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Data SnapShot Series 1.1
May 2015
DATA SNAPSHOT
Jackson County
2
Hometown Collaboration Initiative
This report has been produced by the Purdue Center for Regional
Development as a part ...
Table of contents
Introduction
01
Demography
02
Economy
03
Labor Market
04
Purpose
About Jackson County
01
introduction
5
Purpose
This document provides information
and data about Jackson County that
can be used to guide local decision-
makin...
6
About Jackson County
Introduction
section 01
County Background
Established 1816
County
Seat
Brownstown
Area 514 sq. mi.
...
Population change
Population pyramids
Race
Ethnicity
Educational attainment
Takeaways
02
demograph
y
8
41,335
42,376
43,466 43,548
Population change
Components of Population Change, 2000-
2013
TotalChange 2,865*
Natural Inc...
9
6.8%
6.7%
6.1%
6.7%
7.0%
7.1%
5.1%
3.0%
1.3%
6.4%
6.3%
5.8%
6.4%
6.6%
7.2%
5.5%
3.5%
2.5%
9 6 3 0 3 6 9
0-9
10-19
20-29
...
10
White
96%
Other
4%
Black
Asian
Native
Two or More
Races
White
98%
Other
2%
Black
Asian
Native
Two or More
Races
Race
Th...
11
Ethnicity
Hispanics are individuals of any
race whose ancestry is from
Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba,
Spain, the Dominican ...
12
No High
School, 14%
High School,
47%
Some
College,
18%
Associate's
Degree, 7%
Bachelor's
Degree or
More, 14%
No High
Sc...
13
Takeaways
The population of Jackson County has
experienced growth since 2000 and that growth
has been fueled largely by...
Establishments
Industries
Occupations
Income and poverty
Takeaways
03
economy
15
Establishments
Components of Change for Establishments
Total Change (2000-11) 780
Natural Change (births minus
deaths)
...
16
Number of establishments by
stage/employment category
Economy
Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) – 2012 ...
17
Top five employers in 2015
Economy
Source: ReferenceUSA (Infogroup) and Purdue Extension Community Development Southwes...
18
Number of jobs by stage/employment
category
Economy
Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) – 2012 Database
s...
19
Amount of sales (2011 dollars) by
stage/employment category
Economy
Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) –...
20
Manufacturing
24.9%
Government
12.1%
Retail Trade
10.9%
Transportation &
Warehousing
7.3%
Accommodation &
Food Services...
21
Industry distribution and change
NAICS
Code
Description
Jobs
2002
Jobs
2013
Change
(2002-2013)
% Change
(2002-2013)
Ave...
22
Industry distribution and change
The largest percentage gains in
employment in Jackson County
occurred in:
 Administra...
23
Production
16.8%
Transportation &
Material Moving
11.0%
Sales & Related
10.8%
Office &
Administrative
Support
10.5%
Man...
24
SOC Description
Jobs
2002
Jobs
2013
Change
(2002-2013)
% Change
(2002-2013)
Hourly
Earnings 2013
11 Management 1,907 1,...
25
Occupation distribution and change
Economy
Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.3 – QCEW E...
26
Income and poverty
2000 2006 2013
Total Population in
Poverty
7.8% 10.4% 12.9%
Minors (up to age 17)
in Poverty
11.0% 1...
27
0
3
6
9
12
15
18
21
30,000
34,000
38,000
42,000
46,000
50,000
54,000
58,000
PopulationinPoverty(percent)
RealIncome(201...
28
Takeaways
Growth in the number of establishments in
Jackson County occurred primarily in
businesses with fewer than 10 ...
Labor force and
unemployment
Commuteshed
Laborshed
Workforce
inflow/outflow
Takeaways
04
labor
market
30
Labor force and unemployment
2002 2013
Labor Force 22,012 21,465
Unemployment
Rate
4.9% 6.2%
The labor force in Jackson...
31
2.6%
4.9%
3.9%
11.2%
6.2%
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
UnemploymentRate(percent)
Unemployment rate
Unemployment increased dramatical...
32
Commuteshed
A county’s commuteshed is the
geographic area to which its labor
force travels to work.
Fifty percent of em...
33
Commuteshed in 2011
Labor market
section 04
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, OTM, LEHD, PCRD
Seventy percent of Jackson
Coun...
34
Laborshed
Commuters Proportion
Jennings, IN 1,266 6.8%
Bartholomew, IN 1,230 6.6%
Scott, IN 665 3.6%
Clark, IN 646 3.5%...
35
Laborshed in 2011
Labor market
section 04
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, OTM, LEHD, PCRD
The bulk (70 percent) of Jackson
...
36
Workforce inflow and outflow in 2011
Labor market
section 04
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, OTM, LEHD, PCRD
Jackson County...
37
Takeaways
The Great Recession that impacted the U.S.
economy between 2007 and 2009 took a major toll
on the Jackson Cou...
38
Notes
LAUS (Local Area Unemployment Statistics):
LAUS is a U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) program that
provides ...
39
..
Report Contributors
This report was prepared by the Purdue Center for Regional Development in partnership with
Purdu...
FOR MORE
INFORMATION
Purdue Center for Regional Development
(PCRD) . . .
seeks to pioneer new ideas and strategies that co...
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Jackson County Snapshot

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Jackson County Snapshot

  1. 1. Data SnapShot Series 1.1 May 2015 DATA SNAPSHOT Jackson County
  2. 2. 2 Hometown Collaboration Initiative This report has been produced by the Purdue Center for Regional Development as a part of the Indiana Hometown Collaboration Initiative (HCI). HCI is funded, in part, by the Indiana Office of Community and Rural Affairs.
  3. 3. Table of contents Introduction 01 Demography 02 Economy 03 Labor Market 04
  4. 4. Purpose About Jackson County 01 introduction
  5. 5. 5 Purpose This document provides information and data about Jackson County that can be used to guide local decision- making activities. The Data SnapShot showcases a variety of demographic, economic and labor market information that local leaders, community organizations and others can use to gain a better perspective on current conditions and opportunities in their county. To strengthen the value and usability of the information, we showcase the data using a variety of visual tools, such as charts, graphs and tables. In addition, we offer key points about the data as a way of assisting the user with the interpretation of the information presented. Finally, short takeaway messages are offered at the end of each section in order to highlight some of the more salient findings. Introduction section 01
  6. 6. 6 About Jackson County Introduction section 01 County Background Established 1816 County Seat Brownstown Area 514 sq. mi. Neighboring Counties Bartholomew, IN Brown, IN Jennings, IN Lawrence, IN Monroe, IN Scott, IN Washington, IN
  7. 7. Population change Population pyramids Race Ethnicity Educational attainment Takeaways 02 demograph y
  8. 8. 8 41,335 42,376 43,466 43,548 Population change Components of Population Change, 2000- 2013 TotalChange 2,865* Natural Increase 2,219 International Migration 1,359 Domestic Migration -500 The total population is projected to remain about the same between 2013 and 2020. Demography Sources: STATSIndiana, U.S. Census Bureau – 2000 Decennial Census, 2010 Decennial Census, 2013 Estimates, Estimates of the Components of Resident Population Change section 02 The total population increased by 5 percent between 2000 and 2013.The major contributor to that expansion was natural increase (births minus deaths over that span of time) with a net growth of over 2,200 persons. Data on domestic migration (the difference between the number of people moving into the county versus moving out) show that out-migration outpaced in-migration by more than 500 people. On the other hand, international migration had a net increase of 1,300, indicating that the county experienced an influx of new people from outside the U.S. Total population projections 2000 2010 2013 2020 *Total change in population differs from the sum of the components due to Census estimation techniques. Residuals (not reported here) make up the difference.
  9. 9. 9 6.8% 6.7% 6.1% 6.7% 7.0% 7.1% 5.1% 3.0% 1.3% 6.4% 6.3% 5.8% 6.4% 6.6% 7.2% 5.5% 3.5% 2.5% 9 6 3 0 3 6 9 0-9 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80+ Percent of Total PopulationAgeCohort 7.5% 6.9% 7.0% 7.7% 7.5% 5.5% 3.8% 2.4% 1.0% 6.8% 6.8% 6.3% 7.5% 7.2% 5.7% 4.2% 3.5% 2.6% 9 6 3 0 3 6 9 0-9 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80+ Percent of Total Population AgeCohort Population pyramids Population pyramids are visual representations of the age distribution of the population by gender. Approximately 50.7 percent of the population was female in 2000 (20,949 people) and that percentage remained about the same in 2013.What did change is the distribution of people across the various age categories.A larger share of people shifted into the higher age groupings over the 2000 to 2013 time period. Demography Source: U.S. Census Bureau – 2000 Decennial Census and 2013 Annual Population Estimates section 02 In particular, people 60 and over swelled from 7.2% to 9.4% for males and from 10.3% to 11.5% for females between 2000 and 2013. Individuals of prime working age -- 20-49 years old -- dipped from 22.2% to 19.8% for males and from 21.1% to 18.8% for females. Also declining were the percentage of residents under 20 years of age. Male Female 20132000 Male Female
  10. 10. 10 White 96% Other 4% Black Asian Native Two or More Races White 98% Other 2% Black Asian Native Two or More Races Race The number of non-White residents in Jackson County increased by two percentage points between 2000 and 2013. While every race experienced a numerical increase, the number of individuals classified asAsian or of Two or More Races increased, fueling the doubling of the percent of residents classified as non-White between 2000 and 2013. Demography Race Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau – 2000 Decennial Census and 2013 Annual Population Estimates section 02 2000 2013
  11. 11. 11 Ethnicity Hispanics are individuals of any race whose ancestry is from Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Spain, the Dominican Republic or any other Spanish-speaking Central or South American country. There were 1,112 Hispanics residing in Jackson County in 2000.This figure expanded to 2,697 by 2013, a 142.5 percent increase. As a result, Hispanics now make up 6 percent of the overall population, a significant increase since 2000. Demography Source: U.S. Census Bureau – 2000 Decennial Census and 2013 Annual Population Estimates section 02 6% 3% Hispanics - 2000 Hispanics - 2013
  12. 12. 12 No High School, 14% High School, 47% Some College, 18% Associate's Degree, 7% Bachelor's Degree or More, 14% No High School, 20% High School, 47% Some College, 17% Associate's Degree, 5% Bachelor's Degree or More, 11% Educational attainment Jackson County had a 5 percentage point increase between 2000 and 2013 in the proportion of adults (25 and older) with an associate’s, bachelor’s, or graduate degree. The proportion of adults 25 years of age and older with a high school education or more improved from 80 percent in 2000 to 86 percent by 2013. Those with only a high school degree remained at the 47 percent level in both 2000 and 2013. Adults with an associate’s degree grew by 2 percentage points from 2000 to 2013 (5 percent versus 7 percent), while the proportion with a college degree or more increased from 11 percent to 14 percent over that same time period. While educational attainment is improving in Jackson County, the number of adults with associate’s degrees or higher continues to lag behind the Indiana rate of 32 percent. Demography Source: U.S. Census Bureau – 2000 Decennial Census and 2013 ACS section 02 2000 2013
  13. 13. 13 Takeaways The population of Jackson County has experienced growth since 2000 and that growth has been fueled largely by two factors: natural increase and international migration.These two factors compensated for the loss of population due to net migration (more people who moved out of the county for other counties in Indiana or other U.S. locations than moved into the county). In examining the composition of Jackson County, one finds that a larger share of the population is now 50 years of age and over. As such, the number of men and women of prime working age (20-29, 30-39 and 40-49) is slowly declining. Furthermore, the county is becoming more diverse as a result of the growth of the Hispanic population. The educational attainment of adults 25 and over has improved since 2000, but the percentage of adults with a high school education remains sizable (at 47 percent).Taking time to assess whether local economic development opportunities might be impeded by the presence of a sizable number of adults with a terminal high school degree may be worthy of attention.While one in five adult residents of the county have an associate’s, bachelor’s or higher degree, this figure is about 11 percent below the figure for the state of Indiana as a whole. Jackson County may wish to assess the workforce skills of workers with a high school education only. Enhancing their skills so that they match the needs of local businesses and industries may be a worthy investment. Demography section 02
  14. 14. Establishments Industries Occupations Income and poverty Takeaways 03 economy
  15. 15. 15 Establishments Components of Change for Establishments Total Change (2000-11) 780 Natural Change (births minus deaths) 778 Net Migration 2 The number of establishments in Jackson County increased 33 percent from 2000 to 2011. The rapid growth of establishments was largely due to natural change. In particular, 2,723 establishments were launched in the county between 2000-2011 while 1,945 closed, resulting in a gain of 778 establishments.There was only a gain of two establishments due to net migration. Economy Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) – 2012 Database section 03 An establishment is a physical business location. Branches, standalones and headquarters are all considered types of establishments. Definition of Company Stages 0 1 2 3 4 Self- employed 2-9 employees 10-99 employees 100-499 employees 500+ employees Note: The 2011 figures use 2012 data to include all gains and losses over the entire year. Establishment information was calculated in-house and may differ slightly from publicly available data.
  16. 16. 16 Number of establishments by stage/employment category Economy Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) – 2012 Database section 03 2000 2011 Stage Establishments Proportion Establishments Proportion Stage 0 654 28% 993 32% Stage 1 1,343 57% 1,787 57% Stage 2 304 13% 311 10% Stage 3 36 2% 28 1% Stage 4 6 0% 4* 0% Total 2,343 100% 3,123 100% Note: The 2011 figures use 2012 data to include all gains and losses over the entire year. The NETS Database is derived from the Dun & Bradstreet archival national establishment data, a population of known establishments in the United States that is quality controlled and updated annually. Establishments include both private and public sector business units and range in size from one employee (i.e., sole-proprietors and self-employed) to several thousand employees. *ReferenceUSA and NETS both record four Stage 4 establishments. Additional information is available on the next slide.
  17. 17. 17 Top five employers in 2015 Economy Source: ReferenceUSA (Infogroup) and Purdue Extension Community Development Southwest Regional Office section 03 Establishment Stage 1. Aisin USA Manufacturing Inc. Stage 4 2. Valeo Sylvania Stage 4 3. Walmart DistributionCenter Stage 4 4. Cummins EngineCompany Stage 4 5. Walmart Supercenter Stage 3 The top five employers produce primarily national and global goods and services. Aisin USA Manufacturing in Seymour is the largest establishment-level employer in Jackson County. Three of the largest employers in Jackson County are involved in the manufacturing or supply of motor vehicle parts and industrial machinery.TheWalmart Supercenter is the only top employer that serves the local population. Information on the top five establishments by employment comes from ReferenceUSA. ReferenceUSA is a library database service provided by Infogroup, the company that also supplies the list of major employers for Hoosiers by the Numbers. While both NETS and ReferenceUSA contain establishments, differences in data collection processes result in discrepancies between the two sources. We use NETS for a broad picture of establishments in the county, while ReferenceUSA is used for studying individual establishments.
  18. 18. 18 Number of jobs by stage/employment category Economy Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) – 2012 Database section 03 2000 2011 Stage Jobs* Proportion Jobs* Proportion Stage 0 654 3% 993 4% Stage 1 4,831 20% 5,553 24% Stage 2 7,801 33% 7,877 35% Stage 3 5,904 25% 4,929 22% Stage 4 4,438 19% 3,300 15% Total 23,628 100% 22,652 100% Note: The 2011 figures use 2012 data to include all gains and losses over the entire year. *Includes both full-time and part-time jobs
  19. 19. 19 Amount of sales (2011 dollars) by stage/employment category Economy Source: National Establishment Time Series (NETS) – 2012 Database section 03 2000 2011 Stage Sales Proportion Sales Proportion Stage 0 $74,664,328 2% $64,158,834 2% Stage 1 $587,069,231 17% $567,922,886 19% Stage 2 $977,960,387 29% $789,731,359 26% Stage 3 $859,248,312 25% $1,201,083,864 39% Stage 4 $894,126,170 27% $435,380,496 14% Total $3,393,068,427 100% $3,058,277,439 100% Note: The 2011 figures use 2012 data to include all gains and losses over the entire year.
  20. 20. 20 Manufacturing 24.9% Government 12.1% Retail Trade 10.9% Transportation & Warehousing 7.3% Accommodation & Food Services 6.5% All Other Industries 38.3% Top five industries in 2013 61.7 percent of jobs are tied to one of the top five industries in Jackson County. Manufacturing is the largest industry sector (6,186 jobs). Accommodation & Food Services is the smallest of the top industry sectors with 1,626 jobs. Of the top five industries in Jackson County, Government (+14.1 percent) and Accommodation & Food Services (+13.2 percent) gained jobs between 2002 and 2013. Of the other three top five industries,Transportation & Warehousing lost the most, with a 32.9 percent decrease in jobs. Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.3 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03
  21. 21. 21 Industry distribution and change NAICS Code Description Jobs 2002 Jobs 2013 Change (2002-2013) % Change (2002-2013) Average Total Earnings 2013 11 Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting 1,202 1,482 280 23% $33,527 21 Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction 163 38 -125 -77% $156,947 22 Utilities 129 115 -14 -11% $91,265 23 Construction 1,384 994 -390 -28% $36,593 31-33 Manufacturing 6,745 6,186 -559 -8% $61,783 42 Wholesale Trade 526 710 184 35% $50,218 44-45 Retail Trade 2,956 2,719 -237 -8% $25,231 48-49 Transportation & Warehousing 2,689 1,804 -885 -33% $55,949 51 Information 149 123 -26 -17% $34,047 52 Finance & Insurance 574 705 131 23% $38,839 53 Real Estate & Rental & Leasing 500 623 123 25% $25,717 54 Professional, Scientific & Technical Services 628 518 -110 -18% $32,142 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 167 123 -44 -26% $75,489 56 Administrative & Waste Management 626 1,291 665 106% $25,050 61 Educational Services (Private) 143 156 13 9% $13,991 62 Health Care & Social Assistance 1,246 1,367 121 10% $36,430 71 Arts, Entertainment & Recreation 196 256 60 31% $14,509 72 Accommodation and Food Services 1,436 1,626 190 13% $15,690 81 Other Services (except Public Administration) 1,172 1,031 -141 -12% $18,881 90 Government 2,639 3,011 372 14% $54,066 99 Unclassified Industry <10 0 <10 100% $0 All Total 25,269 24,877 -392 -2% $42,817 Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.3 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03 Note: Average total earnings include wages, salaries, supplements and earnings from investments and proprietorships.
  22. 22. 22 Industry distribution and change The largest percentage gains in employment in Jackson County occurred in:  Administrative, Support,Waste Management, and Remediation Services (+106.2 percent)  WholesaleTrade (+35.0 percent) The largest percentage losses in employment occurred in:  Mining,Quarrying, andOil and Gas Extraction (-76.7 percent)  Transportation andWarehousing (-32.9 percent) Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.3 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03 Employment Increase Employment Decrease Industries with the largest gains and losses in employment numbers between 2002 & 2013: Administrative & Waste Management (+665) Government (+372) Agriculture & Forestry (+280) Transportation & Warehousing (-885) Manufacturing (-559) Construction (-390)
  23. 23. 23 Production 16.8% Transportation & Material Moving 11.0% Sales & Related 10.8% Office & Administrative Support 10.5% Management 7.6% All Other Occupations 43.3% Top five occupations in 2013 The top five occupations in Jackson County represent 56.7 percent of all jobs. Production (4,184 jobs) and Transportation & Material Moving (2,747 jobs) are the top two occupations in Jackson County. Management is the smallest of the top five occupations with 1,896 jobs. All five top occupations in Jackson County had a decrease in jobs between 2002 and 2013. However, Transportation & Material Moving experienced the largest drop (-18.0 percent), while Management suffered the smallest decline (-0.6 percent). Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.3 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03
  24. 24. 24 SOC Description Jobs 2002 Jobs 2013 Change (2002-2013) % Change (2002-2013) Hourly Earnings 2013 11 Management 1,907 1,896 -11 -1% $24.53 13 Business & Financial Operations 726 729 3 0% $24.89 15 Computer & Mathematical 224 168 -56 -25% $25.62 17 Architecture & Engineering 568 684 116 20% $33.46 19 Life, Physical & Social Science 85 97 12 14% $26.97 21 Community & Social Service 190 209 19 10% $18.43 23 Legal 72 61 -11 -15% $31.15 25 Education, Training & Library 693 852 159 23% $19.71 27 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports & Media 368 362 -6 -2% $14.33 29 Health Care Practitioners & Technical 823 995 172 21% $28.79 31 Health Care Support 448 525 77 17% $12.09 33 Protective Service 225 227 2 1% $17.48 35 Food Preparation & Serving Related 1,401 1,594 193 14% $9.61 37 Building & Grounds Cleaning Maintenance 648 730 82 13% $10.67 39 Personal Care & Service 627 631 4 1% $9.67 41 Sales & Related 2,781 2,678 -103 -4% $13.20 43 Office & Administrative Support 2,803 2,604 -199 -7% $14.73 45 Farming, Fishing & Forestry 312 541 229 73% $13.23 47 Construction & Extraction 1,222 937 -285 -23% $16.53 49 Installation, Maintenance & Repair 1,112 1,058 -54 -5% $19.24 51 Production 4,448 4,184 -264 -6% $16.25 53 Transportation & Material Moving 3,352 2,747 -605 -18% $15.15 55 Military 137 140 3 2% $18.48 99 Unclassified 100 227 127 127% $11.31 All Total 25,269 24,877 -392 -2% $16.96 Occupation distribution and change Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.3 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03
  25. 25. 25 Occupation distribution and change Economy Source: Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) – 2014.3 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, Self-Employed, and Extended Proprietors section 03 The largest percentage gains in jobs in Jackson County occurred in:  Farming, Fishing, and Forestry (+73.4 percent)  Education,Training, and Library (+22.9 percent) The largest percentage losses in employment occurred in:  Computer and Mathematical (-25.0 percent)  Construction and Extraction (-23.3 percent) Occupations with the largest gains and losses in employment numbers between 2002 & 2013: Farming, Fishing, & Forestry (+229) Food Preparation & Serving (+193) Transportation (-650) Construction (-285) Production (-264) Employment Increase Employment Decrease
  26. 26. 26 Income and poverty 2000 2006 2013 Total Population in Poverty 7.8% 10.4% 12.9% Minors (up to age 17) in Poverty 11.0% 14.6% 17.8% Real Median Household Income (2013)* $53,315 $49,163 $49,614 Real Per Capita Income (2013)* $31,411 $34,566 $36,200 The median household income in Jackson County dipped by $3,700 between 2000 and 2013 in real dollars (that is, adjusted for inflation), while average income per person rose by $4,800 in real dollars over the same time period. The total population in poverty swelled from 7.8 percent to 12.9 percent between 2000 and 2013. The rate for minors was even higher, increasing by nearly seven percentage points over the same period of time. Economy Source: U.S. Census Bureau – Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) and U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis – Regional Personal Income Summary section 03 *Real median household income is the middle income value in the county. Half of the county’s households fall above this line and half below. Real per capita personal income is the average income per person in the county.
  27. 27. 27 0 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 30,000 34,000 38,000 42,000 46,000 50,000 54,000 58,000 PopulationinPoverty(percent) RealIncome(2013(dollars) Median Household Income Minors in Poverty All Ages in Poverty Per Capita Income Income and poverty Median household income in Jackson County has experienced significant fluctuation over time, improving since 2011. However, per capita income has been gradually increasing since 2000. Poverty rates for adults and minors have stabilized over the past two years, although the rates remain high relative to the early 2000s. Economy Source: U.S. Census Bureau – Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) and U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis – Regional Personal Income Summary section 03
  28. 28. 28 Takeaways Growth in the number of establishments in Jackson County occurred primarily in businesses with fewer than 10 employees (the self-employed and Stage 1 enterprises), components of the local economy that are often overlooked but deserve closer attention by local leaders. Jackson County might consider focusing on economic development efforts that seek to strengthen high-growth Stage 1 and 2 firms since they employ several people and capture sizable sales. At the same time, sales associated with Stage 3 firms have expanded at an impressive pace since 2000, but determining the factors that may have contributed to the loss of Stage 3 establishments in the county is worthy of attention. Real median income has undergone some dramatic swings since 2000, but recent trends suggest that things are improving. So too are the poverty rates for adults and children under 18 years of age.While these poverty rates have dipped since 2011, they remain considerably higher than was the case in 2000. Fluctuations in real median income experienced between 2000 and 2013 may be tied to employment changes in various industries in the county during that time period. For example, gains have occurred in some industries paying average earnings of $50,000 or more between 2000 and 2013. At the same time, several industries that have experienced solid job growth are providing employees with average earnings of under $35,000. No doubt, the ability of the county to capture good paying jobs will depend on the availability of a well- trained and educated workforce, something that may be challenging in light of the smaller percentage of adults in the county with an associate’s degree or higher. Economy section 03
  29. 29. Labor force and unemployment Commuteshed Laborshed Workforce inflow/outflow Takeaways 04 labor market
  30. 30. 30 Labor force and unemployment 2002 2013 Labor Force 22,012 21,465 Unemployment Rate 4.9% 6.2% The labor force in Jackson County decreased by 2.5 percent between 2002 and 2013. This decrease could be due to a rise in the number of individuals who are either officially unemployed or who have given up looking for a job or an increase in the number of adults who have left the workforce due to retirement. Labor market Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics – Local Area Unemployment Statistics (2013 Annual Data Release) section 04
  31. 31. 31 2.6% 4.9% 3.9% 11.2% 6.2% 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 UnemploymentRate(percent) Unemployment rate Unemployment increased dramatically after 2007, peaking at 11.2 percent in 2009. Since that time, the rate has been on a steady decline, dipping to 6.2 percent by 2013. Labor market Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics – Local Area Unemployment Statistics (2013 Annual Data Release) section 04
  32. 32. 32 Commuteshed A county’s commuteshed is the geographic area to which its labor force travels to work. Fifty percent of employed residents in Jackson County commute to jobs located outside of the county. Bartholomew County is the biggest destination for residents who work outside of Jackson County. Twenty-six percent of out-commuters work in counties adjacent to Jackson county; however, the second largest work destination outside Jackson County is the Indianapolis metropolitan area (Marion County). Labor market Source: U.S. Census Bureau – Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) section 04 9,106 Out-Commuters 9,112 Same Work/ Home Commuters Proportion Bartholomew, IN 2,963 16.3% Marion, IN 1,680 9.2% Monroe, IN 562 3.1% Jennings, IN 531 2.9% Scott, IN 384 2.1%
  33. 33. 33 Commuteshed in 2011 Labor market section 04 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, OTM, LEHD, PCRD Seventy percent of Jackson County’s working residents are employed either in Bartholomew or Jackson Counties. Another 5 percent commute to Marion County. An additional 5 percent travel to jobs in Monroe County. Collectively, these four counties represent 80 percent of the commuteshed for Jackson County.
  34. 34. 34 Laborshed Commuters Proportion Jennings, IN 1,266 6.8% Bartholomew, IN 1,230 6.6% Scott, IN 665 3.6% Clark, IN 646 3.5% Marion, IN 437 2.3% Labor market Source: U.S. Census Bureau – Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) section 04 9,563 In-Commuters 9,112 Same Work/ Home A county’s laborshed is the geographic area from which it draws employees. Fifty-one percent of individuals working in Jackson County commute from another county. Twenty-two percent of in-commuters reside in counties adjacent to Jackson County; however, the fifth largest source of laborers outside of Jackson County is the Indianapolis metropolitan area (Marion County).
  35. 35. 35 Laborshed in 2011 Labor market section 04 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, OTM, LEHD, PCRD The bulk (70 percent) of Jackson County’s workforce is drawn from Bartholomew, Clark, Jackson, Jennings and Scott Counties. Another 5 percent is drawn from Decatur, Floyd, Jefferson and Johnson Counties. Furthermore, an additional 5 percent are drawn from Lawrence, Marion and Washington Counties. Combined, the 12 counties represent 80 percent of Jackson County’s laborshed.
  36. 36. 36 Workforce inflow and outflow in 2011 Labor market section 04 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, OTM, LEHD, PCRD Jackson County has more laborers traveling into the county for work than out of the county for work. Net commuting is positive, with a gain of 457 commuters.The resulting situation is that for every 100 employed residents, Jackson County has 103 jobs. Count Proportio n Employed in Jackson County 18,675 100% Both employed and living in the county 9,112 49% Employed in the county but living outside 9,563 51% Living in Jackson County 18,218 100% Both living and employed in the county 9,112 50% Living in the county but employed outside 9,106 50%
  37. 37. 37 Takeaways The Great Recession that impacted the U.S. economy between 2007 and 2009 took a major toll on the Jackson County’s unemployment rate. While the rate was quite low in 2000, it skyrocketed to over 11 percent by 2009. Recent figures make clear that the unemployment rate has improved significantly since 2010. Despite the modest growth in the population over the past decade or more, the county’s labor force has decreased in size since 2002.While it is difficult to pinpoint the exact reason for the drop in the county’s labor force, two possible explanations are as follows: First, an increasing number of unemployed individuals may be discouraged workers who have given up trying to find a job, or second, more people in the workforce have opted to retire and their positions have been eliminated or left unfilled. Approximately 50 percent of Jackson County’s residents in the workforce are gainfully employed outside of the county.This represents a tremendous loss of human talent that is unavailable to contribute to the social and economic vitality of the county. It may be worthwhile for local leaders and industries to determine the human capital attributes of workers who commute to jobs outside the county. By so doing, they could be positioned to determine how best to reduce the leakage of educated and skilled workers to surrounding counties by spurring the growth of good paying jobs that will keep these workers in their home county. The laborshed and commuteshed data offer solid evidence of the value of pursuing economic and workforce development strategies on a regional (multi-county) basis. Labor market section 04
  38. 38. 38 Notes LAUS (Local Area Unemployment Statistics): LAUS is a U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) program that provides monthly and annual labor force, employment and unemployment data by place of residence at various geographic levels. LAUS utilizes statistical models to estimate data values based on household surveys and employer reports. These estimates are updated annually. Annual county-level LAUS estimates do not include seasonal adjustments. LEHD (Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics): LEHD is a partnership between U.S. Census Bureau and State Department of Workforce Development (DWD) to provide labor market and journey to work data at various geographic levels. LEHD uses Unemployment Insurance earnings data and Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages from DWDs and census administrative records related to individuals and businesses. NETS (National EstablishmentTime Series): NETS is an establishment-level database, not a company-level database. This means that each entry is a different physical location, and company-level information must be created by adding the separate establishment components. OTM (On the Map): OTM, a product of LEHD program, is used in the county snapshot report to develop commuting patterns for a geography from two perspectives: place of residence and place of work. At the highly detailed level of census blocks, some of the data are synthetic to maintain confidentiality of the worker. However, for larger regions mapped at the county level, the commuteshed and laborshed data are fairly reasonable. OTM includes jobs for a worker employed in the reference as well as previous quarter. Hence, job counts are based on two consecutive quarters (six months) measured at the “beginning of a quarter.” OTM data can differ from commuting patterns developed from state annual income tax returns, which asks a question about “county of residence” and “county of work” on January 1 of the tax-year. OTM can also differ from American Community Survey data, which is based on a sample survey of the resident population. SAIPE (SmallArea Income and Poverty Estimates): SAIPE is a U.S. Census Bureau program that provides annual data estimates of income and poverty statistics at various geographic levels. The estimates are used in the administration of federal and state assistance programs. SAIPE utilizes statistical models to estimate data from sample surveys, census enumerations, and administrative records.
  39. 39. 39 .. Report Contributors This report was prepared by the Purdue Center for Regional Development in partnership with Purdue University Extension. Data Analysis Indraneel Kumar, Ph.D. Ayoung Kim Report Authors Elizabeth Dobis Bo Beaulieu, Ph.D. Report Design Tyler Wright
  40. 40. FOR MORE INFORMATION Purdue Center for Regional Development (PCRD) . . . seeks to pioneer new ideas and strategies that contribute to regional collaboration, innovation and prosperity. Purdue Extension Community Development (CD) . . . works to strengthen the capacity of local leaders, residents and organizations to work together to develop and sustain strong, vibrant communities. Please contact Richard Beckort County Extension Director and Ag & Natural Resources Educator 812-358-6101 rbeckort@purdue.edu PCRD 1341 Northwestern Avenue West Lafayette, IN 47906 765-494-7273 pcrd@purdue.edu OR

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