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SPICY RIDDLES ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES CLASS-IV

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What do spices give us? yes Spices, like everything else, they are made of chemicals. Spices  give us health, colour and fragrance and most of all they keep life from getting monotonous. Spices hide in them our traditions and culture.

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SPICY RIDDLES ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES CLASS-IV

  1. 1. SPICY RIDDLES ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES CLASS-IV
  2. 2. What do spices give us? yes Spices, like everything else, they are made of chemicals. Spices give us health, colour and fragrance and most of all they keep life from getting monotonous. Spices hide in them our traditions and culture.
  3. 3. let’s study about some spices which we uses in our daily kitchen. I can be powdered fine
  4. 4. Red Chili Powder is also known as lal mirch powder. This is one of the most powerful hot spice which can easily affect the ears, tongue and stomach. Indian food or Indian recipes are greatly influenced with this chili powder. You can easily get red chili powder in the grocery stores.
  5. 5. Chilli powder is the base for making any flavored, hot and spicy food. The Chilli powder is greatly used for various types of veg and non- veg food materials. It is highly incorporated in various salads and tomato based sauces. The ethnic dishes are mostly imparted with the flavor and heat blend of the chilli powder.
  6. 6. Turmeric powder is a bright yellow spice powder made from dried turmeric rhizomes. Turmeric or haldi is one ingredient in your kitchen that holds a remedy for almost all illness you are likely to encounter.
  7. 7. A staple spice in almost all Indian households. t has been used by Ayurveda and Unani practitioners in India from time immemorial. Turmeric is an indispensable spice, which imparts a musky flavour and yellow colour to curries.
  8. 8. Almost all Indian vegetable dishes use turmeric either separately or as part of the masala (spice mixture). It is also used in recipes comprising rice, lentils and dry beans. A small pinch of turmeric powder would is enough to add a pleasant orange-yellow hue to salad dressings.
  9. 9. pepper-kali mirch Black pepper comes from the pepper plant, a smooth woody vine that can grow up to 33 feet in hot and humid tropical climates. They begin to bear small white clustered flowers after 3 to 4 years and develop into berries known as peppercorns. Ground peppercorns produce the spice we call pepper.
  10. 10. Black pepper stimulates the taste buds in such a way that an alert is sent to the stomach to increase hydrochloric acid secretion, thereby improving digestion. Hence, adding a sprinkling of freshly ground pepper to your foods not only adds to the flavour but improves digestion as well.
  11. 11. It is also an excellent source of manganese, a very good source of iron and vitamin K, and a good source of dietary fibre.
  12. 12. Cumin seeds are also known as jeera, zeera, Seagram or cumin. Cumin are oblong shaped, pale or usually dark brown seeds in color. Indian recipes are greatly flavoured with these cumin seeds.
  13. 13. Cumin seeds is the form of aromatic spice with the bitter taste and very warm flavour. Cumin seeds can be used as whole, crushed or grounded .The Salads and various vegetarian recipes can be flavoured with the tempering cumin seeds.
  14. 14. Cumin seeds are highly used as whole, fried, toasted, roasted or powdered. You can make delicious jeera rice by tempering few cumin seeds in the butter.
  15. 15. Fennel seeds it has been traditionally used as an aid to digestion and it has many health benefits.
  16. 16. Fennel Seeds are very effective for digestive problems. In India, these are routinely chewed upon after meals to aid in digestion after a rich meal while acting as a herbal mouth freshener.
  17. 17. Fennel tea is a mild diuretic and can help flush excess water and toxins out of the body. Drinking this herbal tea can help ease a sore throat, reduce a fever and loosen phlegm from your respiratory system.
  18. 18. Cloves is derived from the Latin word ‘nail ‘means calves . Cloves are normally 12-16 mm long just like nails with a tapered stem. Cloves is a flower bud of huge tropical tree.
  19. 19. It is pink in color when is fresh and after dried it turns into rust brown color. Cloves can be used as whole, crushed or powdered one.
  20. 20. Cloves can be roasted and then crushed to make a fine powder with the help of grinder and can be highly used for making various types of stews, soups and marinades. Cloves is a basic part of whole garam masala, which is one of the most important reason to bring the flavor and aroma in several rice recipes, pulaos and biryanis.
  21. 21. Bay leaf (Tez Patta) It is used in cooking to add a specific flavour to food. It also has some medicinal properties. . Fresh or dried bay leaves are used in cooking for their distinctive flavor and fragrance. The leaves are not meant to be eaten, although it is safe to do so.
  22. 22. Cinnamon (Dalchini) Cinnamon is the inner bark of a tropical evergreen tree. Cinnamon is harvested as strips of bark rolled one inside another color. It is used for mainly for seasoning food and preparing masalas. It has medicinal uses too. This can be prepared by roasting whole cinnamon and then crushing it into fine powder.
  23. 23. Nutmeg The hard brown seed from the nutmeg tree has a warm, spicy sweet flavor. It is used in powdered form for garnishing and also for masala preparation. It is also used in soaps, perfumes & shampoos. It can also be used for medicinal purpose. It is beneficial for the treatments of asthma, heart disorder and bad breath
  24. 24. Ginger Ginger is the underground rhizome of the ginger plant with a firm, striated texture. The flesh of the ginger rhizome can be yellow, white or red in color, depending upon the variety. It is covered with a brownish skin that may either be thick or thin.
  25. 25. Garlic Garlic is a wonderful seasoning to add aroma, taste, and added nutrition to your dishes. We often recommend using raw chopped or pressed garlic in many of our dishes to take advantage of the benefits gets from garlic. It is used for cooking as well as for the medicinal purpose. It is useful for coping with cough and cold. It also has antibiotic properties.
  26. 26. Saffron Saffron is a spice derived from the flower of Crocus sativus, commonly known as the "saffron crocus". Saffron crocus grows to 20–30 cm and bears up to four flowers, each with three vivid crimson stigmas, which are the distal end of a carpel.
  27. 27. It is used for cooking as well as in beauty products. It is mainly used in sweet dishes. It has good medicinal properties. It helps to cope with skin diseases. It is a good remedy for cough, cold and asthma.
  28. 28. Star Anise Star anise is the unusual fruit of a small oriental tree. It is, as the name suggests, star shaped, radiating between five and ten pointed boat-shaped sections, about eight on average. It is used in cooking and for medicinal purpose Star anise oil is helpful for digestion and avoiding bad breath.
  29. 29. Cardamom Elaichi Elaichi or cardamom is one of the most common spices seen in an Indian household. It is used in most of the Indian and other sweet dishes to give a good flavour and smell. It is also used widely in pharmaceutical sector. It Helps to control bad breath and digestive disorder. A whole cardamom chewed is good for coping with diabetes.
  30. 30. Coriander- Dhaniya Coriandum sativum or coriander, also known as Chinese parsley, dhania, or cilantro, is grown extensively in southern Europe, northern Africa, and Asia.
  31. 31. Coriander leaves as well as coriander seeds are used in cooking. It also has some medicinal uses. It can be used externally on aching joints and rheumatism. It is also good for coping with soar throat, allergies, digestion problems, hay fever etc.
  32. 32. Curry leaves Its leaves are used in many dishes in India and neighboring countries. It is used as a main ingredient for seasoning in some countries. It has many medicinal uses.
  33. 33. Leaves are beneficial for reducing blood sugar. Each part of the plant provides some benefit or the other. The dried leaves are extensively used in herbal medicines.
  34. 34. The Indian state known as the Spice Garden is Kerala. Kerala is a small state full of hills and hillocks with stunning green sceneries. There are many spices growing naturally in abundance in the state.

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