 14. 14 Establishments Components of Change for Establishments Total Change (2000-11) 937 Natural Change (births minus deaths) 910 Net Migration 27 The number of establishments in Daviess County increased 61 percent from 2000 to 2011. The rapid growth of establishments was largely due to natural change.That is, 2,140 establishments were launched in the county from 2000 to 2011, while 1,230 closed, resulting in a gain of 910 establishments.There was a small gain of 27 establishments due to net migration. Economy Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) – 2012 Database section 03 An establishment is a physical business location. Branches, standalones and headquarters are all considered types of establishments. Definition of Company Stages 0 1 2 3 4 Self- employed 2-9 employees 10-99 employees 100-499 employees 500+ employees Note: The 2011 figures use 2012 data to include all gains and losses over the entire year. Establishment information was calculated in-house and may differ slightly from publicly available data.
  15. 15. 15 Number of establishments by stage/employment category Economy Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) – 2012 Database section 03 2000 2011 Stage Establishments Proportion Establishments Proportion Stage 0 439 29% 826 33% Stage 1 866 56% 1,400 57% Stage 2 212 14% 227 9% Stage 3 13 1% 15 1% Stage 4 1 0% -* - Total 1,531 100% 2,468 100% Note: The 2011 figures use 2012 data to include all gains and losses over the entire year. The NETS Database is derived from the Dun & Bradstreet archival national establishment data, a population of known establishments in the United States that is quality controlled and updated annually. Establishments include both private and public sector business units and range in size from one employee (i.e., sole-proprietors and self-employed) to several thousand employees. *ReferenceUSA indicates one Stage 4 firm in 2011, whereas NETS does not show a Stage 4 firm. Additional information is available on the next slide.
  16. 16. 16 Top five employers in 2015 Economy Source: ReferenceUSA (Infogroup) and Daviess County Economic Development Corporation section 03 Establishment Stage 1. DaviessCommunity Hospital Stage 4 2. Perdue Farms, Inc. Stage 4 3. Boyd & Sons, Inc. Stage 3 4. Walmart Supercenter Stage 3 5. Grain Processing Corporation Stage 3 The top five employers produce a mix of local, regional, and national goods and services. DaviessCommunity Hospital inWashington is the largest establishment-level employer in DaviessCounty. DaviessCommunity Hospital andWalmart provide primarily local and regional services, while Perdue Farms, Boyd & Sons, andGrain Processing Corporation are regional and national businesses. Information on the top five establishments by employment comes from ReferenceUSA. ReferenceUSA is a library database service provided by Infogroup, the company that also supplies the list of major employers for Hoosiers by the Numbers. While both NETS and ReferenceUSA contain establishments, differences in data collection processes result in discrepancies between the two sources. We use NETS for a broad picture of establishments in the county, while ReferenceUSA is used for studying individual establishments. Note: URS Corporation, a Stage 3 establishment formerly known as EG&G Technical Services, is part of the WestGate @ Crane Technology Park. Because the facility is located just inside Daviess County and is associated with the NSWC – Crane Division, which is primarilylocated in Martin County, URS Corporation was omitted from the list of top employers.
  17. 17. 17 Number of jobs by stage/employment category Economy Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) – 2012 Database section 03 2000 2011 Stage Jobs* Proportion Jobs* Proportion Stage 0 439 4% 826 6% Stage 1 3,130 25% 4,241 32% Stage 2 5,646 46% 5,639 43% Stage 3 2,161 17% 2,469 19% Stage 4 1,000 8% - - Total 12,376 100% 13,175 100% Note: The 2011 figures use 2012 data to include all gains and losses over the entire year. *Includes both full-time and part-time jobs
  18. 18. 18 Amount of sales (2011 dollars) by stage/employment category Economy Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) – 2012 Database section 03 2000 2011 Stage Sales Proportion Sales Proportion Stage 0 $52,290,763 3% $57,071,566 5% Stage 1 $365,497,237 24% $350,145,358 30% Stage 2 $693,694,925 46% $538,917,093 46% Stage 3 $275,071,976 18% $230,540,925 19% Stage 4 $141,141,717 9% - - Total $1,527,696,619 100% $1,176,674,942 100% Note: The 2011 figures use 2012 data to include all gains and losses over the entire year.
  19. 19. 19 Manufacturing 13.6% Construction 11.8% Government 11.6% Retail Trade 10.8% Health Care & Social Assistance 7.3% All Other Industries 44.9% Top five industries in 2013 55.1 percent of jobs are tied to one of the top five industries in Daviess County. Manufacturing is the largest industry sector (2,225 jobs). Health Care & Social Assistance is the smallest of the top industry sectors with 1,197 jobs. All of the top five industries in Daviess County gained jobs between 2002 and 2013. Of these, Construction gained the largest proportion (+36.3 percent), followed by Health Care & Social Assistance (+10.5 percent). Manufacturing experienced the smallest increase, with a 1.2 percent gain in jobs over the time period. Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.3 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03
  20. 20. 20 Industry distribution and change NAICS Code Description Jobs 2002 Jobs 2013 Change (2002-2013) % Change (2002-2013) Average Total Earnings 2013 11 Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting 1,279 950 -329 -26% $33,096 21 Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction 535 623 88 16% $36,830 22 Utilities 56 42 -14 -25% $83,542 23 Construction 1,415 1,929 514 36% $41,931 31-33 Manufacturing 2,198 2,225 27 1% $41,579 42 Wholesale Trade 458 410 -48 -10% $52,332 44-45 Retail Trade 1,673 1,766 93 6% $31,067 48-49 Transportation & Warehousing 835 1,057 222 27% $37,747 51 Information 138 91 -47 -34% $42,424 52 Finance & Insurance 402 489 87 22% $42,248 53 Real Estate & Rental & Leasing 292 440 148 51% $22,212 54 Professional, Scientific & Technical Services 316 470 154 49% $48,503 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises <10 19 - - $84,274 56 Administrative & Waste Management 253 539 286 113% $13,349 61 Educational Services (Private) 247 133 -114 -46% $18,888 62 Health Care & Social Assistance 1,083 1,197 114 11% $32,274 71 Arts, Entertainment & Recreation 65 126 61 94% $9,562 72 Accommodation and Food Services 814 881 67 8% $12,504 81 Other Services (except Public Administration) 923 1,055 132 14% $19,048 90 Government 1,786 1,888 102 6% $48,167 99 Unclassified Industry 0 0 0 0% $0 All Total 14,769 16,331 1,562 11% $35,394 Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.3 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03Note: Average total earnings include wages, salaries, supplements and earnings from Industries and occupations with a value of <10 have insufficient data for change and earnings calculations.
  21. 21. 21 Industry distribution and change The largest percentage gains in employment in Daviess County occurred in:  Administrative andWaste Management Services (+113.0 percent)  Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation (+93.8 percent) The largest percentage losses in employment occurred in:  Educational Services, private (-46.2 percent)  Information (-34.1 percent) Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.3 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03 Employment Increase Employment Decrease Industries with the largest gains and losses in employment numbers between 2002 & 2013: Construction (+514) Administrative & Waste Management (+286) Transportation & Warehousing (+222) Agriculture & Forestry (-329) Educational Services (-114)
  22. 22. 22 Sales & Related 11.3% Transportation & Material Moving 10.8% Management 10.3% Construction & Extraction 10.1% Production 9.9% All Other Occupations 47.7% Top five occupations in 2013 The top five occupations in Daviess County represent 52.3 percent of all jobs. Sales & Related (1,838 jobs) is the top occupation classification in DaviessCounty, followed byTransportation and Material Moving (1,769 jobs). Production, the fifth largest occupation in the county, employs over 1,600 individuals. All five top occupations in DaviessCounty, except Management (-3.4 percent), had an increase in jobs between 2002 and 2013. Construction & Extraction occupations gained the largest proportion (+25.1 percent), while Production occupations gained the least (+5.5 percent) over this time period. Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.3 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03
  23. 23. 23 SOC Description Jobs 2002 Jobs 2013 Change (2002-2013) % Change (2002-2013) Hourly Earnings 2013 11 Management 1,739 1,675 -64 -4% $19.49 13 Business & Financial Operations 368 482 114 31% $23.58 15 Computer & Mathematical 74 83 9 12% $23.98 17 Architecture & Engineering 137 177 40 29% $28.99 19 Life, Physical & Social Science 52 61 9 17% $27.95 21 Community & Social Service 121 174 53 44% $16.03 23 Legal 41 43 2 5% $26.47 25 Education, Training & Library 668 572 -96 -14% $16.44 27 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports & Media 205 258 53 26% $16.66 29 Health Care Practitioners & Technical 610 767 157 26% $27.56 31 Health Care Support 345 397 52 15% $10.99 33 Protective Service 120 129 9 8% $17.10 35 Food Preparation & Serving Related 871 904 33 4% $8.72 37 Building & Grounds Cleaning Maintenance 445 638 193 43% $9.20 39 Personal Care & Service 576 563 -13 -2% $8.55 41 Sales & Related 1,616 1,838 222 14% $14.26 43 Office & Administrative Support 1,337 1,491 154 12% $13.74 45 Farming, Fishing & Forestry 170 141 -29 -17% $13.10 47 Construction & Extraction 1,321 1,653 332 25% $17.68 49 Installation, Maintenance & Repair 641 731 90 14% $16.79 51 Production 1,527 1,611 84 6% $13.54 53 Transportation & Material Moving 1,622 1,769 147 9% $13.93 55 Military 98 103 5 5% $18.46 99 Unclassified 66 70 4 6% $11.70 All Total 14,769 16,331 1,562 11% $15.67 Occupation distribution and change Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.3 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03 Note: Industries and occupations with a value of <10 have insufficient data for change and earnings calculations.
  24. 24. 24 Occupation distribution and change Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.3 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03 The largest percentage gains in employment in Daviess County occurred in:  Community and Social Service (+43.8 percent)  Building andGrounds Cleaning and Maintenance (+43.4 percent) The largest percentage loss in employment occurred in:  Farming, Fishing and Forestry (-17.1 percent)  Education,Training and Library (-14.4 percent) Occupations with the largest gains and losses in employment numbers between 2002 & 2013: Construction & Extraction (+332) Sales & Related (+222) Education,Training & Library (-96) Management (-64) Employment Increase Employment Decrease
  25. 25. 25 Income and poverty 2000 2006 2013 Total Population in Poverty 12.4% 14.5% 13.9% Minors (up to age 17) in Poverty 19.6% 22.5% 23.5% Real Median Household Income (2013)* $49,187 $44,854 $45,578 Real Per Capita Income (2013)* $31,490 $32,898 $37,261 The median household income in Daviess County dipped by $3,600 between 2000 and 2013 in real dollars (that is, adjusted for inflation), while average income per person rose by $5,800 in real dollars over the same time period. The total population in poverty and the number of minors in poverty increased slightly between 2000 and 2013. However, the proportion of the population in poverty was already high, and, by 2013, nearly one in four minors was living in poverty. Economy Source: U.S. Census Bureau – Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) and U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis – Regional Personal Income Summary section 03 *Real median household income is the middle income value in the county. Half of the county’s households fall above this line and half below. Real per capita personal income is the average income per person in the county.
  26. 26. 26 0 5 10 15 20 25 28,000 32,000 36,000 40,000 44,000 48,000 PopulationinPoverty(percent) RealIncome(2013dollars) Median Household Income Minors in Poverty All Ages in Poverty Per Capita Income Income and poverty Median household income in Daviess County fluctuated between 2000 and 2009, but it is now improving. Per capita income has been gradually increasing since 2002. Poverty rates for adults and minors have stabilized over the past five years, although the rates remain relatively high for minors under 18 years of age. Economy Source: U.S. Census Bureau – Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) and U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis – Regional Personal Income Summary section 03
  27. 27. 27 Takeaways Growth in the number of establishments in Daviess County occurred mainly in businesses having fewer than 10 employees (the self- employed and Stage 1 enterprises), components of the local economy that are often overlooked by local leaders. DaviessCounty might consider focusing on economic development efforts that seek to strengthen high-growth Stage 1 and 2 establishments, since they employ several people and capture sizable sales, although these sales have suffered in recent years. Real median household income has gradually decreased and poverty has increased in Daviess County since 2000.While poverty rates for minors and the overall population have stabilized since 2010, they remain higher than in 2000. In fact, a sizable proportion of minors (one in four) were living in poverty in 2013. The fluctuation and gradual decline in real median income experienced between 2000 and 2013 may be tied to employment changes in various industries in the county during that time period. Between 2002 and 2013, agriculture and education-related industries and occupations in DaviessCounty suffered declines, while jobs in construction and local services increased. While growth was felt by both low and high paying industries, positive shifts were concentrated in lower paying occupations, primarily among those paying less than $20 per hour. No doubt, the ability of DaviessCounty to capture high paying jobs will depend on the availability of a well-trained and educated workforce, something that may be challenging in light of the smaller percentage of adults in the county with an associate’s degree or higher. Ensuring that a skilled workforce is available to support key industries in the county will be important to the economic stability of the county. Economy section 03
  28. 28. Labor force and unemployment Commuteshed Laborshed Workforce inflow/outflow Takeaways 04 labor market
  29. 29. 29 Labor force and unemployment 2002 2013 Labor Force 14,072 14,985 Unemployment Rate 4.3% 5.5% The labor force in Daviess County increased by 6.5 percent between 2002 and 2013. On the other hand, the increase in the unemployment rate is likely due to a rise in the number of individuals who are either officially unemployed or who have given up looking for a job. Labor market Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics – Local Area Unemployment Statistics (2013 Annual Data Release) section 04
  30. 30. 30 2.9% 4.3% 3.1% 6.2% 5.5% 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 UnemploymentRate(percent) Unemployment rate Unemployment increased dramatically after 2007, peaking at 6.2 percent in 2010. Since that time, the rate has been on a slow but steady decline, dipping to 5.5 percent by 2013. Labor market Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics – Local Area Unemployment Statistics (2013 Annual Data Release) section 04
  31. 31. 31 Commuteshed A county’s commuteshed is the geographic area to which its resident labor force travels to work. Forty-nine percent of employed residents in DaviessCounty commute to jobs located outside of the county. Knox County is the biggest destination for residents who work outside of DaviessCounty. Twenty-one percent of out-commuters work in counties adjacent to DaviessCounty. However, the third, fourth and fifth largest work destinations outside of Daviess County are the Indianapolis (Marion County), Evansville (VanderburghCounty), andTerre Haute (Vigo County) metropolitan areas, respectively. Labor market Source: U.S. Census Bureau – Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) section 04 6,054 Out-Commuters 6,388 Same Work/ Home Commuters Proportion Knox, IN 935 7.5% Dubois, IN 874 7.0% Marion, IN 475 3.8% Vanderburgh, IN 437 3.5% Vigo, IN 431 3.5%
  32. 32. 32 Commuteshed in 2011 Labor market section 04 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, OTM, LEHD, PCRD Seventy percent of Daviess County’s working residents are employed either in Daviess, Dubois, Knox or Marion Counties. Another 5 percent commute to Vanderburgh County. An additional 5 percent travel to jobs in Martin orVigo Counties. Collectively, these seven counties represent 80 percent of the commuteshed for Daviess County.
  33. 33. 33 Laborshed Commuters Proportion Martin, IN 636 5.7% Knox, IN 631 5.7% Greene, IN 270 2.4% Pike, IN 255 2.3% Dubois, IN 247 2.2% Labor market Source: U.S. Census Bureau – Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) section 04 4,765 In-Commuters 6,388 Same Work/ Home A county’s laborshed is the geographic area from which it draws employees. Forty-two percent of individuals working in DaviessCounty commute from another county. Eighteen percent of in-commuters reside in counties adjacent to DaviessCounty, and all five of the top counties in the laborshed are adjacent counties. Of these counties, Martin County is the largest source of labor outside of DaviessCounty, while Dubois County is the smallest.
  34. 34. 34 Laborshed in 2011 Labor market section 04 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, OTM, LEHD, PCRD The bulk (70 percent) of Daviess County’s workforce is drawn from Daviess, Knox or Martin Counties in Indiana. Another 5 percent is drawn from Dubois, Greene and Pike Counties.An additional 5 percent reside in Lawrence, Marion and VanderburghCounties in Indiana. Combined, the nine counties represent 80 percent of Daviess County’s laborshed.
  35. 35. 35 Workforce inflow and outflow in 2011 Labor market section 04 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, OTM, LEHD, PCRD Daviess County has more laborers traveling out of the county for work than into the county for work. Net commuting is negative, with a loss of 1,289 commuters.The resulting situation is that for every 100 employed residents, DaviessCounty has 90 jobs. Count Proportio n Employed in Daviess County 11,153 100% Both employed and living in the county 6,388 57% Employed in the county but living outside 4,765 43% Living in Daviess County 12,442 100% Both living and employed in the county 6,388 51% Living in the county but employed outside 6,054 49% 4,765 6,054 6,388
  36. 36. 36 Takeaways The Great Recession that impacted the U.S. economy between 2007 and 2009 took a toll on the DaviessCounty unemployment rate. While the rate was quite low in 2000, it more than doubled to over 6 percent by 2010. Recent figures make clear that the unemployment rate has improved significantly since 2010. Along with the increase in the population over the past decade or more, the county’s labor force has grown since 2002. Despite growth in the number of residents employed or looking for a job, the unemployment rate is also higher.This may be a natural increase due to population growth. It is also possible that an increasing number of unemployed individuals who were discouraged workers previously have reentered the labor market and begun looking for a job. Approximately one-half of DaviessCounty residents in the workforce are gainfully employed outside of the county.This represents a tremendous loss of human talent that is unavailable to contribute to the social and economic vitality of the county. It may be worthwhile for local leaders and industries to determine the human capital attributes of workers who commute to jobs outside the county. By so doing, they could be positioned to determine how best to reduce the leakage of educated and skilled workers to surrounding counties. Of course, this will require expansion in the number of good paying jobs that will help keep these workers in DaviessCounty. The laborshed and commuteshed data offer solid evidence of the value of pursuing economic and workforce development on a regional (multi-county) basis. Labor market section 04
  37. 37. 37 Notes LAUS (Local Area Unemployment Statistics): LAUS is a U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) program that provides monthly and annual labor force, employment, and unemployment data by place of residence at various geographic levels. LAUS utilizes statistical models to estimate data values based on household surveys and employer reports. These estimates are updated annually. Annual county-level LAUS estimates do not include seasonal adjustments. LEHD (Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics): LEHD is a partnership between U.S. Census Bureau and State Department of Workforce Development (DWD) to provide labor market and journey to work data at various geographic levels. LEHD uses Unemployment Insurance earnings data and Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages from DWDs and census administrative records related to individuals and businesses. NETS (National EstablishmentTime Series): NETS is an establishment-level database, not a company-level database. This means that each entry is a different physical location, and company-level information must be created by adding the separate establishment components. OTM (On the Map): OTM, a product of LEHD program, is used in the county snapshot report to develop commuting patterns for a geography from two perspectives: place of residence and place of work. At the highly detailed level of census blocks, some of the data are synthetic to maintain confidentiality of the worker. However, for larger regions mapped at the county level, the commuteshed and laborshed data are fairly reasonable. OTM includes jobs for a worker employed in the reference as well as previous quarter. Hence, job counts are based on two consecutive quarters (six months) measured at the “beginning of a quarter.” OTM data can differ from commuting patterns developed from state annual income tax returns, which asks a question about “county of residence” and “county of work” on January 1 of the tax-year. OTM can also differ from American Community Survey data, which is based on a sample survey of the resident population. SAIPE (SmallArea Income and Poverty Estimates): SAIPE is a U.S. Census Bureau program that provides annual data estimates of income and poverty statistics at various geographic levels. The estimates are used in the administration of federal and state assistance programs. SAIPE utilizes statistical models to estimate data from sample surveys, census enumerations, and administrative records.
  38. 38. 38 Report Contributors This report was prepared by the Purdue Center for Regional Development in partnership with Purdue University Extension. Data Analysis Indraneel Kumar, Ph.D. Ayoung Kim Report Authors Elizabeth Dobis Bo Beaulieu, Ph.D. Report Design Tyler Wright It is the policy of the Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service that all persons have equal opportunity and access to its educational programs, services, activities, and facilities without regard to race, religion, color, sex, age, national origin or ancestry, marital status, parental status, sexual orientation, disability or status as a veteran. Purdue University is an Affirmative Action institution. This material may be available in alternative formats.
  39. 39. FOR MORE INFORMATION Purdue Center for Regional Development (PCRD) . . . seeks to pioneer new ideas and strategies that contribute to regional collaboration, innovation and prosperity. Purdue Extension Community Development (CD) . . . works to strengthen the capacity of local leaders, residents and organizations to work together to develop and sustain strong, vibrant communities. Please contact Cindy Barber Purdue Extension -- DaviessCounty Associate Community Development Educator 812-254-1060, extension 279 cabarber@purdue.edu OR

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