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BS8878 Web Accessibility Code of Practice

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BS8878 Web Accessibility Code of Practice

  1. 1. BS8878 Web Accessibility Code of Practice Leonie Watson Chair of the British Computer Association of the Blind (BCAB) @WeAreBCAB @LeonieWatson
  2. 2. What is BS8878?
  3. 3. It’s a UK national standard <ul><li>From the British Standards Institution (BSI). </li></ul>
  4. 4. It’s a framework <ul><li>For making eAccessibility “business as usual” within an organisation. </li></ul>
  5. 5. It’s not a substitute <ul><li>For existing legislation, guidelines or standards. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Why was BS8878 created?
  7. 7. The changing technological landscape <ul><li>It could no longer be assumed that people were accessing the web from a desktop. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The changing political landscape <ul><li>&quot;Promoting digital inclusion is essential for a dynamic modern economy and can help to make government more efficient and effective.“ </li></ul><ul><li>(David Cameron) </li></ul>
  9. 9. The changing legal landscape <ul><li>The Equality Act would replace the Disability Act in 2010. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Who wrote BS8878?
  11. 11. Industry professionals <ul><li>People with a strong background in accessibility and digital inclusion. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Disability organisations <ul><li>People with disabilities, and representatives from disability organisations. </li></ul>
  13. 13. How was BS8878 created?
  14. 14. In 2005... <ul><li>Research from the Disability Rights Commission (DRC) revealed that websites were struggling with accessibility. </li></ul>
  15. 15. In 2006... <ul><li>PAS 78 (Guide to good practice in commissioning accessible websites) was released. </li></ul>
  16. 16. In January 2008... <ul><li>Work began to transform PAS 78 into a British Standard (BS8878) </li></ul>
  17. 17. In November 2008... <ul><li>First draft of BS8878 was made available for widespread public consultation. </li></ul>
  18. 18. In May 2010... <ul><li>A second draft of BS8878 was made available for public consultation, receiving international comment. </li></ul>
  19. 19. In December 2010... <ul><li>BS8878 (Web Accessibility Code of Practice) was officially released. </li></ul>
  20. 20. How does BS8878 work?
  21. 21. Assigning responsibility <ul><li>Responsibility for eAccesssibility should be assigned to a role or department; </li></ul><ul><li>That role or department should be empowered to fulfil that responsibility. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Creating an eAccessibility policy <ul><li>A document that explains an organisation’s commitment to accessibility, and summarises its approach. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Introducing web products <ul><li>Any website, web service or web application delivered over IP. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Creating a web product policy <ul><li>A living document that evolves throughout the web product’s entire lifecycle; </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the intentions of the organisational policy, but tailored to a particular web product. </li></ul>
  25. 25. How is a web product policy created?
  26. 26. Document the accessibility journey.
  27. 27. Research and requirements
  28. 28. Step 1: Define the purpose of the web product <ul><li>What is the purpose of the web product, and what will people expect to achieve when they use it? </li></ul>
  29. 29. Step 2: Define target audiences <ul><li>Is the web product internal or public facing, and is it aimed at a particular group of people? </li></ul>
  30. 30. Step 3: Needs of the target audiences <ul><li>What are the general needs of the target audiences, and do they have specific needs in relation to the web product? </li></ul>
  31. 31. Step 4: Platform and technology <ul><li>Are the target audiences restricted in their technology, perhaps because of cost, confidence or compatibility? </li></ul>
  32. 32. Step 5: Relationship with target audiences <ul><li>Will the web product enable personalised choices through a login or cookie, or will it support more general groups of people.? </li></ul>
  33. 33. Step 6: Tasks and goals <ul><li>What are the goals someone will be able to complete, and what are the tasks they will use to achieve those goals? </li></ul>
  34. 34. Strategic Choices
  35. 35. Step 7: Level of user experience. <ul><li>Will the web product offer a technically accessible, useably accessible, or enjoyably accessible experience? </li></ul>
  36. 36. Step 8: Accessibility approach <ul><li>Will the web product take an inclusive design approach, offer user personalisation, or a combination of both? </li></ul>
  37. 37. Step 9: Delivery platform <ul><li>Will the web product be optimised for a particular platform, or be part of a suite of platform specific versions? </li></ul>
  38. 38. Step 10: Target technologies <ul><li>Which operating systems, browsers and assistive technologies will the web product support? </li></ul>
  39. 39. Procurement
  40. 40. Step 11: Create or procure <ul><li>Will the web product be created in-house or procured externally, and how do you ensure third party solutions are accessible? </li></ul>
  41. 41. Production
  42. 42. Step 12: Web technologies <ul><li>Do the technologies used to build the web product support accessibility, and do they expose information to assistive technologies? </li></ul>
  43. 43. Step 13: Web guidelines <ul><li>What are the best accessibility standards available for the chosen technologies, and how will the web product conform to them? </li></ul>
  44. 44. Evaluation
  45. 45. Step 14: Assure accessibility <ul><li>What is the accessibility test plan, and how will it be evaluated throughout development of the web product? </li></ul>
  46. 46. Step 15: Communicate clearly <ul><li>What will the accessibility statement say, and how will it be made available throughout the web product? </li></ul>
  47. 47. Post Launch
  48. 48. Step 16: Maintaining accessibility <ul><li>How often will updates be planned, and what is the process for continually reviewing and evaluating the web product? </li></ul>
  49. 49. What else does BS8878 offer?
  50. 50. Lots of helpful guidelines <ul><li>Inclusive design guidelines; </li></ul><ul><li>Personalisation guidelines; </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines for non computer platforms; </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines for older people. </li></ul>
  51. 51. Useful advice on assuring accessibility <ul><li>Gathering requirements; </li></ul><ul><li>Creating a test plan; </li></ul><ul><li>Testing methods; </li></ul><ul><li>Post launch programmes. </li></ul>
  52. 52. Even more helpful annexes <ul><li>15 annexes providing supporting information, guidance and example documentation. </li></ul>
  53. 53. Why is BS8878 a British standard?
  54. 54. Legal and cultural specifics <ul><li>BS8878 references UK law, and contains guidance on user requirements that is culturally oriented towards UK citizens. </li></ul>
  55. 55. How can BS8878 be applied internationally?
  56. 56. Core principles <ul><li>BS8878 encourages the consideration of accessibility throughout a web product’s lifecycle, and its core principles can be followed in any organisation. </li></ul>
  57. 57. Where can I find out more about BS8878?
  58. 58. BS8Case studies and making BS8878 international <ul><li>Jonathan Hassell (Hassell Inclusion); </li></ul><ul><li>Friday 1.50pm, Madeleine AB 3rd floor; </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  59. 59. Any Questions?
  60. 60. Thank you <ul><li>Léonie Watson </li></ul><ul><li>Email: </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter: @LeonieWatson </li></ul><ul><li>W. </li></ul>

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    Mar. 1, 2012
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